Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556963

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 2965

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The increased knowledge about the structure of genomes in a number of species, about the complexity of transcriptomes, and the rapid growth in knowledge about mutant phenotypes have set off the large scale use of transgenes to answer basic biological questions, and to generate new crops and novel products. Bioengineering and Molecular Biology of Plant Pathways includes twelve chapters, which to variable degrees describe the use of transgenic plants to explore possibilities and approaches for the modification of plant metabolism, adaptation or development. The interests of the authors range from tool development, to basic biochemical know-how about the engineering of enzymes, to exploring avenues for the modification of complex multigenic pathways, and include several examples for the engineering of specific pathways in different organs and developmental stages. Prologue by Paul K. Stumpf and Eric E. Conn Incorporates new concepts and insights in plant biochemistry and biology Provides a conceptual framework regarding the challenges faced in engineering pathways Discusses potential in engineering of metabolic end-products that are of vast economical importance, including genetic engineering of cellulose, seed storage proteins, and edible and industrial oils

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Synthetic Biology, Cell Engineering and Bioprocessing Technologies

Author: Sudhir P. P. Singh,Ashok Pandey,Guocheng Du,Sudesh Kumar

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 044464086X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 442

View: 9697

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Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Synthetic Biology, Cell Engineering and Bioprocessing Technologies covers the current perspectives and outlook of synthetic biology in the agriculture, food and health sectors. This book covers the basics of synthetic biology, cell engineering and the applications of synthetic biology, industrial bioprocesses, and future perspectives. Information on cell engineering is also presented with state-of-art information on manipulation in the endogenous metabolic network, the finetuning of metabolic pathways, de novo biosynthetic pathway design, enzyme engineering targeted to improved kinetics and stability, and potential applications to achieve the production of value-added compounds with specific biological activities. Provides a conceptual understanding of synthetic biology and cellular and metabolic engineering Includes comprehensive information on new developments and advancements Lists applications of synthetic biology in agriculture, food and health

Plant-Virus Interactions

Molecular Biology, Intra- and Intercellular Transport

Author: Tatjana Kleinow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319254898

Category: Science

Page: 189

View: 8323

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Plant RNA– and DNA-viruses have small genomes and with this limited coding capacity exhibit a strong dependency on host cellular processes and factors to complete their viral life cycle. Various interactions of viral proteins or nucleic acids with host components (proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids and metabolites) evolved, which are essential for a successful systemic spread of viruses within the plant. For example, in plants, transport of endogenous macromolecules like proteins and nucleic acids occurs in a highly selective and regulated manner and viruses exploit these specifically controlled trafficking pathways. Research on plant virus movement is located at the interface of molecular plant virology and plant cell biology. The proposed book project aims to give an overview on the current state of this research and to highlight novel insights into the dynamic interplay between plant viruses and host cells. The book is intended for researchers in plant biology and virology and especially written for those who aim to understand cell biology of virus-plant interactions. ​

Plant-derived Natural Products

Synthesis, Function, and Application

Author: Anne E. Osbourn,Virginia Lanzotti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387854984

Category: Science

Page: 597

View: 4785

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Plants produce a huge array of natural products (secondary metabolites). These compounds have important ecological functions, providing protection against attack by herbivores and microbes and serving as attractants for pollinators and seed-dispersing agents. They may also contribute to competition and invasiveness by suppressing the growth of neighboring plant species (a phenomenon known as allelopathy). Humans exploit natural products as sources of drugs, flavoring agents, fragrances and for a wide range of other applications. Rapid progress has been made in recent years in understanding natural product synthesis, regulation and function and the evolution of metabolic diversity. It is timely to bring this information together with contemporary advances in chemistry, plant biology, ecology, agronomy and human health to provide a comprehensive guide to plant-derived natural products. Plant-derived natural products: synthesis, function and application provides an informative and accessible overview of the different facets of the field, ranging from an introduction to the different classes of natural products through developments in natural product chemistry and biology to ecological interactions and the significance of plant-derived natural products for humans. In the final section of the book a series of chapters on new trends covers metabolic engineering, genome-wide approaches, the metabolic consequences of genetic modification, developments in traditional medicines and nutraceuticals, natural products as leads for drug discovery and novel non-food crops.

