Beyond Welfare State Models

Transnational Historical Perspectives on Social Policy

Author: Pauli Kettunen,Klaus Petersen

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809607

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3585

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Welfare state models have for decades been the gold standard of welfare state research. Beyond Welfare State Models escapes the straightjacket of conventional welfare state models and challenges the existing literature in two ways. Firstly the contributors argue that the standard typologies have omitted important aspects of welfare state development. Secondly, the work develops and underlines the importance of a more fluid transnational conceptualisation. As this book shows, welfare states are not created in national isolation but are heavily influenced by transnational economic, political and cultural interdependencies. The authors illustrate these important points of criticism with their studies on the transnational history of social policy, religion and the welfare state, Nordic cooperation within the fields of social policy and marriage law, and the transnational contexts of national family policies. This fascinating work contributes to the understanding of the current changes of welfare states by discussing the relationship between globalized capitalism and social political regulations and by arguing that transnational transformations importantly take place within and between nation states.

Welfare Capitalism in Taiwan

State, Economy and Social Policy

Author: Y. Ku

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230377874

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

View: 2567

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This book explores the development of state welfare in Taiwan, focusing on the interconnection between capitalist development and state welfare from 1895 to 1990, using an integrated Marxist perspective to which the capitalist world system, state structure, ideology, and social structure are considered simultaneously. It argues that neither citizenship nor welfare needs were the concern of Taiwanese social policies. A decline in legitimacy and risen social movements forced the state to expand welfare, namely the National Health Insurance, in the 1980s.

Economic Democracy and Financial Participation

A Comparative Study

Author: Daryl D'Art

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134925441

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 694

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The ideas of economic democracy and financial participation are not new. The International Congress on profit-sharing first met in Paris in 1889. However since then, the numerous schemes have met with mixed reactions and various levels of success. In Economic Democracy and Financial Participation, Daryl D'Art has two objectives. Firstly, to examine if, and under what conditions, profit-sharing schemes and employee shareholding can motivate workers and generate cooperative striving. Secondly he identifies the schemes of financial participation which have the potential to realise economic democracy within the individual firm and wider society.

Kontingenz und Krise

Institutionenpolitik in kapitalistischen und postsozialistischen Gesellschaften : Claus Offe zu seinem 60. Geburtstag

Author: Karl Hinrichs,Herbert Kitschelt,Helmut Wiesenthal

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593364506

Category: Capitalism

Page: 378

View: 845

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New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe

Author: Catherine Jones,Dr Catherine Jones Nfa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113491234X

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 6511

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Not since the 1940s has there been such comprehensive scope for uncertainty within and about Europe. New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe offers an appraisal of comparative social policy and applies it to current uncertainties concerning European communities and European-North American and East Asian relationships. Including contributions from Deakin, Klein, Leibfried, Mishra and Rose the work should provide essential reading for students, researchers, lecturers and policy makers in social policy, politics and sociology.

Comparing Welfare Capitalism

Social Policy and Political Economy in Europe, Japan and the USA

Author: Bernhard Ebbinghaus,Philip Manow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134521545

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 2470

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This book challenges the popular thesis of a downward trend in the viability of welfare states in competitive market economies. With approaches ranging from historical case studies to cross-national analyses, the contributors explore various aspects of the relationships between welfare states, industrial relations, financial government and production systems. Building upon and combining comparative studies of both the varieties of capitalism and the worlds of welfare state regimes, the book considers issues such as: *the role of employers and unions in social policy *the interdependencies between financial markets and pension systems * the current welfare reform process. It sheds new light on the tenuous relationship between social policies and market economies and provides thought-provoking reading for students and scholars of Comparative Politics, Public Policy, the Welfare State and Political Economy.

