Applied Meta-Analysis for Social Science Research

Author: Noel A. Card

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462525008

Category: Psychology

Page: 377

View: 5658

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Offering pragmatic guidance for planning and conducting a meta-analytic review, this book is written in an engaging, nontechnical style that makes it ideal for graduate course use or self-study. The author shows how to identify questions that can be answered using meta-analysis, retrieve both published and unpublished studies, create a coding manual, use traditional and unique effect size indices, and write a meta-analytic review. An ongoing example illustrates meta-analytic techniques. In addition to the fundamentals, the book discusses more advanced topics, such as artifact correction, random- and mixed-effects models, structural equation representations, and multivariate procedures. User-friendly features include annotated equations; discussions of alternative approaches; and "Practical Matters" sections that give advice on topics not often discussed in other books, such as linking meta-analytic results with theory and the utility of meta-analysis software programs. ÿ

Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging, Second Edition

Biological and Psychosocial Perspectives

Author: Carolyn M. Aldwin, Ph.D.,Diane Fox Gilmer, Ph.D.

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826193471

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 2776

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"Aldwin and Gilmer have supplied an interesting textual model for examining health, illness, and aging. Their homogenized approach to aging research is refreshing and insightful."--Anthropology and Aging Quarterly "Clearly written at a level for college students, this is an excellent resource on aging...Highly recommended.--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries Spanning the biological and psychosocial aspects of aging, this upper-level undergraduate and graduate text integrates current findings in biology, psychology, and the social sciences to provide comprehensive, multidisciplinary coverage of the aging process. This new edition incorporates the tremendous amount of research that has come to light since the first edition was published. From a physical perspective, the text examines age-related changes and disease-related processes, the demography of the aging population, aging theories, and how to promote optimal aging. Coverage of the psychosocial aspects of aging encompasses mental health, stress and coping, spirituality, and caregiving in later years. The authors address demographic, theoretical, and methodological issues on aging, including a worldwide overview of aging demographics. The book reviews biological and psychosocial theories and offers much-needed information on longitudinal design and statistics as they relate to aging research. It discusses the aging of the major organ systems, the brain and sensory systems, and the endocrine and immune systems; basic anatomy and physiology; normal, impaired, and optimal aging; and functional health. Psychosocial factors that affect health are addressed, including the interplay between physical health and mental health, stress, coping, and social support. The text also covers current issues in social gerontology, including such promising new trends as gerontechnology and Green Houses, and provides information on health promotion programs. New to the Second Edition: Information involving retirement, volunteer opportunities, housing, and adaptation to health changes Coverage of economics and aging, including information on social security and other retirement income and the future of Medicare and Medicaid Significant new information about the regulatory systems Revised and updated chapters on death and dying and optimal aging Discussions on two models of optimal aging and valuable tips for its promotion URLs to relevant websites for additional information

Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis

A Step-by-Step Approach

Author: Harris Cooper

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412937051

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 6923

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Providing researchers with a practical and accessible advice, the Fourth Edition of the lauded Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis offers thoroughly updated information. Author Harris M. Cooper draws on more than 30 years of experience to show readers how to conduct a comprehensive synthesis of past research.

Handbook of Developmental Research Methods

Author: Brett Laursen,Todd D. Little,Noel A. Card

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1609189515

Category: Social Science

Page: 788

View: 2148

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Appropriate for use in developmental research methods or analysis of change courses, this is the first methods handbook specifically designed to meet the needs of those studying development. Leading developmental methodologists present cutting-edge analytic tools and describe how and when to use them, in accessible, nontechnical language. They also provide valuable guidance for strengthening developmental research with designs that anticipate potential sources of bias. Throughout the chapters, research examples demonstrate the procedures in action and give readers a better understanding of how to match research questions to developmental methods. The companion website (www.guilford.com/laursen-materials) supplies data and program syntax files for many of the chapter examples.

