Concepts of Culture

Art, Politics, and Society

Author: Adam Muller

Publisher: University of Calgary Press

ISBN: 1552381676

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 7359

DOWNLOAD NOW »

How do we define 'culture?' In this volume, Adam Muller brings together contributions from established and emerging scholars in a number of different disciplines who each examine the concept of culture as it is understood and deployed within their respective fields.

American Anthropology, 1971-1995

Papers from the American Anthropologist

Author: Regna Darnell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803266353

Category: Social Science

Page: 815

View: 6113

DOWNLOAD NOW »

American anthropology in the late twentieth century interrogated and depicted the worldsøof others, past and present, in subtle and incisive ways while increasingly questioning its own authority to do so. Marxist, symbolic, and structuralist thought shaped the fieldwork and conclusions of many researchers around the globe. Practicing anthropology blossomed and grew rapidly as a subdiscipline in its own right. There emerged a keener appreciation of both the history of the discipline and the histories of those studied. Archaeologists witnessed a resurgence of interest in the concept of culture. The American Anthropologist also made systematic efforts to represent the field as a whole, with biological anthropology and linguistics particularly adept at crossing subdiscipline boundaries. Proliferation of specialized areas within sociocultural anthropology encouraged work across the subdisciplines. The thirty selections in this volume reflect the notable trends and accomplishments in American anthropology during the closing decades of the millennium. An introduction by Regna Darnell offers a historical background and critical context that enable readers to better understand the changes and continuity in American anthropology during this time.

Rethinking Urban Parks

Public Space and Cultural Diversity

Author: Setha Low,Dana Taplin,Suzanne Scheld

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 029277821X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2867

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Urban parks such as New York City's Central Park provide vital public spaces where city dwellers of all races and classes can mingle safely while enjoying a variety of recreations. By coming together in these relaxed settings, different groups become comfortable with each other, thereby strengthening their communities and the democratic fabric of society. But just the opposite happens when, by design or in ignorance, parks are made inhospitable to certain groups of people. This pathfinding book argues that cultural diversity should be a key goal in designing and maintaining urban parks. Using case studies of New York City's Prospect Park, Orchard Beach in Pelham Bay Park, and Jacob Riis Park in the Gateway National Recreation Area, as well as New York's Ellis Island Bridge Proposal and Philadelphia's Independence National Historical Park, the authors identify specific ways to promote, maintain, and manage cultural diversity in urban parks. They also uncover the factors that can limit park use, including historical interpretive materials that ignore the contributions of different ethnic groups, high entrance or access fees, park usage rules that restrict ethnic activities, and park "restorations" that focus only on historical or aesthetic values. With the wealth of data in this book, urban planners, park professionals, and all concerned citizens will have the tools to create and maintain public parks that serve the needs and interests of all the public.

Struktur und Ereignis in theorievergleichender Perspektive

Ein diskursives Buchprojekt

Author: Rainer Greshoff,Georg Kneer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663115569

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 362

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"Struktur" und "Ereignis" gelten vielfach als unverzichtbare Begriffe, die das Zustandekommen sozialer Ordnung beschreiben und erklären wollen. Zu beiden Begriffen sowie zu deren Verhältnis existieren bis heute eine Reihe unterschiedlicher Auffassungen. Diese sind - in einer Auswahl - Gegenstand der Buchbeiträge. Entlang des Duals "Struktur/Ereignis" werden von sechs Autoren und einer Autorin Konvergenzen und Divergenzen zwischen verschiedenen theoretischen Konzeptionen vergleichend herausgearbeitet. Das Ergebnis sind sieben Ausgangsbeiträge, zu denen die Autorin und alle Autoren Vernetzungsbeiträge verfaßt haben, in denen die Ausgangsbeiträge in komparativer Perspektive erörtert werden. Diese Organisation des Buches soll dazu beitragen, verschiedene Positionen in den Sozialwissenschaften befriedigender miteinander vermitteln zu können.

Foucaults ethnologischer Blick

Kulturwissenschaft als Kritik der Moderne

Author: Barbara Birkhan

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839419557

Category: Philosophy

Page: 446

View: 4417

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Was macht für Foucault den Reiz der Ethnologie aus? Foucaults Selbstverständnis als Ethnologe, das bisher nicht systematisch ausgelotet ist, wird in diesem Buch als fundamentaler Blickwinkel eingeführt, von dem her sich die Relevanz seiner Gesellschaftsdiagnosen sowie seines theoretisch-methodischen Werkzeugs auf die Perspektive einer kritischen Alternative zur Moderne zuspitzen lässt. Barbara Birkhans fachübergreifende Analyse diskutiert Grundorientierungen in der Konzeption kultureller Tatsachen, wie sie - nicht zuletzt wegen ihres performativen Gehalts - für alle Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften wichtig sind.

Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 8423

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.

