Chemical Processes for a Sustainable Future

Author: Trevor Letcher,Janet Scott,Darrell Alec Patterson

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782621393

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 5861


This comprehensive book approaches sustainability from two directions, the reduction of pollution and the maintaining of existing resources, both of which are addressed in a thorough examination of the main chemical processes and their impact. Divided into five sections, each introduced by a leading expert in the field, the book takes the reader through the various types of chemical processes, demonstrating how we must find ways to lower the environmental cost (of both pollution and contributions to climate change) of producing chemicals. Each section consists of several chapters, presenting the latest facts and opinion on the methodologies being adopted by the chemical industry to provide a more sustainable future. A follow-up to Materials for a Sustainable Future (Royal Society of Chemistry 2012), this book will appeal to the same broad readership - industrialists and investors; policy makers in local and central governments; students, teachers, scientists and engineers working in the field; and finally editors, journalists and the general public who need information on the increasingly popular concepts of sustainable living.

Carbohydrates in Sustainable Development I

Author: Amélia P. Rauter,Isabelle André,Pierre Vogel,Yves Queneau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642148360

Category: Science

Page: 202

View: 5067


Sucrose: A Prospering and Sustainable Organic Raw Material,By S. Peters, T. Rose, and M. Moser; Sucrose-Utilizing Transglucosidases for Biocatalysis, By I. André, G. Potocki-Véronèse, S. Morel, P. Monsan, and M. Remaud-Siméon; Difructose Dianhydrides DFAs) and DFA-Enriched Products as Functional Foods, By C. Ortiz Mellet and J. M. García Fernández; Development of Agriculture Left-Overs: Fine Organic Chemicals from Wheat Hemicellulose-Derived Pentoses, By F. Martel, B. Estrine, R. Plantier-Royon, N. Hoffmann, and C. Portella; Cellulose and Derivatives from Wood and Fibers as Renewable Sources of Raw-Materials, By J.A. Figueiredo, M.I. Ismael, C.M.S. Anjo, and A.P. Duarte; Olive Pomace, a Source for Valuable Arabinan-Rich Pectic Polysaccharides,By M. A. Coimbra, S. M. Cardoso, and J. A. Lopes-da-Silva; Oligomannuronates from Seaweeds as Renewable Sources for the Development of Green Surfactants,By T. Benvegnu and J.-F. Sassi; From Natural Polysaccharides to Materials for Catalysis, Adsorption, and Remediation, By F. Quignard, F. Di Renzo, and E. Guibal

Biomass as a Sustainable Energy Source for the Future

Fundamentals of Conversion Processes

Author: Wiebren de Jong,J. Ruud van Ommen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118916638

Category: Science

Page: 600

View: 6374


Focusing on the conversion of biomass into gas or liquid fuels thebook covers physical pre-treatment technologies, thermal, chemicaland biochemical conversion technologies • Details the latest biomass characterizationtechniques • Explains the biochemical and thermochemical conversionprocesses • Discusses the development of integrated biorefineries,which are similar to petroleum refineries in concept, covering suchtopics as reactor configurations and downstream processing • Describes how to mitigate the environmental risks whenusing biomass as fuel • Includes many problems, small projects, samplecalculations and industrial application examples

Phase Equilibrium Engineering

Author: Esteban Alberto Brignole,Selva Pereda

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 044459471X

Category: Science

Page: 346

View: 5280


Traditionally, the teaching of phase equilibria emphasizes the relationships between the thermodynamic variables of each phase in equilibrium rather than its engineering applications. This book changes the focus from the use of thermodynamics relationships to compute phase equilibria to the design and control of the phase conditions that a process needs. Phase Equilibrium Engineering presents a systematic study and application of phase equilibrium tools to the development of chemical processes. The thermodynamic modeling of mixtures for process development, synthesis, simulation, design and optimization is analyzed. The relation between the mixture molecular properties, the selection of the thermodynamic model and the process technology that could be applied are discussed. A classification of mixtures, separation process, thermodynamic models and technologies is presented to guide the engineer in the world of separation processes. The phase condition required for a given reacting system is studied at subcritical and supercritical conditions. The four cardinal points of phase equilibrium engineering are: the chemical plant or process, the laboratory, the modeling of phase equilibria and the simulator. The harmonization of all these components to obtain a better design or operation is the ultimate goal of phase equilibrium engineering. Methodologies are discussed using relevant industrial examples The molecular nature and composition of the process mixture is given a key role in process decisions Phase equilibrium diagrams are used as a drawing board for process implementation

