Chemical Structure and Reactivity

An Integrated Approach

Author: James Keeler,Peter Wothers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199604134

Category: Science

Page: 877

View: 8834

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Chemical Structure and Reactivity: An Integrated Approach rises to the challenge of depicting the reality of chemistry. Offering a fresh approach, it depicts the subject as a seamless discipline, showing how organic, inorganic, and physical concepts can be blended together to achieve the common goal of understanding chemical systems.

Chemical Structure and Reactivity

An Integrated Approach

Author: James Keeler,Peter Wothers

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 944

View: 494

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Chemical Structure and Reactivity: an integrated approach rises to the challenge of depicting the reality of chemistry. Offering a fresh approach, it depicts the subject as a seamless discipline, showing how inorganic, organic and physical concepts can be blended together to achieve the common goal of understanding chemical systems.

Why Chemical Reactions Happen

Author: James Keeler,Peter Wothers

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199249733

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 9128

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Discusses chemical reactions, examining the bonding in molecules, how molecules interact, what determines whether an interaction is favourable or not, and what the outcome will be.

Integrated Approach to Coordination Chemistry

An Inorganic Laboratory Guide

Author: Rosemary A. Marusak,Kate Doan,Scott D. Cummings

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470118431

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8171

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Coordination chemistry is the study of compounds formed between metal ions and other neutral or negatively charged molecules. This book offers a series of investigative inorganic laboratories approached through systematic coordination chemistry. It not only highlights the key fundamental components of the coordination chemistry field, it also exemplifies the historical development of concepts in the field. In order to graduate as a chemistry major that fills the requirements of the American Chemical Society, a student needs to take a laboratory course in inorganic chemistry. Most professors who teach and inorganic chemistry laboratory prefer to emphasize coordination chemistry rather than attempting to cover all aspects of inorganic chemistry; because it keeps the students focused on a cohesive part of inorganic chemistry, which has applications in medicine, the environment, molecular biology, organic synthesis, and inorganic materials.

Active Oxygen in Chemistry

Author: Christopher S. Foote,Joan Valentine,A. Greenberg,Joel F. Liebman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400708742

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 7007

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Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this book and its counterpart, Active Oxygen in Biochemistry, explore the active research area of the chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen. Complementary but independent, the two volumes integrate subject areas including medicine, biology, chemistry, engineering, and environmental studies.

Chemistry

Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity (International Edition)

Author: Peter G. Mahaffy,Bob Bucat,Roy Tasker,Paul M. Treichel,John C. Kotz,Gabriela C. Weaver,John McMurry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780176684082

Category: Chemistry

Page: 1312

View: 817

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Taking an evidence-first big picture approach, Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity encourages students to think like a chemist, develop critical understanding of what chemistry is, why it is important and how chemists arrive at their discoveries. Flipping the traditional model of presenting facts and building to applications, this text begins with contexts that are real-life and matter to students – from doping in sports, to the chemistry behind the treads of wall-climbing robots. Informed by the latest chemical education research, Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity presents chemistry as the exciting, developing human activity that it is, rather than a body of facts, theories, and skills handed down from the past. Along with the innovative MindTap Reader and OWLv2 learning platform, this text uses unique case studies and critically acclaimed interactive e-resources to help students learn chemistry and how it is helping to address global challenges of the 21st century.

Chemical Structures

The International Language of Chemistry

Author: Wendy Warr

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364273975X

Category: Science

Page: 472

View: 6821

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This book constitutes the Proceedings of the conference 'Chemical Structures: The International Language of Chemistry' which was held at Leeuwenhorst Congress Centre, Noordwijkerhout in the Netherlands, between May 31 and June 4, 1987. The conference was jointly sponsored by the Chemical Structure Association, the American Chemical Society Division of Chemical Information, and the Chemical Information Groups of the Royal Society of Chemistry and the German Chemical Society. The purpose of the conference was to bring together experts and an international professional audience to discuss and to further basic and applied research and development in the processing, storage, retrieval and use of chemical structures, to focus international attention on the importance of chemical information and the vital research being carried out in chemical information science and to foster co-operation among major chemical information organisations in North America and Europe. Subjects covered included integrated in-house databases, substructure searching methodology, spectral databanks, new technologies (microcomputers, CD-ROM, parallel processing and expert systems) and chemical reactions. The keynote address was given by Mike Lynch of the University of Sheffield. In this, the opening chapter of the book, Mike discusses progress made in chemical information science in the last fifteen years and describes his own approach to research. In a plenary session, Myra Williams of Merck, Sharp and Dohme considered future trends from the point of view of the information manager and strategic planner in industry. She emphasises the need for integration, open architecture and a uniform user interface.