Methods of meta-analysis

correcting error and bias in research findings

Author: John Edward Hunter,Frank L. Schmidt

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 9673

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Meta-analysis is arguably the most important methodological innovation in the social and behavioral sciences in the last 25 years. Developed to offer researchers an informative account of which methods are most useful in integrating research findings across studies, this book will enable the reader to apply, as well as understand, meta-analytic methods. Rather than taking an encyclopedic approach, the authors have focused on carefully developing those techniques that are most applicable to social science research, and have given a general conceptual description of more complex and rarely-used techniques. Fully revised and updated, Methods of Meta-Analysis, Second Edition is the most comprehensive text on meta-analysis available today.

Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods

Author: Professor Leonard Bickman,Leonard Bickman,Debra J. Rog,Rog Debra J,MS Debra J Rog

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761906728

Category: Social Science

Page: 580

View: 462

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The Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods shows how to make intelligent and conscious decisions so that researchers can refine and hone their research questions as new knowledge is gained, unanticipated obstacles are encountered, or contextual shifts take place - all key elements in the iterative nature of applied research. With examples and illustrations from the authors' own experiences, this book gives readers a practical guide to conducting applied research.

Meta-analysis

New Developments and Applications in Medical and Social Sciences

Author: Ralf Schulze,Heinz Holling,Dankmar Böhning

Publisher: Cambridge, MA ; Toronto : Hogrefe & Huber

ISBN: 9780889372665

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 8544

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Table of Contents Preface bull; Part I Theory bull; Homogeneity Tests in Meta-Analysis, Joachim Hartung, Dogan Arga and Kepher Makambi bull; Meta-Analysis: A General Principle for Estimating Heterogeneity - Variance in Several Models, Uwe Malzahn bull; Differences in the Results of Three Meta-Analytical Approaches: Myths and Reality, Ralf Schulze, Heinz Holling, Heiko Gromann, Andreas Jutting and Michaela Brocke bull; An Alternative Test Procedure for Meta-Analysis, Joachim Hartung and Guido Knapp bull; Statistical Tests for the Detection of Bias in Meta-Analysis, Guido Schwarzer, Gerd Antes and Martin Schumacher bull; Issues of Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies, Wilhelm Sauerbrei and Maria Blettner bull; Meta-Analysis in the Evaluation of Medical Treatments, Armin Koch and Joachim Rohmel bull; Will it Work in Munster? Meta-Analysis and the Empirical Generalization of Causal Relationships, Georg E. Matt bull; Meta-Analysis - Not Just Research Synthesis! Uwe Czienskowski bull; Part II Applications bull; The Application of Methods of Meta-Analysis for Heterogeneity Modeling in Quality Control and Assurance, Dankmar Bohning and Uwe-Peter Dammann bull; Influential Factors for Sensitivity and Specificity for Serodiagnosis of Human and Porcine Trichinellosis, Matthias Greiner, Karl Wegscheider, Dankmar Bohning and Susanne Dahms bull; Meta-Analysis in Hospital and Clinical Epidemiology, Ekkehart Dietz and Klaus Weist bull; A Generalized Linear Model Incorporating Measurement Error and Heterogeneity Applied to Meta-Analysis of Published Results in Hodgkin's Disease, Jeremy Franklin bull; The Influence of Design Variables onthe Results of Controlled Clinical Trials on Antidepressants: A Meta-Analysis, Claudia Schochlin, Jurgen Klein, Dorothee Abraham-Rudolf, and Rolf R. Engel bull; On the Moderating Effect of the Principle of Compatibility and Multidimensionality of Beliefs: A Meta-Analysi

Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy

Author: Evan Ringquist

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118190130

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 592

View: 5875

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Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy is agroundbreaking book that includes a proven set of tools for makingsense of mountains of sometimes inconsistent conclusions fromoriginal research. The tools of meta-analysis can help to improvescholarship, ensure more accurate tests of theories, provideclearer and more authoritative advice for policy and management,and ultimately contribute to the wider knowledge base of publicmanagement and policy and the social sciences more broadly. This important resource contains an in-depth explanation of thesix-stage process for conducting a meta-analysis which consists ofScoping, Literature Search, Data Coding, Calculating and CombiningEffect Sizes, Explaining Differences in Effect Sizes AcrossOriginal Studies, and Identifying Areas for Further Research. Thetext includes detailed explanations of the statistical approachesto meta-analysis that have been found to be most useful toresearchers and practitioners in public management and policy, andoffers four original meta-analyses of school vouchers, performancemeasurement, public housing decentralization, and public servicemotivation. These original studies (conducted by the author and histeam) offer step-by-step templates for how to conduct ameta-analysis while also contributing original research onimportant issues in public management and policy. Meta-Analysis for Public Management and Policy is thehands-on resource that can help students and professionals improvethe quality and the relevance of research in public management andpolicy.

