Catalysis for Sustainability

Goals, Challenges, and Impacts

Author: Thomas P. Umile, Ph.D

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586869

Category: Nature

Page: 214

View: 703

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Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts explores the intersection between catalytic science and sustainable technologies as a means to addressing current economic, social, and environmental problems. These problems include harnessing alternative energy sources, pollution prevention and remediation, and the manufacturing of commodity products. The book describes the nature of catalysis regarding sustainability and presents challenges to accomplishing sustainability as well as the significance of proven or potential success. The contributors have backgrounds in academia and industry to create a more integrated picture of the issues involving sustainability and catalysis. Broad in scope, the book covers topics such as traditional metal-mediated catalysis, organocatalysis, biocatalysis, biomimicry, and heterogeneous catalysis. It includes chapters dedicated to specific research areas of catalysis as they pertain to their effectiveness, their economic and environmental benefits, and the challenges researchers face in actualizing solutions. It also contains a chapter on the application of life cycle analysis to catalytic processes, demonstrating the need to holistically consider the sustainable impacts of a process. The book can be read in a straightforward fashion or skimmed without forfeiting understanding of the narrative on the strategies and intentions of research and development. Throughout the book the requirements of sustainability are measured by the triple bottom line of environmental, economic, and social impacts. It highlights real-world implementations of catalytic processes in drug development, manufacturing, polymers, and energy. Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts is a strong and versatile text. It provides an introduction to the field and the issues with which it is concerned, as well as a detailed and far-reaching discussion on current achievements and future progress.

Horizons in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Stefania Albonetti,Siglinda Perathoner,Elsje Alessandra Quadrelli

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444641475

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 444

View: 9330

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Horizons in Sustainable Industrial Chemistry and Catalysis, Volume 178, presents a comprehensive picture of recent developments in terms of sustainable industrial processes and the catalytic needs and opportunities to develop these novel routes. Each chapter includes an introduction and state-of-the-art in the field, along with a series of specific aspects and examples. The book identifies new opportunities for research that will help us transition to low carbon and sustainable energy and chemical production. Users will find an integrated view of the new possibilities in this area that unleashes new possibilities in energy and chemistry. Combines an analysis of each scenario, the state-of-the art, and specific examples to help users better understand needs, opportunities, gaps and challenges Offers an integrated view of new catalytic technologies that are needed for future use Presents an interdisciplinary approach that combines broad expertise Brings together experts in the area of sustainable industrial chemistry

Sustainable Catalysis

With Non-endangered Metals

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262211X

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 1511

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Catalysis is a fundamentally sustainable process which can be used to produce a wide range of chemicals and their intermediates. Focussing on those catalytic processes which offer the most sustainability, this two-part book explores recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges. Focussing on catalysis through non-endangered metals, chapters are dedicated to the most important sustainable metals in catalysis: titanium, iron and aluminium. Remaining chapters examine several other important metals. Green aspects of the various reactions are also discussed, such as atom economy and use of green solvents and other reaction conditions. Together with “Sustainable Catalysis: Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements”, these books examine the progress in sustainable catalysis in all areas of chemistry, and are an important reference for researchers working in catalysis and green chemistry.

Novel Concepts in Catalysis and Chemical Reactors

Improving the Efficiency for the Future

Author: Andrzej Cybulski,Jacob A. Moulijn,Andrzej Stankiewicz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352764153X

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 5477

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The chemical process industry faces a tremendous challenge of supplying a growing and ever more demanding global population with the products we need. The average efficiency at which resources are converted into the final products is however still dramatically low. The most obvious solution is to carry out chemical conversions at much higher yields and selectivity and this is where active and selective catalysts and efficient chemical reactors play a crucial role. Written by an international team of highly experienced editors and authors from academia and industry, this ready reference focuses on how to enhance the efficiency of catalysts and reactors. It treats key topics such as molecular modeling, zeolites, MOFs, catalysis at room temperature, biocatalysis, catalysis for sustainability, structured reactors including membrane and microchannel reactors, switching from batch to continuous reactors, application of alternative energies and process intensification. By including recent achievements and trends, the book provides an up-to-date insight into the most important developments in the field of industrial catalysis and chemical reactor engineering. In addition, several ways of improving efficiency, selectivity, activity and improved methods for scale-up, modeling and design are presented in a compact manner.

Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization, Seoul, Korea, October 12-16, 2003

Author: Sang-Eon Park,Jong-San Chang,Kyu-Wan Lee

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080472171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 626

View: 4593

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Addressing global environmental problems, such as global warming is essential to global sustainability. Continued research leads to advancement in standard methods and produces new data. Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability: Proceedings of the 7th ICCDU (International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization) reflects the most recent research results, as well as stimulating scientific discussions with new challenges in advancing the development of carbon dioxide utilization. Drawing on a wealth of information, this well structured book will benefit students, researchers and consultants looking to catch up on current developments in environmental and chemical engineering. * Provides comprehensive data on CO2 utilisation * Contains up-to-date information, including recent research trends * Is written for students, researchers and consultants in environmental and chemical engineering

Innovations in Green Chemistry and Green Engineering

Selected Entries from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

Author: Paul T. Anastas,Julie B. Zimmerman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146145817X

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 7985

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Processes that meet the objectives of green chemistry and chemical engineering minimize waste and energy use, and eliminate toxic by-products. Given the ubiquitous nature of products from chemical processes in our lives, green chemistry and chemical engineering are vital components of any sustainable future. Gathering together ten peer-reviewed articles from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Innovations in Green Chemistry and Green Engineering provides a comprehensive introduction to the state-of-the-art in this key area of sustainability research. Worldwide experts present the latest developments on topics ranging from organic batteries and green catalytic transformations to green nanoscience and nanotoxicology. An essential, one-stop reference for professionals in research and industry, this book also fills the need for an authoritative course text in environmental and green chemistry and chemical engineering at the upper-division undergraduate and graduate levels.

Sustainable Catalytic Processes

Author: Basudeb Saha,Maohong Fan I,Jianji Wang

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444595791

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 218

View: 7894

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The development of catalysts is the most sophisticated art in chemical sciences. It can be read like a story book when the critical scientific contents are presented in a chronological manner with short and simple sentences. This book will meets these criteria. To address the sustainability issues of existing chemical manufacturing processes or producing new chemicals, researchers are developing alternate catalysts to eliminate toxic chemicals use and by-products formation. Sustainable Catalytic Processes presents critical discussions of the progress of such catalytic development. This book of contemporary research results in sustainable catalysis area will benefit scientists in both industries and academia, and students to learn recent catalysts/process development. Reports the most recent developments in catalysis with a focus on environmentally friendly commercial processes, such as waste water treatment, alternate energy, etc Bridges the theory, necessary for the development of environmentally friendly processes, and their implementation through pilot plant and large scale Contains mainly laboratory scale data and encourages industrial scientists to test these processes on a pilot scale Includes work examples featuring the development of the new catalysts/processes using bio-renewable feedstock satisfactorily addressing environmental concerns Includes one chapter demonstrating real industrial examples motivating the industrial and academic researchers to pursue similar research

Handbook Of Advanced Methods And Processes In Oxidation Catalysis: From Laboratory To Industry

Author: Duprez Daniel,Cavani Fabrizio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783263342

Category: Science

Page: 1036

View: 2896

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This book offers a comprehensive overview of the most recent developments in both total oxidation and combustion and also in selective oxidation. For each topic, fundamental aspects are paralleled with industrial applications. The book covers oxidation catalysis, one of the major areas of industrial chemistry, outlining recent achievements, current challenges and future opportunities. One distinguishing feature of the book is the selection of arguments which are emblematic of current trends in the chemical industry, such as miniaturization, use of alternative, greener oxidants, and innovative systems for pollutant abatement. Topics outlined are described in terms of both catalyst and reaction chemistry, and also reactor and process technology.

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: John Meurig Thomas,J. M. Thomas,W. John Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352731458X

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 6712

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This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: Jacinto Sa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482203723

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 7220

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Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis presents the groundbreaking discoveries, recent developments, and future perspectives of one of the most important areas of renewable energy research—the heterogeneous catalytic production of fuels. Comprised of chapters authored by leading experts in the field, this authoritative text: Focuses primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes anticipated to play a pivotal role in the production of fuels Describes production of fuels from renewable sources using environmentally friendly technologies Exposes the advantages and disadvantages of each production process Suggests solutions to minimize the impact of fuel transportation Conveys the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of fuels Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis delivers a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of the heterogeneous catalytic production of fuels, providing reaction mechanism schemes, engineering solutions, valuable industry insights, and more.

Element Recovery and Sustainability

Author: Andrew Hunt,George A. Kraus

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849736162

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 1814

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Increased consumption of electronic equipment has brought with it a greater demand for rare earth elements and metals. Adding to this is the growth in low carbon technologies such as hybrid fuel vehicles. It is predicted that the global supply of rare earth elements could soon be exhausted. A sustainable approach to the use and recovery of rare earth elements is needed, and this book addresses the political, economic and research agendas concerning them. The problem is discussed thoroughly and a multi-disciplinary team of authors from the chemistry, engineering and biotechnology sectors presents a range of solutions, from traditional metallurgical methods to innovations in biotechnology. Case studies add value to the theory presented, and indirect targets for recovery, such as municipal waste and combustion ash are considered. This book will be essential reading for researchers in academia and industry tackling sustainable element recovery, as well as postgraduate students in chemistry, engineering and biotechnology. Environmental scientists and policy makers will also benefit from reading about potential benefits of recovery from waste streams.

Applications of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes

Author: Claire Hartmann-Thompson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048137879

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 2755

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The commercial availability and decreasing cost of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes in recent years has opened up the field to everybody who wishes to apply these unique properties in their own technologies. This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of these applications, and covers the synthesis, characterization and history of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes, their use as metallasilsesquioxane catalysts, their effect upon polymer properties and plastics performance, and their use in superhydrophobic nanocomposites, and electronics, energy, space and biomedical applications. "Applications of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes" is a valuable reference for those working across a range of disciplines, including chemists, materials scientists, polymer physicists, plastics engineers, surface scientists, and anybody with a commercial or academic interest in plastics, composite materials, space materials, dental materials, tissue engineering, drug delivery, lithography, fuel cells, batteries, lubricants, or liquid crystal, LED, sensor, photovoltaic or biomedical devices.

