Cheating Monkeys and Citizen Bees

The Nature of Cooperation in Animals and Humans

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674001671

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 5254

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Here biologist Lee Dugatkin outlines four paths to cooperation shared by humans and other animals: family dynamics, reciprocal transactions (or "tit for tat"), so-called selfish teamwork, and group altruism. He draws on a wealth of examples—from babysitting among mongooses and food sharing among vampire bats to cooperation in Hutterite communities and on kibbutzim—o show not only that cooperation exists throughout the animal kingdom, but how an understanding of the natural history of altruism might foster our own best instincts toward our fellow humans.

The Altruism Equation

Seven Scientists Search for the Origins of Goodness

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841437

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 2860

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In a world supposedly governed by ruthless survival of the fittest, why do we see acts of goodness in both animals and humans? This problem plagued Charles Darwin in the 1850s as he developed his theory of evolution through natural selection. Indeed, Darwin worried that the goodness he observed in nature could be the Achilles heel of his theory. Ever since then, scientists and other thinkers have engaged in a fierce debate about the origins of goodness that has dragged politics, philosophy, and religion into what remains a major question for evolutionary biology. The Altruism Equation traces the history of this debate from Darwin to the present through an extraordinary cast of characters-from the Russian prince Petr Kropotkin, who wanted to base society on altruism, to the brilliant biologist George Price, who fell into poverty and succumbed to suicide as he obsessed over the problem. In a final surprising turn, William Hamilton, the scientist who came up with the equation that reduced altruism to the cold language of natural selection, desperately hoped that his theory did not apply to humans. Hamilton's Rule, which states that relatives are worth helping in direct proportion to their blood relatedness, is as fundamental to evolutionary biology as Newton's laws of motion are to physics. But even today, decades after its formulation, Hamilton's Rule is still hotly debated among those who cannot accept that goodness can be explained by a simple mathematical formula. For the first time, Lee Alan Dugatkin brings to life the people, the issues, and the passions that have surrounded the altruism debate. Readers will be swept along by this fast-paced tale of history, biography, and scientific discovery.

The Uncontrolling Love of God

An Open and Relational Account of Providence

Author: Thomas Jay Oord

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830840842

Category: Religion

Page: 229

View: 5212

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Can we say God is all-controlling if evil is genuine and randomness is real? If God is capable of controlling any situation or person and is both willing and able to stop evil from occurring, how do we make sense of the cruel and unpredictable realities of life? Should we say that suffering is necessary to build character? Are random events of death and destruction really "acts of God"? Some say that God is the cause of everything, which commits them to the view that nothing is truly random and every act of evil is part of God's master plan. Others say that God is an impersonal force or a distant observer and so not truly involved in worldly events but this comes at the price of a God who is personally involved in our lives and to whom we can pray. Still others say that God is sovereign but we cannot know how, because God is a mystery. This leaves us without an answer to our questions. Thomas Jay Oord argues that we need a new understanding of providence, one that can account for a world of both awful evil and awe-inspiring goodness.The Uncontrolling Love of God provides a clear and powerful response to one of the perennial challenges to Christian faith."

Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology

Integrating Conceptual, Theoretical, and Empirical Approaches

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691006536

Category: Science

Page: 551

View: 7817

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A key way that behavioral ecologists develop general theories of animal behavior is by studying one species or a closely related group of species--''model systems''--over a long period. This book brings together some of the field's most respected researchers to describe why they chose their systems, how they integrate theoretical, conceptual, and empirical work, lessons for the practice of the discipline, and potential avenues of future research. Their model systems encompass a wide range of animals and behavioral issues, from dung flies to sticklebacks, dolphins to African wild dogs, from foraging to aggression, territoriality to reproductive suppression. Model Systems in Behavioral Ecology offers an unprecedented ''systems'' focus and revealing insights into the confluence of personal curiosity and scientific inquiry. It will be an invaluable text for behavioral ecology courses and a helpful overview--and a preview of coming developments--for advanced researchers. The twenty-five chapters are divided into four sections: insects and arachnids, amphibians and reptiles, birds, and mammals. In addition to the editor, the contributors include Geoff A. Parker, Thomas D. Seeley, Naomi Pierce, Kern Reeve, Gerald S. Wilkinson, Bert H�lldobler and Flavio Roces, George W. Uetz, Michael J. Ryan and Gil Rosenthal, Judy Stamps, H. Carl Gerhardt, Barry Sinervo, Robert Warner, Manfred Milinski, David F. Westneat, Alan C. Kamil and Alan B. Bond, Paul Sherman, Jerram L. Brown, Anders Pape M�ller, Marc Bekoff, Richard C. Connor, Joan B. Silk, Christopher Boesch, Scott Creel, A.H. Harcourt, and Tim Caro and M. J. Kelly.