Nonresponse in Social Science Surveys

A Research Agenda

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on a Research Agenda for the Future of Social Science Data Collection

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309272475

Category: Social Science

Page: 166

View: 6616

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For many household surveys in the United States, responses rates have been steadily declining for at least the past two decades. A similar decline in survey response can be observed in all wealthy countries. Efforts to raise response rates have used such strategies as monetary incentives or repeated attempts to contact sample members and obtain completed interviews, but these strategies increase the costs of surveys. This review addresses the core issues regarding survey nonresponse. It considers why response rates are declining and what that means for the accuracy of survey results. These trends are of particular concern for the social science community, which is heavily invested in obtaining information from household surveys. The evidence to date makes it apparent that current trends in nonresponse, if not arrested, threaten to undermine the potential of household surveys to elicit information that assists in understanding social and economic issues. The trends also threaten to weaken the validity of inferences drawn from estimates based on those surveys. High nonresponse rates create the potential or risk for bias in estimates and affect survey design, data collection, estimation, and analysis. The survey community is painfully aware of these trends and has responded aggressively to these threats. The interview modes employed by surveys in the public and private sectors have proliferated as new technologies and methods have emerged and matured. To the traditional trio of mail, telephone, and face-to-face surveys have been added interactive voice response (IVR), audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI), web surveys, and a number of hybrid methods. Similarly, a growing research agenda has emerged in the past decade or so focused on seeking solutions to various aspects of the problem of survey nonresponse; the potential solutions that have been considered range from better training and deployment of interviewers to more use of incentives, better use of the information collected in the data collection, and increased use of auxiliary information from other sources in survey design and data collection. Nonresponse in Social Science Surveys: A Research Agenda also documents the increased use of information collected in the survey process in nonresponse adjustment.

The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods

Author: Leonard Bickman,MS Debra J Rog

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412950317

Category: Social Science

Page: 661

View: 8881

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The SAGE Handbook of Applied Social Research Methods, Second Edition provides students and researchers with the most comprehensive resource covering core methods, research designs, and data collection, management, and analysis issues. This thoroughly revised edition continues to place critical emphasis on finding the tools that best fit the research question given the constraints of deadlines, budget, and available staff. Each chapter offers key guidance on how to make intelligent and conscious tradeoffs so that one can refine and hone the research question as new knowledge is gained, unanticipated obstacles are encountered, or contextual shifts take place - all key elements in the iterative nature of applied research. Each chapter has been enhanced pedagogically to include more step-by-step procedures, specific, rich yet practical examples from various settings to illustrate the method, parameters to define when the method is most appropriate and when it is not appropriate, and greater use of visual aids (graphs, models, tip boxes) to provide teaching and learning tools. - twenty core chapters written by research experts that cover major methods and data analysis issues across the social and behavioral sciences, education, and management; - emphasis on applying research techniques, particularly in "real-world" settings in which there are various data, money, time, and political constraints; - new chapters on mixed methods, qualitative comparative analysis, concept mapping, and internet data collection; - a newly developed section that serves as a guide for students who are navigating through the book and attempting to translate the chapters into action; - a new Instructor's Resources CD, with relevant journal articles, test questions, and exercises to aid the instructor in developing appropriate course materials.

