Arguments about Abortion

Personhood, Morality, and Law

Author: Kate Greasley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198766785

Category:

Page: 288

View: 9103

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Does the morality of abortion depend on the moral status of the human fetus? Must the law of abortion presume an answer to the question of when personhood begins? Can a law which permits late abortion but not infanticide be morally justified? These are just some of the questions this book sets out to address. With an extended analysis of the moral and legal status of abortion, Kate Greasley offers an alternative account to the reputable arguments of Ronald Dworkin and Judith Jarvis Thomson and instead brings the philosophical notion of 'personhood' to the foreground of this debate. Structured in three parts, the book will (I) consider the relevance of prenatal personhood for the moral and legal evaluation of abortion; (II) trace the key features of the conventional debate about when personhood begins and explore the most prominent issues in abortion ethics literature: the human equality problem and the difference between abortion and infanticide; and (III) examine abortion law and regulation as well as the differing attitudes to selective abortion. The book concludes with a snapshot into the current controversy surrounding the scope of the right to conscientiously object to participation in abortion provision.

Abortion Rights

For and Against

Author: Kate Greasley,Christopher Kaczor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316762297

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 2893

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This book features opening arguments followed by two rounds of reply between two moral philosophers on opposing sides of the abortion debate. In the opening essays, Kate Greasley and Christopher Kaczor lay out what they take to be the best case for and against abortion rights. In the ensuing dialogue, they engage with each other's arguments and each responds to criticisms fielded by the other. Their conversational argument explores such fundamental questions as: what gives a person the right to life? Is abortion bad for women? What is the difference between abortion and infanticide? Underpinned by philosophical reasoning and methodology, this book provides opposing and clearly structured perspectives on a highly emotive and controversial issue. The result gives readers a window into how moral philosophers argue about the contentious issue of abortion rights, and an in-depth analysis of the compelling arguments on both sides.

Abortion, Moral and Legal Perspectives

Author: Jay L. Garfield,Patricia Hennessey

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 9780870234415

Category: Law

Page: 331

View: 5392

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Essays examine the nature of abortion, the Supreme Court's ruling on abortion, and the judicial status of the fetus.

Abortion from the Religious and Moral Perspective

An Annotated Bibliography

Author: George F. Johnston

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313314025

Category: Reference

Page: 247

View: 9919

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For approximately three decades, the abortion debate has polarized America. This comprehensive volume includes bibliographic citations that address the moral and religious aspects of abortion. It covers such topics as the various arguments both for and against abortion, the status of the fetus, and overviews of several religions' stances on abortion. Citations also include references on how Christianity has influenced abortion politics and law, discussions of Operation Rescue, and official statements on abortion by religious organizations.

The Changing Voice of the Anti-Abortion Movement

The Rise of "Pro-Woman" Rhetoric in Canada and the United States

Author: Paul Saurette,Kelly Gordon

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442668768

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 8604

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When journalists, academics, and politicians describe the North American anti-abortion movement, they often describe a campaign that is male-dominated, aggressive, and even violent in its tactics, religious in motivation, anti-women in tone, and fetal-centric in arguments and rhetoric. Are they correct? In The Changing Voice of the Anti-Abortion Movement, Paul Saurette and Kelly Gordon suggest that the reality is far more complicated, particularly in Canada. Today, anti-abortion activism increasingly presents itself as “pro-women”: using female spokespersons, adopting medical and scientific language to claim that abortion harms women, and employing a wide range of more subtle framing and narrative rhetorical tactics that use traditionally progressive themes to present the anti-abortion position as more feminist than pro-choice feminism. Following a succinct but comprehensive overview of the two-hundred year history of North American debate and legislation on abortion, Saurette and Gordon present the results of their systematic, five-year quantitative and qualitative discourse analysis, supplemented by extensive first-person observations, and outline the implications that flow from these findings. Their discoveries are a challenge to our current assumptions about the abortion debate today, and their conclusions will be compelling for both scholars and activists alike.