Understanding NMR Spectroscopy

Author: James Keeler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119964938

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 9405

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This text is aimed at people who have some familiarity with high-resolution NMR and who wish to deepen their understanding of how NMR experiments actually ‘work’. This revised and updated edition takes the same approach as the highly-acclaimed first edition. The text concentrates on the description of commonly-used experiments and explains in detail the theory behind how such experiments work. The quantum mechanical tools needed to analyse pulse sequences are introduced set by step, but the approach is relatively informal with the emphasis on obtaining a good understanding of how the experiments actually work. The use of two-colour printing and a new larger format improves the readability of the text. In addition, a number of new topics have been introduced: How product operators can be extended to describe experiments in AX2 and AX3 spin systems, thus making it possible to discuss the important APT, INEPT and DEPT experiments often used in carbon-13 NMR. Spin system analysis i.e. how shifts and couplings can be extracted from strongly-coupled (second-order) spectra. How the presence of chemically equivalent spins leads to spectral features which are somewhat unusual and possibly misleading, even at high magnetic fields. A discussion of chemical exchange effects has been introduced in order to help with the explanation of transverse relaxation. The double-quantum spectroscopy of a three-spin system is now considered in more detail. Reviews of the First Edition “For anyone wishing to know what really goes on in their NMR experiments, I would highly recommend this book” – Chemistry World “…I warmly recommend for budding NMR spectroscopists, or others who wish to deepen their understanding of elementary NMR theory or theoretical tools” – Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry

Organometallic Chemistry

Author: R. C. Mehrotra

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122412581

Category:

Page: 632

View: 5858

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The Book Is A Revised Edition Of A Lucid And Stimulating Introductory Account Of Organometallic Chemistry, An Exciting And Rapidly Developing Interdisciplinary Branch Of Science.A Characteristic Feature Of This Book Is The Presentation Of An Integrated (Covering Different Facets Usually Dealt With Either In Organic Or/And Inorganic Texts) View Of The Rapidly Developing Field Of Organometallic Chemistry. Attempts Have Been Made To Choose The Latest Examples To Illustrate The Fundamental Properties As Well As The Synthetic Procedures Of Organometallic Chemistry. Other Features Include: (A) An Interesting Brief Historical Background Of The Subject Including Some Quotations From Relevant Nobel Lecture Accounts Of Epoch Making Advances By The Discoverers Themselves, (B) The Adoption As Far As Possible Of The Iupac Rules Of Nomenclature, (C) A Brief Account Of The Rapidly Emerging Organometallic Chemistry Of The F-Elements, And (D) Inclusion Of Study Questions At The End Of Each Chapter.During The Revision Of The Book, The Latest Examples Have Replaced The Older Ones Wherever Feasible. The Book Would Be Extremely Useful As A Basic Text For B.Sc. (Hons.) And M.Sc. Chemistry Students.

Organic Structure Analysis

Author: Phillip Crews,Jaime Rodríguez,Marcel Jaspars

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195336047

Category: Medical

Page: 636

View: 1213

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The most up-to-date integrated spectroscopy text available, Organic Structure Analysis, Second Edition, is the only text that teaches students how to solve structures as they are solved in actual practice. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in organic structure analysis, organic structure identification, and organic spectroscopy, it emphasizes real applications--integrating theory as needed--and introduces students to the latest spectroscopic methods. An Instructor's Resource CD-ROM, which includes all of the figures from the text in electronic format and the solutions to all of the exercises and problems from the text (in an editable Word file format), is also available for adopting professors. Please contact your publisher sales representative. FEATURES * Focus on Structure: Opens with structural elements and then considers the characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages of spectroscopic methods. Includes coverage of the steps used in determining a molecular structure, the limitations to organic structure determination by spectroscopic methods, and an "Organic Structure Analyses Gone Bad" table (all unique to this text) * Practical Organization: Presents the most commonly used methods first, beginning with an overview of strategies, followed by the use of NMR, and then moving on to mass spectrometry, infrared, and ultraviolet * Innovative Real-World Problem-Solving Approach: Follows the actual information flow used by chemists to solve molecular structures, as opposed to the standard methods-based approach of other texts * Unique Chapter (12) Featuring 51 Structure-Solving Problems: Each problem emphasizes a different method; the problems increase in difficulty throughout the chapter, successively building on students' knowledge and requiring them to integrate multiple methods to identify molecules. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION * Coverage of the Latest Instrumental and Computational Advances: Examines the use of modern instruments, data processing, and computer-assisted structure elucidation techniques * Updated and Expanded Treatment of NMR (Chapters 2-5): An extensively revised Chapter 5 discusses multi-pulse 1D and 2D NMR methods, 1D TOCSY and 1D NOESY sequences, and using NOESY and ROESY in determining relative stereochemistry and solution conformation. * Additional Coverage of Mass Spectrometry: A new chapter (7) expands the discussion of mass spectrometry to three chapters (6-8). Topics include cutting-edge MS instrumentation and new information on tandem MS techniques, combining NMR with MS, large-molecule MS, chemo-informatics, and more. * More Exercises and Improved Spectra: The second edition includes 25% more problems than the previous edition (279 total). In addition, many of the spectra, including all of those presented in Chapters 11 and 12, have been reprocessed or reacquired for greater clarity.

