Computational Network Analysis with R

Applications in Biology, Medicine and Chemistry

Author: Matthias Dehmer,Yongtang Shi,Frank Emmert-Streib

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527694404

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 7410

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This new title in the well-established "Quantitative Network Biology" series includes innovative and existing methods for analyzing network data in such areas as network biology and chemoinformatics. With its easy-to-follow introduction to the theoretical background and application-oriented chapters, the book demonstrates that R is a powerful language for statistically analyzing networks and for solving such large-scale phenomena as network sampling and bootstrapping. Written by editors and authors with an excellent track record in the field, this is the ultimate reference for R in Network Analysis.

Principles and Values in Criminal Law and Criminal Justice

Essays in Honour of Andrew Ashworth

Author: Lucia Zedner,Julian V. Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199696799

Category: Law

Page: 333

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Bringing together leading international scholars, this volume explores questions of principle and value in criminal law and criminal justice. The collected essays celebrate the scholarship of Andrew Ashworth, Vinerian Professor of English Law at the University of Oxford. Andrew Ashworth's influence upon criminal law, criminal justice, and punishment has been immense. This work celebrates that influence. Ashworth is renowned, not least, for hiscommitment to elaborating a body of principles and values that should underpin criminalization, the criminal process, and sentencing. The essays in this volume advance his project of exploring normative issuesat the heart of criminal law and criminal justice. The contributing authors have written highly original essays examining issues and topics to which Ashworth has made a particular contribution.

Social Sequence Analysis

Methods and Applications

Author: Benjamin Cornwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316368866

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

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Social sequence analysis includes a diverse and rapidly growing body of methods that social scientists have developed to help study complex ordered social processes, including chains of transitions, trajectories and other ordered phenomena. Social sequence analysis is not limited by content or time scale and can be used in many different fields, including sociology, communication, information science and psychology. Social Sequence Analysis aims to bring together both foundational and recent theoretical and methodological work on social sequences from the last thirty years. A unique reference book for a new generation of social scientists, this book will aid demographers who study life-course trajectories and family histories, sociologists who study career paths or work/family schedules, communication scholars and micro-sociologists who study conversation, interaction structures and small-group dynamics, as well as social epidemiologists.

Dielectric Relaxation in Biological Systems

Physical Principles, Methods, and Applications

Author: Valerica Raicu,Yuri Feldman

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191510041

Category: Science

Page: 432

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The study of dielectric properties of biological systems and their components is important not only for fundamental scientific knowledge but also for its applications in medicine, biology, and biotechnology. The associated technique - known as dielectric spectroscopy - has enabled researchers to quickly and accurately acquire time- or frequency-spectra of permittivity and conductivity and permitted the derivation and testing of realistic electrical models for cells and organelles. This text covers the theoretical basis and practical aspects of the study of dielectric properties of biological systems, such as water, electrolyte and polyelectrolytes, solutions of biological macromolecules, cells suspensions and cellular systems. The authors' combined efforts provide a comprehensive and cohesive book that takes advantage of the expertise of multiple scientists involved in cutting-edge research in the specific sub-fields of bio-dielectric spectroscopy while maintaining its self-consistency through numerous discussions. The first six chapters cover theoretical, methodological and experimental aspects of relaxation and dispersion in biological dielectrics at molecular, cellular and cellular aggregate level. Applications are presented in the following chapters which are organized in the order of increased complexity, beginning with pure water, amino acids and proteins, continuing with vesicles and simple cells such as erythrocytes, and then with more complex, organelle-containing cells and cellular aggregates. Due to its broad coverage, the text could be used as a reference book by researchers, and as a textbook for upper-level undergraduate classes and graduate classes in (bio) physics, medical physics, quantitative biology, and engineering.