Lignins

Biosynthesis, Biodegradation and Bioengineering

Author: Lise Jouanin,Catherine Lapierre

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124160239

Category: Science

Page: 391

View: 6225

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Lignins are Nature's aromatic polymers and are the second most abundant organic constituents of the biosphere, next to cellulose. Lignification mainly occurs in the walls of terrestrial vascular plants, mainly in the secondarily thickened cells of supportive or conductive tissues which thus acquire novel properties. This new volume of Advances in Botanical Research gives a special emphasis to the bioengineering of these enigmatic polymers. It is divided in nine chapters containing up-to-date reviews by expert groups in their field. This new volume of Advances in Botanical Research gives a special emphasis to the bioengineering of these enigmatic polymers, Lignins. It is divided in nine chapters Contains up-to-date reviews by expert groups in their field.

Comprehensive Biotechnology

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080885047

Category: Science

Page: 5320

View: 7933

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The second edition of Comprehensive Biotechnology continues the tradition of the first inclusive work on this dynamic field with up-to-date and essential entries on the principles and practice of biotechnology. The integration of the latest relevant science and industry practice with fundamental biotechnology concepts is presented with entries from internationally recognized world leaders in their given fields. With two volumes covering basic fundamentals, and four volumes of applications, from environmental biotechnology and safety to medical biotechnology and healthcare, this work serves the needs of newcomers as well as established experts combining the latest relevant science and industry practice in a manageable format. It is a multi-authored work, written by experts and vetted by a prestigious advisory board and group of volume editors who are biotechnology innovators and educators with international influence. All six volumes are published at the same time, not as a series; this is not a conventional encyclopedia but a symbiotic integration of brief articles on established topics and longer chapters on new emerging areas. Hyperlinks provide sources of extensive additional related information; material authored and edited by world-renown experts in all aspects of the broad multidisciplinary field of biotechnology Scope and nature of the work are vetted by a prestigious International Advisory Board including three Nobel laureates Each article carries a glossary and a professional summary of the authors indicating their appropriate credentials An extensive index for the entire publication gives a complete list of the many topics treated in the increasingly expanding field

Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2013 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1490106057

Category: Science

Page: 1186

View: 1658

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Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Lifetime Data Analysis. The editors have built Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Lifetime Data Analysis in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Bioengineering in Cell and Tissue Research

Author: Gerhard M. Artmann,Shu Chien

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540754091

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 693

View: 3461

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Cutting edge research in cell and tissue research abounds in this review of the latest technological developments in the area. The chapters are written by excellent scientists on advanced, frontier technology and address scientific questions that require considerable engineering brainpower. The aim is to provide students and scientists working in academia and industry new information on bioengineering in cell and tissue research to enhance their understanding and innovation.

C4 Photosynthesis and Related CO2 Concentrating Mechanisms

Author: Agepati S. Raghavendra,Rowan F. Sage

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048194070

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 9529

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The C4 pathway of photosynthesis was discovered and characterized, more than four decades ago. Interest in C4 pathway has been sustained and has recently been boosted with the discovery of single-cell C4 photosynthesis and the successful introduction of key C4-cycle enzymes in important crops, such as rice. Further, cold-tolerant C4 plants are at the verge of intense exploitation as energy crops. Rapid and multidisciplinary progress in our understanding of C4 plants warrants a comprehensive documentation of the available literature. The book, which is a state-of-the-art overview of several basic and applied aspects of C4 plants, will not only provide a ready source of information but also triggers further research on C4 photosynthesis. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, it provides an authoritative source of progress made in our knowledge of C4 plants, with emphasis on physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, biogeography, evolution, besides bioengineering C4 rice and biofuels. The book is an advanced level textbook for postgraduate students and a reference book for researchers in the areas of plant biology, cell biology, biotechnology, agronomy, horticulture, ecology and evolution.

Annual Plant Reviews, Plant Polysaccharides

Biosynthesis and Bioengineering

Author: Peter Ulvskov

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444391008

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 7786

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Plant Polysaccharides, an exceptional new volume in Wiley-Blackwell’s successful Annual Plant Reviews series, covers the polysaccharides and proteins that form the fundamental architecture of the plant cell wall, and the genes that encode the cellular machinery that synthesizes them. The volume focuses on the evolution of the many families of genes whose products are required to make a particular kind of polysaccharide, bringing attention to the specific biochemical properties of the proteins to the level of kinds of sugar linkages they make. Beautifully illustrated in full colour throughout, this exceptional new volume provides cutting edge up-to-date information on such important topics as cell wall biology, composition and biosynthesis, glycosyltransferases, hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins, enzymatic modification of plant cell wall polysaccharides, glycan engineering in transgenic plants, and polysaccharide nanobiotechnology. Drawing together some of the world’s leading experts in these areas, the editor, Peter Ulvskov, has provided a landmark volume that is essential reading for plant and crop scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists and geneticists. All libraries in universities and research establishments where plant sciences, agriculture, biological, biochemical and molecular sciences are studied and taught should have copies of this important volume.