Organic Chemistry

Structure and Function - Student Solution Manual

Author: Peter Vollhardt,Neil Schore

Publisher: WH Freeman

ISBN: 9781319187712

Category: Science

Page: 1200

View: 3882

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Organic Chemistry: Structure and Function 8e maintains the classic framework with a logical organization that an organic molecule’s structure will determine its function and strengthens a focus on helping students understand reactions, mechanisms, and synthetic analysis and their practical applications. The eighth edition presents a refined methodology, rooted in teaching expertise to promote student understanding and build problem solving skills. Paired with SaplingPlus, students will have access to an interactive and fully mobile ebook, interactive media features and well respected Sapling tutorial style problems—Where every problem emphasizes learning with hints, targeted feedback and detailed solutions as well as a unique pedagogically focused drawing tool.

Chemical Kinetics

From Molecular Structure to Chemical Reactivity

Author: Luis G Arnaut,Sebastiao Jose Formosinho,Hugh Burrows

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080469348

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 1578

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Chemical Kinetics bridges the gap between beginner and specialist with a path that leads the reader from the phenomenological approach to the rates of chemical reactions to the state-of-the-art calculation of the rate constants of the most prevalent reactions: atom transfers, catalysis, proton transfers, substitution reactions, energy transfers and electron transfers. For the beginner provides the basics: the simplest concepts, the fundamental experiments, and the underlying theories. For the specialist shows where sophisticated experimental and theoretical methods combine to offer a panorama of time-dependent molecular phenomena connected by a new rational. Chemical Kinetics goes far beyond the qualitative description: with the guidance of theory, the path becomes a reaction path that can actually be inspected and calculated. But Chemical Kinetics is more about structure and reactivity than numbers and calculations. A great emphasis in the clarity of the concepts is achieved by illustrating all the theories and mechanisms with recent examples, some of them described with sufficient detail and simplicity to be used in general chemistry and lab courses. * Looking at atoms and molecules, and how molecular structures change with time. * Providing practical examples and detailed theoretical calculations * Of special interest to Industrial Chemistry and Biochemistry

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Author: Bruce Alberts

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 1317563743

Category: Science

Page: 1464

View: 6779

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As the amount of information in biology expands dramatically, it becomes increasingly important for textbooks to distill the vast amount of scientific knowledge into concise principles and enduring concepts.As with previous editions, Molecular Biology of the Cell, Sixth Edition accomplishes this goal with clear writing and beautiful illustrations. The Sixth Edition has been extensively revised and updated with the latest research in the field of cell biology, and it provides an exceptional framework for teaching and learning. The entire illustration program has been greatly enhanced.Protein structures better illustrate structure–function relationships, icons are simpler and more consistent within and between chapters, and micrographs have been refreshed and updated with newer, clearer, or better images. As a new feature, each chapter now contains intriguing openended questions highlighting “What We Don’t Know,” introducing students to challenging areas of future research. Updated end-of-chapter problems reflect new research discussed in the text, and these problems have been expanded to all chapters by adding questions on developmental biology, tissues and stem cells, pathogens, and the immune system.

Soil and Water Chemistry

An Integrative Approach

Author: Michael E. Essington

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203496145

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 1873

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Traditionally the study of chemical principles as they relate to soil has been limited to the field of agronomics. Soil and Water Chemistry: An Integrative Approach, stands alone because it balances agricultural and environmental perspectives in its analysis of the chemical properties and processes that affect organic and inorganic soil substances. Written for soil science practitioners, researchers, and students, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of soil composition and reactions. Topics include: clay mineralogy, soil organic matter, mineral weathering and stability, ion speciation, solubility, ion exchange, adsorption, oxidation-reduction, acidity, alkalinity, and salinity. Each chapter concludes with numerous exercises that emphasize concepts and have practical, real-world applications.