Green Urea

For Future Sustainability

Author: Noorhana Yahya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811075786

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 145

View: 7677


This book presents a game changing technology of lower energy-intensive urea production of urea which is used as fertilizer. The technology, from a resource to a knowledge-intensive based industry, investigates a new synthesis approach employing electromagnetic induction and nano-catalyst at lower energy consumption. This clean and green method for a sustainable future might change the landscape of future chemical processes. It is made possible due to the enhancement in nanotechnology where quantum mechanical understanding is called into play. New reactor designs are elaborated on and discussed explicitly. Hematite and nickel oxide nanocatalysts are proposed for the green urea synthesis process, in the presence of static and oscillating magnetic fields. Strategies to increase single to triplet conversion rate are given for better understanding of the improved urea rate. The focus is deliberately on scrutinizing the greenhouse gas effect on the urea yield, in this case CO2 flow rate. Coating techniques for slow release strategies are provided to reduce the volatilization of ammonia and leaching effect, hence offering a complete solution of Green Technology. Agriculture 4.0 that creates the new patterns and precision monitoring of crop rotation and livestock utilization will be able to pave the way for better crop yield. Development of advanced technology in agriculture is important for the implementation of Agriculture 4.0 and currently an inevitable trend of the socioeconomic development in the context of broader international integration for the sustainable future. The author would like to acknowledge Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE) for the grant worth RM 12 million to accomplish Green and Economical Urea project and to have full understanding on Green Technology in Urea. This book is a collaborative effort by her colleagues, Ku Zilati, Khanif, Shahrina, Zainovia, Azizah, Zakaria, and who have carried out the research over the past five years which started in 2011. Their unconditional commitment had brought us together and we completed the project with success. I wish to also thank Dr Menaka Ganeson and all my PhD students, Dr. Saima, Dr. Bilal, Mr. Zia and Mr. Irfan for their commitment to assist me to complete the book. Last but not least, thank you very much to Professor Mike Payne (Cambridge University) and Professor Koziol (Cranfield University) for the comments.

Materials for a Sustainable Future

Author: Trevor M. Letcher,Janet L. Scott

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849734070

Category: Science

Page: 791

View: 4129


Aimed at students, lecturers, researchers, and policy makers, this work describes current developments and points the way forward for new developments regarding materials in our society and how they relate to sustainability.

Chemicals from Biomass

Integrating Bioprocesses into Chemical Production Complexes for Sustainable Development

Author: Debalina Sengupta,Ralph W. Pike

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439878153

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 6127


Chemicals from Biomass: Integrating Bioprocesses into Chemical Production Complexes for Sustainable Development helps engineers optimize the development of new chemical and polymer plants that use renewable resources to replace the output of goods and services from existing plants. It also discusses the conversion of those existing plants into facilities that are based on renewable resources that may require nonrenewable resource supplements. Relying on extensive reviews of biomass as feedstock and the production of chemicals from biomass, this book identifies and illustrates the design of new chemical processes (bioprocesses) that use renewable feedstock (biomass) as raw materials. The authors show how these new bioprocesses can be integrated into the existing plant in a chemical production complex to obtain the best combination of energy-efficient and environmentally acceptable facilities. This presented methodology is an essential component of sustainable development, and these steps are essential to achieving a sustainable chemical industry. The authors evaluate potential bioprocesses based on a conceptual design of biomass-based chemical production, and they use Aspen HYSYS® and Aspen ICARUS® to perform simulations and economic evaluations of these processes. The book outlines detailed process designs created for seven bioprocesses that use biomass and carbon dioxide as feedstock to produce a range of chemicals and monomers. These include fermentation, transesterification, anaerobic digestion, gasification, and algae oil production. These process designs, and associated simulation codes, can be downloaded for modification, as needed. The methodology presented in this book can be used to evaluate energy efficiency, cost, sustainability, and environmental acceptability of plants and new products. Based on the results of that analysis, the methodology can be applied to other chemical complexes for new bioprocesses, reduced emissions, and energy savings.