Recent Advances in Plant Biotechnology and Its Applications

Prof. Dr. Karl-Hermann Neumann Commemorative Volume

Author: Karl-Hermann Neumann,Ashwani Kumar,Sudhir K. Sopory

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 8189866095

Category: Plant biotechnology

Page: 694

View: 4671

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The present book is divided into five sections. The first section deals with the methodology and bioresource generation, techniques related to genetic engineering, and gene transfer to the nuclear genome and chloroplast genome. The new techniques of genome profiling and gene silencing are also presented. The second section of the book deals with the classical aspect of plant biotechnology viz. tissue culture and micropropagation. Use of genetic engineering via Agrobacterium and direct transfer of DNA via particle bombardment to develop transformed plants in Artemesia, castor and orchids, and production of recombinant proteins in plant cells have been dealt with in the third section. The fourth section deals with the abiotic and biotic stress tolerance in plants. The basic biology of some of the stress responses, and designing plants for stress tolerance is discussed in this section. The fifth section deals with medicinal plants and alkaloid production.

Molecular Biology and Biotechnology

Author: John M. Walker,Ralph Rapley

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0854041257

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 2375

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This popular textbook has been revised and updated to provide a comprehensive overview and to reflect the latest developments in this rapidly developing area. Continuing with the broad base style of both current molecular and traditional biotechnology, chapters have been updated to reflect current interest and include new areas such as stem cell technology and important areas in drug discovery such as IP and patents. By presenting information in an easily assimilated form, this book makes an ideal undergraduate text for students of biology and chemistry, as well as to postgraduates.

Recent Trends in Biotechnology and Therapeutic Applications of Medicinal Plants

Author: Mohd. Shahid,Anwar Shahzad,Abida Malik,Aastha Sahai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400766033

Category: Science

Page: 357

View: 8384

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The book provides an overview of current trends in biotechnology and medicinal plant sciences. The work includes detailed chapters on various advance biotechnological tools involved in production of phytoactive compounds of medicinal significance. Some recent and novel research studies on therapeutic applications of different medicinal plants from various geographical regions of the world have also been included. These studies report the antimicrobial activity of various natural plant products against various pathogenic microbial strains. Informative chapters on recent emerging applications of plant products such as source for nutraceuticals and vaccines have been integrated to cover latest advances in the field. This book also explores the conservation aspect of medicinal plants. Thus, chapters having comprehensively complied in vitro conservation protocols for various commercially important rare, threatened and endangered medicinal plants were provided in the present book.

Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism

Methods and Protocols

Author: Arthur Germano Fett-Neto

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 9781493933914

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 4125

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This volume describes up-to-date techniques for improved production of secondary metabolites of economic interest using field and laboratory methods. Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism: Methods and Protocols explores different secondary metabolite classes, whole-plant and cell/organ culture systems, and environmental and genetic transformation-based modulation of biochemical pathways. Special focus is given to cell and tissue specific metabolism, metabolite transport, microRNA-based technology, heterologous systems expression of enzymes and pathways leading to products of interest, as well as applications using both model and non-model plant species. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and cutting-edge, Biotechnology of Plant Secondary Metabolism: Methods and Protocols is a great resource for scientists of interdisciplinary fields--plant science, plant physiology, pharmacy, molecular biology, biochemistry, bioengineering, and forestry--in reaching their goals of producing plant biochemicals in a sustainable and efficient manner, while minimizing impacts to the environment and providing the required quantities of these commodities to industry.

Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Author: William G. Flynne

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781604560671

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 8358

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Biotechnology is a popular term for the generic technology of the 21st century. Although it has been utilised for centuries in traditional production processes, modern biotechnology is only 50 years old and in the last decades it has been witnessing tremendous developments. Bioengineering is the science upon which all Biotechnological applications are based. With the development of new approaches and modern techniques, traditional biotechnology industries are also acquiring new horizons enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems. Biological engineering (also biosystems engineering and bioengineering) deals with engineering biological processes in general. It is a broad-based engineering discipline that also may involve product design, sustainability and analysis of biological systems. In other words, Bioengineering is a discipline that applies engineering principles to biological systems for the purpose of developing new technologies of services to improve the living standards of societies. It exploits the new developments in molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, cell metabolism and engineering principles and applies them in order to understand living systems and to bring solutions various problems associated with these systems. This book presents leading research in both areas.

