Arctic Law and Governance

The Role of China and Finland

Author: Timo Koivurova,QIN Tianbao,Sebastien Duyck,Tapio Nykänen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509911502

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 8664

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The objective of this book is to identify similarities and differences between the positions of Finland (as an EU Member State) and China, on Arctic law and governance. The book compares Finnish and Chinese legal and policy stances in specific policy areas of relevance for the Arctic, including maritime sovereignty, scientific research, marine protected areas, the Svalbard Treaty and Arctic Council co-operation. Building on these findings, the book offers general conclusions on Finnish and Chinese approaches to Arctic governance and international law, as well as new theoretical insights on Arctic governance. The book is the result of a collaboration between The Northern Institute for Environmental and Minority Law (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland) and researchers from Wuhan University.

Governance of Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas

Author: Cécile Pelaudeix,Ellen Margrethe Basse

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317125924

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 9627

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Global energy problems will remain a challenge in the coming decades. The impact of climate change and the melting of polar sea ice opening up access to offshore hydrocarbon resources in the Arctic Ocean, raises questions for both civil society and the scientific community over drilling opportunities in Arctic marine areas. Disparities in approach to the governance of oil and gas extraction in the Arctic arise from fundamental differences in histories, cultures, domestic constraints and substantive values and attitudes in the Arctic coastal states and sub-states. Differing political systems, legal traditions and societal beliefs with regard to energy security and economic development, environmental protection, legitimacy of decision making, and the ownership and respect of the rights of indigenous people, all affect how governance systems of oil and gas extraction are designed. Using a multidisciplinary approach and case studies from the USA, Norway, Russia, Canada, Greenland/Denmark and the EU, this book both examines the current governance of extraction and its effects and considers ways to enhance the efficiency of environmental management and public participation in this system.

The Arctic in International Law and Policy

Author: Kristina Schönfeldt

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509915796

Category: Law

Page: 1680

View: 8348

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The Arctic is an increasingly important region faced with major challenges caused not only by the effects of climate change, but also by a growing interest in its living and non-living resources, its attraction as a new destination for tourism, and as a route for navigation. It is not only the eight Arctic States that have paid an increased level of attention to the region; several non-Arctic actors from Asia and Europe also seek to gain more influence in the High North. At the same time, the evolving law and policy architecture for the Arctic region has recently played a more prominent role in the political and academic debate. Unlike Antarctica, where the coherent Antarctic Treaty System governs international cooperation, the legal regime of Arctic affairs is based on public international law, domestic law, and 'soft law'. These three pillars intersect and interact making Arctic governance multi-faceted and highly complex. This book provides an analytical introduction, a chronology of legally relevant events, and a selection of essential materials covering a wide range of issues-eg delineation and delimitation of maritime boundaries, environmental protection, indigenous peoples' rights, shipping, and fisheries. Included are multilateral and bilateral treaties, UN documents, official statements, informal instruments, domestic laws, and diplomatic correspondence.

Allocating International Responsibility Between Member States and International Organisations

Author: Nikolaos Voulgaris

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509925732

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 5729

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The ever-growing interaction between member States and international organisations results, all too often, in situations of non-conformity with international law (eg peacekeeping operations, international economic adjustment programmes, counter-terrorism sanctions). Seven years after the finalisation of the International Law Commission's Articles on the Responsibility of International Organisations (ARIO), international law on the allocation of international responsibility between these actors still remains unsettled. The confusion around the nature and normative calibre of the relevant rules, the paucity of relevant international practice supporting them and the lack of a clear and principled framework for their elaboration impairs their application and restricts their ability to act as effective regulatory formulas. This study aims to offer doctrinal clarity in this area of law and purports to serve as a point of reference for all those with a vested interest in the topic. For the first time since the publication of the ARIO, all international responsibility issues dealing with interactions between member States and international organisations are put together in one book under a common approach. Structured around a systematisation of the interactions between these actors, the study provides an analytical framework for the regulation of indirect responsibility scenarios. Based on the ideas of the intellectual fathers of international law, such as Scelle's 'dédoublement fonctionnel' theory and Ago's 'derivative responsibility' model, the book employs old ideas to add original argumentation to a topic that has been dealt with extensively by recent commentators.

