Catalysis for Sustainability

Goals, Challenges, and Impacts

Author: Thomas P. Umile, Ph.D

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586869

Category: Nature

Page: 214

View: 7284

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Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts explores the intersection between catalytic science and sustainable technologies as a means to addressing current economic, social, and environmental problems. These problems include harnessing alternative energy sources, pollution prevention and remediation, and the manufacturing of commodity products. The book describes the nature of catalysis regarding sustainability and presents challenges to accomplishing sustainability as well as the significance of proven or potential success. The contributors have backgrounds in academia and industry to create a more integrated picture of the issues involving sustainability and catalysis. Broad in scope, the book covers topics such as traditional metal-mediated catalysis, organocatalysis, biocatalysis, biomimicry, and heterogeneous catalysis. It includes chapters dedicated to specific research areas of catalysis as they pertain to their effectiveness, their economic and environmental benefits, and the challenges researchers face in actualizing solutions. It also contains a chapter on the application of life cycle analysis to catalytic processes, demonstrating the need to holistically consider the sustainable impacts of a process. The book can be read in a straightforward fashion or skimmed without forfeiting understanding of the narrative on the strategies and intentions of research and development. Throughout the book the requirements of sustainability are measured by the triple bottom line of environmental, economic, and social impacts. It highlights real-world implementations of catalytic processes in drug development, manufacturing, polymers, and energy. Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts is a strong and versatile text. It provides an introduction to the field and the issues with which it is concerned, as well as a detailed and far-reaching discussion on current achievements and future progress.

Sustainable Catalytic Processes

Author: Basudeb Saha,Maohong Fan I,Jianji Wang

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444595791

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 218

View: 4710

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The development of catalysts is the most sophisticated art in chemical sciences. It can be read like a story book when the critical scientific contents are presented in a chronological manner with short and simple sentences. This book will meets these criteria. To address the sustainability issues of existing chemical manufacturing processes or producing new chemicals, researchers are developing alternate catalysts to eliminate toxic chemicals use and by-products formation. Sustainable Catalytic Processes presents critical discussions of the progress of such catalytic development. This book of contemporary research results in sustainable catalysis area will benefit scientists in both industries and academia, and students to learn recent catalysts/process development. Reports the most recent developments in catalysis with a focus on environmentally friendly commercial processes, such as waste water treatment, alternate energy, etc Bridges the theory, necessary for the development of environmentally friendly processes, and their implementation through pilot plant and large scale Contains mainly laboratory scale data and encourages industrial scientists to test these processes on a pilot scale Includes work examples featuring the development of the new catalysts/processes using bio-renewable feedstock satisfactorily addressing environmental concerns Includes one chapter demonstrating real industrial examples motivating the industrial and academic researchers to pursue similar research

The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-fuels and Bio-chemicals

Author: Kostas Triantafyllidis,Angelos Lappas,Michael Stöcker

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444563326

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 608

View: 9516

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The Role of Catalysis for the Sustainable Production of Bio-fuels and Bio-chemicals describes the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of biofuels and biochemicals, focused primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes expected to play a decisive role in the "green" production of fuels and chemicals from biomass. In addition, the book includes general elements regarding the entire chain of biomass production, conversion, environment, economy, and life-cycle assessment. Very few books are available on catalysis in production schemes using biomass or its primary conversion products, such as bio-oil and lignin. This book fills that gap with detailed discussions of: Catalytic pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass Hybrid biogasoline by co-processing in FCC units Fischer-Tropsch synthesis to biofuels (biomass-to-liquid process) Steam reforming of bio-oils to hydrogen With energy prices rapidly rising, environmental concerns growing, and regulatory apparatus evolving, this book is a resource with tutorial, research, and technological value for chemists, chemical engineers, policymakers, and students. Includes catalytic reaction mechanism schemes and gives a clear understanding of catalytic processes Includes flow diagrams of bench-, pilot- and industrial-scale catalytic processing units and demonstrates the various process technologies involved, enabling easy selection of the best process Incorporates many tables, enabling easy comparison of data based on a critical review of the available literature

Sustainable Industrial Chemistry

Principles, Tools and Industrial Examples

Author: Fabrizio Cavani,Gabriele Centi,Siglinda Perathoner,Ferruccio Trifirò

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527629122

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 621

View: 1020

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In recent years the need for sustainable process design and alternative reaction routes to reduce industry?s impact on the environment has gained vital importance. The book begins with a general overview of new trends in designing industrial chemical processes which are environmentally friendly and economically feasible. Specific examples written by experts from industry cover the possibilities of running industrial chemical processes in a sustainable manner and provide an up-to-date insight into the main concerns, e.g., the use of renewable raw materials, the use of alternative energy sources in chemical processes, the design of intrinsically safe processes, microreactor and integrated reaction/ separation technologies, process intensification, waste reduction, new catalytic routes and/or solvent and process optimization.