Sustainable Solutions for Modern Economies

Author: Rainer Höfer

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847559050

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 8042


Limited supplies of fossil fuels and concerns about global warming have created a strong desire to solve the resource issue in the age "beyond petroleum". This reference book, from the "Green Chemistry Series", contains the essential areas of green chemistry and sustainability in modern economies. It is the first book to outline the contribution of chemistry, and of renewable chemical or biological resources, to the sustainability concept and to the potential resolution of the world's energy problems. It describes the current status of technical research, and industrial application, as well as the potential of biomass as a renewable resource for energy generation in power stations, as alternative fuels, and for various uses in chemistry. It outlines the historical routes of the sustainability concept and specifies sustainability in metrics, facts and figures. The book is written by European experts from academia, industry and investment banking who are world leaders in research and technology regarding sustainability, alternative energies and renewable resources. The sustainability aspects covered include: * consumer behaviour and demands, lifestyles and mega trends, and their impact on innovation in the industry * consumer industry requirements and their impact on suppliers * emerging paradigm changes in raw material demand, availability, sourcing, and logistics * the contribution of the industry to restore the life support systems of the Earth * socially responsible banking and investment * sustainability metrics The book highlights the potential of the different forms of renewable raw materials including: * natural fats and oils * plant-based biologically active ingredients * industrial starch * sucrose * natural rubber * wood * natural fibres It also covers the actual status of biomass usage for green energy generation, green transportation, green chemistry and sustainable nutrition and consumer goods, and it depicts the potentials of green solvents and white biotechnology for modern synthesis and manufacturing technologies. The book is aimed at technical and marketing people in industry, universities and institutions as well as readers in administrations and NGOs. The book will also be of value to the worldwide public interested in sustainability issues and strategies as well as others interested in the practical means that are being used to reduce the environmental impact of chemical processes and products, to further eco-efficiency, and to advance the utilization of renewable resources.

Process Intensification Technologies for Green Chemistry

Engineering Solutions for Sustainable Chemical Processing

Author: Kamelia Boodhoo,Adam Harvey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118498534

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 8214


The successful implementation of greener chemical processesrelies not only on the development of more efficient catalysts forsynthetic chemistry but also, and as importantly, on thedevelopment of reactor and separation technologies which candeliver enhanced processing performance in a safe, cost-effectiveand energy efficient manner. Process intensification has emerged asa promising field which can effectively tackle the challenges ofsignificant process enhancement, whilst also offering the potentialto diminish the environmental impact presented by the chemicalindustry. Following an introduction to process intensification and theprinciples of green chemistry, this book presents a number ofintensified technologies which have been researched and developed,including case studies to illustrate their application to greenchemical processes. Topics covered include: • Intensified reactor technologies: spinning discreactors, microreactors, monolith reactors, oscillatory flowreactors, cavitational reactors • Combined reactor/separator systems: membrane reactors,reactive distillation, reactive extraction, reactiveabsorption • Membrane separations for green chemistry • Industry relevance of process intensification,including economics and environmental impact, opportunities forenergy saving, and practical considerations for industrialimplementation. Process Intensification for Green Chemistry is a valuableresource for practising engineers and chemists alike who areinterested in applying intensified reactor and/or separator systemsin a range of industries to achieve green chemistry principles.

Management Principles of Sustainable Industrial Chemistry

Theories, Concepts and Indusstrial Examples for Achieving Sustainable Chemical Products and Processes from a Non-Technological Viewpoint

Author: Genserik L. L. Reniers,Kenneth Sörensen,Karl Vrancken

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527649506

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 9704


Approaching sustainability from the perspectives of engineering and multiple scientific disciplines, this book incorporates the concepts of intergenerational equity and ecological capabilities, while promoting scientific rigor for the analysis of sustainability and the use of appropriate metrics to determine the comparative merits of alternatives. The chapters are organized around the key non-technological themes of sustainable industrial chemistry and provide an overview of the managerial principles to enhance sustainability in the chemicals sector. The book strives to provide an intellectual forum and stimulus for defining the roles chemical engineers can play in achieving sustainable development. Suitable for industry and graduate education, this is the one-stop guide to greener, cleaner, economically viable and more efficient chemical industries.

