The Character of Physical Law

Author: Richard Feynman,Frank Wilczek

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533413

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 2321

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An introduction to modern physics and to Richard Feynman at his witty and enthusiastic best, discussing gravitation, irreversibility, symmetry, and the nature of scientific discovery.

Gottes Handeln in der Welt

Probleme und Möglichkeiten aus Sicht der Theologie und analytischen Religionsphilosophie

Author: Benedikt Paul Göcke,Ruben Schneider

Publisher: Verlag Friedrich Pustet

ISBN: 3791771663

Category: Religion

Page: 360

View: 3624

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Dem Gott der klassischen Philosophie, der vollkommen, unveränderlich und ewig ist, steht in der christlichen Theologie die geschichtliche Wirkmächtigkeit Gottes in seiner Gerechtigkeit, Barmherzigkeit, Gnade, Fürsorge, Vergebung und Treue zur Seite. Wie diese beiden Sichtweisen zusammenzubringen sind und wie damit die Frage nach Gottes Handeln in der Welt adäquat zu beantworten ist, stellt eine der ältesten Streitfragen in der Theologieund Philosophiegeschichte dar. Sie verschärft sich darüber hinaus noch vor dem Hintergrund der naturwissenschaftlichen Fundamentalthese von der kausalen Geschlossenheit des physikalischen Universums. Dieser Sammelband bringt die in jüngster Zeit entworfenen Perspektiven auf die Problematik zusammen und sucht so nach einer vertretbaren Antwort auf die Frage nach dem Handeln Gottes in der Welt.

Funktionswerkstoffe

Physikalische Grundlagen und Prinzipien

Author: Martin Bäker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658029706

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 299

View: 8904

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Als Funktionswerkstoffe werden alle Materialien bezeichnet, die nicht als Konstruktionswerkstoffe auf Grund ihres mechanischen Verhaltens, sondern wegen anderer Eigenschaften eingesetzt werden. Dazu gehören beispielsweise elektrische Leiter, Halbleiter und Supraleiter, aber auch als Aktoren oder Sensoren eingesetzte Werkstoffe wie Formgedächtnislegierungen oder piezoelektrische Materialien. Der Schwerpunkt dieses Lehrbuchs liegt auf den Grundlagen und Funktionsprinzipien und nicht auf der Beschreibung bestimmer Funktionswerkstoffe oder Bauteile. Jedes Kapitel behandelt eine Werkstoffgruppe und vermittelt die zum Verständnis notwendigen physikalischen Kenntnisse. Mehr als 40 Aufgaben mit vollständiger Lösung fördern das Verständnis.

Odyssee im 21. Jahrhundert

Über den Irrglauben wahrer Zufriedenheit und Gesundheit im Leben

Author: Tristan Nolting

Publisher: tredition

ISBN: 3748224567

Category: Philosophy

Page: 356

View: 6718

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Was haben alle historischen Lehren, Traditionen und Ideologien gemein? Sie alle versuchen den Menschen durch ihre ganz eigene Interpretation der Wirklichkeit aus der Krankheit und Unzufriedenheit zu erlösen. Ein kranker Mensch ist unzufrieden und ein unzufriedener Mensch ist krank. Diese unausweichliche Verbindung zwischen Gesundheit und Zufriedenheit zwingt uns zu einer neuen Sichtweise, einer ganzheitlichen Betrachtung, die beim Menschen selbst beginnt. Der Krieg der Erkenntnis, zwischen Glauben und Wissen, ist aktueller denn je. Dabei sind die naturwissenschaftlichen Ansätze gar nicht so weit entfernt von der fernöstlichen Philosophie und Religion, wie viele denken. In allen existierenden Disziplinen glauben wir mehr, als wir gerne zugeben würden. Alles, was wir zu wissen glauben, wird ständig von neuen Erkenntnissen abgelöst. Dieses Buch soll dazu anregen wieder die richtigen Fragen zu stellen, anstatt sich vorgegebenen Antworten hinzugeben. Derjenige, der bereit ist zu lernen, begibt sich auf seinen ganz eigenen, aber doch vertrauten Lebensweg.

