Bringing Geography to Book

Ellen Semple and the Reception of Geographical Knowledge

Author: Innes M. Keighren

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857718479

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 7391

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The publication of Ellen Semple’s 'Influences of Geographic Environment' in 1911 - a treatise on what would later be called environmental determinism - coincided with the emergence of geography as an independent academic discipline in North America and Britain. A controversial text written by one of America’s first female professional geographers, it exerted an important but varied influence on generations of geographers. Some considered it a monument to Semple’s scholarship and erudition - a timely manifesto for a scientific approach to human geography. For others, it was conceptually flawed. Accepted by some, repudiated by others, 'Influences' was lauded and criticized in almost equal measure._x000D_ _x000D_ Innes M. Keighren examines the different reactions to Semple’s book. He explains why 'Influences' was encountered differently by different people, at different times and in different places, and reveals why the book aroused the passions it did. Attending to archival records, personal correspondence, published reviews, provenance and marginalia, the author traces a geography of the book’s reception and outlines the contribution geography can make to understanding the way knowledge and ideas, in the guise of the printed text, are conceived, transmitted and received. The result is a pioneering work that provides a wholesale re-visioning of the way in which geographical knowledge is disseminated.

The SAGE Handbook of Human Geography, 2v

Author: Roger Lee,Noel Castree,Rob Kitchin,Vicky Lawson,Anssi Paasi,Chris Philo,Sarah Radcliffe,Susan M. Roberts,Charles Withers

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446265994

Category: Social Science

Page: 840

View: 7127

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"Superb! How refreshing to see a Handbook that eschews convention and explores the richness and diversity of the geographical imagination in such stimulating and challenging ways." - Peter Dicken, University of Manchester "Stands out as an innovative and exciting contribution that exceeds the genre." - Sallie A. Marston, University of Arizona "Captures wonderfully the richness and complexity of the worlds that human beings inhabit... This is a stand-out among handbooks!" - Lily Kong, National University of Singapore "This wonderfully unconventional book demonstrates human geography’s character and significance not by marching through traditional themes, but by presenting a set of geographical essays on basic ideas, practices, and concerns." - Alexander B. Murphy, University of Oregon "This SAGE Handbook stands out for its capacity to provoke the reader to think anew about human geography ... essays that offer some profoundly original insights into what it means to engage geographically with the world." - Eric Sheppard, UCLA Published in association with the journal Progress in Human Geography, edited and written by the principal scholars in the discipline, this Handbook demonstrates the difference that thinking about the world geographically makes. Each section considers how human geography shapes the world, interrogates it, and intervenes in it. It includes a major retrospective and prospective introductory essay, with three substantive sections on: Imagining Human Geographies Practising Human Geographies Living Human Geographies The Handbook also has an innovative multimedia component of conversations about key issues in human geography – as well as an overview of human geography from the Editors. A key reference for any scholar interested in questions about what difference it makes to think spatially or geographically about the world, this Handbook is a rich and textured statement about the geographical imagination.

Dirt

New Geographies of Cleanliness and Contamination

Author: Ben Campkin,Rosie Cox

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857738828

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 9186

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Dirt – and our rituals to eradicate it – are as much a part of our everyday lives as eating, breathing and sleeping. Yet this very fact means that we seldom stop to question what we mean by dirt. What do our attitudes to dirt and cleanliness tell us about ourselves and the societies we live in? Exploring a wide variety of settings – domestic, urban, suburban and rural - the contributors expose how our ideas about dirt are intimately bound up with issues of race, ethnicity, class, gender, sexuality and the body. The result is a a rich and challenging work that extends our understanding of historical and contemporary cultural manifestations of dirt and cleanliness.

Scriptural Geography

Portraying the Holy Land

Author: Edwin James Aiken

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857716697

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 5148

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It is easy to find Palestine... But how to find the Holy Land -- ah, that is another matter'_x000D_ (Out-of Doors in the Holy Land, 1908)_x000D_ _x000D_ _x000D_ Geographies of the Holy Land are almost as old as Christianity itself. In the ancient world works such as the Onomasticon of Eusebius were intended primarily as aids to biblical understanding but by the early nineteenth century books about the Holy Land had become entangled in concerns over the relationship between the scriptural and scientific uses of this sacred landscape. The Holy Land was not just a physical region on the surface of the Earth - it was an idea, an intellectual and moral space charged with the heat of religious debate and with the noisy engagements of those trying to understand the religious, social and scientific upheavals of the time. _x000D_ _x000D_ EdwinJames Aiken explores the various ways in which geographical knowledge was used in the management of this celestial landscape and the production of its geography. In particular he shows how religious writers called upon geographical knowledge in different ways at different times to the benefit of their readers. He pays particular attention to the political, social and religious currents at play and to the dissonance between religion, theology and science. _x000D_ _x000D_ _x000D_ The result is an original and stimulating work of scholarship that demonstrates the significance of the geography of the Holy Land in Western thought and argument and makes important contributions to the history of geography, the nature of Orientalism, and to the evolving relationship between religion and science. _x000D_ _x000D_