Sustainable Industrial Chemistry

Principles, Tools and Industrial Examples

Author: Fabrizio Cavani,Gabriele Centi,Siglinda Perathoner,Ferruccio Trifirò

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527629122

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 621

View: 5514


In recent years the need for sustainable process design and alternative reaction routes to reduce industry?s impact on the environment has gained vital importance. The book begins with a general overview of new trends in designing industrial chemical processes which are environmentally friendly and economically feasible. Specific examples written by experts from industry cover the possibilities of running industrial chemical processes in a sustainable manner and provide an up-to-date insight into the main concerns, e.g., the use of renewable raw materials, the use of alternative energy sources in chemical processes, the design of intrinsically safe processes, microreactor and integrated reaction/ separation technologies, process intensification, waste reduction, new catalytic routes and/or solvent and process optimization.

Social Welfare Policy for a Sustainable Future

The U.S. in Global Context

Author: Katherine S. van Wormer,Rosemary J. Link

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322424

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 1754


Unique in its use of a sustainability framework, Social Welfare Policy for a Sustainable Future by Katherine S. van Wormer and Rosemary J. Link goes beyond U.S. borders to examine U.S. government policies—including child welfare, social services, health care, and criminal justice—within a global context. Guided by the belief that forces from the global market and globalization affect all social workers in their practice, the book addresses a wide range of relevant topics, including the refugee journey, the impact of new technologies, war trauma, global policy instruments, and restorative justice. A sustainability policy analysis model and an ecosystems framework for trauma-informed care are also presented in this timely text.

The Politics of Chemical Risk: Scenarios for a Regulatory Future

Author: R. Bal,Willem Halffman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401591016

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 815


All industrial countries have developed regulatory systems to assess and manage the risk of chemical substances to the working and natural environment. The pressure to harmonize these often specialized regulatory systems is increasingly strong at the international level. Such harmonization not only entails the assessment of particular chemicals, but also the way assessment procedures and their boundary with risk management is organized. As these initiatives intensify, they increasingly raise important questions of how to integrate national differences in the international regulatory arena. How will national consultation procedures relate to international decision-making on chemical risks? How will differences in national risk assessment procedures be accommodated? How will the international regulatory system be integrated with different national styles of regulation and government? Presenting the experiences and insights of both people from within the worlds of risk assessment and management and from the field of Science Studies, this book forms a state-of-the-art in the discussion on the Politics of Chemical Risk. By offering scenarios, or sketches of a regulatory future, it points to the choices that can be made and the opportunities to be explored. As such, it offers an agenda for environmental and occupational scientists, policy-makers and students of science and technology alike.

Ensuring a Sustainable Future

An Energy Management Guidebook for Wastewater and Water Utilities

Author: Environmental Protection Atgency (Us)

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160808937

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 100

View: 3773


Providing wastewater and drinking water service to citizens requires energy—and a lot of it. The twin problems of steadily rising energy costs and climate change have therefore made the issue of energy management one of the most salient issues facing wastewater and water utilities today. Energy management is also at the heart of efforts across the entire sector to ensure that utility operations are sustainable in the future. More and more utilities are realizing that a systematic approach for managing the full range of energy challenges they face is the best way to ensure that these issues are addressed on an ongoing basis in order to reduce climate impacts, save money, and remain sustainable. Working closely with a number of utilities and others, the Office of Water at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proactively addressing this issue by developing this Energy Management Guidebook for Wastewater and Water Utilities that provides a systematic approach to reducing energy consumption and energy cost. This Guidebook was specifically written to provide water and wastewater utility managers with a step-by-step method, based on a Plan-Do-Check-Act management system approach, to identify, implement, measure, and improve energy efficiency and renewable opportunities at their utilities.

Engineering Towards a Sustainable Future (Penerbit USM)

Author: Mohammad Danial Shafiq ,Muhammad Bisya Md Yusof

Publisher: Penerbit USM

ISBN: 9838619043

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 6716


This book presents the compiled outstanding research articles over Malaysia and neighbouring countries from the International Engineering for Sustainability Conference 2014 (iNESCO 2014) concerning the issue of engineering for environment and sustainability. This book is primarily addressed to academicians, researchers, scientist, innovators, and individuals who have influences in the growth and development of the nation and country. An understanding of the causes and effects, mainly contributed to the preservation of the environment as one of the basic stands that influence the behaviour of producing effective and efficient products and services, and serving the environment at once. Grateful acknowledgment is here made to the researchers, editors, organizers and those involved in gathering the data for the research articles. This work would not have reached its present form without their invaluable help. Some articles may have demographic studies of a country and hazardous chemicals used, in order to tabulate the research data and complete the research

Carbohydrates in Sustainable Development II

Author: Amélia P. Rauter,Pierre Vogel,Yves Queneau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642151604

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 201

View: 9028


This series presents critical reviews of the state of modern chemical research, as well as discussion of future trends, in concise reports on chemistry, each contributed by a world renowned expert.