History and Evolution of Concepts in Physics

Author: Harry Varvoglis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319042920

Category: Science

Page: 138

View: 4310

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Our understanding of nature, and in particular of physics and the laws governing it, has changed radically since the days of the ancient Greek natural philosophers. This book explains how and why these changes occurred, through landmark experiments as well as theories that - for their time - were revolutionary. The presentation covers Mechanics, Optics, Electromagnetism, Thermodynamics, Relativity Theory, Atomic Physics and Quantum Physics. The book places emphasis on ideas and on a qualitative presentation, rather than on mathematics and equations. Thus, although primarily addressed to those who are studying or have studied science, it can also be read by non-specialists. The author concludes with a discussion of the evolution and organization of universities, from ancient times until today, and of the organization and dissemination of knowledge through scientific publications and conferences.

Brain, Mind and Consciousness in the History of Neuroscience

Author: C.U.M. Smith,Harry Whitaker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 9401787743

Category: Philosophy

Page: 369

View: 9787

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This volume of essays examines the problem of mind, looking at how the problem has appeared to neuroscientists (in the widest sense) from classical antiquity through to contemporary times. Beginning with a look at ventricular neuropsychology in antiquity, this book goes on to look at Spinozan ideas on the links between mind and body, Thomas Willis and the foundation of Neurology, Hooke’s mechanical model of the mind and Joseph Priestley’s approach to the mind-body problem. The volume offers a chapter on the 19th century Ottoman perspective on western thinking. Further chapters trace the work of nineteenth century scholars including George Henry Lewes, Herbert Spencer and Emil du Bois-Reymond. The book covers significant work from the twentieth century, including an examination of Alfred North Whitehead and the history of consciousness, and particular attention is given to the development of quantum consciousness. Chapters on slavery and the self and the development of an understanding of Dualism bring this examination up to date on the latest 21st century work in the field. At the heart of this book is the matter of how we define the problem of consciousness itself: has there been any progress in our understanding of the working of mind and brain? This work at the interface between science and the humanities will appeal to experts from across many fields who wish to develop their understanding of the problem of consciousness, including scholars of Neuroscience, Behavioural Science and the History of Science.

Einstein Defiant

Genius Versus Genius in the Quantum Revolution

Author: Edmund Blair Bolles

Publisher: Joseph Henry Press

ISBN: 0309089980

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 4132

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"I find the idea quite intolerable that an electron exposed to radiation should choose of its own free will, not only its moment to jump off, but also its direction. In that case, I would rather be a cobbler, or even an employee in a gaming house, than a physicist." -Albert Einstein A scandal hovers over the history of 20th century physics. Albert Einstein -- the century's greatest physicist -- was never able to come to terms with quantum mechanics, the century's greatest theoretical achievement. For physicists who routinely use both quantum laws and Einstein's ideas, this contradiction can be almost too embarrassing to dwell on. Yet Einstein was one of the founders of quantum physics and he spent many years preaching the quantum's importance and its revolutionary nature. The Danish genius Neils Bohr was another founder of quantum physics. He had managed to solve one of the few physics problems that Einstein ever shied away from, linking quantum mathematics with a new model of the atom. This leap immediately yielded results that explained electron behavior and the periodic table of the elements. Despite their mutual appreciation of the quantum's importance, these two giants of modern physics never agreed on the fundamentals of their work. In fact, they clashed repeatedly throughout the 1920s, arguing first over Einstein's theory of "light quanta"(photons), then over Niels Bohr's short-lived theory that denied the conservation of energy at the quantum level, and climactically over the new quantum mechanics that Bohr enthusiastically embraced and Einstein stubbornly defied. This contest of visions stripped the scientific imagination naked. Einstein was a staunch realist, demanding to know the physical reasons behind physical events. At odds with this approach was Bohr's more pragmatic perspective that favored theories that worked, even if he might not have a corresponding explanation of the underlying reality. Powerful and illuminating, Einstein Defiant is the first book to capture the soul and the science that inspired this dramatic duel, revealing the personalities and the passions -- and, in the end, what was at stake for the world.

The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Operant and Classical Conditioning

Author: Frances K. McSweeney,Eric S. Murphy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118468171

Category: Psychology

Page: 760

View: 6262

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This combined survey of operant and classical conditioning provides professional and academic readers with an up-to-date, inclusive account of a core field of psychology research, with in-depth coverage of the basic theory, its applications, and current topics including behavioral economics. Provides comprehensive coverage of operant and classical conditioning, relevant fundamental theory, and applications including the latest techniques Features chapters by leading researchers, professionals, and academicians Reviews a range of core literature on conditioning Covers cutting-edge topics such as behavioral economics

Die kausale Struktur der Welt

eine philosophische Untersuchung über Verursachung, Naturgesetze, freie Handlungen, Möglichkeit und Gottes Wirken in der Welt

Author: Daniel von Wachter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Causation