Chemicals via Higher Plant Bioengineering

Author: Fereidoon Shahidi,Paul Kolodziejczyk,John R. Whitaker,Agustin Lopez Munguia,Glenn Fuller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461547296

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 1749

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Food and raw material for its production was generally produced via the traditional agriculture. On the other hand, novel chemicals were manufactured in the laboratory or extracted from plant and animal sources. However, as the world population is steadily in creasing, there is a decrease in traditional agriculture productivity and concerns are also expressed over the damage inflicted to the environment and restrictions that might be en forced in food production. At the same time, there is an increasing demand for high qual ity agricultural products as well as for food ingredients related to both the traditional or newly discovered nutrients or phytochemicals. Trends and developments,~n the area of plant biotechnology and bioengineering has allowed manipulation of genes' !lnd/or insertion of new genes, thus production of trans genic plants. Starting from the introduction of agronomic traits, particularly stress resis tance to diverse environmental factors, process and sensory characteristics, food quality and production of novel varieties of plant-based products through genetic engineering, biotechnology is changing the,;agriculture and the concept of production of plant-ba~~d raw materials. Increasing attention is being paid on research for production of plants !pat can provide a wide array of food and non-food products. Perhaps the first non-food pro,d uct that plant biotechnology would achieve is production of large scale custom-designed industrial oils, but the list of chemicals is long, ranging" from oils and specific triacyl glycerols to biopolymers, enzymes, blood components, amo~g others.

A Bibliography on Computational Molecular Biology and Genetics

Author: Sarah Barron,Matthew Witten,Gongxian Liu

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780941375917

Category: Genetics

Page: 115

View: 6861

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Provides a definitive bibliographic review of the literature related to DNA mapping and sequence analysis, with a focus on computer and mathematical aspects of molecular biology and genetics. Over 2200 entries, arranged by author's name.

Hot Topics in Cell Biology

Author: Jose Becerra,Leonor Santos-Ruiz

Publisher: Chartridge Books Oxford

ISBN: 1909287008

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 6431

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Summary This book is a definitive overview of the current 'state of the art' in cell biology. It is based on papers presented by leading researchers at the Spanish Society for Cell Biology's XIV Congress - a Congress that strives to achieve scientific excellence. Each participant was asked to prepare a 'mini review' of current and likely future development in their area of research. This book is based on those reviews. As such, it is therefore an analysis of current and future trends. Key Features Contains contributions from some of the world's leading researchers. The book is multidisciplinary, covering almost all topics in cell biology: from basic to applied cell biology, and a wide variety of models: from in vitro to vivo models, ranging from fish to rodents and humans. Each 'mini review' is an easy-read piece, describing the state of the art on a topic with clear language and in a summary format. The mini review format makes the book attractive not only to readers involved in cell biology research and teaching, but also professionals from other disciplines and students. The book takes a truly multidisciplinary approach; it covers a wide array of topics, and the book reflects how cell biology interacts with other disciplines The Editors Jose Becerra is Professor of Cell Biology at the University of Malaga (Spain) since 1989. He has been Dean Secretary, Vice-Dean and Dean of the Faculty of Sciences of Malaga, and is now the Head of the Department of Cell Biology, Genetics and Physiology. From 2001 to 2003 he was the Director of the Andalusian Laboratory of Biology (LAB, Seville), which was converted in the Andalusian Centre for Developmental Biology (CABD) under his term. He is a member of the Technical Committee of the National Stem Cell Bank since 2007, patron of the Board of Trustees of IMABIS Foundation (Mediterranean Institute for the Advance of Biotechnology and Health Research), coordinator of the Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Area of the the Biomedical Research Networking Center in Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine (CIBER-BBN), and member of the Direction Committee of the CIBER-BBN. Leonor Santos-Ruiz is Senior Researcher of the CIBER-BBN network at the Andalusian Center for Nanomedicine and Biotechnology (BIONAND). She started her career studying the cellular and molecular basis of lower vertebrates' amazing ability for tissue regeneration, with a special attention to bone and spinal cord repair. Readership Cell biology academics and researchers Contents Introduction Dynamics of cell compartments The intracellular trafficking Cell signaling Autophagy, apoptosis and cell homeostasis Cell biology of aging Plant cell biology Methods in cell biology Applied cell biology Cell biology of cancer Cell therapies and tissue engineering Neurodegeneration and cell biology Nanotechnology and cell biology: challenges and opportunities"