Handbook Of Advanced Methods And Processes In Oxidation Catalysis: From Laboratory To Industry

Author: Duprez Daniel,Cavani Fabrizio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783263342

Category: Science

Page: 1036

View: 3477

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This book offers a comprehensive overview of the most recent developments in both total oxidation and combustion and also in selective oxidation. For each topic, fundamental aspects are paralleled with industrial applications. The book covers oxidation catalysis, one of the major areas of industrial chemistry, outlining recent achievements, current challenges and future opportunities. One distinguishing feature of the book is the selection of arguments which are emblematic of current trends in the chemical industry, such as miniaturization, use of alternative, greener oxidants, and innovative systems for pollutant abatement. Topics outlined are described in terms of both catalyst and reaction chemistry, and also reactor and process technology.

Materials for Sustainable Energy

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128150785

Category: Science

Page: 450

View: 5570

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Materials for Sustainable Energy, Volume 72, the latest release in the Advances in Inorganic Chemistry series presents timely and informative summaries on the current progress in a variety of subject areas. In this volume, concise, authoritative reviews provide updates on the photocatalytic generation of solar fuels (heterogeneous systems), Photocatalytic materials for energy and environment, The photoelectrocatalytic production of solar fuels, Artificial photosynthesis (homogeneous catalysis), The photocatalytic synthesis of chemicals, Dye sensitized solar cells, Supercapacitors, Lithium ion cells, Catalytic air purification (VOCs, soot), Catalytic air purification (NOx), and more. Features comprehensive reviews on the latest developments in inorganic reaction mechanisms, a subfield of inorganic chemistry Includes contributions from leading experts in the field of inorganic reaction mechanisms Serves as an indispensable reference to advanced researchers in inorganic reaction mechanisms

Sustainable Catalysis

With Non-endangered Metals

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262211X

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 8874

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Catalysis is a fundamentally sustainable process which can be used to produce a wide range of chemicals and their intermediates. Focussing on those catalytic processes which offer the most sustainability, this two-part book explores recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges. Focussing on catalysis through non-endangered metals, chapters are dedicated to the most important sustainable metals in catalysis: titanium, iron and aluminium. Remaining chapters examine several other important metals. Green aspects of the various reactions are also discussed, such as atom economy and use of green solvents and other reaction conditions. Together with “Sustainable Catalysis: Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements”, these books examine the progress in sustainable catalysis in all areas of chemistry, and are an important reference for researchers working in catalysis and green chemistry.

Sustainable Catalysis

Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782622098

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 4061

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Catalysis is a fundamentally sustainable process which can be used to produce a wide range of chemicals and their intermediates. Focussing on those catalytic processes which offer the most sustainability, this two-part book explores recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges. Focussing on catalysis without metals or other endangered elements, each chapter covers a different type of organocatalyst. Beginning with chapters on acid and base catalysis, the book then concentrates on asymmetric catalysis. Several chapters cover pyrrolidine-based and cinchona alkaloid-based catalysts, whilst other chapters examine further organoctalysts which are constructed only from sustainable elements. Together with "Sustainable Catalysis: With Non-endangered Metals", these books examine the progress in sustainable catalysis in all areas of chemistry, and are an important reference for researchers working in catalysis and green chemistry.

Heterogeneous Catalysts for Clean Technology

Spectroscopy, Design, and Monitoring

Author: Karen Wilson,Adam F. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527659005

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 784

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Reactive, but not a reactant. Heterogeneous catalysts play an unseen role in many of today's processes and products. With the increasing emphasis on sustainability in both products and processes, this handbook is the first to combine the hot topics of heterogeneous catalysis and clean technology. It focuses on the development of heterogeneous catalysts for use in clean chemical synthesis, dealing with how modern spectroscopic techniques can aid the design of catalysts for use in liquid phase reactions, their application in industrially important chemistries - including selective oxidation, hydrogenation, solid acid- and base-catalyzed processes - as well as the role of process intensification and use of renewable resources in improving the sustainability of chemical processes. With its emphasis on applications, this book is of high interest to those working in the industry.