Humanizing the Economy

Co-operatives in the Age of Capital

Author: John Restakis

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 1550924613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 295

View: 3164

DOWNLOAD NOW »

How the largest social movement in history is making the world a better place.

Learning Group Leadership

An Experiential Approach

Author: Jeffrey A. Kottler,Matt Englar-Carlson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412953707

Category: Psychology

Page: 523

View: 688

DOWNLOAD NOW »

“The writing is both highly personable and also very specific about techniques and attitudes students may take on as they experiment with membership leadership. I think my students will like it and will use it to engage even more fully with the experiential group. It most certainly fills a niche that needed filling.” —Adam L. Hill, Sonoma State University Now Accompanied by a DVD! Focusing on how to conduct and lead groups in a variety of therapeutic settings, Learning Group Leadership: An Experiential Approach, Second Edition covers theory, process, leadership, techniques, ethics, special populations, and challenges as they relate to group work. The Second Edition introduces important conceptual and practical information and then uses exercises, field study assignments, and personal application questions to help students apply concepts to their work and lives. The Second Edition now includes “student voices” throughout each chapter to provide descriptions of actual experiences. Key Features: Takes an experiential approach, helping readers understand how the concepts they learn in class can be applied to their own work in conducting groups Offers a conversational, practical, and realistic writing style Includes relevant examples drawn from the authors’ more than 25 years of teaching and leading experience Is accompanied by a new DVD, bound in the back of the book, which contains scripted sessions corresponding with every chapter The password-protected instructor’s site is available with test questions at http://www.sagepub.com/kottler2einstr/main.htm. Learning Group Leadership: An Experiential Approach, Second Edition is ideal for use in introductory courses in Group Therapy or Group Work in the disciplines of counseling, human services, psychology and social work.

Animal Behavior

Author: John Alcock,Dustin R. Rubenstien

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated

ISBN: 9781605355481

Category: Animal behavior

Page: 600

View: 8298

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Revised edition of: Animal behavior: an evolutionary approach / John Alcock. 10th ed. c2013.

A Cooperative Species

Human Reciprocity and Its Evolution

Author: Samuel Bowles,Herbert Gintis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838837

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 1502

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Why do humans, uniquely among animals, cooperate in large numbers to advance projects for the common good? Contrary to the conventional wisdom in biology and economics, this generous and civic-minded behavior is widespread and cannot be explained simply by far-sighted self-interest or a desire to help close genealogical kin. In A Cooperative Species, Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis--pioneers in the new experimental and evolutionary science of human behavior--show that the central issue is not why selfish people act generously, but instead how genetic and cultural evolution has produced a species in which substantial numbers make sacrifices to uphold ethical norms and to help even total strangers. The authors describe how, for thousands of generations, cooperation with fellow group members has been essential to survival. Groups that created institutions to protect the civic-minded from exploitation by the selfish flourished and prevailed in conflicts with less cooperative groups. Key to this process was the evolution of social emotions such as shame and guilt, and our capacity to internalize social norms so that acting ethically became a personal goal rather than simply a prudent way to avoid punishment. Using experimental, archaeological, genetic, and ethnographic data to calibrate models of the coevolution of genes and culture as well as prehistoric warfare and other forms of group competition, A Cooperative Species provides a compelling and novel account of how humans came to be moral and cooperative.