Generating Random Networks and Graphs

Author: Alessia Annibale,Ton Coolen,Ekaterina Roberts

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198709897

Category:

Page: 310

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Generating random networks efficiently and accurately is an important challenge for practical applications, and an interesting question for theoretical study. This book presents and discusses common methods of generating random graphs. It begins with approaches such as Exponential Random Graph Models, where the targeted probability of each network appearing in the ensemble is specified. This section also includes degree-preserving randomisation algorithms, where the aim is to generate networks with the correct number of links at each node, and care must be taken to avoid introducing a bias. Separately, it looks at growth style algorithms (e.g. preferential attachment) which aim to model a real process and then to analyse the resulting ensemble of graphs. It also covers how to generate special types of graphs including modular graphs, graphs with community structure and temporal graphs. The book is aimed at the graduate student or advanced undergraduate. It includes many worked examples and open questions making it suitable for use in teaching. Explicit pseudocode algorithms are included throughout the book to make the ideas straightforward to apply. With larger and larger datasets, it is crucial to have practical and well-understood tools. Being able to test a hypothesis against a properly specified control case is at the heart of the 'scientific method'. Hence, knowledge on how to generate controlled and unbiased random graph ensembles is vital for anybody wishing to apply network science in their research.

Bayesian Theory and Applications

Author: David A. Stephens

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199695601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 702

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This volume guides the reader along a statistical journey that begins with the basic structure of Bayesian theory, and then provides details on most of the past and present advances in this field.

Basic Structures of Reality

Essays in Meta-Physics

Author: Colin McGinn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190208317

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

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In Basic Structures of Reality, Colin McGinn deals with questions of metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of mind from the vantage point of physics. Combining general philosophy with physics, he covers such topics as the definition of matter, the nature of space, motion, gravity, electromagnetic fields, the character of physical knowledge, and consciousness and meaning. Throughout, McGinn maintains an historical perspective and seeks to determine how much we really know of the world described by physics. He defends a version of "structuralism": the thesis that our knowledge is partial and merely abstract, leaving a large epistemological gap at the center of physics. McGinn then connects this element of mystery to parallel mysteries in relation to the mind. Consciousness emerges as just one more mystery of physics. A theory of matter and space is developed, according to which the impenetrability of matter is explained as the deletion of volumes of space. McGinn proposes a philosophy of science that distinguishes physics from both psychology and biology, explores the ontology of energy, and considers the relevance of physics to seemingly remote fields such as the theory of meaning. In the form of a series of aphorisms, the author presents a metaphysical system that takes laws of nature as fundamental. With its broad scope and deep study of the fundamental questions at the heart of philosophy of physics, this book is not intended primarily for specialists, but for the general philosophical reader interested in how physics and philosophy intersect.

Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Author: Michael Wolf-Branigin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199841462

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

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Complexity as a paradigm has been underutilized by social work, but this cutting-edge pocket guide makes a convincing argument for its use. Every agency worker has been faced with a deluge of records, making it difficult to grasp onto structures and trends undergirding behavior. Complexity theory studies the interactions of competitive and cooperative tendencies of agents such as individuals, families, groups, or communities, making the case that there is a hidden order in things that are seemingly chaotic. Exploring their interactions involves identifying a set of simple rules that the agents follow, revealing patterns that emerge without a predetermined template. Readers will learn how to frame their research using the components found in complex systems by using their existing knowledge of research methods and applying basic mathematical concepts. Concepts such as bordering between chaos and equilibrium, diverse perspectives, diverse heuristics, robustness, and wisdom of crowds are considered and applied to social work research studies. Basic introductions on game theory, graph theory, Boolean logic, decision theory, and network science provide the necessary mathematical background for understanding interconnectedness and networking. The next part of the book is a hands-on guide to the agent-based modeling software NetLogo. By inputting initial parameters and rules, the outputted models provide valuable information for visualizing unintended consequences, including how conflict can foster cooperation and how threats to a social network can improve the network's robustness and resiliency. The result is both a user-friendly introduction to using complexity theory in a socio-environmental context and a framework that provides an overarching structure for investigating process, outcomes, and the collective behavior of groups.