Integrated Design and Simulation of Chemical Processes

Author: Alexandre C. Dimian,Costin S. Bildea,Anton A. Kiss

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444627081

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 886

View: 2971


This comprehensive work shows how to design and develop innovative, optimal and sustainable chemical processes by applying the principles of process systems engineering, leading to integrated sustainable processes with 'green' attributes. Generic systematic methods are employed, supported by intensive use of computer simulation as a powerful tool for mastering the complexity of physical models. New to the second edition are chapters on product design and batch processes with applications in specialty chemicals, process intensification methods for designing compact equipment with high energetic efficiency, plantwide control for managing the key factors affecting the plant dynamics and operation, health, safety and environment issues, as well as sustainability analysis for achieving high environmental performance. All chapters are completely rewritten or have been revised. This new edition is suitable as teaching material for Chemical Process and Product Design courses for graduate MSc students, being compatible with academic requirements world-wide. The inclusion of the newest design methods will be of great value to professional chemical engineers. Systematic approach to developing innovative and sustainable chemical processes Presents generic principles of process simulation for analysis, creation and assessment Emphasis on sustainable development for the future of process industries

Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability

Author: Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439824740

Category: Nature

Page: 450

View: 4449


When the Nobel Prize Committee recognized the importance of green chemistry with its 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, this relatively new science came into its own. Although no concerted agreement has been reached yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there seems to be increasing interest in environmental topics that are based on the chemistry embodied in this subject. Linking green chemistry practice to environmental sustainability, Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability illustrates the efforts being made to remediate a scathed environment into a pristine one. Links Green Chemistry Practice to Environmental Sustainability Eminent international experts present research on and the application of green chemistry and engineering in addressing current issues of an environmental and social nature. They cover sustainable development and environmental sustainability with chapters on green chemistry and engineering research, the design and synthesis of environmentally benign chemical processes, green approaches to minimize and/or remediate environmental pollution, the development of biomaterials, biofuel, and bioenergy production, biocatalysis, and policies and ethics in green chemistry. The book also explores economics, environmentally benign technologies for greener processes, computational methods and modeling, and green approaches to minimize air and water. Green chemistry has brought a relatively prompt and positive paradigm shift in the overall use and management of natural resources and raw materials for the development of society with a subtle promise to cause far less pronounced harm to the environment. This text provides insight into the chemical and biochemical technologies that are being studied, optimized, and eventually developed to promote environmental sustainability. It provides up-to-date information on selected fields where the principles of green chemistry are being embraced for safeguarding and improving the quality of the environment.

Design of Multiphase Reactors

Author: Vishwas G. Pangarkar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118807766

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 536

View: 977


Details simple design methods for multiphase reactors in the chemical process industries Includes basic aspects of transport in multiphase reactors and the importance of relatively reliable and simple procedures for predicting mass transfer parameters Details of design and scale up aspects of several important types of multiphase reactors Examples illustrated through design methodologies presenting different reactors for reactions that are industrially important Includes simple spreadsheet packages rather than complex algorithms / programs or computational aid

Disaster Nursing and Emergency Preparedness for Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Terrorism and Other Hazards

Author: Tener Goodwin Veenema

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826121431

Category: Medical

Page: 586

View: 1462


This comprehensive textbook is designed to prepare any nurse to provide health care under disaster conditions. The content ranges from general principles of disaster preparation and management to management of specific types of disasters. Natural and environmental disasters are amply discussed. However, the special emphasis of the book is response to disasters caused by biological, chemical, and radiological agents. Vital information on post-disaster restoration of basic public health, psychological effects, and establishing communication is provided. Each chapter is prefaced with "Key Messages" and "Learning Objectives," and followed by "Study Questions" and "Internet Activities." Numerous case studies bring the reader into contact with professionals from organizations crucial to the U.S. disaster response. The Appendix includes an extensive listing of Internet resources.