Role of Sexual Abuse in the Etiology of Borderline Personality Disorder

Author: Mary C. Zanarini

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880484961

Category: Medical

Page: 247

View: 7986

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Over the years, borderline personality disorder (BPD) has been conceptualized in a variety of ways. However, recent research has consistently found that a history of childhood sexual abuse may affect its development. Role of Sexual Abuse in the Etiology of Borderline Personality Disorder explores the most recent advances regarding this highly controversial disorder, presenting the research and expertise of 26 distinguished contributors. This book provides both the factual and the historical contexts of sexual abuse in BPD. It presents the latest findings regarding the impact of traumatic childhood experiences on the development of BPD. This new generation of research is unique in that it assesses a range of pathological childhood experiences rather than focusing solely on the parameters of abuse. This book covers many topics, including evolving perspectives on the etiology of BPD, childhood factors associated with the development of BPD, and the relationship between self-destructive behavior and pathological childhood experiences in BPD. In addition, highly regarded clinicians in this area describe useful clinical approaches to the treatment of borderline patients with an abuse history. This volume offers invaluable information for clinicians treating borderline patients with or without an abuse history.

The Clinical Science of Electroconvulsive Therapy

Author: C. Edward Coffey

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880484701

Category: Medical

Page: 259

View: 3738

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This volume presents a timely account of the present state of ECT research and clinical practice and the irreplaceable niche ECT occupies in the treatment hierarchy of severe mental illness. Interdisciplinary contributors to The Clinical Science of Electroconvulsive Therapy use both longitudinal and cross-sectional perspectives to synthesize the latest information on ECT. This book reviews -- comprehensively and carefully -- today's knowledge of indications, techniques, clinical outcomes, and mechanisms of action of ECT.

Progress

Author: Isabella Wallace,Leah Kirkman

Publisher: Crown House Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178583195X

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 4940

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In Progress, Isabella Wallace and Leah Kirkman explore our understanding of this core educational concept, drawing together ideas from leading international thinkers and practical strategies for busy teachers. The Best of the Best series brings together – for the first time – the most influential voices in education in a format that is concise, insightful and accessible for teachers. Keeping up with the latest and best ideas in education can be a challenge – as can putting them into practice – but this new series is here to help. Each title features a comprehensive collection of brief and accessible contributions from some of the most eminent names in education from around the world. In this exciting first volume, Isabella Wallace and Leah Kirkman have curated a collection of inspiring contributions on the theme of progress and have developed practical, realistic, cross-curricular and cross-phase strategies to make the most of these important insights in the classroom. Each expert has provided a list of further reading so you can dig deeper as you see fit. In addition, the Teacher Development Trust has outlined ideas for embedding these insights as part of CPD. Suitable for all educationalists, including teachers and school leaders. Many myths abound about progress. We have to show that learners are making progress, but what do we really mean by the term? Who decides what constitutes progress? Who should set targets, and why? How do we measure progress? How do we know when pupils are demonstrating it? How do we differentiate and allow for learners’ different starting points? Should we be measuring everyone against the average or should we be looking at ipsative progress, where achievement is relative only to the pupil’s personal best? Indeed, if everyone is making expected progress, is that really progress or just doing as expected? Do we need to rethink assessment? Does meta-cognition hold the answer? What about other approaches like SOLO taxonomy or Building Learning Power? If progress isn’t linear, what kind of shape does it have? What implicit value judgements may we be making when applying the term uncritically and unthinkingly? How do we ensure that funding, including the Pupil Premium, is having a tangible effect on progress? Can we make learning and progress visible? What does the evidence base – the research studies and meta-analyses – have to say? Will that be applicable in all contexts? These are just some of the questions that the educational experts delve into in this first volume in the Best of the Best series. The practical strategies offered by Isabella Wallace and Leah Kirkman demonstrate how teachers can immediately use these ideas in the classroom. Advice from the Teacher Development Trust demonstrates how to plan sustained and responsive changes to practice based on the book’s key insights. Contributions include: Professor John Hattie – Pupil premium – monitoring what works. Geoff Petty – Improving progress by learning from the best research. Sir John Jones – Demographics, destiny and the magic-weaving business. Sugata Mitra – Schools in the Internet age. David Didau – The real shape of progress. Professor Mick Waters – Doing well for your age? Will Ord – What is progress? Claire Gadsby – A climate for learning. Professor Robert Bjork – Creating desirable difficulties to enhance learning. Professor John West-Burnham – Progress and practice. Professor Guy Claxton – Building Learning Power: finding your own sweet spot. James Nottingham – Progress, progress, progress. Mark Burns – Learning without limits. Martin Robinson – The pupil’s progress. Mike Gershon – Exemplar work. Pam Hook – On making progress visible with SOLO. Andy Hargreaves – Uplifting colleagues. Teacher Development Trust – Next steps ...