Chemical and Physical Behavior of Human Hair

Author: Clarence R. Robbins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738986

Category: Medical

Page: 391

View: 6513

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Human hair is the subject of a remarkably wide range of scientific investigations, and the third edition of this book confirms its position as the definitive monograph on the subject. The chemical and physical properties of hair are of importance to the cosmetics industry, forensic scientists, and biomedical researchers. As such, Chemical and Physical Behavior of Human Hair is both a teaching guide and a reference volume for cosmetic chemists and other scientists in the hair products industry, academic researchers studying hair and hair growth, textile scientists, and forensic specialists.

Green Organic Chemistry in Lecture and Laboratory

Author: Andrew P. Dicks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439840776

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 6387

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The last decade has seen a huge interest in green organic chemistry, particularly as chemical educators look to "green" their undergraduate curricula. Detailing published laboratory experiments and proven case studies, this book discusses concrete examples of green organic chemistry teaching approaches from both lecture/seminar and practical perspectives. The experienced contributors address such topics as the elimination of solvents in the organic laboratory, organic reactions under aqueous conditions, organic reactions in non-aqueous media, greener organic reagents, waste management/recycling strategies, and microwave technology as a greener heating tool. This reference allows instructors to directly incorporate material presented in the text into their courses. Encouraging a stimulating organic chemistry experience, the text emphasizes the need for undergraduate education to: Focus on teaching sustainability principles throughout the curriculum Be flexible in the teaching of green chemistry, from modification of an existing laboratory experiment to development of a brand-new course Reflect modern green research areas such as microwave reactivity, alternative reaction solvents, solvent-free chemistry, environmentally friendly reagents, and waste disposal Train students in the "green chemistry decision-making" process Integrating recent research advances in green chemistry research and the Twelve Principles of Organic Chemistry into the lecture and laboratory environments, Green Organic Chemistry in Lecture and Laboratory highlights smaller, more cost-effective experiments with minimized waste disposal and reduced reaction times. This approach develops a fascinating and relevant undergraduate organic laboratory experience while focusing on real-world applications and problem-solving.

Natural Gas Conversion VI

Author: T.H. Fleisch,Enrique Iglesia,J.J. Spivey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080537313

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 576

View: 2159

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This volume contains peer-reviewed manuscripts describing the scientific and technological advances presented at the 6th Natural Gas Conversion Sumposium held in Alaska in June 2001. This symposium continues the tradition of excellence and the status as the premier technical meeting in this area established by previous meetings. The 6th Natural Gas Conversion Symposium is conducted under the overall direction of the Organizing Committee. The Program Committee was responsible for the review, selection, editing of most of the manuscripts included in this volum. A standing International Advisory Board has ensured the effective long-term planning and the continuity and technical excellence of these meetings.

The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO)

Author: Fabio Doctorovich,Patrick J. Farmer,Marcelo A. Marti

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128011645

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 5158

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The Chemistry and Biology of Nitroxyl (HNO) provides first-of-its-kind coverage of the intriguing biologically active molecule called nitroxyl, or azanone per IUPAC nomenclature, which has been traditionally elusive due to its intrinsically high reactivity. This useful resource provides the scientific basis to understand the chemistry, biology, and technical aspects needed to deal with HNO. Building on two decades of nitric oxide and nitroxyl research, the editors and authors have created an indispensable guide for investigators across a wide variety of areas of chemistry (inorganic, organic, organometallic, biochemistry, physical, and analytical); biology (molecular, cellular, physiological, and enzymology); pharmacy; and medicine. This book begins by exploring the unique molecule’s structure and reactivity, including important reactions with small molecules, thiols, porphyrins, and key proteins, before discussing chemical and biological sources of nitroxyl. Advanced chapters discuss methods for both trapping and detecting nitroxyl by spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and fluorescent inorganic cellular probing. Expanding on the compound’s foundational chemistry, this book then explores its molecular physiology to offer insight into its biological implications, pharmacological effects, and practical issues. Presents the first book on HNO (nitroxyl or azanone), an increasingly important molecule in biochemistry and pharmaceutical research Provides a valuable coverage of HNO’s chemical structure and significant reactions, including practical guidance on working with this highly reactive molecule Contains high quality content from recognized experts in both industry and academia

Chemistry for You

Author: Lawrie Ryan

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 9780748762347

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 3913

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Chemistry For You has been written for a wide range of middle-ability students who will benefit from its motivational style, leading them to better achievement at GCSE. This edition offers comprehensive coverage of the new GCSE specifications.