Catalysis for Sustainability

Goals, Challenges, and Impacts

Author: Thomas P. Umile, Ph.D

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466586869

Category: Nature

Page: 214

View: 4877


Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts explores the intersection between catalytic science and sustainable technologies as a means to addressing current economic, social, and environmental problems. These problems include harnessing alternative energy sources, pollution prevention and remediation, and the manufacturing of commodity products. The book describes the nature of catalysis regarding sustainability and presents challenges to accomplishing sustainability as well as the significance of proven or potential success. The contributors have backgrounds in academia and industry to create a more integrated picture of the issues involving sustainability and catalysis. Broad in scope, the book covers topics such as traditional metal-mediated catalysis, organocatalysis, biocatalysis, biomimicry, and heterogeneous catalysis. It includes chapters dedicated to specific research areas of catalysis as they pertain to their effectiveness, their economic and environmental benefits, and the challenges researchers face in actualizing solutions. It also contains a chapter on the application of life cycle analysis to catalytic processes, demonstrating the need to holistically consider the sustainable impacts of a process. The book can be read in a straightforward fashion or skimmed without forfeiting understanding of the narrative on the strategies and intentions of research and development. Throughout the book the requirements of sustainability are measured by the triple bottom line of environmental, economic, and social impacts. It highlights real-world implementations of catalytic processes in drug development, manufacturing, polymers, and energy. Catalysis for Sustainability: Goals, Challenges, and Impacts is a strong and versatile text. It provides an introduction to the field and the issues with which it is concerned, as well as a detailed and far-reaching discussion on current achievements and future progress.

Novel Concepts in Catalysis and Chemical Reactors

Improving the Efficiency for the Future

Author: Andrzej Cybulski,Jacob A. Moulijn,Andrzej Stankiewicz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352764153X

Category: Science

Page: 398

View: 8530


The chemical process industry faces a tremendous challenge of supplying a growing and ever more demanding global population with the products we need. The average efficiency at which resources are converted into the final products is however still dramatically low. The most obvious solution is to carry out chemical conversions at much higher yields and selectivity and this is where active and selective catalysts and efficient chemical reactors play a crucial role. Written by an international team of highly experienced editors and authors from academia and industry, this ready reference focuses on how to enhance the efficiency of catalysts and reactors. It treats key topics such as molecular modeling, zeolites, MOFs, catalysis at room temperature, biocatalysis, catalysis for sustainability, structured reactors including membrane and microchannel reactors, switching from batch to continuous reactors, application of alternative energies and process intensification. By including recent achievements and trends, the book provides an up-to-date insight into the most important developments in the field of industrial catalysis and chemical reactor engineering. In addition, several ways of improving efficiency, selectivity, activity and improved methods for scale-up, modeling and design are presented in a compact manner.

Sustainable Catalysis

With Non-endangered Metals

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 178262211X

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 4165


Catalysis is a fundamentally sustainable process which can be used to produce a wide range of chemicals and their intermediates. Focussing on those catalytic processes which offer the most sustainability, this two-part book explores recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges. Focussing on catalysis through non-endangered metals, chapters are dedicated to the most important sustainable metals in catalysis: titanium, iron and aluminium. Remaining chapters examine several other important metals. Green aspects of the various reactions are also discussed, such as atom economy and use of green solvents and other reaction conditions. Together with “Sustainable Catalysis: Without Metals or Other Endangered Elements”, these books examine the progress in sustainable catalysis in all areas of chemistry, and are an important reference for researchers working in catalysis and green chemistry.

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: John Meurig Thomas,J. M. Thomas,W. John Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352731458X

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 7255


This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Iron Catalysis in Organic Chemistry

Reactions and Applications

Author: Bernd Plietker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527623280

Category: Science

Page: 295

View: 3123


This first comprehensive book to cover this exciting field also deals with the biological aspects, such as enzymes with iron. Following an introduction, this handy reference and handbook goes on to deal with reductions, oxidations of C, H- and C=C bonds, oxidative allylic oxygenation and amination, the oxidation of heteroatoms, cross coupling reactions, aromatic and nucleophilic substitutions, addition to carbonyl compounds, and cyclisations as well as ring opening reactions. The chapters are clearly classified according to the reaction type, allowing readers to quickly locate the desired information.