Page: 384

View: 1694

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SENSE AND SENSIBILITY IN ISLAM

Linguistics, Context and Rationality

Author: Abdul Elah Nazer

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1469148323

Category: Religion

Page: 815

View: 954

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Islam, more than 1400 years after its revival by Prophet Muhammad is still misunderstood today. The traditional Islam practised today, is not the Islam of the Prophets, Abraham and Muhammad. It has been acutely syncretized with alien concepts of Paganism, Zoroastrian and Judeo-Christian. This book will attempt to explain some of the misunderstood verses using linguistics within its various contexts. Resorting to reason, Sense and Sensibility in Islam “sieves” out words and expressions of literalism from historicity. The resulting exegesis closely mirrors the message of the Quran as understood by the Pagan, Persian and the Judeo-Christian weltanschauung of the days of the Prophet Muhammad. The use of logic and context of the message is paramount. Arabic lexicons are frequently consulted and ancient metaphors revealed. Myths, legends, dogmas, miracles, superstitions, and historicity will be examined in the light of modern disciplines of archaeology and it sub-discipline of epigraphy, anthropology, cosmology and other scientifi c disciplines in deciphering and “teasing” out the message to its “original” rational intent. Contrary to popular perception, Islam is not a religion. It is in fact opposed to it, states Nazer. Traditional Islam today is a syncretic medley of traditions from Zoroastrian, Jewish and Christian traditions. While Nazer attempts to separate Original Islam from this syncretism, he asks various pertinent questions on the origins of Prophet Muhammad; the rituals perpetuated in the name of Islam by the Pagan Meccans of the Omayyad Period and later Abbasside Zoroastrian Persians and question their authenticity through linguistics, common sense and unveiled metaphors from Arabic Lexicons. Like separating wheat from chaff, Nazer “teases” out ancient words and metaphors from commonly translated rituals in today’s Islam. What was the essence of the ancient faith, he asks? Did Abraham travel all the way to Mecca to found a faith on the ritual of prayers, or did he found a system of socio-economic reforms, which Muhammad followed, for later generations? Did Abraham build the Kaaba in Mecca? Did Mecca exist during Abraham’s time? What do the words Kaaba and Bakkah really mean? Was Bakkah the Mecca of today, or was it the Baca or Bekah of the Judaic religion? Nazer explains these words through linguistics from context and the answer may surprise many, including the followers of traditional Islam today. Finally, Sense and Sensibility in Islam examines whether Islam is compatible with Western democracy. Is Islam a democracy or an autocracy, allied to patristic bondage as practiced in Iran and Saudi Arabia? He comes to the conclusions that Islam is a set of social reforms that lead to peace, security and human rights for all.

Vom Wesen physikalischer Gesetze

Vorwort zur deutschen Ausgabe von Rudolf Mößbauer

Author: Richard P. Feynman

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492972365

Category: Science

Page: 215

View: 9987

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Richard P. Feynman gelingt es meisterhaft, darzulegen, welche allgemeinen Prinzipien hinter den Naturgesetzen stehen, die wir heute kennen. Studentinnen und Studenten in aller Welt benutzen diese berühmten »Feynman-Lectures«, die einen ungewöhnlich gut durchdachten Querschnitt durch die Grundlagen der Physik bieten.

Handbook of online learning

innovations in higher education and corporate training

Author: Kjell Erik Rudestam,Judith Schoenholtz-Read

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780761924036

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 460

View: 2494

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The demand for academic coursework and corporate training programs using the Internet and computer-mediated communication networks increases daily. The development and implementation of these new programs requires that traditional teaching techniques and course work be significantly reworked. This Handbook consists of 20 chapters authored by experts in the field of teaching in the online environment to adult students enrolled in graduate university degree programs, corporate training programs, and continuing education courses. The book is organized to first lay a conceptual and theoretical foundation for implementing any online learning program. Topics such as psychological and group dynamics, ethical issues, and curriculum design are covered in this section. Following the establishment of this essential framework are separate sections devoted to the practical issues specific to developing a program in either an academic or corporate environment. Whether building an online learning program from the ground up or making adjustments to improve the effectiveness of an existing program, this book is an invaluable resource.