The Ethics of Abortion

Women’s Rights, Human Life, and the Question of Justice

Author: Christopher Kaczor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317907949

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 3671

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Appealing to reason rather than religious belief, this book is the most comprehensive case against the choice of abortion yet published. This Second Edition of The Ethics of Abortion critically evaluates all the major grounds for denying fetal personhood, including the views of those who defend not only abortion but also post-birth abortion. It also provides several (non-theological) justifications for the conclusion that all human beings, including those in utero, should be respected as persons. This book also critiques the view that abortion is not wrong even if the human fetus is a person. The Ethics of Abortion examines hard cases for those who are prolife, such as abortion in cases of rape or in order to save the mother’s life, as well as hard cases for defenders of abortion, such as sex selection abortion and the rationale for being "personally opposed" but publically supportive of abortion. It concludes with a discussion of whether artificial wombs might end the abortion debate. Answering the arguments of defenders of abortion, this book provides reasoned justification for the view that all intentional abortions are ethically wrong and that doctors and nurses who object to abortion should not be forced to act against their consciences. Updates and Revisions to the Second Edition include: -A response to Alberto Giubilini’s and Francesca Minerva’s now famous 2012 article, "After-Birth Abortion" in the Journal of Medical Ethics -Responses to new defenses of Judith Jarvis Thomson’s violinist argument -The addition of a new chapter on gradualist views of fetal moral worth, including Jeff McMahan’s Time-Relative Interest Account -The addition of a new chapter on the conscience protection for health care workers who are opposed to abortion -Responses to many critiques of the first edition, including those made by Donald Marquis, David DeGrazia, and William E. May

Muße und Kult

Mit einer Einführung von Kardinal Karl Lehmann

Author: Josef Pieper

Publisher: Kösel-Verlag

ISBN: 3641043700

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 1796

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Zentrum unserer Kultur muss die Muße sein, nicht die Arbeit »Ein schmales, aber ein tiefes Buch: eindrucksvoll, ja erschreckend.« (New York Times) »Hier ist mit psychologischen und philosophischen Kategorien und der Sprachkraft eines großen Schriftstellers endlich die lange fällige Polemik gegen den modernen Götzen der Arbeit geschrieben.« (Joachim Günther) • Eines der wichtigsten und erfolgreichsten Bücher Josef Piepers • Vorwort von Kardinal Lehmann • 10. Todestag des großen Philosophen am 6.11.2007

Creation and Abortion

A Study in Moral and Legal Philosophy

Author: F. M. Kamm

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190281847

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 6583

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Based on a non-consequentialist ethical theory, this book critically examines the prevalent view that if a fetus has the moral standing of a person, it has a right to life and abortion is impermissible. Most discussion of abortion has assumed that this view is correct, and so has focused on the question of the personhood of the fetus. Kamm begins by considering in detail the permissibility of killing in non-abortion cases which are similar to abortion cases. She goes on to consider the case for the permissibility of abortion in many types of pregnancies, including ones resulting from rape, voluntary pregnancy, and pregnancy resulting from a voluntary sex act, even if the fetus is considered a person. This argument emerges as part of a broader theory of creating new people responsibly. Kamm explores the implications of this argument for informed consent to abortion; responsibilities in pregnancy that is not aborted, and the significance of extra-uterine gestation devices for the permissibility of abortion.