Sustainable Catalysis Set

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Rsc Green Chemistry

ISBN: 9781782620587

Category: Science

Page: 1680

View: 5060

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Exploring recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges, these volumes form an important reference for researchers in catalysis and green chemistry.

Green Catalysts for Energy Transformation and Emission Control

Author: Virender K. Sharma,Sue-min Chang,Ruey-an Doong,Chien-Hou Wu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780841230149

Category: Catalysts

Page: 232

View: 3320

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The development of alternative energy for transportation and the reduction of pollution emission from vehicles are the major challenge for environmental sustainability. Green catalysis is at the heart of industrial and environmental challenges on energy, health, and sustainable development. For example, the use of petroleum-based fuels produces air pollutants and catalysts are needed for reduction of the emission of gaseous pollutants as well as for carbon sequestration. Green catalytic processes are also used to produce biofuels and renewable energies. To meet these challenges, an interdisciplinary chemical approach from molecules to materials and processes from homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic catalysis are needed. This book addresses the most advanced research topics in the fabrication and application of environmentally friendly catalysts for energy conversion and emission control. The topics that are covered in this book include fabrication and characterization of environmentally benign catalysts, catalytic process for reduction, chemistry and catalysis of particulate and gaseous pollutants, water splitting for hydrogen production. This book contains 12 peer-reviewed chapters that cover various aspects of green catalysts with main emphasis on energy and depollution of air. After an overview of catalysis that defines green chemistry for synthesis and decontamination of a wide range of pollutants, chapters are dedicated to the approaches and applications used to improve energy security and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the various derivatives.

Iron Catalysis in Organic Chemistry

Reactions and Applications

Author: Bernd Plietker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527623280

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 8172

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This first comprehensive book to cover this exciting field also deals with the biological aspects, such as enzymes with iron. Following an introduction, this handy reference and handbook goes on to deal with reductions, oxidations of C, H- and C=C bonds, oxidative allylic oxygenation and amination, the oxidation of heteroatoms, cross coupling reactions, aromatic and nucleophilic substitutions, addition to carbonyl compounds, and cyclisations as well as ring opening reactions. The chapters are clearly classified according to the reaction type, allowing readers to quickly locate the desired information.

Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry

Author: David A. Atwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118703421

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 2823

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The Earth's natural resources are finite and easily compromised by contamination from industrial chemicals and byproducts from the degradation of consumer products. The growing field of green and sustainable chemistry seeks to address this through the development of products and processes that are environmentally benign while remaining economically viable. Inorganic chemistry plays a critical role in this endeavor in areas such as resource extraction and isolation, renewable energy, catalytic processes, waste minimization and avoidance, and renewable industrial feedstocks. Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry presents a comprehensive overview of the many new developments taking place in this rapidly expanding field, in articles that discuss fundamental concepts alongside cutting-edge developments and applications. The volume includes educational reviews from leading scientists on a broad range of topics including: inorganic resources, sustainable synthetic methods, alternative reaction conditions, heterogeneous catalysis, photocatalysis, sustainable nanomaterials, renewable and clean fuels, water treatment and remediation, waste valorization and life cycle sustainability assessment. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry.

Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability

Author: Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439824740

Category: Nature

Page: 450

View: 5219

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When the Nobel Prize Committee recognized the importance of green chemistry with its 2005 Nobel Prize for Chemistry, this relatively new science came into its own. Although no concerted agreement has been reached yet about the exact content and limits of this interdisciplinary discipline, there seems to be increasing interest in environmental topics that are based on the chemistry embodied in this subject. Linking green chemistry practice to environmental sustainability, Green Chemistry for Environmental Sustainability illustrates the efforts being made to remediate a scathed environment into a pristine one. Links Green Chemistry Practice to Environmental Sustainability Eminent international experts present research on and the application of green chemistry and engineering in addressing current issues of an environmental and social nature. They cover sustainable development and environmental sustainability with chapters on green chemistry and engineering research, the design and synthesis of environmentally benign chemical processes, green approaches to minimize and/or remediate environmental pollution, the development of biomaterials, biofuel, and bioenergy production, biocatalysis, and policies and ethics in green chemistry. The book also explores economics, environmentally benign technologies for greener processes, computational methods and modeling, and green approaches to minimize air and water. Green chemistry has brought a relatively prompt and positive paradigm shift in the overall use and management of natural resources and raw materials for the development of society with a subtle promise to cause far less pronounced harm to the environment. This text provides insight into the chemical and biochemical technologies that are being studied, optimized, and eventually developed to promote environmental sustainability. It provides up-to-date information on selected fields where the principles of green chemistry are being embraced for safeguarding and improving the quality of the environment.