Bioethics

an introduction for the biosciences

Author: T. B. Mepham

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199214303

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 418

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Ben Mepham is Special Professor in Applied Bioethics, School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham and Visiting Professor in Bioethics, Department of Policy Studies, University of Lincoln, UK. I. The Theoretical Background to Bioethics 1. The Nature of Bioethics 2. Theories of Ethics 3. A Framework for Ethical Analysis II. Bioethics and Human Futures 4. The Biology of Poverty 5. Fertility and Morality 6. Genomics, Eugenics and Integrity III. Bioethics and Animals 7. Human Uses of Animals 8. Experiments on Animals 9. Animals and Modern Biotechnology IV. Bioethics, Plants, and the Environment 10. The First Generation of Genetically Modified Crops 11. Dietary Futures 12. Environmental Sustainability V. Bioethics in Practice 13. Risk, Precaution, and Trust 14. Politics and the Biosciences 15. Bioethics in the Laboratory

Bioethics

An Introduction

Author: Marianne Talbot

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107377528

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

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Providing readers with the confidence needed to debate key issues in bioethics, this introductory text clearly explains bioethical theories and their philosophical foundations. Over 250 activities introduce topics for personal reflection, and discussion points encourage students to think for themselves and build their own arguments. Highlighting the potential pitfalls for those new to bioethics, each chapter features boxes providing factual information and outlining the philosophical background, along with detailed case studies that offer an insight into real-life examples of bioethical problems. Within-chapter essay questions and quizzes, along with end-of-chapter review questions, allow students to check their understanding and to broaden their thinking about the topics discussed. The accompanying podcasts by the author (two of whose podcasts on iTunesUTM have attracted over 3 million downloads) explain points that might be difficult for beginners. These, along with a range of extra resources for students and instructors, are available at www.cambridge.org/bioethics.

BioIndustry Ethics

Author: David L. Finegold,Cecile M Bensimon,Abdallah S. Daar,Margaret L. Eaton,Beatrice Godard,Bartha Maria Knoppers,Jocelyn Mackie,Peter A. Singer

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080492513

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3355

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This book is the first systematic, detailed treatment of the approaches to ethical issues taken by biotech and pharmaceutical companies. The application of genetic/genomic technologies raises a whole spectrum of ethical questions affecting global health that must be addressed. Topics covered in this comprehensive survey include considerations for bioprospecting in transgenics, genomics, drug discovery, and nutrigenomics, as well as how to improve stakeholder relations, design ethical clinical trials, avoid conflicts of interest, and establish ethics advisory boards. The expert authors represent multiple disciplines including law, medicine, bioinformatics, pharmaceutics, business, and ethics.

Genetics and Philosophy

An Introduction

Author: Paul Griffiths,Karola Stotz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107354765

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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In the past century, nearly all of the biological sciences have been directly affected by discoveries and developments in genetics, a fast-evolving subject with important theoretical dimensions. In this rich and accessible book, Paul Griffiths and Karola Stotz show how the concept of the gene has evolved and diversified across the many fields that make up modern biology. By examining the molecular biology of the 'environment', they situate genetics in the developmental biology of whole organisms, and reveal how the molecular biosciences have undermined the nature/nurture distinction. Their discussion gives full weight to the revolutionary impacts of molecular biology, while rejecting 'genocentrism' and 'reductionism', and brings the topic right up to date with the philosophical implications of the most recent developments in genetics. Their book will be invaluable for those studying the philosophy of biology, genetics and other life sciences.

Bioethics , Introduction for the biosciences

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467264547

Category: Education

Page: 67

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Facts101 is your complete guide to Bioethics , Introduction for the biosciences. In this book, you will learn topics such as A framework for ethical analysis, The biology of poverty, Fertility and morality, and Genomics, eugenics and integrity plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Introduction to Bioethics

Author: John A. Bryant,Linda Baggott la Velle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119080150