Enlightenment, Modernity and Science

Geographies of Scientific Culture and Improvement in Georgian England

Author: Paul A. Elliot

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857718967

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 4717

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Scientific culture was one of the defining characteristics of the English Enlightenment, permeating many aspects of Georgian society and culture. As new and mysterious realms were opened up, intellectual orthodoxies challenged, and exotic specimens acquired for aristocratic estates, private collections and museums, so the latest discoveries in astronomy, electricity and natural history were discussed and debated in homes, institutions, towns and cities around the country. But how did the production and dissemination of scientific knowledge vary with geographical location? What were the differing influences in town and country and from region to region? _x000D_ _x000D_ Enlightenment, Modernity and Science provides the first full length study of the geographies of Georgian scientific culture in England. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including manuscripts, institutional records, personal memoirs and correspondence, the author takes the reader on a tour of the principal arenas in which scientific ideas were disseminated and discussed - including the home, town and countryside - to show how the cultures of science and knowledge varied across the Georgian landscape. The importance of the Georgian domestic environment is explored and metropolitan scientific culture is contrasted with county towns such as York, Norwich and Hull, showing how aristocratic, gentlemanly and professional status nurtured relatively autonomous cultures. The role of natural philosophy in the formation of new spaces for science - such as public botanical gardens - is revealed and it is shown how this influenced, and was in turn influenced by, different sections of society. Taking in key figures such as Erasmus Darwin, Abraham Bennett, and Joseph Priestley along the way, and with chapters on science and the dissenting academies, and Freemasonry and antiquarianism, Enlightenment, Modernity and Science is a work that sheds important light on the complex geographies of Georgian English scientific culture.

Dead Sea Level

Science, Exploration and Imperial Interests in the Near East

Author: Haim Goren

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857719394

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 767

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‘It is with the deepest Regret that I do myself the Honour of informing you that the Tigris Steamer was totally lost during a Hurricane of indescribable violence, which, after the short struggle of Eight Minutes, sent a fine Vessel to the Bottom in Five Fathoms Water, and deprived His Majesty of Fifteen valuable Men, with Five Natives in Addition.’ Captain Francis Rawdon Chesney, leader of the Euphrates Expedition, 1834-7 to Sir John Cam Hobhouse, 2nd Baronet Broughton._x000D_ _x000D_ ‘Communications being thus established by canals sufficiently broad and deep, the rushing in of the two seas would restore the now Dead Sea to its ancient level, and convert it into an active channel of intercourse between Europe and Asia; the whole bulky commerce of which might then pass through this canal... shortening the time of the voyage between England and India’ Captain William Allen, The Dead Sea. A New Route to India_x000D_ _x000D_ The Dead Sea, in the Jordan Rift Valley, and the Tigris-Euphrates river system are two of the great natural features of the Middle East. But in the nineteenth century they had an added political significance: the one as a possible gateway for a Russian invasion of Egypt, the other as a potentially faster route to India. At least, that is the traditional explanation for the presence in the region of the major international powers of the day. This important new book questions this view._x000D_ Drawing upon extensive original research, the author shows how geopolitical factors were but one aspect of a larger, more complex picture. Through a study of two important projects of the time - international efforts to determine the exact level of the Dead Sea, and Chesney’s Euphrates Expedition to find a quicker route to India - Professor Goren shows how other forces than the games of the big powers and the interests of empire, were involved. He reveals the important role played by private individuals and organizations and their personal motivations and interests and establishes a wealth of new connections between the key players. The result is a work that adds an important new dimension to our existing understanding of this period._x000D_ _x000D_ ‘This tour de force will transform our understanding of the subject and prompt a range of fresh thinking on aspects of the history of the Middle East, Science, Imperialism and Bible studies. This is a work of exemplary scholarship - learned, reflective, and deeply considered.’ Andrew Lambert, Laughton Professor of Naval History, Kings College, University of London.

History and Climate Change

A Eurocentric Perspective

Author: Neville Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134977581

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 2886

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History and Climate Change is a balanced and comprehensive overview of the links between climate and man's advance from early to modern times. It draws upon demographic, economic, urban, religious and military perspectives. It is a synthesis of the many historical and scientific theories, which have arisen regarding man's progress through the ages. Central to the book is the question of whether climate variation is a fundamental trigger mechanism from which other historical sequences develop, or one amongst a number of other factors, decisive only when a regime/society is poised for change. Evidence for prolonged climate change is not that extensive. But it is clear that climatic variation has regularly played a part in historical development. Paricular attention is here paid to Europe since AD 211. Cold and warmth, wetness and aridity can create contrary reactions within societies, which can be interpreted in vary different ways by scholars from differenct disciplines. Does climate change exacerbate famine and epidemics? Did climate fluctuation play a part in pivotal historical events such as the mass exodus of Hsuing-nu from China, the pressure of the Huns on the Romans and the genesis of the Crusades? Did the bitter Finnish winter of 1939-40 ensure the ultimate defeat of Hitler? These episodes, and many others are discussed throughout the book in the authors distinctive style, with maps and photographs to illustrate the examples given.