Applied Multiple Regression/Correlation Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Patricia Cohen,Stephen G. West,Leona S. Aiken

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135468257

Category: Psychology

Page: 545

View: 1682

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This classic text on multiple regression is noted for its nonmathematical, applied, and data-analytic approach. Readers profit from its verbal-conceptual exposition and frequent use of examples. The applied emphasis provides clear illustrations of the principles and provides worked examples of the types of applications that are possible. Researchers learn how to specify regression models that directly address their research questions. An overview of the fundamental ideas of multiple regression and a review of bivariate correlation and regression and other elementary statistical concepts provide a strong foundation for understanding the rest of the text. The third edition features an increased emphasis on graphics and the use of confidence intervals and effect size measures, and an accompanying CD with data for most of the numerical examples along with the computer code for SPSS, SAS, and SYSTAT. Applied Multiple Regression serves as both a textbook for graduate students and as a reference tool for researchers in psychology, education, health sciences, communications, business, sociology, political science, anthropology, and economics. An introductory knowledge of statistics is required. Self-standing chapters minimize the need for researchers to refer to previous chapters.

The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods

Author: Bruce Thyer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452278881

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 3532

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Click on the Supplements tab above for further details on the different versions of SPSS programs. The canonical Handbook is completely updated with more student-friendly features The Handbook of Social Work Research Methods is a cutting-edge volume that covers all the major topics that are relevant for Social Work Research methods. Edited by Bruce Thyer and containing contributions by leading authorities, this Handbook covers both qualitative and quantitative approaches as well as a section that delves into more general issues such as evidence based practice, ethics, gender, ethnicity, International Issues, integrating both approaches, and applying for grants. New to this Edition More content on qualitative methods and mixed methods More coverage of evidence-based practice More support to help students effectively use the Internet A companion Web site at www.sagepub.com/thyerhdbk2e containing a test bank and PowerPoint slides for instructors and relevant SAGE journal articles for students. This Handbook serves as a primary text in the methods courses in MSW programs and doctoral level programs. It can also be used as a reference and research design tool for anyone doing scholarly research in social work or human services.

Methods of Meta-Analysis

Correcting Error and Bias in Research Findings

Author: John E Hunter,Frank L. Schmidt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412909120

Category: Social Science

Page: 582

View: 7918

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Covering the most important developments in meta-analysis from 1990 to 2004, this text presents new patterns in research findings as well as updated information on existing topics.

Applications of Research Methodology

Author: Thomas E. Scruggs,Margo A. Mastropieri

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0762312955

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 7885

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Research in learning and behavioral disabilities, employing a variety of methods and techniques, has provided information relevant to practitioners. This volume discusses, applies and evaluates different methodological approaches to learning and behavioral disorder research; and serves as a reference to educators, researchers, and others.

Meta-Analysis

Quantitative Methods for Research Synthesis

Author: Fredric Marc Wolf,Fredric M. Wolf

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803927568

Category: Medical

Page: 65

View: 4385

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Meta-Analysis shows concisely, yet comprehensively, how to apply statistical methods to achieve a literature review of a common research domain. It demonstrates the use of combined tests and measures of effect size to synthesize quantitatively the results of independent studies for both group differences and correlations. Strengths and weaknesses of alternative approaches, as well as of meta-analysis in general, are presented.

Meta-Analysis of Controlled Clinical Trials

Author: Anne Whitehead

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470854197

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 5422

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Over the last twenty years there has been a dramatic upsurge in the application of meta-analysis to medical research. This has mainly been due to greater emphasis on evidence-based medicine and the need for reliable summaries of the vast and expanding volume of clinical research. At the same time there have been great strides in the development and refinement of the associated statistical methodology. This book describes the planning, conduct and reporting of a meta-analysis as applied to a series of randomized controlled clinical trials. * The various approaches are presented within a general unified framework. * Meta-analysis techniques are described in detail, from their theoretical development through to practical implementation. * Each topic discussed is supported by detailed worked examples. * A comparison of fixed and random effects approaches is included, as well as a discussion of Bayesian methods and cumulative meta-analysis. * Fully documented programs using standard statistical procedures in SAS are available on the Web. Ideally suited for practising statisticians and statistically-minded medical professionals, the book will also be of use to graduate students of medical statistics. The book is a self-contained and comprehensive account of the subject and an essential purchase for anyone involved in clinical trials.