Psychopharmacology and Psychobiology of Ethnicity

Author: Keh-Ming Lin

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880484718

Category: Medical

Page: 276

View: 4939

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Until several decades ago, few studies were conducted on the differences among individual responses to pharmacologic agents. Then, in the 1950s and 1960s, enzyme induction was discovered, and it became apparent that the intake of certain foods or drugs could adaptively modify drug metabolism and, therefore, drug response. Now researchers are beginning to realize how both adaptive and genetic forces may cause pharmacological distinctions among human populations once separated by distance or geographical boundaries. Psychopharmacology and Psychobiology of Ethnicity provides a unique overview of how ethnically defined populations respond to psychoactive drugs. Its renowned contributors review and summarize our current knowledge of ethnic differences and similarities among patients in response to psychotropic drugs.

Understanding and Treating Violent Psychiatric Patients

Author: Martha L. Crowner

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585628162

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 9591

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One of the major challenges for mental health professionals today is to successfully treat violent patients. The mental health professional is obligated to go beyond containment and control to provide understanding, complete assessment and accurate diagnosis, and humane and effective treatment. Understanding and Treating Violent Psychiatric Patients is a one-of-a-kind, comprehensive guide to assessment, management, understanding, and treatment of violent patients. The first section encompasses practical guides to treatment for both children and adults. It discusses commonly encountered problems in the treatment of violent adult inpatients and includes a brief guide to pharmacological treatments. A chapter is devoted to the treatment of abnormal aggression in children and adolescents. The second section delves into a more conceptual and broadly focused approach to understanding violent patients. It covers the relationship between dissociation and violence, as well as the relationship between psychiatric disorders and violence, and addresses impulse control and the treatment of impulsive patients. Heavily researched and clinically focused, this new title is a "must read" for psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatric nurses, or any mental health professional needing a better approach to understanding and treating violent patients.

Trauma, Memory, and Dissociation

Author: J. Douglas Bremner,Charles R. Marmar

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585621453

Category: Medical

Page: 429

View: 2494

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Written and edited by some of the world's foremost experts in the field, Trauma, Memory, and Dissociation provides comprehensive coverage of dissociation and memory alterations in trauma, an area that is being dramatically reshaped by vigorous new research. This one-of-a-kind book, written for researchers and clinicians alike, covers aspects of this subject that have not been thoroughly examined before. It presents empirical data on dissociative symptoms associated with exposure to psychological trauma, including combat, childhood abuse, and other traumas, as well as the important relationships dissociative disorder has with other conditions associated with extreme stress such as posttraumatic stress disorder. This book also examines areas where questions still linger concerning the psychopathology of trauma-related dissociation, including dissociation as a defense mechanism or a normal personality trait. Because dissociation plays an important role in the recall of traumatic memories, Trauma, Memory, and Dissociation investigates the controversial areas of delayed recall of childhood abuse and "false memory syndrome." This text also offers clinicians a detailed, step-by-step discussion of approaches to treat the dissociative patient. It reviews the neurobiology of dissociative disorders and illuminates areas where future research may lead to more effective treatments.