Element Recovery and Sustainability

Author: Andrew Hunt,George A. Kraus

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849736162

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 5222


Increased consumption of electronic equipment has brought with it a greater demand for rare earth elements and metals. Adding to this is the growth in low carbon technologies such as hybrid fuel vehicles. It is predicted that the global supply of rare earth elements could soon be exhausted. A sustainable approach to the use and recovery of rare earth elements is needed, and this book addresses the political, economic and research agendas concerning them. The problem is discussed thoroughly and a multi-disciplinary team of authors from the chemistry, engineering and biotechnology sectors presents a range of solutions, from traditional metallurgical methods to innovations in biotechnology. Case studies add value to the theory presented, and indirect targets for recovery, such as municipal waste and combustion ash are considered. This book will be essential reading for researchers in academia and industry tackling sustainable element recovery, as well as postgraduate students in chemistry, engineering and biotechnology. Environmental scientists and policy makers will also benefit from reading about potential benefits of recovery from waste streams.

Applications of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes

Author: Claire Hartmann-Thompson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048137879

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 2057


The commercial availability and decreasing cost of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes in recent years has opened up the field to everybody who wishes to apply these unique properties in their own technologies. This is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of these applications, and covers the synthesis, characterization and history of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes, their use as metallasilsesquioxane catalysts, their effect upon polymer properties and plastics performance, and their use in superhydrophobic nanocomposites, and electronics, energy, space and biomedical applications. "Applications of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxanes" is a valuable reference for those working across a range of disciplines, including chemists, materials scientists, polymer physicists, plastics engineers, surface scientists, and anybody with a commercial or academic interest in plastics, composite materials, space materials, dental materials, tissue engineering, drug delivery, lithography, fuel cells, batteries, lubricants, or liquid crystal, LED, sensor, photovoltaic or biomedical devices.

New Discoveries on the β-Hydride Elimination

Author: Thomas M. Gøgsig

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642320996

Category: Science

Page: 122

View: 9622


The work presented in Thomas M. Gøgsig's thesis deals with the discovery of new metal-catalyzed transformations ranging from Kumada-, Heck- and Suzuki-type reactions. The thesis starts with a formidable introduction to Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions. New results have been obtained on: (i) Pd-catalyzed 1,2-migration reactions, (ii) Pd-catalyzed Heck reactions employing heteroaromatic tosylates, (iii) Ni-catalyzed Heck reactions, and (iv) Pd-catalyzed carbonylative Heck reaction. Metal-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions are today a highly competititve field (the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded "for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis", the 2001 and 2005 Nobel Prizes in closely related fields). Thomas M. Gøgsig obtained new results in his thesis that will help to improve the outcome of catalytic processes and improve their scope. The results will thus become key references for tomorrow's new applications. All chapters include insightful discussions and in-depth descriptions of the key principles of these new discoveries.

Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: Jacinto Sa

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482203723

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 4490


Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis presents the groundbreaking discoveries, recent developments, and future perspectives of one of the most important areas of renewable energy research—the heterogeneous catalytic production of fuels. Comprised of chapters authored by leading experts in the field, this authoritative text: Focuses primarily on the state-of-the-art catalysts and catalytic processes anticipated to play a pivotal role in the production of fuels Describes production of fuels from renewable sources using environmentally friendly technologies Exposes the advantages and disadvantages of each production process Suggests solutions to minimize the impact of fuel transportation Conveys the importance of catalysis for the sustainable production of fuels Fuel Production with Heterogeneous Catalysis delivers a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art of the heterogeneous catalytic production of fuels, providing reaction mechanism schemes, engineering solutions, valuable industry insights, and more.

Handbook Of Advanced Methods And Processes In Oxidation Catalysis: From Laboratory To Industry

Author: Duprez Daniel,Cavani Fabrizio

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1783263342

Category: Science

Page: 1036

View: 849


This book offers a comprehensive overview of the most recent developments in both total oxidation and combustion and also in selective oxidation. For each topic, fundamental aspects are paralleled with industrial applications. The book covers oxidation catalysis, one of the major areas of industrial chemistry, outlining recent achievements, current challenges and future opportunities. One distinguishing feature of the book is the selection of arguments which are emblematic of current trends in the chemical industry, such as miniaturization, use of alternative, greener oxidants, and innovative systems for pollutant abatement. Topics outlined are described in terms of both catalyst and reaction chemistry, and also reactor and process technology.