Mr. Jefferson and the Giant Moose

Natural History in Early America

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226169197

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 5194

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In the years after the Revolutionary War, the fledgling republic of America was viewed by many Europeans as a degenerate backwater, populated by subspecies weak and feeble. Chief among these naysayers was the French Count and world-renowned naturalist Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon, who wrote that the flora and fauna of America (humans included) were inferior to European specimens. Thomas Jefferson—author of the Declaration of Independence, U.S. president, and ardent naturalist—spent years countering the French conception of American degeneracy. His Notes on Virginia systematically and scientifically dismantled Buffon’s case through a series of tables and equally compelling writing on the nature of his home state. But the book did little to counter the arrogance of the French and hardly satisfied Jefferson’s quest to demonstrate that his young nation was every bit the equal of a well-established Europe. Enter the giant moose. The American moose, which Jefferson claimed was so enormous a European reindeer could walk under it, became the cornerstone of his defense. Convinced that the sight of such a magnificent beast would cause Buffon to revise his claims, Jefferson had the remains of a seven-foot ungulate shipped first class from New Hampshire to Paris. Unfortunately, Buffon died before he could make any revisions to his Histoire Naturelle, but the legend of the moose makes for a fascinating tale about Jefferson’s passion to prove that American nature deserved prestige. In Mr. Jefferson and the Giant Moose, Lee Alan Dugatkin vividly recreates the origin and evolution of the debates about natural history in America and, in so doing, returns the prize moose to its rightful place in American history.

Kindness in a Cruel World

The Evolution of Altruism

Author: Nigel Barber

Publisher: Pyr Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 415

View: 980

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Full of stimulating ideas expressed in lucid prose, Kindness in a Cruel World presents a compelling case that the desire to help others and the spirit of cooperation are fundamental to our evolutionary inheritance.

The $1,000 Genome

The Revolution in DNA Sequencing and the New Era of Personalized Medicine

Author: Kevin Davies

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416569618

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 4766

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Since the conclusion of the Human Genome Project in 2003, scientists have been racing towards a grand goal: offering individuals a decoding of their complete genetic makeup for just $1,000. As Kevin Davies reveals in this exquisitely reported account, the $1,000 genome will be a reality by 2011 and it will usher in a whole new era of personalized, genomic medicine. Capable of presenting much more advanced information than the current crop of cheek-swab services, the $1,000 complete genome raises some extraordinary possibilities. We will be able to learn if we have genes that predispose us to a host of diseases, and to take a wide range of preventative measures. Drug companies may be able to create versions of drugs tailored specifically to our individual DNA. But we may also face the psychological burden of learning that we have the gene for an incurable disease, such as Parkinson’s. Acclaimed author Kevin Davies introduces the pioneers of this medical revolution and probes deeply into both the medical benefits and ethical issues of personal genetic testing, also exploring the psychological complexities of learning one’s DNA results, based on both his own experience of being tested and that of a number of others. The $1,000 Genome is an indispensable guide to the new era of personalized medicine.

Evolutionary Psychology

The Ultimate Origins of Human Behavior

Author: Jack A. Palmer,Linda K. Palmer

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 319

View: 7504

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A short, broad introduction to the emerging field of evolutionary psychology (the study of adaptive significance of behavior). 10 short chapters introduce the reader to the major topics within the field of evolutionary psychology (from "Social Order and Disorder" to "Mating and Reproduction" to "The Creative Impulse: The Origins of Technology and Art"). For psychologists, students, or anyone interested in evolutionary psychology.

Human Nature and the Freedom of Public Religious Expression

Author: Stephen Garrard Post

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 2595

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Bioethicist Stephen G. Post argues that human beings are, by nature, inclined toward a presence in the universe that is higher than their own. In consequence, the institutions of everyday life are not justifed in censoring the spiritual and religious expression that arises from the human spirit.

Public Library Core Collection

A Selection Guide to Reference Books and Adult Nonfiction. Nonfiction

Author: John Greenfieldt,Patrice Bartell

Publisher: Hw Wilson Co

ISBN: 9780824210946

Category: Public libraries

Page: 1856

View: 7183

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Senior High School Library Catalog

Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 6731

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Each vol. is divided into 2 parts 1st-7th ed.: Dictionary catalog and Classified catalog; 8th-9th ed. have 3rd. part: Directory of publishers.