Geographies of Mars

Seeing and Knowing the Red Planet

Author: K. Maria D. Lane

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226470788

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 4369

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This volume "explores the origins of our Martian obsession in the late nineteenth century" and examines "the way turn-of-the-century Americans and Europeans thought about space, knowledge, and power." The author paints a picture of how "scientists and the public saw [Mars] around the beginning of the 20th century, when canals on the Red Planet seemed a very real possibility." It is a story of mountain observatories, of fieldwork conducted at a distance, and of how Mars's geographers sought social and scientific legitimacy, exploring how astronomy and geography intersected in the debates over the existence of life on Mars.

Geography and Vision

Seeing, Imagining and Representing the World

Author: Denis Cosgrove

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 085771290X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8383

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Vision and visual imagery have always played a central role in geographical understanding, and geographical description has traditionally sought to present its audience with rich and compelling visual images, be they the elaborate cosmographic images of seventeenth century Europe or the computer and satellite imagery of modern geographical information science. Yet the significance of images goes well beyond the mere transcription of spatial and environmental facts and today there is a marked unease among some geographers about their discipline's association with the pictorial. The expressive authority of visual images has been subverted, shifting attention from the integrity of the image itself towards the expression of truths that lie elsewhere than the surface. In Geography and Vision leading geographer Denis Cosgrove provides a series of personal reflections on the complex connections between seeing, imagining and representing the world geographically. In a series of eloquent and original essays he draws upon pictorial images - including maps, sketches, cartoons, paintings, and photographs - to explore and elaborate upon the many and varied ways in which the vast and varied earth, and at times the heavens beyond, have been both imagined and represented as a place of human habitation. Ranging historically from the sixteenth century to the present day, the essays include reflections upon geographical discovery and Renaissance landscape; urban cartography and utopian visions; ideas of landscape and the shaping of America; wilderness and masculinity; conceptions of the Pacific; and the imaginative grip of the Equator. Extensively illustrated, this engaging work reveals the richness and complexity of the geographical imagination as expressed over the past five centuries. It will appeal to all scholars with an interest in geography, history, art, landscape, culture and environment.

The Geography of the Imagination

Forty Essays

Author: Guy Davenport

Publisher: David R. Godine Publisher

ISBN: 9781567920802

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 384

View: 5038

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"There is no way to prepare yourself for reading Guy Davenport. You stand in awe before his knowledge of the archaic and his knowledge of the modern. Even more, you stand in awe of the connections he can make between the archaic and the modern; he makes the remote familiar and the familiar fundamental."? Los Angeles Times Book Review"As a critic, Davenport shines as an intrepid appreciator, an ideal teacher. By preference, he likes to walk the reader through a painting or a poem, teasing out the meaning of odd details, making connections with history and other works of art. His must-have essay collections, The Geography of the Imagination and Every Force Evolves a Form, display his range: With a rainwater clarity, he can write about the naturalist Louis Agassiz or ancient poetry and thought?He can account for the importance of prehistoric cave art to early modernism or outline the achievements of Joyce and Pound. He can make you yearn to read or look again at neglected masters like the poets Charles Olsen and Louis Zukofsky and the painters Balthus and Charles Burchfield. He can send you out eagerly searching for C. M. Doughty's six-volume epic poem, The Dawn in Britain, and for the works of Ronald Johnson, Jonathan Williams and Paul Metcalf. In all this, his method is nothing other than the deep attentiveness engenderd by love: that and a firm faith in simply knowing things. He conveys, to adopt his own words about painter Paul Cadmus, 'a perfect balance of spirit and information."? Michael Dirda, Washington Post Book World

The Geography of War and Peace

From Death Camps to Diplomats

Author: Colin Flint

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195162099

Category: Political Science

Page: 462

View: 2893

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How and why war and peace occur cannot be understood without realizing that those who make war and peace must negotiate a complex world political map of sovereign spaces, borders, networks, and scales. This book takes advantage of a diversity of perspectives as it analyzes the political processes of war and their spatial expression.

