Constructing Frames of Reference

An Analytical Method for Archaeological Theory Building Using Ethnographic and Environmental Data Sets

Author: Lewis R. Binford

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520223934

Category: Social Science

Page: 563

View: 9686


"This is a very significant contribution to the field. . . . Many of the ideas presented in this book were foreshadowed in [Binford's] earlier work, but nowhere have they been developed as fully as they are here."—James F. O'Connell, author of A Prehistory of Australia, New Guinea, and Sahul "This is a landmark work. It provides a major synthesis of a huge body of cultural and environmental information and offers a number of original, provocative insights into hunter-gatherer lifeways. It also provides a methodological framework that should be highly influential for years to come."—Jeremy A. Sabloff, Williams Director of the University of Pennsylvania Museum

Archaeology in the Making

Conversations through a Discipline

Author: William L Rathje,Michael Shanks,Christopher Witmore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136185275

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3125


Archaeology in the Making is a collection of bold statements about archaeology, its history, how it works, and why it is more important than ever. This book comprises conversations about archaeology among some of its notable contemporary figures. They delve deeply into the questions that have come to fascinate archaeologists over the last forty years or so, those that concern major events in human history such as the origins of agriculture and the state, and questions about the way archaeologists go about their work. Many of the conversations highlight quite intensely held personal insight into what motivates us to pursue archaeology; some may even be termed outrageous in the light they shed on the way archaeological institutions operate – excavation teams, professional associations, university departments. Archaeology in the Making is a unique document detailing the history of archaeology in second half of the 20th century to the present day through the words of some of its key proponents. It will be invaluable for anybody who wants to understand the theory and practice of this ever developing discipline.

The Emergence of Civilization

From Hunting and Gathering to Agriculture, Cities, and the State in the Near East

Author: Charles Keith Maisels

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415096591

Category: History

Page: 395

View: 9323


The Emergence of Civilisation is a major contribution to our understanding of the development of urban culture and social stratification in the Near Eastern region. Charles Maisels argues that our present assumptions about state formation, based on nineteenth century speculations, are wrong. His investigation illuminates the changes in scale, complexity and hierarchy which accompany the development of civilisation. The book draws conclusions about the dynamics of social change and the processes of social evolution in general, applying those concepts to the rise of Greece and Rome, and to the collapse of the classical Mediterranean world.


Reflections by Archaeologists and Philosophers

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401118264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 8130


An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.

Benchmarks in time and culture

an introduction to Palestinian archaeology

Author: Joel F. Drinkard,Gerald L. Mattingly,James Maxwell Miller,Joseph A. Callaway

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental


Category: History

Page: 487

View: 2528


An introduction to the history and methodology of Syro-Palestinian archaeology. These essays in honor of Joseph A Callaway, one of the fathers of Biblical Archaeology, whose rigorous methodology laid the foundations of a Near Eastern archaeology concerned with more than merely supporting Biblical stories.

The Ethnoarchaeology of the Zaghawa of Darfur (Sudan)

Settlement and Transcience

Author: Natalie Tobert

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 4534


A study of the village settlement, the domestic life cycle, seasonal activity, ceramic production, `mobility, stability, fluidity'.

Archaeology at the North-east Anatolian Frontier, VI

An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Sos Höyük and Yiğittaşı Village

Author: Liza Hopkins

Publisher: Peeters

ISBN: 9789042911550

Category: History

Page: 199

View: 9036


The creation of a model to explain the transforms between behaviour and material remains is the underlying, structuring principle of ethnoarchaeology. Despite the value of this interpretative paradigm for archaeology in broadening the interpretative bases upon which archaeological analysis is carried out, very few studies have focused on the Near East. The approach taken by this research project has attempted to characterise similarities and differences in each of the settlement levels at the ancient mound site of Sos Hoyuk. Analogy is drawn between the processes and conditions that structure behaviour in a modern village setting and the patterning left behind by such processes in the past. Although the village of Yigittasi is located on the same site as the ancient settlements of Sos Hoyuk, there is no simple correspondence between modern and ancient.