The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology

Author: Roger E Millsap,Alberto Maydeu-Olivares

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144620667X

Category: Psychology

Page: 800

View: 9290

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`I often... wonder to myself whether the field needs another book, handbook, or encyclopedia on this topic. In this case I think that the answer is truly yes. The handbook is well focused on important issues in the field, and the chapters are written by recognized authorities in their fields. The book should appeal to anyone who wants an understanding of important topics that frequently go uncovered in graduate education in psychology' - David C Howell, Professor Emeritus, University of Vermont Quantitative psychology is arguably one of the oldest disciplines within the field of psychology and nearly all psychologists are exposed to quantitative psychology in some form. While textbooks in statistics, research methods and psychological measurement exist, none offer a unified treatment of quantitative psychology. The SAGE Handbook of Quantitative Methods in Psychology does just that. Each chapter covers a methodological topic with equal attention paid to established theory and the challenges facing methodologists as they address new research questions using that particular methodology. The reader will come away from each chapter with a greater understanding of the methodology being addressed as well as an understanding of the directions for future developments within that methodological area. Drawing on a global scholarship, the Handbook is divided into seven parts: Part One: Design and Inference: addresses issues in the inference of causal relations from experimental and non-experimental research, along with the design of true experiments and quasi-experiments, and the problem of missing data due to various influences such as attrition or non-compliance. Part Two: Measurement Theory: begins with a chapter on classical test theory, followed by the common factor analysis model as a model for psychological measurement. The models for continuous latent variables in item-response theory are covered next, followed by a chapter on discrete latent variable models as represented in latent class analysis. Part Three: Scaling Methods: covers metric and non-metric scaling methods as developed in multidimensional scaling, followed by consideration of the scaling of discrete measures as found in dual scaling and correspondence analysis. Models for preference data such as those found in random utility theory are covered next. Part Four: Data Analysis: includes chapters on regression models, categorical data analysis, multilevel or hierarchical models, resampling methods, robust data analysis, meta-analysis, Bayesian data analysis, and cluster analysis. Part Five: Structural Equation Models: addresses topics in general structural equation modeling, nonlinear structural equation models, mixture models, and multilevel structural equation models. Part Six: Longitudinal Models: covers the analysis of longitudinal data via mixed modeling, time series analysis and event history analysis. Part Seven: Specialized Models: covers specific topics including the analysis of neuro-imaging data and functional data-analysis.

Evidence and Evaluation in Social Policy

Author: Ian Greener,Bent Greve

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111881651X

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 2932

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By examining the role of evidence in social policymaking and the extent of its influence, Evidence and Evaluation in Social Policy delves deeply into one of the central questions of the field for the last 20 years. Chronicles the trend towards evidence-based policy over the last decade Assesses the ways in which scarce resources can best be used for the best care, particularly in times of austerity Describes methodological innovation, the ways in which researchers and politicians are working together effectively, and suggestions for future improvement Covers topics such as the role of randomized controlled trials in shaping public policy; the pitfalls of evidence-based policy as a prescriptive ideal; the challenges of measuring public support for policy interventions; and the benefits of engaging local government decision-makers with evaluation research

Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research

A Practical Guide to Meta-Analysis and Meta-Synthesis

Author: Barbara L. Paterson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924159

Category: Medical

Page: 162

View: 7410

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Meta-study is an exciting new opportunity for the analysis and synthesis of qualitative research findings. Over the last two decades, a wide range of methods and approaches originating from the social and health sciences have provided a wealth of new knowledge sources from which to develop theory. This book provides step-by-step directions for how to conduct a meta-study, as well as recommendations for tools and standards for the application of this approach. Meta-study entails an exhaustive analysis of the theory, method, and findings of research in a substantive area. These analytic processes form the foundation upon which a credible synthesis of new knowledge can be explored. Meta-study permits investigators to: { look beyond individual findings { critically interpret variations and contradictions in the body of available research { move toward the potential for knowledge synthesis The authors of this timely volume: { differentiate between meta-analysis and meta-synthesis { write in a how-to style { illustrate each step with examples from their own meta-study projects in the substantive field of chronic illness { use their own experience with performing a meta-study to explain the process, including past mistakes and retrospective insight