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 1724

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Provides comprehensive, yet concise coverage of the broad field of bioethics, dealing with the scientific, medical, social, religious, political and international concerns This book offers complete information about all aspects of bioethics and its role in our world. It tackles the concerns of bioethicists, dealing with the ethical questions that arise in the relationships among life sciences, biotechnology, medicine, politics, law, and philosophy. The book introduces the various modes of ethical thinking and then helps the reader to apply that thinking to issues relating to the environment, to plants and animals, and to humans. Written in an accessible manner, Introduction to Bioethics, Second Edition focuses on key issues directly relevant to those studying courses ranging from medicine through to biology and agriculture. Ethical analysis is threaded throughout each chapter and supplementary examples are included to stimulate further thought. In addition there are numerous mini-case studies to aid understanding, together with key references and further reading. Topics covered include genetic modification; GM crops, human genetics and genomics; cloning and stem cells; assisted reproduction; end of life issues; human enhancement; transhumanism and more. A concise introduction covering the whole field of bioethics Ethical analysis included throughout Mini case-studies in each chapter place ethics into specific contexts Includes exercises and commentary to further clarify ethical discussions Now fully revised, updated and re-ordered, with new chapters on Biofuels and on Synthetic Biology Introduction to Bioethics, Second Edition is primarily aimed at undergraduate students taking courses in biomedical sciences, biological sciences, and medicine. It will also be useful to anyone with an interested in the ethics of biological and biomedical science, including science journalists and reporters, who want to inform themselves about current developments.

Smart Mice, Not-So-Smart People

An Interesting and Amusing Guide to Bioethics

Author: Arthur L. Caplan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742541726

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 4882

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An assortment of lighthearted and provocative essays about bioethics issues invites readers to formulate their own opinions about a wide variety of topics, from genetically modified foods and cloning to Mad Cow disease and advanced maternal age.

Bioethics

A Philosophical Introduction

Author: Stephen Holland

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745690637

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 3952

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This book provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to contemporary bioethics. It also presents provocative, philosophically informed arguments on current bioethical issues. Holland engages with debates ranging from the more familiar ï¿1⁄2 such as euthanasia, advance decisions to refuse treatment, and new reproductive technologies ï¿1⁄2 to the philosophical implications of recent developments in genetics, including prenatal genetic therapy, genetic enhancement and human cloning. The book is built around four crucial themes. The first is moral status: what are the implications of the moral status of human embryos or animals for our biomedical practices? The second theme ï¿1⁄2 life, death and killing ï¿1⁄2 looks at the ethics of ending, or failing to lengthen, human life. Holland then explores various questions of personal identity raised in contemporary bioethical debates. Finally, he presents and develops a version of the argument from nature ï¿1⁄2 which continues to be influential in bioethics ï¿1⁄2 in order to make sense of the objection that some biomedical innovations are ï¿1⁄2unnaturalï¿1⁄2. Structuring the discussions in this way creates an engaging introduction to bioethics that is an ideal textbook for students, whilst offering much to stimulate colleagues in the field. This second edition has been thoroughly and comprehensively updated to reflect the most recent advances in bioethics, and includes an entirely new chapter on the ethical treatment of patients in the minimally conscious state.

Molecular Biology of RNA

Author: David Elliott,Michael Ladomery

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019107103X

Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 8010

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RNA plays a central, and until recently, somewhat underestimated role in the genetics underlying all forms of life on earth. This versatile molecule not only plays a crucial part in the synthesis of proteins from a DNA template, but is also intrinsically involved in the regulation of gene expression, and can even act as a catalyst in the form of a ribozyme. This latter property has led to the hypothesis that RNA - rather than DNA - could have played an essential part in the origin of life itself. This landmark text provides a systematic overview of the exciting and rapidly moving field of RNA biology. Key pioneering experiments, which provided the underlying evidence for what we now know, are described throughout, while the relevance of the subject to human disease is highlighted via frequent boxes. For the second edition of Molecular Biology of RNA, more introductory material has been incorporated at the beginning of the text, to aid students studying the subject for the first time. Throughout the text, new material has been included - particularly in relation to RNA binding domains, non-coding RNAs, and the connection between RNA biology and epigenetics. Finally, a new closing chapter discusses how exciting new technologies are being used to explore current topical areas of research.