Sustainable Industrial Chemistry

Principles, Tools and Industrial Examples

Author: Fabrizio Cavani,Gabriele Centi,Siglinda Perathoner,Ferruccio Trifirò

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527629122

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 621

View: 4086


In recent years the need for sustainable process design and alternative reaction routes to reduce industry?s impact on the environment has gained vital importance. The book begins with a general overview of new trends in designing industrial chemical processes which are environmentally friendly and economically feasible. Specific examples written by experts from industry cover the possibilities of running industrial chemical processes in a sustainable manner and provide an up-to-date insight into the main concerns, e.g., the use of renewable raw materials, the use of alternative energy sources in chemical processes, the design of intrinsically safe processes, microreactor and integrated reaction/ separation technologies, process intensification, waste reduction, new catalytic routes and/or solvent and process optimization.

Innovative Catalysis in Organic Synthesis

Oxidation, Hydrogenation, and C-X Bond Forming Reactions

Author: Pher G. Andersson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527646604

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 9221


C-H, C-O, C-C, and C-Heteroatom bond forming processes by using metal-ligand approaches for the synthesis of organic compounds of biological, pharmacological and organic nanotechnological utility are the key areas addressed in this book. Authored by a European team of leaders in the field, it brings together innovative approaches for a variety of catalysis reactions and processes frequently applied in organic synthesis into a handy reference work. It covers all major types of catalysis, including homogeneous, heterogeneous, and organocatalysis, as well as mechanistic and computational studies. Special attention is paid to the improvements in efficiency and sustainability of important catalytic processes, such as selective oxidations, hydrogenation, and cross-coupling reactions, and to their utilization in industry. The result is a valuable resource for advanced researchers in both academia and industry, as well as graduate students in organic chemistry aiming for chemo-, regio- or stereoselective synthesis of organic compounds by using novel catalytic systems.

Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry

Author: David A. Atwood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118703421

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 1364


The Earth's natural resources are finite and easily compromised by contamination from industrial chemicals and byproducts from the degradation of consumer products. The growing field of green and sustainable chemistry seeks to address this through the development of products and processes that are environmentally benign while remaining economically viable. Inorganic chemistry plays a critical role in this endeavor in areas such as resource extraction and isolation, renewable energy, catalytic processes, waste minimization and avoidance, and renewable industrial feedstocks. Sustainable Inorganic Chemistry presents a comprehensive overview of the many new developments taking place in this rapidly expanding field, in articles that discuss fundamental concepts alongside cutting-edge developments and applications. The volume includes educational reviews from leading scientists on a broad range of topics including: inorganic resources, sustainable synthetic methods, alternative reaction conditions, heterogeneous catalysis, photocatalysis, sustainable nanomaterials, renewable and clean fuels, water treatment and remediation, waste valorization and life cycle sustainability assessment. The content from this book will be added online to the Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry.

Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability

Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization, Seoul, Korea, October 12-16, 2003

Author: Sang-Eon Park,Jong-San Chang,Kyu-Wan Lee

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080472171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 626

View: 7339


Addressing global environmental problems, such as global warming is essential to global sustainability. Continued research leads to advancement in standard methods and produces new data. Carbon Dioxide Utilization for Global Sustainability: Proceedings of the 7th ICCDU (International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilization) reflects the most recent research results, as well as stimulating scientific discussions with new challenges in advancing the development of carbon dioxide utilization. Drawing on a wealth of information, this well structured book will benefit students, researchers and consultants looking to catch up on current developments in environmental and chemical engineering. * Provides comprehensive data on CO2 utilisation * Contains up-to-date information, including recent research trends * Is written for students, researchers and consultants in environmental and chemical engineering

Green Approaches To Asymmetric Catalytic Synthesis

Author: Angela Patti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400714540

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 6503


Nowadays, chirality is widely accepted as an important factor in molecular recognition processes and the biological activity of many pharmaceutical drugs and agrochemicals; this is confirmed by the continuous need for synthetic methods which lead to single or enriched enantiomers of such compounds. By presenting a review of the various and more recently developed approaches for both metal-transition and organocatalysis, this volume describes the development of “greener” asymmetric reactions which preserve stereoselectivity. The author summarizes the impressive amount of research that has been gathered within this field into three chapters focusing on: i)the search of alternative catalysts, ii) alternative solvents, and iii) alternative synthetic strategies and processes. For each topic, the fundamentals and some valuable applications are discussed.