Activating Diverse Musical Creativities

Teaching and Learning in Higher Music Education

Author: Pamela Burnard,Elizabeth Haddon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472589130

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 5805

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Activating Diverse Musical Creativities analyses the ways in which music programmes in higher education can activate and foster diverse musical creativities. It also demonstrates the relationship between musical creativities and entrepreneurship in higher education teaching and learning. These issues are of vital significance to contemporary educational practice and training in both university and conservatoire contexts, particularly when considered alongside the growing importance of entrepreneurship, defined here as a type of creativity, for successful musicians working in the 21st century creative and cultural industries. International contributors address a broad spectrum of musical creativities in higher education, such as improvisational creativity, empathic creativity and leadership creativity, demonstrating the transformative possibilities of embedding these within higher music education teaching and learning. The chapters explore the active practice of musical creativities in teaching and learning and recognize their mutual dependency. The contributors consider philosophical and practical concerns in their work on teaching for creativity in higher music education and focus on practices using imaginative approaches in order to make learning more interesting, effective and relevant.

Studies in Culture Contact

Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology

Author: James G. Cusick

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809334097

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 6277

DOWNLOAD NOW »

People have long been fascinated about times in human history when different cultures and societies first came into con�tact with each other, how they reacted to that contact, and why it sometimes oc�curred peacefully and at other times was violent or catastrophic. Studies in Culture Contact: Interaction, Culture Change, and Archaeology, edited by James G. Cusick, seeks to define the role of culture contact in human history, to identify issues in the study of culture contact in archaeology, and to provide a critical overview of the major theoretical approaches to the study of culture and contact. Contributors consider three forms of culture contact--colonization, cultural en�tanglement, and symmetrical exchange. Part I provides a critical overview of theo�retical approaches to the study of culture contact, while Part II contains eleven case studies of specific contact situations and their relationships to the archaeological record. Studies in Culture Contact pro�vides an extensive review of the history of culture contact in anthropological stud�ies and develops a broad framework for studying culture contact's role, moving beyond a simple formulation of contact and change to a more complex under�standing of the amalgam of change and continuity in contact situations.

The Haider Phenomenon in Austria

Author: Ruth Wodak,Anton Pelinka

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412824934

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 1199

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Austria does not often make political headlines. It has at least twice in recent years: in 1986, when the "Waldheim Affair" was debated worldwide, and in 1999, when the Austrian Freedom Party (FPOe) under Joerg Haider received 27 percent of the vote in national elections. Established by former Nazis for former Nazis, the FPOe entered the mainstream of Austrian politics when it became part of a coalition government. This volume explores whether its rise is a uniquely Austrian phenomenon or corresponds to broader social and political changes in Europe. Parallels to Haider's party can be found in other European countries. Its anti-immigration agenda and rhetoric are similar to those of the French FN, the Belgian Vlaams Bloc, and the Italian Lega Nord. And its anti-European Union posture is similar to the sentiments of the "anti-Maastrich" wing of the British conservative party. However, European reaction to the FPOe's rise derives not only from its policies, but its linkage to past suspicions that the Austrians have not learned the lessons of history as had the Germans. The FPOe's success strengthened that impression. In response, 14 European Union governments downgraded their bilateral relations with the Austrian government to a purely technical level. Although the sanctions were lifted in September 2000, the spotlight is still very much on Austria, and concern about the FPOe remains high. This important volume contains eleven chapters by internationally prominent scholars from a broad spectrum of the social sciences. Its cross-disciplinary approach provides perspective on the Haider phenomenon, its rhetoric, and its impact on daily life in Austria. It also analyzes the influence of right-wing populism on politics, culture, and society, and its implications in Austria as well as elsewhere in Europe. The Haider Phenomenon will be of interest to historians, political scientists, those in European studies, and scholars in contemporary political extremism. Ruth Wodak is professor of applied linguistics and discourse analysis at the University of Vienna and director of the research center, "Discourse, Politics, Identity," at the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Anton Pelinka is professor of political science at the University of Innsbruck and director of the Institute of Conflict Research Vienna.

Social and Cultural Anthropology: A Very Short Introduction

Author: John Monaghan,Oxford University Press,Professor John Monaghan,Peter Just,Associate Professor of Anthropology Peter Just

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192853465

Category: Social Science

Page: 155

View: 8891

DOWNLOAD NOW »

"If you want to know what anthropology is, look at what anthropologists do," write the authors of Social and Cultural Anthropology: A Very Short Introduction. This engaging overview of the field combines an accessible account of some of the discipline's guiding principles and methodology with abundant examples and illustrations of anthropologists at work. Peter Just and John Monaghan begin by discussing anthropology's most important contributions to modern thought: its investigation of culture as a distinctively human characteristic, its doctrine of cultural relativism, and its methodology of fieldwork and ethnography. Drawing on examples from their own fieldwork in Indonesia and Mesoamerica, they examine specific ways in which social and cultural anthropology have advanced our understanding of human society and culture. Including an assessment of anthropology's present position, and a look forward to its likely future, Social and Cultural Anthropology will make fascinating reading for anyone curious about this social science. About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.