Stereotype Threat

Theory, Process, and Application

Author: Michael Inzlicht,Toni Schmader

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199732442

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 4730

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Why do various racial, ethnic, religious, and gender groups differ in academic and job performance? Standard explanations for these disparities typically invoke either biological or socialization perspectives. Some argue that women and minorities are genetically endowed with inferior abilities, while others argue that members of these demographic groups are products of environments that frustrate the development of the skills needed for success. The research summarized in this book, however, suggests that subtle reminders of cultural stereotypes play a critical yet underappreciated role in interfering with intellectual performance and in creating an illusion of group differences in ability.

Typologies and Taxonomies

An Introduction to Classification Techniques

Author: Kenneth D. Bailey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803952591

Category: Reference

Page: 90

View: 383

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How do we group different subjects on a variety of variables? Should we use a classification procedure in which only the concepts are classified (typology), one in which only empirical entities are classified (taxonomy), or a combination of both? Kenneth D Bailey addresses these questions and shows how classification methods can be used to improve research. Beginning with an exploration of the advantages and disadvantages of classification procedures, the book covers topics such as: clustering procedures including agglomerative and divisive methods; the relationship among various classification techniques; how clustering methods compare with related statistical techniques; classification resources; and software packages fo

The Development of Persistent Criminality

Author: Joanne Savage

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195310314

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 6643

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This volume bridges the gap between the criminological literature, which has recently focused on the existence of various criminal trajectories, and the developmental psychology literature, which has focused on risk factors for conduct problems and delinquency.

The Idea of Human Rights

Author: Charles R. Beitz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199604371

Category: Law

Page: 256

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Human rights have become one of the most important moral concepts in global political life over the last 60 years. Charles Beitz, one of the world's leading philosophers, offers a compelling new examination of the idea of a human right.

Attention

From Theory to Practice

Author: Arthur F. Kramer,Douglas A. Wiegmann,Alex Kirlik

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195305728

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 9900

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Attention has been one of the most popular subjects in basic cognitive-psychology research, and so its study has generated much empirical data and many theoretical explanations. Leading researchers explain how advantage can be taken of all the knowledge amassed on attention in basic-science research.

Behavioral and Social Science

50 Years of Discovery

Author: Neil J. Smelser,Dean R. Gerstein

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 6795

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In 1933, President Herbert Hoover commissioned the "Ogburn Report," a comprehensive study of social trends in the United States. Fifty years later, a symposium of noted social and behavioural scientists marked the report's anniversary with a book of their own from the Commission on Behavioural and Social Sciences and Education. The 10 chapters presented here relate the developments detailed in the "Ogburn Report" to modern social trends. This book discusses recent major strides in the social and behavioural sciences, including sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, and linguistics.

Social Finance

Author: James Emerson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198703767

Category: Finance

Page: 400

View: 8959

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'Social Finance' brings together rapid advances in what used to be called socially responsible investment. For example, finance for green businesses, and to support economic development both in deprived areas and developing countries.

Connections in Combinatorial Optimization

Author: András Frank

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199205272

Category: Mathematics

Page: 664

View: 8728

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Filling the gap between introductory and encyclopedic treatments, this book provides rich and appealing material for a second course in combinatorial optimization. This book is suitable for graduate students as well as a reference for established researchers.

Handbook of Combinatorial Optimization

Supplement

Author: Ding-Zhu Du

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792359241

Category: Computers

Page: 648

View: 8087

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This volume can be considered as a supplementary volume to the major three-volume Handbook of Combinatorial Optimization published by Kluwer. It can also be regarded as a stand-alone volume which presents chapters dealing with various aspects of the subject including optimization problems and algorithmic approaches for discrete problems. Audience: All those who use combinatorial optimization methods to model and solve problems.

Ethnicity and Social Work Practice

Author: Carole B. Cox Catholic University of America,Paul H. Ephross Professor of Social Work and Clinical Professor of Psychiatry University of Maryland at Baltimore

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198025971

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5299

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Motor Control

Theories, Experiments, and Applications

Author: Frédéric Danion,Mark L. Latash

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195395271

Category: Medical

Page: 511

View: 4765

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Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. The book offers a collection of chapters written by the most prominent researchers in the field.