Intelligent and Knowledge-Based Computing for Business and Organizational Advancements

Author: Sasaki, Hideyasu

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466615788

Category: Computers

Page: 428

View: 6280


As organizations, businesses, and other institutions work to move forward during a new era of ubiquitous modern technology, new computing and technology implementation strategies are necessary to harness the shared knowledge of individuals to advance their organizations as a whole. Intelligent and Knowledge-Based Computing for Business and Organizational Advancements examines the emerging computing paradigm of Collective Intelligence (CI). The global contributions contained in this publication will prove to be essential to both researchers and practitioners in the computer and information science communities as these populations move toward a new period of fully technology-integrated business.

Alkane Functionalization

Author: Armando J. L. Pombeiro,Maria de Fatima Costa Guedes da Silva

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 111937880X

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 1081


Presents state-of-the-art information concerning the syntheses of valuable functionalized organic compounds from alkanes, with a focus on simple, mild, and green catalytic processes Alkane Functionalization offers a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art of catalytic functionalization of alkanes under mild and green conditions. Written by a team of leading experts on the topic, the book examines the latest research developments in the synthesis of valuable functionalized organic compounds from alkanes. The authors describe the various modes of interaction of alkanes with metal centres and examine theoxidative alkane functionalization upon C-O bond formation. They address the many types of mechanisms, discuss typical catalytic systems and highlight the strategies inspired by biological catalytic systems. The book also describes alkane functionalization upon C-heteroatom bond formation as well as oxidative and non-oxidative approaches. In addition, the book explores non-transition metal catalysts and metal-free catalytic systems and presents selected types of functionalization of sp3 C-H bonds pertaining to substrates other than alkanes. This important resource: Presents a guide to the most recent advances concerning the syntheses of valuable functionalized organic compounds from alkanes Contains information from leading experts on the topic Offers information on the catalytic functionalization of alkanes that allows for improved simplicity and sustainability compared to current multi-stage industrial processes Explores the challenges inherent with the application of alkanes as starting materials for syntheses of added value functionalized organic compounds Written for academic researchers and industrial scientists working in the fields of coordination chemistry, organometallic chemistry, catalysis, organic synthesis and green chemistry, Alkane Functionalization is an important resource for accessing the most up-to-date information available in the field of catalytic functionalization of alkanes.

Green Chemistry. Innovation in the Chemical Industry

How do inventions in green chemistry, especially in the promising field of catalysis, affect innovation in the chemical industry?

Author: Natalia Simitsis,Charline Trontin

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668484996

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 22

View: 507


Seminar paper from the year 2017 in the subject Economics - Innovation economics, grade: 1,0, Athens University of Economics and Business, course: BWL - Innovationsmanagement, language: English, abstract: That the global chemical industry with a worth of $2 trillion has an enormous impact on economy, society and the environment, is undisputed. However, with regard to the nowadays unstable economic and political situation worldwide, an increasing rate of development in science and technology and higher customer demands, chemical companies have to struggle for competitive advantages. A key factor for a company to maintain its market position and even enlarge it is successful innovation. Furthermore, the direction of innovation plays a major role for sustainable growth of a company. Nowadays, the basis of innovation in chemical industry is defined by sustainability and environmental protection due to climate change, pollution and therefore stricter regulations. But of course every manufacturing company, as most of the companies in chemical industry manufacture, searches for ways to produce more efficient, faster and cheaper. So might there be a way to combine both desires and transform the chemical industry to be more sustainable and increase their economic benefit at the same time? Even if one can hardly imagine, “green” chemistry is about to achieve both of these goals and leads to transformational changes in chemical industry due to “green” innovations in various chemical fields. Pike Research, a market research and consulting firm, predicts that “green chemistry represents a market opportunity that will grow from $2.8 billion in 2011 to $98.5 billion in 2020” and, which is also extremely promising for chemical companies, that green chemicals will save industry $65.5 billion by 2020. Various chemical inventions and technological developments, for example in the expanding field of catalysis, set the basis for the production of new, less-hazardous and multifunctional chemicals, which is at the same time more efficient and environmentally friendly. Hence, the impact on chemical industry through inventions in the field of green chemistry is obviously enormous. But how exactly do inventions in green chemistry, especially in the promising field of catalysis, affect innovation in chemical industry? Therefore, to find an answer to this question, the field of green chemistry and its potential to foster innovation in chemical industry is going to be examined in this work. [...]

Sustainable Catalysis Set

Author: Michael North

Publisher: Rsc Green Chemistry

ISBN: 9781782620587

Category: Science

Page: 1680

View: 963


Exploring recent developments in this field, as well as examining future challenges, these volumes form an important reference for researchers in catalysis and green chemistry.