Psychoneuroimmunology

Stress, Mental Disorders, and Health

Author: Karl Goodkin,Adriaan P. Visser

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585628186

Category: Medical

Page: 468

View: 5314

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Psychoneuroimmunology has emerged as a discipline advancing our knowledge of the relationships among psychosocial factors, the central nervous system, the immune system, and disease. The growing volume of evidence suggests that psychological states, including exposure to stressors and the presence of depressive states, may influence health and disease by altering immunologic states. Psychoneuroimmunology, a collaborative work of 50 international experts, expands on the American Psychiatric Association's symposium on this topic to present never-before-compiled scientific research from this evolving field. Maintaining a clinical focus, this book illustrates clinical effects by examining relevant research studies and models including Psychoneuroimmunological factors involved in specific illnesses such as cervical cancer, breast cancer and HIV/AIDS The role psychoneuroimmunology plays in carcinogenesis and the progression of established tumors, as well as findings on the progression of cancer that have general clinical relevance The effects of specific psychotropic medications; the effects of life stressors, bereavement, and and social support; the response to those stressors; and stress management and psychosocial predictors of disease The impacts of gender-specific factors, diurnal variation, and behavioral genetics on the immune function The Stressor-Support-Coping model, which integrates existing psychoneuroimmunology findings and lays the groundwork for use in support group intervention This book is a first step toward organizing psychoneuroimmunology findings into coherent theoretical models and concludes with a look at future clinical applications. Complete with charts, references, and a detailed index, it is the most comprehensive source on psychoneuroimmunology.

Melatonin in Psychiatric and Neoplastic Disorders

Author: Mohammad Shafii

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880489195

Category: Medical

Page: 314

View: 9559

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Melatonin in Psychiatric and Neoplastic Disorders provides psychiatrists, oncologists, endocrinologists, pediatricians, and other health professionals with a thorough examination of the most current research on the role of melatonin in psychiatric and neoplastic disorders.

Brain Circuitry and Signaling in Psychiatry

Basic Science and Clinical Implications

Author: Gary B. Kaplan,Ronald P. Hammer

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585627714

Category: Medical

Page: 284

View: 6388

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The 1990s, appropriately termed "the decade of the brain," witnessed unprecedented advances in our knowledge of psychiatric neuroscience. Yet with every advance, we realized afresh that we were still in the beginning stages of a much longer journey. This text chronicles the next step of that journey. Structured around a proven teaching methodology that uniquely integrates the clinical aspects of psychiatric disorders with their neurobiology, this volume begins with two introductory chapters on functional neural circuitry and neural signaling pathways. The remaining six chapters present current knowledge on the neuroanatomic and neurochemical mechanisms underlying schizophrenia, addiction, anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and dementia/Alzheimer's disease. For clarity and consistency, each chapter features the same four divisions -- clinical presentation, neural circuitry, signaling pathways, and psychopharmacology -- as they relate to Schizophrenia, which reviews studies of the neural basis of schizophrenia and describes how the cortex, the thalamus, the basal ganglia, and the medial temporal lobe work together during normal brain function and then how each is perturbed in psychosis. Addiction, which focuses on the consequences of psychoactive substance use, including compulsive practices (e.g., eating, sex, Internet browsing) that might also involve the same brain circuits and signaling pathways. Of exceptional value are two unique illustrations that capture -- for the first time -- much of what we know about the anatomy and neurochemistry underlying the behavioral symptoms of addiction. Anxiety, which presents current hypotheses regarding neurocircuitry and signaling pathways for the three best-studied (from a neurobiologic perspective) anxiety disorders: panic disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Depression, which offers evidence for the involvement of highly interconnected cortical and limbic structures such as the prefrontal cortex, medial thalamus, amygdala, ventral striatum, hippocampus, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis in unipolar major depression, and suggests target areas (such as the cAMP pathway) for study in the development of new antidepressants. Bipolar disorder, which shows that specific abnormalities in signal transduction pathways, including protein kinase activity, G protein levels, and gene expression, are unique to bipolar patients, concluding that the actions of lithium and anticonvulsants on intracellular signaling pathways provide a new paradigm for novel pharmacological interventions. Dementia and Alzheimer's disease, which details current findings on neurofibrillary degeneration, relevant genes and proteins, pathogenesis (metabolic decline, defective cell repair, and Aß toxicity), and treatment strategies (neurotransmitter replacement, and neuroprotective and regenerative approaches). Discusses frontotemporal dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson's disease, and vascular dementia. Meticulously researched and clearly written by 15 contributors -- all recognized experts from leading research and teaching institutions in the United States -- this compact and extensively illustrated volume stands out in the literature because it combines readability and practicality with the breadth and depth typically found only in far lengthier works. Psychiatric practitioners, residents, and students alike will welcome this informative, easy-to-read text, which will also be of special interest to mental health and pharmaceutical industry professionals, and of general interest to anyone who wants to know more about the biology of psychiatric illness.