Experiments in Democracy

Human Embryo Research and the Politics of Bioethics

Author: Benjamin Hurlbut

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231542917

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 3238

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Human embryo research touches upon strongly felt moral convictions, and it raises such deep questions about the promise and perils of scientific progress that debate over its development has become a moral and political imperative. From in vitro fertilization to embryonic stem cell research, cloning, and gene editing, Americans have repeatedly struggled with how to define the moral status of the human embryo, whether to limit its experimental uses, and how to contend with sharply divided public moral perspectives on governing science. Experiments in Democracy presents a history of American debates over human embryo research from the late 1960s to the present, exploring their crucial role in shaping norms, practices, and institutions of deliberation governing the ethical challenges of modern bioscience. J. Benjamin Hurlbut details how scientists, bioethicists, policymakers, and other public figures have attempted to answer a question of great consequence: how should the public reason about aspects of science and technology that effect fundamental dimensions of human life? Through a study of one of the most significant science policy controversies in the history of the United States, Experiments in Democracy paints a portrait of the complex relationship between science and democracy, and of U.S. society's evolving approaches to evaluating and governing science's most challenging breakthroughs.

Principles of Biomedical Ethics

Author: Tom L. Beauchamp,James F. Childress

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195143310

Category: Medical

Page: 454

View: 8892

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For many years this has been a leading textbook of bioethics. It established the framework of principles within the field. This is a very thorough revision with a new chapter on methods and moral justification.

Modern Genetic Analysis

Integrating Genes and Genomes

Author: Anthony J.F. Griffiths

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716743828

Category: Science

Page: 736

View: 8935

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Part 1: Fundamentals of gene structure, function, and transmission; Genetics and the organism; The structure of genes and genomes; Gene function; The transmission of DNA at cell division; The inheritance of single-gene differences; Genetic recombination in eukaryotes; Recombination in bacteria and their viruses. Part 2: Methods of genetic manipulation; Recombinant DNA and genetic engineering; Genomics; Gene mutation: origins and repair processes; Chromosome mutations; Mutation dissection. Part 3: Systems genetics: from gene to phenotype; Regulation of hene transciption; From gene to phenotype; Regulation of cell number: normal and cancer cells; The genetic basis of development. Part 4: Genetic analysis of populations; Population genetics; Quantitative genetics; Evolutionary genetics.

The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics

Author: Peter A. Singer,A. M. Viens

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468219

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

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Medicine and health care generate many bioethical problems and dilemmas that are of great academic, professional and public interest. This comprehensive resource is designed as a succinct yet authoritative text and reference for clinicians, bioethicists, and advanced students seeking a better understanding of ethics problems in the clinical setting. Each chapter illustrates an ethical problem that might be encountered in everyday practice; defines the concepts at issue; examines their implications from the perspectives of ethics, law and policy; and then provides a practical resolution. There are 10 key sections presenting the most vital topics and clinically relevant areas of modern bioethics. International, interdisciplinary authorship and cross-cultural orientation ensure suitability for a worldwide audience. This book will assist all clinicians in making well-reasoned and defensible decisions by developing their awareness of ethical considerations and teaching the analytical skills to deal with them effectively.

Bioethics for Scientists

Author: John A. Bryant,Linda Baggott la Velle,John F. Searle

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471495321

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 8717

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A dictionary definition of Bioethics is, 'the ethics, or moral principles and rules of conduct, of medical and biological research'. This book is an introductory text of just biological and not medical bioethics. It covers the ethics of experimentation, including genetic manipulation, in plants and animals; ethics and biodiversity, ethics and the environment. There is increasing interest in bioethics - both in academia and by the media and the general public. Awareness of bioethics is incorporated into Biological / Environmental Science courses, plus the first dedicated modular courses on bioethics are starting up. * Includes case studies * Has questions for students * Chapters include environmental, animal, agricultural and reproductive ethics as well as a wide range of issues regarding genetic manipulation.