The Enabling State

Modern Welfare Capitalism in America

Author: Neil Gilbert,Barbara Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195363180

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2396

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Over the last two decades new arrangements have emerged for the finance and delivery of social welfare in the United States and other industrial democracies. Moving beyond the conventional paradigm of the welfare state, these arrangements form an alternative model. This study details a fresh vision of social welfare transfers--how they are delivered, and whom they benefit. The authors explore the use of private enterprise and market-oriented approaches to the delivery of social provisions, and examine how welfare benefits are derived from the full range of modern social transfers including tax expenditures, credit subsidies, and those induced by regulatory activity. Reappraising the modern boundaries of social welfare, this book provides insights into the structure and dynamics of a novel social model that will open new avenues for scientific study and public debate.

Modern Manors

Welfare Capitalism since the New Deal

Author: Sanford M. Jacoby

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400822393

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 360

View: 8078

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In light of recent trends of corporate downsizing and debates over corporate responsibility, Sanford Jacoby offers a timely, comprehensive history of twentieth-century welfare capitalism, that is, the history of nonunion corporations that looked after the economic security of employees. Building on three fascinating case studies of "modern manors" (Eastman Kodak, Sears, and TRW), Jacoby argues that welfare capitalism did not expire during the Depression, as traditionally thought. Rather it adapted to the challenges of the 1930s and became a powerful, though overlooked, factor in the history of the welfare state, the labor movement, and the corporation. "Fringe" benefits, new forms of employee participation, and sophisticated anti-union policies are just some of the outgrowths of welfare capitalism that provided a model for contemporary employers seeking to create productive nonunion workplaces. Although employer paternalism has faltered in recent years, many Americans still look to corporations, rather than to unions or government, to meet their needs. Jacoby explains why there remains widespread support for the notion that corporations should be the keystone of economic security in American society and offers a perspective on recent business trends. Based on extensive research, Modern Manors greatly advances the study of corporate and union power in the twentieth century.

Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 3733

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Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.

The Withering of the Welfare State

Regression

Author: J. Connelly,J. Hayward

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230349234

Category: Political Science

Page: 220

View: 2860

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Since the 1970s the public commitment to social solidarity between citizens through comprehensive provision of welfare has been eroded by the imperatives of international markets. In this volume the problems posed to public intervention are analyzed. The contributors compare and evaluate how different countries have dealt with these challenges.

The Associative Economy

Insights beyond the Welfare State and into Post-Capitalism

Author: Franco Archibugi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230599036

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 8438

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Are Welfare States in crisis? Forty years after Gunnar Myrdal's seminal Beyond the Welfare State it is still little grasped in the 'reform' debate that the whole structure and economies of our societies are being transformed. This book reasserts the importance of a new employment and productive model - that of the 'associative economy' - which integrates social solidarity with economic planning.

Industrial Relations to Human Resources and Beyond

The Evolving Process of Employee Relations Management

Author: Bruce E. Kaufman,Richard A. Beaumont,Roy B. Helfgott

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765612052

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 532

View: 534

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Section III. Human Resource Management in the Twenty-First Century -- 12. HR Today and Tomorrow: Organizational Strategy in Global Companies -- 13. Selected HR Issues -- 14. Challenge and Balance -- 15. In Conclusion: Transiting from the Past to the Future -- References -- List of Contributors -- Index

Empire and Beyond

Author: Antonio Negri,Ed Emery

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745640486

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 6780

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Today, Empire no longer has an outside: it no longer tolerates realities external to itself. Hence every war cannot but be a civil war, an internal battle, a domestic strife. But if the enemy is always within, militarization is part and parcel of normalization and every war necessarily appears as a policing operation. And yet has the sun really set on the old materialist dream of transforming social conflict into the beginnings of liberation? In the cracks of Empire one can discern an emergent capacity to remould the world. The anti-Empire is represented by the multitude, the collection of impassioned and desiring individuals whose potential for action offers the best hope for a better world. In this book Antonio Negri explains the key concepts and methods which he and Michael Hardt have used to analyse Empire and the new forms of power and counter-power that are shaping and reshaping our world today. Through five introductory lectures and several supporting texts Negri constructs a democratic discourse on globalization, renews the premises of a materialist analysis of social and political life and offers some glimpses of the future.