Erfahren und Erkennen

Hegels Theorie der Wirklichkeit

Author: Dina Emundts

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783465037606

Category: Experience

Page: 430

View: 9913

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"Erfahrung" ist fur Hegel ein Begriff, dem eine zentrale Bedeutung fur die Frage nach der Moglichkeit von Erkenntnis zukommt. Was ist fur Hegel "Erfahrung"? In diesem Buch wird durch die Beantwortung dieser Frage eine neue Interpretation von Hegels grundlegenden philosophischen Thesen gegeben. In einer Analyse der ersten vier Kapitel der "Phanomenologie des Geistes" werden methodische, erkenntnistheoretische und ontologische Aspekte von Hegels Erfahrungsbegriff herausgearbeitet. Hegels Methode stellt eine Alternative zu Kants transzendentaler Methode dar. Nach Hegel mussen philosophische Thesen durch Analysen von Erfahrungen uberpruft und entwickelt werden. Dies gilt vor allem fur die Beantwortung der Frage nach der Moglichkeit von Erkenntnis, weil nur Erfahrungen Aufschluss uber einen angemessenen Begriff der Erkenntnis geben. Erkennen ist fur Hegel ein Prozess der Aneignung und Erfahrung von etwas Neuem. Daher vertritt Hegel eine gegenuber Kant grundlegend andere Theorie uber das fur Erkenntnis relevante Verhaltnis von Begriffen und sinnlichen Elementen. Es ist eine der Hauptabsichten dieses Buches, aufzuzeigen, dass fur Hegel Erkenntnis von der Moglichkeit des Bezugs auf Gegenstande abhangt, die von uns sinnlich erlebt werden und uns gegenuber 'widerstandig' sein konnen. Laut Hegels Ontologie sind die grundlegenden Elemente der Welt geistige Individuen. In Auseinandersetzung mit der Konzeption von Erfahrung wird Hegels Ontologie in einer Weise thematisiert, die seine Auffassung verschiedener Arten von Gegenstanden und ihres ontologischen Status' verstandlich machen. Die Analyse des Zusammenhangs von Erfahrung und Erkenntnis umfasst Hegels Theorie der Wahrnehmung, seine Vorstellung der Gesetzmaaigkeit der materiellen Welt sowie seinen Begriff des Lebens.

Archimedes to Hawking

laws of science and the great minds behind them

Author: Clifford A. Pickover

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195336115

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 514

View: 5130

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A fascinating account of some of the greatest ideas of history takes readers on a journey across the centuries as it explores the eponymous physical laws whose ramifications have altered our everyday lives and our understanding of the universe.

Meta Maths

The Quest for Omega

Author: Gregory J. Chaitin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781843545248

Category: Computational complexity

Page: 220

View: 8086

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This is the story of Chaitin's revolutionary discovery - the omega number. The omega number is Chaitin's representation of the profound enigma at the heart of maths, which sheds light on the very nature of life itself.

Конец веры. Религия, террор и будущее разума

Author: Сэм Харрис

Publisher: Litres

ISBN: 545735752X

Category: Education

Page: 3166

View: 1283

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Эта знаменитая книга – блестящий анализ борьбы разума и религии в современном мире. Автор демонстрирует, сколь часто в истории мы отвергали доводы разума в пользу религиозной веры – даже если эта вера порождала лишь зло и бедствия. Предостерегая против вмешательства организованной религии в мировую политику, Харрис, опираясь на доводы нейропсихологии, философии и восточной мистики, призывает создать поистине современные основания для светской, гуманистической этики и духовности. «Конец веры» – отважная и безжалостная попытка снести стены, ограждающие верующих от критики.

The Great Brain Suck

And Other American Epiphanies

Author: Eugene Halton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 7915

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More and more information is pumped into our media-saturated world every day, yet Americans seem to know less and less. In a society where who you are is defined by what you buy, and where we prefer to experience reality by watching it on TV, Eugene Halton argues something has clearly gone wrong. Luckily Halton, with scalpel-sharp wit in one hand and the balm of wisdom in the other, is here to operate on the declining body politic. His initial diagnosis is bleak: fast food and too much time spent sitting, whether in our cars or on our couches, are ruining our bodies, while our minds are weakened by the proliferation of electronic devices—TVs, computers, cell phones, iPods, video games—and their alienating effects. If we are losing the battle between autonomy and automation, he asks, how can our culture regain self-sufficiency? Halton finds the answer in the inspiring visions—deeply rooted in American culture—of an organic and more spontaneous life at the heart of the work of master craftsman Wharton Esherick, legendary blues singer Muddy Waters, urban critic Lewis Mumford, and artist Maya Lin, among others. A scathing and original jeremiad against modern materialism, The Great Brain Suck is also a series of epiphanies of a simpler but more profound life.