Constructing Frames of Reference

An Analytical Method for Archaeological Theory Building Using Ethnographic and Environmental Data Sets

Author: Lewis R. Binford

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520223934

Category: Social Science

Page: 563

View: 6408


"This is a very significant contribution to the field. . . . Many of the ideas presented in this book were foreshadowed in [Binford's] earlier work, but nowhere have they been developed as fully as they are here."—James F. O'Connell, author of A Prehistory of Australia, New Guinea, and Sahul "This is a landmark work. It provides a major synthesis of a huge body of cultural and environmental information and offers a number of original, provocative insights into hunter-gatherer lifeways. It also provides a methodological framework that should be highly influential for years to come."—Jeremy A. Sabloff, Williams Director of the University of Pennsylvania Museum

Village Ethnoarchaeology

Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective

Author: Carol Kramer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483258335

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 5373


Village Ethnoarchaeology: Rural Iran in Archaeological Perspective discusses selected tangible features of the subject area, noting the differences in households and associated material culture. The book comments among settlement variability, the complexities in relationships among population density, settlement age, area, and function. The text also deals with material correlates of sociocultural behavior, spatial organization, architectural variability, regional patterns, and archaeological sampling strategies. The book presents a study based on three sets of contemporary data: (1) from an ethnographic fieldwork on Aliabad in summer 1975; (2) the census and cartographic documents published by the Iranian government; and (3) a corpus of published comparative ethnographic data. The book notes that among the households in Aliabad, which is neither economically stratified nor markedly heterogeneous, economic variations exist. The text suggests that that material diversity and systems involving socioeconomic differentiation can have substantial time depth in this part of the world. The book can prove beneficial for archaeologists, anthropologist, sociologists, and researchers interested in ethnographic accounts of Middle Eastern communities.

The Emergence of Civilization

From Hunting and Gathering to Agriculture, Cities, and the State in the Near East

Author: Charles Keith Maisels

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415096591

Category: History

Page: 395

View: 2107


The Emergence of Civilisation is a major contribution to our understanding of the development of urban culture and social stratification in the Near Eastern region. Charles Maisels argues that our present assumptions about state formation, based on nineteenth century speculations, are wrong. His investigation illuminates the changes in scale, complexity and hierarchy which accompany the development of civilisation. The book draws conclusions about the dynamics of social change and the processes of social evolution in general, applying those concepts to the rise of Greece and Rome, and to the collapse of the classical Mediterranean world.


Reflections by Archaeologists and Philosophers

Author: Lester Embree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401118264

Category: Philosophy

Page: 343

View: 2558


An idea of the philosophy of archaeology can best be gained by showing what it is, what the issues are, who is working in the field, and how they proceed. Reading Lester Embree's Metaarchaeology provides the best possible introduction to the field, since in it several leading archaeologists show how accessible and interesting the current archeological literature is, and currently active philosophers of archaeology reveal something of the current state of discussion on the subject. Bibliographies have also been developed of the philosophy of archaeology as well as of selected parts of the component that can be called metaarchaeology. Finally, an historical introduction has been included to show the variety of metascientific as well as orientational standpoints that philosophers of archaeology have had recourse to for over two decades, followed by speculation about the future of the discipline within the philosophy of science.

Theorien in der Archäologie

Author: Reinhard Bernbeck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783825219642

Category: Archaeology

Page: 404

View: 2116


Altertumswissenschften - Bevölkerungsgeschichte - Wirtschaftsgeschichte.

Wohnen im Alten Orient

eine Untersuchung zur Verwendung von Räumen in altorientalischen Wohnhäusern

Author: Maria Krafeld-Daugherty

Publisher: Ugar


Category: Antiquities

Page: 401

View: 3382


Benchmarks in time and culture

an introduction to Palestinian archaeology

Author: Joel F. Drinkard,Gerald L. Mattingly,James Maxwell Miller,Joseph A. Callaway

Publisher: Amer School of Oriental


Category: History

Page: 487

View: 1041


An introduction to the history and methodology of Syro-Palestinian archaeology. These essays in honor of Joseph A Callaway, one of the fathers of Biblical Archaeology, whose rigorous methodology laid the foundations of a Near Eastern archaeology concerned with more than merely supporting Biblical stories.

The Ethnoarchaeology of the Zaghawa of Darfur (Sudan)

Settlement and Transcience

Author: Natalie Tobert

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 1164


A study of the village settlement, the domestic life cycle, seasonal activity, ceramic production, `mobility, stability, fluidity'.

Archaeology at the North-east Anatolian Frontier, VI

An Ethnoarchaeological Study of Sos Höyük and Yiğittaşı Village

Author: Liza Hopkins

Publisher: Peeters

ISBN: 9789042911550

Category: History

Page: 199

View: 8840


The creation of a model to explain the transforms between behaviour and material remains is the underlying, structuring principle of ethnoarchaeology. Despite the value of this interpretative paradigm for archaeology in broadening the interpretative bases upon which archaeological analysis is carried out, very few studies have focused on the Near East. The approach taken by this research project has attempted to characterise similarities and differences in each of the settlement levels at the ancient mound site of Sos Hoyuk. Analogy is drawn between the processes and conditions that structure behaviour in a modern village setting and the patterning left behind by such processes in the past. Although the village of Yigittasi is located on the same site as the ancient settlements of Sos Hoyuk, there is no simple correspondence between modern and ancient.

Ethnoarchaeology of Yamuna valley

Author: Pradeep M. Saklani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788177021462

Category: Social Science

Page: 156

View: 7705


Dr. Pradeep M. Saklani (b 1962), is presently Reader in the Department of History including Ancient Indian History, Cultural and Archaeology, H. N. B. Garhwal University, Srinagar Garhwal Uttranachal. Dr. Saklani has been closely associated with extensive explorations and excavations in the central Himalayan region. He has also been associated with a number of research projects on serving traditions, technologies and Ethnoarchaeology in central Himalaya, sponsored by U. G. C. and ministry of Tourism and Cultural, New Delhi. Dr. Saklani contributed more than 20 research papers in, national and international journals, besides supervising 6 doctoral studies. He is co-outhor of the book "Central Himalayn" (Bibliographic References on Archaeology, Culture and History), which^ includes the bibliographic compilation of the important writing on Prehistoric, Proto-historic and historical archaeology besides early and medieval history of the region including temple architecture, iconography, religion, religious festivals, rituals, beliefs and tradition in this region.