Chemistry for Sustainable Technologies

A Foundation

Author: Neil Winterton

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782626034

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 7878

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The importance of reconciling the continuing needs of humankind with the protection of the environment and the earth's ability to provide for those needs is now better recognised. Chemistry and chemical technology play an important role in this, though not on their own. Interdisciplinarity and multidisciplinarity are, therefore, critically important concepts. This book, the first of its kind, provides an interdisciplinary introduction to sustainability issues in the context of chemistry and chemical technology. The prime objective of this book is to equip young chemists (and others) to better appreciate, defend and promote the role that chemistry and its practitioners play in moving towards a society better able to control, manage and ameliorate its impact on the ecosphere. To do this, it is necessary to set the ideas, concepts, achievements and challenges of chemistry and its application in the context of its environmental impact, past, present and future, and the changes needed to bring about a more sustainable yet equitable world. Covering aspects assumed, barely addressed or neglected in previous publications - it puts Green Chemistry in a much wider (historic, scientific, technological, intellectual and societal) context and addresses complexities and challenges associated with attitudes to science and technology, media treatment of scientific and technological controversies and difficulties in reconciling environmental protection and global development. While the book stresses the central importance of rigour in the collection and treatment of evidence and reason in decision-making, to ensure that it meets the needs of a wide community of students, it is broad in scope, rather than deep. It is, therefore, appropriate to a wide audience including practising scientists and technologists.

Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization, Seoul, Korea, October 12-16, 2003

Author: Sang-Eon Park,Jong-San Chang,Kyu-Wan Lee

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080472171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 626

View: 2035

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Addressing global environmental problems, such as global warming is essential to global sustainability. Continued research leads to advancement in standard methods and produces new data. Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability: Proceedings of the 7th ICCDU (International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization) reflects the most recent research results, as well as stimulating scientific discussions with new challenges in advancing the development of carbon dioxide utilization. Drawing on a wealth of information, this well structured book will benefit students, researchers and consultants looking to catch up on current developments in environmental and chemical engineering. * Provides comprehensive data on CO2 utilisation * Contains up-to-date information, including recent research trends * Is written for students, researchers and consultants in environmental and chemical engineering

Design and Applications of Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts

Contributions to Green Chemistry, Clean Technology and Sustainability

Author: Sir John Meurig Thomas

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1848169299

Category: Science

Page: 324

View: 2837

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For far too long chemists and industrialists have relied on the use of aggressive reagents such as nitric and sulphuric acids, permanganates and dichromates to prepare the massive quantities of both bulk and fine chemicals that are needed for the maintenance of civilised life — materials such as fuels, fabrics, foodstuffs, fertilisers and pharmaceuticals. Such aggressive reagents generate vast quantities of environmentally harmful and often toxic by-products, including the oxides of nitrogen, of metal oxides and carbon dioxide. Now, owing to recent advances made in the synthesis of nanoporous solids, it is feasible to design new solid catalysts that enable benign, mild oxidants to be used, frequently without utilising solvents, to manufacture the products that the chemical, pharmaceutical, agro- and bio-chemical industries require. These new solid agents are designated single-site heterogeneous catalysts (SSHCs). Their principal characteristics are that all the active sites present in the high-area solids are identical in their atomic environment and hence in their energy of interaction with reactants, just as in enzymes. Single-site heterogeneous catalysts now occupy a position of growing importance both academically and in their potential for commercial exploitation. This text, the only one devoted to such catalysts, dwells both on principles of design and on applications, such as the benign synthesis of nylon 6 and vitamin B3. It equips the reader with unifying insights required for future catalytic adventures in the quest for sustainability in the materials used by humankind. Anyone acquainted with the language of molecules, including undergraduates in the physical and biological sciences, as well as graduates in engineering and materials science, should be able to assimilate the principles and examples presented in this book. Inter alia, it describes how clean technology and ‘green’ processes may be carried out in an environmentally responsible manner. Contents:Basics and Background:Introduction to the Salient Features of Single-Site Heterogeneous CatalystsLessons from the Biological World: The Kinship between Enzymes and Single-Site Heterogeneous CatalystsDistinctions between Single-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts and Immobilized Homogeneous CatalystsMicroporous Open Structures:Microporous Open Structures for the Design of New Single-Site Heterogeneous CatalystsSingle-Site Heterogeneous Catalysts for the Production of Pharmaceuticals, Agrochemicals, Fine and Bulk ChemicalsMesoporous Open Structures:Epoxidations and Sustainable Utilization of Renewable Feedstocks, Production of Vitamin E Intermediates, Conversion of Ethene to Propene and Solvent-Free, One-Step Synthesis of EstersExploiting Nanospace for Asymmetric ConversionsMultinuclear, Bimetallic Nanocluster Catalysts Readership: Students, professionals, some industrial scientists.