Contemporary Moral Arguments

Readings in Ethical Issues

Author: Lewis Vaughn

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 723

View: 5255

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More than any other contemporary moral problems reader, Contemporary Moral Arguments focuses on the key arguments that have provoked the most debate in recent ethical issues. The book opens with two introductory chapters on critical reasoning and moral theory, which provide the basis forunderstanding and analyzing the arguments in the subsequent issues chapters (chs. 3-12). In the conventional way, these readings on ethical issues are sorted into 10 topical chapters covering issues such as abortion, sex and marriage, terrorism and torture, economic justice, etc. But the readingswithin these chapters are organized unconventionally, by argument. Each argument is introduced by a briefing that sketches the argument, provides conceptual background for it, and reviews some of the main philosophical responses to it. After the briefing come two to four essays presenting theclassic statement of the argument, critiques and defenses of it, and discussions of related debates. A wide array of pedagogical features enhances understanding:* Essay questions following each of the 28 argument sections, ideal for writing assignments* Four types of boxes throughout:* "Facts and Figures" - statistics on the social, historical and scientific aspects of the chapter's topic* "Public Opinion" - recent opinion polls tracking people's views on moral issues* "Legalities" - summaries of important court rulings and other legal matters* "Time Line" - important events relating to the topic* List of key terms at the end of each chapter, all defined in the glossary* Suggestions for further reading

Leben und Tod

der Zusammenbruch der traditionellen Ethik

Author: Peter Singer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783891311202

Category: Abortion

Page: 255

View: 9332

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Human Evolution, Reproduction, and Morality

Author: Lewis F. Petrinovich

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262661430

Category: Philosophy

Page: 339

View: 6327

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In the first volume of his ambitious trilogy, Petrinovich brings concepts from evolutionary biology, neurophysiology, and cognitive science to bear on such controversial issues as contraception, abortion, infanticide, new reproductive technologies, and fetal tissues research. Although he bases the discussion on extensive scholarly research, he does not hesitate to take a strong position on moral issues. (Published in cloth by Plenum Press, 1995)

The Problem of Abortion

Author: Susan Dwyer,Joel Feinberg

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 243

View: 3570

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Appropriate for Contemporary Moral Problems, Introduction to Moral Philosophy, Introduction to Women's Studies, Women and the Law, Feminist Legal Theory, Applied Ethics, and Bioethics in Philosophy, Womens Studies, and law schools/ departments at all levels. This reader is an up-to-date anthology of the full range of views on abortion. The strongest and best-argued pieces have been selected from the entire spectrum of opinion. It contains classic philosophical papers as well as several new treatments.

Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues, Concise Edition

Author: Barbara MacKinnon,Andrew Fiala

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 130554482X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 5641

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ETHICS: THEORY AND CONTEMPORARY ISSUES, 8E CONCISE presents the major areas of ethical theory through an engaging collection of contemporary moral debates. First, readers are introduced to such ethical subjects as religion and global ethics, utilitarianism and deontology, natural law ethics, virtue ethics, non-Western paradigms, feminist ethics, and care ethics. Then, these and other ethical concepts provide the framework for in-depth discussions on moral dilemmas such as euthanasia, sexual morality, economic justice, animal ethics, war, violence, and globalization. Plus, this edition brings the debate up-to-date with detailed discussions of timely moral topics such as same-sex marriage, structural racism, factory farming, pacifism, and global distributive justice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Personhood and Health Care

Author: David C. Thomasma,David N. Weisstub,Christian Hervé

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401725721

Category: Philosophy

Page: 451

View: 1438

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PERSONHOOD AND HEALTH CARE This book arose as a result of a pre-conference devoted to the topic held June 28, 1999 in Paris, France. The pre-conference preceded the Annual Congress of the International Academy ofLaw and Mental Health. Other chapters were solicited after the conference in order to more completely explore the relation of personhood to health care. The pre conference was held in honor of Yves Pelicier who led so many of our French colleagues in medicine, philosophy, and ethics as Christian Herve notes in his Tribute. As health care is aimed at healing persons, it is important to realize how difficult it is to construct a theory of personhood for health care, and thus, a theory of how healing in health care comes about or ought to occur. The book is divided into four parts, Concepts of the Person, Theories of Personhood in Relation to Health Care and Bioethics, Person and Identity, and Personhood and Hs Relations. Each section explores a critical arena in constructing the relation of personhood to health care. Although no exploration ofthis nature can be exhaustive, every effort was made to present both conflicting and complementary views of personhood from within similar and different philosophical and religious traditions. PART ONE: CONCEPTS OF THE PERSON Tracing the origins of the concept of person from antiquity through present day, Jean Delemeau provides an historical sketch of the development of a wide range of meanings.