Biological Rhythms, Mood Disorders, Light Therapy, and the Pineal Gland

Author: Mohammad Shafii

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880481694

Category: Medical

Page: 213

View: 2599

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Biological Rhythms, Mood Disorders, Light Therapy, and the Pineal Gland combines the experience of psychiatric clinicians, psychiatric residents, medical students, endocrinologists, psychoimmunologists, neurobiologists, neuroanatomists, and other health professionals to present the most recent progress made in the study of the pineal gland and its relationship to mood disorders, including * major depressive disorders* winter depression* bipolar disorders* premenstrual syndrome (PMS)* sleep disorders The use of bright light to treat these disorders is also discussed.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Acute and Long-Term Responses to Trauma and Disaster

Author: Carol S. Fullerton,Robert J. Ursano

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585623808

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 9833

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Trauma and disaster throw lives into chaos and fill people with the fear of loss, injury, and death. Although most individuals experience only transitory posttraumatic symptoms, others experience the effects of the disaster long after the traumatic event when new experiences remind them of the past. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Acute and Long-Term Responses to Trauma and Disaster provides clinicians, researchers, and policy makers with an examination of current advances in research and treatment by recognized experts at the cutting edge of innovation. This timely book incorporates DSM-IV criteria and the new diagnostic category acute stress disorder, which emphasizes the breadth of posttraumatic stress symptoms and disorders and the importance of distinguishing between acute and long-term responses to traumatic events. Individual chapters go beyond PTSD to examine other posttraumatic disorders and responses, the mechanisms of transmission of posttraumatic stress, and its effects on behavior and health in natural and societal disasters and traumas, including war. This volume pays particular attention to the array of psychiatric responses to trauma, including PTSD and the unfolding of illness and recovery over time. Posttraumatic responses are considered across individual, group, family, and community perspectives and from the vantage point of developmental systems from childhood to older adult life.

Does Stress Cause Psychiatric Illness?

Author: Carolyn M. Mazure

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9780880484824

Category: Medical

Page: 281

View: 9576

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Scientific yet readable, Does Stress Cause Psychiatric Illness? is a useful guide to clinicians, clinical researchers, and medical students. Each chapter provides new empirical data that relate stress to psychiatric illness and addresses this relationship using up-to-date models.

The Best of LCD

The Art and Writing of WFMU

Author: Dave the Spazz

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568987156

Category: Art

Page: 238

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Named the best radio station in America by Rolling Stone magazine four years running, WFMU is considered the alternative radio station. LCD (Lowest Common Denominator), the station's program guide—begun in 1986 as a visual counterpart to WFMU’s oddball programming—was a wicked cocktail of satire, cultural news, alternative history, and provocative artwork that has earned its own devoted cult followers. It ceased publication in 1998 and its back issues have become treasured—and valuable—collector’s items. Dave the Spazz has spent the past twenty years hosting a weekly radio show on WFMU, self-publishing, freelance writing, making artwork, singing in punk-rock bands, and holding down one crummy job after another.