Green and Sustainable Medicinal Chemistry

Author: James H Clark,Helen F Sneddon,Louise Summerton,Leonie C Jones

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782625941

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3280

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Pharmaceutical manufacturing was one of the first industries to recognize the importance of green chemistry, with pioneering work including green chemistry metrics and alternative solvents and reagents. Today, other topical factors also have to be taken into consideration, such as rapidly depleting resources, high energy costs and new legislation. This book addresses current challenges in modern green chemical technologies and sustainability thinking. It encompasses a broad range of topics covered by the CHEM21 project – Europe’s largest public-private partnership project which aims to develop a toolbox of sustainable technologies for green chemical intermediate manufacture. Divided into two sections, the book first gives an overview of the key green chemistry tools, guidance and considerations aimed at developing greener processes, before moving on to look at cutting-edge synthetic methodologies. Featuring innovative research, this book is an invaluable reference for chemists across academia and industry wanting to further their knowledge and understanding of this important topic.

Catalysis for Sustainable Energy Production

Author: Pierluigi Barbaro,Claudio Bianchini

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527320954

Category: Science

Page: 452

View: 6166

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This first book to focus on the topic serves as a basis for defining a roadmap for the role of catalysis in energy production. As such, this ready reference for researchers and engineers covers all the hot topics from a broad perspective -- fuel cells, hydrogen production and storage, methane storage and industrial catalysis. With its analysis of new directions and opportunities in the area and its integration of industrial, governmental and academic points of view, this is a real must-have for everyone interested in "greener" energy production.

Computational Catalysis

Author: Aravind Asthagiri,Michael Janik

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849734518

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 6900

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This book presents a comprehensive review of the methods and approaches being adopted to push forward the boundaries of computational catalysis.

Novel Concepts in Catalysis and Chemical Reactors

Improving the Efficiency for the Future

Author: Andrzej Cybulski,Jacob A. Moulijn,Andrzej Stankiewicz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352764153X

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 4813

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The chemical process industry faces a tremendous challenge of supplying a growing and ever more demanding global population with the products we need. The average efficiency at which resources are converted into the final products is however still dramatically low. The most obvious solution is to carry out chemical conversions at much higher yields and selectivity and this is where active and selective catalysts and efficient chemical reactors play a crucial role. Written by an international team of highly experienced editors and authors from academia and industry, this ready reference focuses on how to enhance the efficiency of catalysts and reactors. It treats key topics such as molecular modeling, zeolites, MOFs, catalysis at room temperature, biocatalysis, catalysis for sustainability, structured reactors including membrane and microchannel reactors, switching from batch to continuous reactors, application of alternative energies and process intensification. By including recent achievements and trends, the book provides an up-to-date insight into the most important developments in the field of industrial catalysis and chemical reactor engineering. In addition, several ways of improving efficiency, selectivity, activity and improved methods for scale-up, modeling and design are presented in a compact manner.

Sustainable Catalysis

Challenges and Practices for the Pharmaceutical and Fine Chemical Industries

Author: Peter J. Dunn,K. K. (Mimi) Hii,Michael J. Krische,Michael T. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118354516

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 3930

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Opens the door to the sustainable production of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals Driven by both public demand and government regulations, pharmaceutical and fine chemical manufacturers are increasingly seeking to replace stoichiometric reagents used in synthetic transformations with catalytic routes in order to develop greener, safer, and more cost-effective chemical processes. This book supports the discovery, development, and implementation of new catalytic methodologies on a process scale, opening the door to the sustainable production of pharmaceuticals and fine chemicals. Pairing contributions from leading academic and industrial researchers, Sustainable Catalysis focuses on key areas that are particularly important for the fine chemical and pharmaceutical industries, including chemo-, bio-, and organo-catalytic approaches to C–H, C–N, and C–C bond-forming reactions. Chapters include academic overviews of current innovations and industrial case studies at the process scale, providing new insights into green catalytic methodologies from proof-of-concept to their applications in the synthesis of target organic molecules. Sustainable Catalysis provides the foundation needed to develop sustainable green synthetic procedures, with coverage of such emerging topics as: Catalytic reduction of amides avoiding LiAlH4 or B2H6 Synthesis of chiral amines using transaminases Industrial applications of boric acid and boronic acid catalyzed direct amidation reactions C–H activation of heteroaromatics Organocatalysis for asymmetric synthesis Offering a balanced perspective on current limitations, challenges, and solutions, Sustainable Catalysis is recommended for synthetic organic chemists seeking to develop new methodologies and for industrial chemists dedicated to large-scale process development.