Constructing Frames of Reference

An Analytical Method for Archaeological Theory Building Using Ethnographic and Environmental Data Sets

Author: Lewis R. Binford

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 0520303407

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 3575

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Many consider Lewis Binford to be the single most influential figure in archaeology in the last half-century. His contributions to the "New Archaeology" changed the course of the field, as he argued for the development of a scientifically rigorous framework to guide the excavation and interpretation of the archaeological record. This book, the culmination of Binford's intellectual legacy thus far, presents a detailed description of his methodology and its significance for understanding hunter-gatherer cultures on a global basis. This landmark publication will be an important step in understanding the great process of cultural evolution and will change the way archaeology proceeds as a scientific enterprise. This work provides a major synthesis of an enormous body of cultural and environmental information and offers many original insights into the past. Binford helped pioneer what is now called "ethnoarchaeology"—the study of living societies to help explain cultural patterns in the archaeological record—and this book is grounded on a detailed analysis of ethnographic data from about 340 historically known hunter-gatherer populations. The methodological framework based on this data will reshape the paradigms through which we understand human culture for years to come.

Village Ethnoarchaeology

Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective

Author: Carol Kramer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483258335

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 496

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Village Ethnoarchaeology: Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective discusses selected tangible features of the subject area, noting the differences in households and associated material culture. The book comments among settlement variability, the complexities in relationships among population density, settlement age, area, and function. The text also deals with material correlates of sociocultural behavior, spatial organization, architectural variability, regional patterns, and archaeological sampling strategies. The book presents a study based on three sets of contemporary data: (1) from an ethnographic fieldwork on Aliabad in summer 1975; (2) the census and cartographic documents published by the Iranian government; and (3) a corpus of published comparative ethnographic data. The book notes that among the households in Aliabad, which is neither economically stratified nor markedly heterogeneous, economic variations exist. The text suggests that that material diversity and systems involving socioeconomic differentiation can have substantial time depth in this part of the world. The book can prove beneficial for archaeologists, anthropologist, sociologists, and researchers interested in ethnographic accounts of Middle Eastern communities.

The Emergence of Civilisation

From Hunting and Gathering to Agriculture, Cities and the State of the Near East

Author: Charles Keith Maisels

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134863276

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 2212

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The Emergence of Civilisation is a major contribution to our understanding of the development of urban culture and social stratification in the Near Eastern region. Charles Maisels argues that our present assumptions about state formation, based on nineteenth century speculations, are wrong. His investigation illuminates the changes in scale, complexity and hierarchy which accompany the development of civilisation. The book draws conclusions about the dynamics of social change and the processes of social evolution in general, applying those concepts to the rise of Greece and Rome, and to the collapse of the classical Mediterranean world.

Metaarchaeology

Reflections by Archaeologists and Philosophers

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401118264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 1043

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An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.

Wohnen im Alten Orient

eine Untersuchung zur Verwendung von Räumen in altorientalischen Wohnhäusern

Author: Maria Krafeld-Daugherty

Publisher: Ugar

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antiquities

Page: 401

View: 4137

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Benchmarks in time and culture

an introduction to Palestinian archaeology

Author: Joel F. Drinkard,Gerald L. Mattingly,James Maxwell Miller,Joseph A. Callaway

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 487

View: 1373

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An introduction to the history and methodology of Syro-Palestinian archaeology. These essays in honor of Joseph A Callaway, one of the fathers of Biblical Archaeology, whose rigorous methodology laid the foundations of a Near Eastern archaeology concerned with more than merely supporting Biblical stories.

The Ethnoarchaeology of the Zaghawa of Darfur (Sudan)

Settlement and Transcience

Author: Natalie Tobert

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 8417

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A study of the village settlement, the domestic life cycle, seasonal activity, ceramic production, `mobility, stability, fluidity'.

Archaeology at the North-east Anatolian Frontier, VI

An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Sos Höyük and Yiğittaşı Village

Author: Liza Hopkins

Publisher: Peeters

ISBN: 9789042911550

Category: History

Page: 199

View: 4375

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The creation of a model to explain the transforms between behaviour and material remains is the underlying, structuring principle of ethnoarchaeology. Despite the value of this interpretative paradigm for archaeology in broadening the interpretative bases upon which archaeological analysis is carried out, very few studies have focused on the Near East. The approach taken by this research project has attempted to characterise similarities and differences in each of the settlement levels at the ancient mound site of Sos Hoyuk. Analogy is drawn between the processes and conditions that structure behaviour in a modern village setting and the patterning left behind by such processes in the past. Although the village of Yigittasi is located on the same site as the ancient settlements of Sos Hoyuk, there is no simple correspondence between modern and ancient.

ARCHIT VIEWS FROM THE COUNTRY

Author: Glenn M. Schwartz,Steven Edward Falconer

Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Press

ISBN: 9781560983194

Category: Amérique centrale - Antiquités

Page: 223

View: 9286

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"Important collection of articles on rural settlements of ancient Mesoamerican and Near Eastern civilizations. Documentation of heterogeneity in rural settlements is a central theme. Articles on Mesoamerica deal with the Maya site of Colha, Belize. and ch