International Relations and the Arctic: Understanding Policy and Governance

Author: Robert W. Murray,Anita Dey Nuttall

Publisher: Cambria Press

ISBN: 1604978767

Category: Political Science

Page: 742

View: 3660

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Increased global interest in the Arctic poses challenges to contemporary international relations and many questions surround exactly why and how Arctic countries are asserting their influence and claims over their northern reaches and why and how non-Arctic states are turning their attention to the region. Despite the inescapable reality in the growth of interest in the Arctic, relatively little analysis on the international relations aspects of such interest has been done. Traditionally, international relations studies are focused on particular aspects of Arctic relations, but to date there has been no comprehensive effort to explain the region as a whole. Literature on Arctic politics is mostly dedicated to issues such as development, the environment and climate change, or indigenous populations. International relations, traditionally interested in national and international security, has been mostly silent in its engagement with Arctic politics. Essential concepts such as security, sovereignty, institutions, and norms are all key aspects of what is transpiring in the Arctic, and deserve to be explained in order to better comprehend exactly why the Arctic is of such interest. The sheer number of states and organizations currently involved in Arctic international relations make the region a prime case study for scholars, policymakers and interested observers. In this first systematic study of Arctic international relations, Robert W. Murray and Anita Dey Nuttall have brought together a group of the world's leading experts in Arctic affairs to demonstrate the multifaceted and essential nature of circumpolar politics. This book is core reading for political scientists, historians, anthropologists, geographers and any other observer interested in the politics of the Arctic region.

Arctic Governance in a Changing World

Author: Mary Durfee,Rachael Lorna Johnstone

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442235640

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 393

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This comprehensive text explains the relationship between the Arctic and the wider world through the lenses of international relations, international law, and political economy. It is an essential resource for any student or scholar seeking a clear and succinct account of a region of ever-growing international importance.

Emerging Legal Orders in the Arctic

The Role of Non-Arctic Actors

Author: Akiho Shibata,Marzia Scopelliti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138618510

Category: Arctic Regions

Page: 256

View: 2505

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More than ever before the changing environmental and political landscape in the Arctic requires stability and foreseeability based on resilient common norms. The emerging legal orders in the Arctic cannot be legitimately created or effectively implemented unless all relevant actors are involved. Simultaneously, it must always be based on respect for the sovereign rights of the eight Arctic states in the region, as well as the tradition and cultural livelihood of the local communities. It is this delicate balance between Arctic and non-Arctic interests that is the core problématique for the emerging legal orders in the Arctic. Emerging Legal Orders in the Arcticcritically examines the role of non-Arctic actors in this advancement of the shape and scope of the Arctic legal order. Discussing the admittance and participation of Observer states and organisations in the Arctic Council, including task force meetings where new treaties are negotiated, it details the issues and successes this can result in. Setting up the context of the current legal orders in the Arctic, the book discusses Asian, indigenous and European perspectives, amongst others. There is a strong focus on the groundbreaking fisheries agreement of November 2017 in the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO), and the impact on both Arctic and non-Arctic actors. Interests in marine living resources, scientific cooperation and the Arctic shipping regimes and governance are also thoroughly discussed from multiple perspectives. The book combines the expertise of academics and practitioners in the fields of international law and Arctic governance, uniquely focusing on Asian actors in the Arctic legal order-making. The resulting study is a fascinating insight into the interplay between non-Arctic actors and the Arctic legal order, and will be invaluable to academics in the field of Arctic and international law.

Organization Descriptions and Cross-References

Author: Union of International Associates

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783598246487

Category: Reference

Page: 3013

View: 4135

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Yearbook of International Organizations is the most comprehensive reference resource and provides current details of international non-governmental (NGO) and intergovernmental organizations (IGO). Collected and documented by the Union of International Associations (UIA), detailed information on international organizations worldwide can be found here. Besides historical and organizational information, details on activities, events or publications, contact details, biographies of the leading individuals as well as the presentation of networks of organizations are included. Key features: Most comprehensive compendium of international organizations Over 62,000 profiles of organizations with current contact details Biography profiles of key figures in International Organizations

Verfassungsfragmente

Gesellschaftlicher Konstitutionalismus in der Globalisierung

Author: Gunther Teubner

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518772805

Category: Law

Page: 291

View: 7745

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Nicht zuletzt durch eine Reihe von öffentlichen Skandalen wurde in den letzten Jahren die »Neue Verfassungsfrage« aufgeworfen. Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch multinationale Unternehmen, Korruption im Medizin- und Wissenschaftsbetrieb, Bedrohung der Meinungsfreiheit durch private Intermediäre im Internet, massive Eingriffe in die Privatsphäre durch Datensammlung privater Organisationen und mit besonderer Wucht die Entfesselung katastrophaler Risiken auf den weltweiten Kapitalmärkten – sie alle werfen Verfassungsprobleme im strengen Sinne auf. Ging es früher um die Freisetzung der politischen Machtenergien des Nationalstaats und zugleich um ihre wirksame rechtsstaatliche Begrenzung, so geht es nun darum, ganz andere gesellschaftliche Energien zu diskutieren und in ihren destruktiven Konsequenzen wirksam zu beschränken. Konstitutionalismus jenseits des Nationalstaats – das heißt zweierlei: Die Verfassungsprobleme stellen sich außerhalb der Grenzen des Nationalstaats in transnationalen Politikprozessen und zugleich außerhalb des institutionalisierten Politiksektors in den »privaten« Sektoren der Weltgesellschaft.

OzonAction

The Newsletter Dedicated to Ozone Protection and the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Air quality management

Page: N.A

View: 6843

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