Inequality Beyond Globalization

Economic Changes, Social Transformations, and the Dynamics of Inequality

Author: Christian Suter

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 364380072X

Category: Social Science

Page: 388

View: 9496

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This volume debates the complex nature of the relationships between globalization, social and economic transformations and growing inequalities. Employing a global, world-historical and comparative perspective, the 16 articles brought together in this volume deal with three central questions: Firstly, the question of the spatio-temporal evolution and variations of growing inequalities, secondly, the relative importance of globalization as compared to other factors explaining growing inequalities and, thirdly, institutional variations of inequality dynamics and globalization impacts. Christian Suter is Professor of Economic Sociology at the University of Neuchâtel and President of the World Society Foundation, domiciled at the University of Zurich, Switzerland.

Beyond Monopoly Capitalism and Monopoly Socialism

Author: Guy Ankerl

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412818100

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 107

View: 2886

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This study draws clear lines between the ways that social systems are justified by their supporters, and the way the systems really are. In the process, Ankerly uncovers the principle of distributive justice that is basic to communistic societies. He also uncovers the underlying principle of capitalist as well as socialist societies, commutative or exchange justice. Partisans often resort to the sophism of comparing their own society's ideal type with the actual conditions prevailing in the opposing camp.

Über das befremdliche Überleben des Neoliberalismus

Postdemokratie II

Author: Colin Crouch

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518760904

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7419

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Spätestens als Lehman Brothers im September 2008 Insolvenz anmelden mußte, hatte es für einen kurzen Moment den Anschein, als habe die letzte Stunde des Neoliberalismus geschlagen: Nachdem das Mantra vom Markt und von der Privatisierung seit den siebziger Jahren in aller Munde war, sollten nun die Regierungen eingreifen, um systemrelevante Banken zu retten. Die Kompetenz der Wirtschaftsführer stand massiv in Frage. Heute, nur drei Jahre später, bekommen die Manager wieder riesige Boni. Zur Refinanzierung der Rettungspakete werden Sozialleistungen gekürzt. Die Logik des radikalen Wettbewerbs und des unternehmerischen Selbst prägt nach wie vor unsere Mentalität. Wie ist das möglich? Diese Frage stellt Colin Crouch in seinem großen neuen Essay. Der Autor des vielbeachteten Bestsellers »Postdemokratie« zeichnet die Ideengeschichte des Neoliberalismus nach und betont, daß der Konflikt Staat vs. Markt zu kurz greift: Es sind die gigantischen transnationalen Konzerne, unter denen die Demokratie »und« das Marktmodell leiden. Doch wir können uns wehren, indem wir uns auf unsere Werte und unsere Macht als Verbraucher besinnen. Das ist Crouchs optimistische Vision einer sozialen und demokratischen Marktwirtschaft.

The Transformation of Capitalist Society

Author: Zellig Sabbettai Harris

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847684120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 244

View: 7420

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The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe led to a widespread assumption that capitalism is triumphant and immutable. Harris presents a new interpretation of its self-transformative ability and argues that employee ownership and control is viable

New Deal Banking Reforms and Keynesian Welfare State Capitalism

Author: Ellen Russell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135910642

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 158

View: 5331

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Russell provides a groundbreaking critique of the orthodox position on the nature of New Deal reforms as well as an innovative analysis of the unraveling of those reforms. Russell argues that the success of the New Deal banking reforms in the post-war period initially produced a "pax financus" in which the competitive struggles amongst financial capital were moderated. However, the success of these reforms also produced incentives to undermine the New Deal regulatory framework via a regeneration of competitive struggles among financial capitalists. As these struggles intensified, financial innovations designed to circumvent regulatory restrictions changed the conduct of commercial banking and other financial capitalist activity. As these developments progressed, there has been a resurgence in the diversified financial conglomerates (financial holding companies) reminiscent of those that flourished just prior to the Great Depression. This exceptional work will appeal to historians, economists, and those interested in this vital period of American history.