The Coming of the Book

The Impact of Printing 1450-1800

Author: Lucien Febvre,Henri-Jean Martin

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859841082

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 6495

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Books, and the printed word more generally, are aspects of modern life that are all too often taken for granted. Yet the emergence of the book was a process of immense historical importance and heralded the dawning of the epoch of modernity. In this much praised history of that process, Lucien Febvre and Henri-Jean Martin mesh together economic and technological history, sociology and anthropology, as well as the study of modes of consciousness, to root the development of the printed word in the changing social relations and ideological struggles of Western Europe.

Travels into Print

Exploration, Writing, and Publishing with John Murray, 1773-1859

Author: Innes M. Keighren,Charles W. J. Withers,Bill Bell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022623357X

Category: History

Page: 392

View: 4218

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In eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Britain, books of travel and exploration were much more than simply the printed experiences of intrepid authors. They were works of both artistry and industry—products of the complex, and often contested, relationships between authors and editors, publishers and printers. These books captivated the reading public and played a vital role in creating new geographical truths. In an age of global wonder and of expanding empires, there was no publisher more renowned for its travel books than the House of John Murray. Drawing on detailed examination of the John Murray Archive of manuscripts, images, and the firm’s correspondence with its many authors—a list that included such illustrious explorers and scientists as Charles Darwin and Charles Lyell, and literary giants like Jane Austen, Lord Byron, and Sir Walter Scott—Travels into Print considers how journeys of exploration became published accounts and how travelers sought to demonstrate the faithfulness of their written testimony and to secure their personal credibility. This fascinating study in historical geography and book history takes modern readers on a journey into the nature of exploration, the production of authority in published travel narratives, and the creation of geographical authorship—a journey bound together by the unifying force of a world-leading publisher.

Mass Media, Mass Propaganda

Examining American News in the "War on Terror"

Author: Anthony R. Dimaggio

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739119020

Category: History

Page: 329

View: 4210

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Examines the participation of pro-war, mass-media corporations in creating and selling the Iraq War and the War on Terrorism to a frightened American public.

Gender & Pop Culture

A Text-Reader

Author: Adrienne Trier-Bieniek,Patricia Leavy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789462095748

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 8137

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Gender & Pop Culture provides a foundation for the study of gender, pop culture and media. This comprehensive, interdisciplinary text provides text-book style introductory and concluding chapters written by the editors, seven original contributor chapters on key topics and written in a variety of writing styles, discussion questions, additional resources and more. Coverage includes: Foundations for studying gender & pop culture (history, theory, methods, key concepts) Contributor chapters on media and children, advertising, music, television, film, sports, and technology Ideas for activism and putting this book to use beyond the classroom Pedagogical Features Suggestions for further readings on topics covered and international studies of gender and pop culture Gender & Pop Culture was designed with students in mind, to promote reflection and lively discussion. With features found in both textbooks and anthologies, this sleek book can serve as primary or supplemental reading in undergraduate courses across the disciplines that deal with gender, pop culture or media studies. "An important addition to the fields of gender and media studies, this excellent compilation will be useful to students and teachers in a wide range of disciplines. The research is solid, the examples from popular culture are current and interesting, and the conclusions are original and illuminating. It is certain to stimulate self-reflection and lively discussion." Jean Kilbourne, Ed.D., author, feminist activist and creator of the Killing Us Softly: Advertising's Image of Women film series "An ideal teaching tool: the introduction is intellectually robust and orients the reader towards a productive engagement with the chapters; the contributions themselves are diverse and broad in terms of the subject matter covered; and the conclusion helps students take what they have learnt beyond the classroom. I can't wait to make use of it." Sut Jhally, Professor of Communication, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Founder & Executive Director, Media Education Foundation Adrienne Trier-Bieniek, Ph.D. is currently an assistant professor of sociology at Valencia College in Orlando, Florida. Her first book, Sing Us a Song, Piano Woman: Female Fans and the Music of Tori Amos (Scarecrow, 2013) addresses the ways women use music to heal after experiencing trauma. www.adriennetrier-bieniek.com Patricia Leavy, Ph.D. is an internationally known scholar and best-selling author, formerly associate professor of sociology and the founding director of gender studies at Stonehill College. She is the author of the acclaimed novels American Circumstance and Low-Fat Love and has published a dozen nonfiction books including Method Meets Art: Arts-Based Research Practice. www.patricialeavy.com

The Civilising Mission and the English Middle Class, 1792-1850

The 'Heathen' at Home and Overseas

Author: A. Twells

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230234720

Category: Philosophy

Page: 353

View: 8242

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This volume concerns the missionary philanthropic movement which burst onto the social scene in early nineteenth century in England, becoming a popular provincial movement which sought no less than national and global reformation.

Hitler's Geographies

The Spatialities of the Third Reich

Author: Paolo Giaccaria,Claudio Minca

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022627442X

Category: History

Page: 378

View: 2632

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17. What Remains? Sites of Deportation in Contemporary European Daily Life: The Case of Drancy / Katherine Fleming -- Acknowledgments -- Contributor Biographies -- Index