The Best of the Best

20 Years of the Year's Best Science Fiction

Author: Gardner Dozois

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429903856

Category: Fiction

Page: 688

View: 6048

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For years, The Year's Best Science Fiction has been the most widely read short science fiction anthology of its kind. Now, after twenty-one annual collections, comes the ultimate in science fiction anthologies, The Best of the Best: 20 Years of the Year's Best Science Fiction, in which legendary editor Gardner Dozois selects the very best short stories for this landmark collection. Some notable stories include: "The Left Hand of Darkness" by Ursula K. Le Guin. Coming of age is a difficult passage for any adolescent, but couple that with the potential to be either sex and you've got a dilemma of seismic proportion. Bringing readers back to the world of her classic and best known novel, The Left Hand of Darkness, Le Guin creates a compelling and evocative story of transition. "The Winter Market" by William Gibson. Called the SF Timothy Leary of our times, Gibson returns to the subject that made him a cultural icon, cyberpunk. People who know what they want are often lauded and honored in this society. But when those people start using others to get it, beware! "Trinity" by Nancy Kress. People have searched for God since the dawn of time, but not until the new millennium did they think to find this celestial being through technology. Since soon after the series began, Kress has been an annual and esteemed contributor to The Year's Best Science Fiction. Contributors include: * Stephen Baxter * Greg Bear * William Bigson * Terry Bisson * Pat Cadigan * Ted Chiang * John Crowley * Tony Daniel * Greg Egan * Molly Gloss * Eileen Gunn * Joe Haldeman * James Patrick Kelly * John Kessel * Nancy Kress * Ursula K. Le Guin * Ian R. MacLeod * David Marusek * Paul McAuley * Ian McDonald * Maureen F. McHugh * Robert Reed * Mike Resnick * Geoff Ryman * William Sander * Lucius Shepard * Robert Silverberg * Brian Stableford * Bruce Sterling * Charles Stross * Michael Swanwick * Steven Utley * Howard Waldrop * Walter Jon Williams * Connie Willis * Gene Wolfe With work spanning two decades, The Best of the Best stands as one of the ultimate science fiction anthologies ever published.

The Best of Wilmott 2

Author: Paul Wilmott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047003145X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 404

View: 2417

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The Team at Wilmott is very proud to present this compilation of Wilmott magazine articles and presentations from our second year. We have selected some of the very best in cutting-edge research, and the most illuminating of our regular columns. The technical papers include state-of-the-art pricing tools and models. You'll notice there's a bias towards volatility modelling in the book. Of course, it's one of my favourite topics, but volatility is also the big unknown as far as pricing and hedging is concerned. We present research in this area from some of the best newcomers in this field. You'll see ideas that make a mockery of 'received wisdom,' ideas that are truly paradigm shattering - for we aren't content with a mere 'shift.' We know you'll enjoy it! The Best of Wilmott will return again next year...

THE BEST OF YOU

Author: Joseph Aigbojie Etute

Publisher: Author House

ISBN: 1496975960

Category: Religion

Page: 276

View: 1556

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You were born to be the best of you; otherwise, you wouldn't have been born at all. Your Creator has more important things to do than creating wasted humans that will fail Him in accomplishing the best He had set for them and had prepared for them even before the foundation of the world. To now see that in today's world only less than 10 percent of us actually attain the best of us not only saddens me, but it creates in me a heavy burden and an agonizing pain far beyond the one that any word can describe. I am a work in progress myself. I have messed up so much and failed so many times that I have even stopped counting. This book narrates all the areas of my life where I have failed and what I would have done differently to bring out the best of me. This book gives you all the practical ways of becoming the best of you. It is a ten-volume series designed and written to help you become the best, and nothing but the best.

Modernism and the Marketplace

Literary Culture and Consumer Capitalism in Rhys, Woolf, Stein, and Nella Larsen

Author: Alissa G. Karl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415981417

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 183

View: 6525

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Though the relationship of modernist writers and artists to mass-marketplaces and popular cultural forms is often understood as one of ambivalence if not antagonism, Modernism and the Marketplace redirects this established line of inquiry, considering the practical and conceptual interfaces between literary practice and dominant economic institutions and ideas.

The History of Canada Series: The Best Place To Be

Expo '67 And Its Time

Author: John Lownsbrough

Publisher: Penguin Canada

ISBN: 0143184016

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 4115

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A pivotal event in Canada’s history For six months in 1967, from late April until the end of October, Canada and its world's fair, Expo 67, became the focus of national and international attention in a way the country and its people had rarely experienced. Expo 67 crystallized the buoyant mood and newfound sense of confidence many felt during Canada's centennial. It becomes clearer, though, as its forty-fifth anniversary approaches in spring 2012, that Expo was something more than just a great world's fair. For many Canadians, it became a touchstone, a popular event that penetrated the collective psyche. The Best Place to Be takes a look at Expo and at the social and political contexts in which it occurred. It is above all a story of people: the young men and women who worked at Expo, the visitors, and the cameo appearances from the titled and celebrated, such as Elizabeth II, President Lyndon Johnson, President Charles de Gaulle (whose visit to Expo and Montreal became infamous), U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy, Jacqueline Kennedy, Princess Grace of Monaco, Princess Margaret, Marshall McLuhan, Sidney Poitier, Laurence Olivier, Cary Grant, Twiggy, and Pierre Trudeau.