Bibliographie de la philosophie

Bibliography of philosophy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782271064011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 4881

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L'opposition entre Foucault et Habermas a donné lieu à l'un des moments légendaires de la philosophie sociale du XXe siècle. A juste titre sans doute, puisqu'il vit s'affronter deux conceptions de la nature et des finalités d'une analyse englobante de la société moderne qui ont compté parmi les plus riches et les plus cohérentes de l'après-guerre, étendant leurs ramifications dans de multiples directions : théorie du langage, conception de la subjectivité, épistémologie des sciences humaines, philosophie morale, étude des processus de rationalisation, élucidation du statut de la critique.L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'éclairer, dans toute leur richesse et leur diversité, les enjeux du différend entre Foucault et Habermas. Passé le temps des polémiques, demeure un dossier consistant dont l'exploration s'avère aujourd'hui décisive pour toute théorie de la société qui voudra concilier la pertinence historique et politique de son propos avec la conscience des fondements comme des limites de son propre discours.

Perspectives on Animal Behavior

Author: Judith Goodenough,Betty McGuire,Elizabeth Jakob

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470045175

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 7194

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Perspectives on Animal Behavior introduces biologists and psychologists to the scientific reasoning and methodology in the field while also addressing development and mechanisms. Rather than just focusing on evolutionary behavior, the book presents a variety of different perspectives including genetics, neurological, learning, and behavioral ecology. The third edition walks them through experimentation and data analysis, which are critical in the field. It includes classical studies that form the foundation of this field but concentrates on more current work in order to present the thinking and experiments. Biologists and psychologists will then gain a modern understanding of animal behavior.

Where Science and Ethics Meet: Dilemmas at the Frontiers of Medicine and Biology

Author: Chris Willmott,Salvador Macip

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440851352

Category: Medical

Page: 180

View: 7071

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Through engaging case studies and clear explanations of the underlying science, this book makes the social impacts and ethical consequences of recent advances in biomedicine understandable for general readers. • Provides clear, easily understandable information for nonspecialist readers with sufficient detail to enable an understanding of the science behind the discoveries and the range of ethical problems they generate • Presents a dynamic mix of present or near-future case studies (fictional), scientific explanations, and discussions of ethics • Addresses topics that are frequently in the media, such as cloning, organ transplantation, and genetic modification, and clarifies concepts that people have heard about but may not fully understand • Summarizes arguments in favor and against to allow readers to form their own opinions on important ethical debates

Human Genetics: The Basics

Author: Ricki Lewis

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315406977

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 8238

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Human genetics has blossomed from an obscure biological science and explanation for rare disorders to a field that is profoundly altering health care for everyone. This thoroughly updated new edition of Human Genetics: The Basics provides a concise background of gene structure and function through the lens of real examples, from families living with inherited diseases to population-wide efforts in which millions of average people are learning about their genetic selves. The book raises compelling issues concerning: • The role of genes in maintaining health and explaining sickness • Genetic testing, gene therapy, and genome editing • The common ancestry of all humanity and how we are affecting our future. Written in an engaging, narrative manner, this concise introduction is an ideal starting point for anyone who wants to know more about genes, DNA, genomes, and the genetic ties that bind us all.

Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Author: R. A. Hope

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192802828

Category: Medical

Page: 152

View: 7655

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Issues in medical ethics are rarely out of the media and it is an area of ethics that has particular interest for the general public as well as the medical practitioner. This short and accessible introduction deals with moral questions such as euthanasia as well as asking how health care resources can be distributed fairly.

Contemporary Bioethics

A Reader with Cases

Author: Jessica Pierce,George Randels

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195313826

Category: Philosophy

Page: 722

View: 5141

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Incorporating introductions, readings, and cases that span the breadth of the discipline, Contemporary Bioethics: A Reader with Cases captures the spirit of bioethics as a rich, exciting, and continually evolving field. It covers all the essential topics - including abortion, reproductive ethics, end-of-life care, research ethics, and allocation of resources - and also extends into cutting-edge areas like environmental sustainability, terrorism, neuroethics, immigration, genetic manipulations, and links between first- and third-world health. The book opens with a substantial introduction that explores key differences between secular and religious modes of argumentation. Each of the following chapters contains an in-depth introduction, a selection of concise readings, discussion questions, and a collection of 7-10 case studies.