Cheating Monkeys and Citizen Bees

The Nature of Cooperation in Animals and Humans

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674001671

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 9390

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Here biologist Lee Dugatkin outlines four paths to cooperation shared by humans and other animals: family dynamics, reciprocal transactions (or "tit for tat"), so-called selfish teamwork, and group altruism. He draws on a wealth of examples—from babysitting among mongooses and food sharing among vampire bats to cooperation in Hutterite communities and on kibbutzim—o show not only that cooperation exists throughout the animal kingdom, but how an understanding of the natural history of altruism might foster our own best instincts toward our fellow humans.

Kognition bei Menschen und Tieren

Eine vergleichende philosophische Perspektive

Author: Tobias Starzak

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110368900

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 1776

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What distinguishes humans from all other animals? In this book, rationality, social learning, and cooperation – the basis of cultural evolution – are placed under the microscope from a comparative philosophical perspective. The view is developed that anthropological difference is based upon the sum of many small differences, and that we are more like other animals than we often think.

The Uncontrolling Love of God

An Open and Relational Account of Providence

Author: Thomas Jay Oord

Publisher: InterVarsity Press

ISBN: 0830899014

Category: Religion

Page: N.A

View: 1556

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Rarely does a new theological position emerge to account well for life in the world, including not only goodness and beauty but also tragedy and randomness. Drawing from Scripture, science, philosophy and various theological traditions, Thomas Jay Oord offers a novel theology of providence—essential kenosis—that emphasizes God's inherently noncoercive love in relation to creation. The Uncontrolling Love of God provides a clear and powerful response to one of the perennial challenges to Christian faith.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Fourth Edition

A Handbook for Diagnosis and Treatment

Author: Russell A. Barkley

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462517854

Category: Psychology

Page: 898

View: 3208

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Widely regarded as the standard clinical reference, this volume provides the best current knowledge about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents, and adults. The field's leading authorities address all aspects of assessment, diagnosis, and treatment, including psychological therapies and pharmacotherapy. Core components of ADHD are elucidated. The volume explores the impact of the disorder across a wide range of functional domains--behavior, learning, psychological adjustment, school and vocational outcomes, and health. All chapters conclude with user-friendly Key Clinical Points. New to This Edition *Reflects significant advances in research and clinical practice. *Expanded with many new authors and new topics. *Chapters on cutting-edge interventions: social skills training, dietary management, executive function training, driving risk interventions, complementary/alternative medicine, and therapies for adults. *Chapters on the nature of the disorder: neuropsychological aspects, emotional dysregulation, peer relationships, child- and adult-specific domains of impairment, sluggish cognitive tempo, and more.

The Altruism Equation

Seven Scientists Search for the Origins of Goodness

Author: Lee Alan Dugatkin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841437

Category: Psychology

Page: 208

View: 9886

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In a world supposedly governed by ruthless survival of the fittest, why do we see acts of goodness in both animals and humans? This problem plagued Charles Darwin in the 1850s as he developed his theory of evolution through natural selection. Indeed, Darwin worried that the goodness he observed in nature could be the Achilles heel of his theory. Ever since then, scientists and other thinkers have engaged in a fierce debate about the origins of goodness that has dragged politics, philosophy, and religion into what remains a major question for evolutionary biology. The Altruism Equation traces the history of this debate from Darwin to the present through an extraordinary cast of characters-from the Russian prince Petr Kropotkin, who wanted to base society on altruism, to the brilliant biologist George Price, who fell into poverty and succumbed to suicide as he obsessed over the problem. In a final surprising turn, William Hamilton, the scientist who came up with the equation that reduced altruism to the cold language of natural selection, desperately hoped that his theory did not apply to humans. Hamilton's Rule, which states that relatives are worth helping in direct proportion to their blood relatedness, is as fundamental to evolutionary biology as Newton's laws of motion are to physics. But even today, decades after its formulation, Hamilton's Rule is still hotly debated among those who cannot accept that goodness can be explained by a simple mathematical formula. For the first time, Lee Alan Dugatkin brings to life the people, the issues, and the passions that have surrounded the altruism debate. Readers will be swept along by this fast-paced tale of history, biography, and scientific discovery.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7499

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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Kindness in a Cruel World

The Evolution of Altruism

Author: Nigel Barber

Publisher: Pyr Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 415

View: 8487

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Full of stimulating ideas expressed in lucid prose, Kindness in a Cruel World presents a compelling case that the desire to help others and the spirit of cooperation are fundamental to our evolutionary inheritance.

Evolutionary Psychology

The Ultimate Origins of Human Behavior

Author: Jack A. Palmer,Linda K. Palmer

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 319

View: 4115

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A short, broad introduction to the emerging field of evolutionary psychology (the study of adaptive significance of behavior). 10 short chapters introduce the reader to the major topics within the field of evolutionary psychology (from "Social Order and Disorder" to "Mating and Reproduction" to "The Creative Impulse: The Origins of Technology and Art"). For psychologists, students, or anyone interested in evolutionary psychology.

Ille operum custos

kulturgeschichtliche Beiträge zur antiken Bienensymbolik und ihrer Rezeption

Author: David Engels

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bees in literature

Page: 318

View: 4513

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Public Library Core Collection

A Selection Guide to Reference Books and Adult Nonfiction. Nonfiction

Author: John Greenfieldt,Patrice Bartell

Publisher: Hw Wilson Co

ISBN: 9780824210946

Category: Public libraries

Page: 1856

View: 4188

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Human Nature and the Freedom of Public Religious Expression

Author: Stephen Garrard Post

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

View: 5336

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Bioethicist Stephen G. Post argues that human beings are, by nature, inclined toward a presence in the universe that is higher than their own. In consequence, the institutions of everyday life are not justifed in censoring the spiritual and religious expression that arises from the human spirit.

Senior High School Library Catalog

Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 2861

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Each vol. is divided into 2 parts 1st-7th ed.: Dictionary catalog and Classified catalog; 8th-9th ed. have 3rd. part: Directory of publishers.