The Ethnography of Moralities

Author: Signe Howell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113478502X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 2778

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Focusing on the social construction of morality, The Ethnography of Moralities discusses a topic which is complex but central to the study and nature of anthropology. With the recent shift towards an interest in indigenous notions of self and personhood, questions pertaining to the moral and ethical origins of beliefs relating to human rights become increasingly relevant. Some of the questions that the contributors address are: * How is the ethical knowledge grounded? * Which social domains most profoundly articulate moral values and which are most affected? * Who defines and who enforces what is right and wrong? * What constitutes an ethical breach? Suggested answers are made with reference to empirical material so that the complexities and varieties of theoretical and methodological issues are highlighted. They are also discussed with reference to a wide array of ethnographic studies from Argentina, Mongolia, Melanesia, Yemen, Zimbabwe, Mexico, Britain and The Old Testament.

Authenticating Ethnic Tourism

Author: Dr. Philip Feifan Xie

Publisher: Channel View Publications

ISBN: 1845412052

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 1342

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book represents a shifting of emphasis away from the discourse of authenticity to the process of authenticating ethnic tourism. It focuses upon what authentication is, how it works, who is involved, and what the problems are in the process. By using the study of folk villages on Hainan Island, China, the book suggests that authenticity evolves from a static into a more dynamic concept, which can be formulated according to the different stages of development relating to all the stakeholders involved. Authentication is an interactive process in which a balance of forces defines a state of equilibrium. The book uncovers some interesting findings that will significantly contribute to the literature on ethnic tourism in developing areas.

Globalization

The Key Concepts

Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847886108

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 6755

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Globalization is the buzzword of the 21st century. If we live in a globalized world, what does this mean for our economies, our cultures, our work and leisure, even our sense of ourselves? Globalization: The Key Concepts presents an accessible and provocative guide to the way we live now. The causes and the effects of globalization are hotly disputed and the book aims to present the range of arguments in a clear and balanced way. However, arguing that variation is as characteristic of globalization as standardization, the book stresses the necessity for a bottom-up, comparative analysis. Distinguishing between the cultural, political, economic and ecological aspects of globalization, the book highlights the implications of globalization for people's everyday lives. Throughout, the discussion is illustrated with wide-ranging case material. Chapter summaries and a guide to further reading underline the book's concern to clarify this most complex and influential of ideas.

Cultural Anthropology of the Middle East

A Bibliography

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004107458

Category: Architecture

Page: 259

View: 6411

DOWNLOAD NOW »

During the last two decades, the number of anthropologists conducting research in the Middle East has increased considerably. Together they have produced an abundance of valuable studies, often based on prolonged periods of ethnographic fieldwork. "Cultural Anthropology of the Middle East. A Bibliography" offers a comprehensive survey of their results. The first volume, published in 1992, covered publications which appeared between 1965 and 1987. The second volume brings the bibliography further up to date, listing publications between 1988 and 1992, and adds some 260 titles which were published up through 1987. As in the first volume, the majority of the titles are annotated.

Yanomami

The Fierce Controversy and What We Can Learn from It

Author: Rob Borofsky

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520938564

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 5257

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Yanomami raises questions central to the field of anthropology—questions concerning the practice of fieldwork, the production of knowledge, and anthropology's intellectual and ethical vision of itself. Using the Yanomami controversy—one of anthropology's most famous and explosive imbroglios—as its starting point, this book draws readers into not only reflecting on but refashioning the very heart and soul of the discipline. It is both the most up-to-date and thorough public discussion of the Yanomami controversy available and an innovative and searching assessment of the current state of anthropology. The Yanomami controversy came to public attention through the publication of Patrick Tierney's best-selling book, Darkness in El Dorado, in which he accuses James Neel, a prominent geneticist who belonged to the National Academy of Sciences, as well as Napoleon Chagnon, whose introductory text on the Yanomami is perhaps the best-selling anthropological monograph of all time, of serious human rights violations. This book identifies the ethical dilemmas of the controversy and raises deeper, structural questions about the discipline. A portion of the book is devoted to a unique roundtable in which important scholars on different sides of the issues debate back and forth with each other. This format draws readers into deciding, for themselves, where they stand on the controversy’s—and many of anthropology’s—central concerns. All of the royalties from this book will be donated to helping the Yanomami improve their healthcare.

Ib Social and Cultural Anthropology

A Study and Test Preparation Guide

Author: Pamela S. Haley

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1627346058

Category:

Page: 82

View: 5836

DOWNLOAD NOW »

IB Social and Cultural Anthropology: A Study and Test Preparation Guide thoroughly prepares International Baccalaureate Social and Cultural Anthropology students for the IB Social and Cultural Anthropology Internal and External Examinations. This book will be helpful for both Standard and Higher Level IB students, although the Higher Level Internal Assessment is not addressed.

Cultural Anthropology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478461292

Category: Education

Page: 186

View: 5772

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Facts101 is your complete guide to Cultural Anthropology. In this book, you will learn topics such as Economies and Their Modes of Production, Consumption and Exchange, Birth and Death, and Personality and Identity over the Life Cycle plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.