The Finite Element Method: Theory, Implementation, and Applications

Author: Mats G. Larson,Fredrik Bengzon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642332870

Category: Computers

Page: 395

View: 1610

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book gives an introduction to the finite element method as a general computational method for solving partial differential equations approximately. Our approach is mathematical in nature with a strong focus on the underlying mathematical principles, such as approximation properties of piecewise polynomial spaces, and variational formulations of partial differential equations, but with a minimum level of advanced mathematical machinery from functional analysis and partial differential equations. In principle, the material should be accessible to students with only knowledge of calculus of several variables, basic partial differential equations, and linear algebra, as the necessary concepts from more advanced analysis are introduced when needed. Throughout the text we emphasize implementation of the involved algorithms, and have therefore mixed mathematical theory with concrete computer code using the numerical software MATLAB is and its PDE-Toolbox. We have also had the ambition to cover some of the most important applications of finite elements and the basic finite element methods developed for those applications, including diffusion and transport phenomena, solid and fluid mechanics, and also electromagnetics.​

Development and Application of the Finite Element Method based on MatLab

Author: Herbert Baaser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642131530

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 64

View: 1434

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The intention of this booklet is a brief but general introduction into the treatment of the Finite Element Method (FEM). The FEM has become the leading method in computer–oriented mechanics, so that many scienti?c brancheshavegrownup besides overthelastdecades. Nevertheless,theFEM today is a question of economy. On the one hand its industrial application is forced to reduce product development costs and time, on the other hand a large number of commercial FEM codes and a still growing number of software for e?ective pre– and postprocessors are available in the meantime. Due to that, today it is a quite challenging task to operate with all these di?erent tools at the same time and to understand all handling and so- tion techniques developed over the last years. So, we want to help in getting a deeper insight into the main “interfaces” between the “customers of the FEM” and the codes itself by providing a totally open structured FE–code based on Matlab, which is a very powerful tool in operating with matrix based formulations. That idea and conditions forced us some years ago to initiateDAEdalon as a tool for general FE developments in research appli- tions. In spite of still existing high sophisticated – mostly commercial – FE codes, the success and the acceptance of such a structured tool justify that decision afterwards more and more.

Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method

Author: Mark S. Gockenbach

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716144

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 3782

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The ?nite element method is the most powerful general-purpose technique for comput­ing accurate solutions to partial differential equations. Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method is essential reading for those interested in understanding both the theory and the implementation of the ?nite element method for equilibrium problems. This book contains a thorough derivation of the finite element equations as well as sections on programming the necessary calculations, solving the finite element equations, and using a posteriori error estimates to produce validated solutions. Accessible introductions to advanced topics, such as multigrid solvers, the hierarchical basis conjugate gradient method, and adaptive mesh generation, are provided. Each chapter ends with exercises to help readers master these topics. Understanding and Implementing the Finite Element Method includes a carefully documented collection of MATLAB® programs implementing the ideas presented in the book. Readers will bene?t from a careful explanation of data structures and speci?c coding strategies and will learn how to write a ?nite element code from scratch. Students can use the MATLAB codes to experiment with the method and extend them in various ways to learn more about programming ?nite elements. This practical book should provide an excellent foundation for those who wish to delve into advanced texts on the subject, including advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in mathematics, engineering, and the physical sciences.Preface; Part I: The Basic Framework for Stationary Problems. Chapter 1: Some Model PDEs; Chapter 2: The weak form of a BVP; Chapter 3: The Galerkin method; Chapter 4: Piecewise polynomials and the finite element method; Chapter 5: Convergence of the finite element method; Part II Data Structures and Implementation. Chapter 6: The mesh data structure; Chapter 7: Programming the finite element method: Linear Lagrange triangles; Chapter 8: Lagrange triangles of arbitrary degree; Chapter 9: The finite element method for general BVPs; Part III: Solving the Finite Element Equations. Chapter 10: Direct solution of sparse linear systems; Chapter 11: Iterative methods: Conjugate gradients; Chapter 12: The classical stationary iterations; Chapter 13: The multigrid method; Part IV: Adaptive Methods. Chapter 14: Adaptive mesh generation; Chapter 15: Error estimators and indicators; Bibliography; Index.

Advanced Finite Element Methods and Applications

Author: Thomas Apel,Olaf Steinbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642303161

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 376

View: 6754

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume on some recent aspects of finite element methods and their applications is dedicated to Ulrich Langer and Arnd Meyer on the occasion of their 60th birthdays in 2012. Their work combines the numerical analysis of finite element algorithms, their efficient implementation on state of the art hardware architectures, and the collaboration with engineers and practitioners. In this spirit, this volume contains contributions of former students and collaborators indicating the broad range of their interests in the theory and application of finite element methods. Topics cover the analysis of domain decomposition and multilevel methods, including hp finite elements, hybrid discontinuous Galerkin methods, and the coupling of finite and boundary element methods; the efficient solution of eigenvalue problems related to partial differential equations with applications in electrical engineering and optics; and the solution of direct and inverse field problems in solid mechanics.

Finite-Elemente-Methoden

Author: Klaus-Jürgen Bathe

Publisher: DrMaster Publications

ISBN: 9783540668060

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1253

View: 1530

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Dieses Lehr- und Handbuch behandelt sowohl die elementaren Konzepte als auch die fortgeschrittenen und zukunftsweisenden linearen und nichtlinearen FE-Methoden in Statik, Dynamik, Festkörper- und Fluidmechanik. Es wird sowohl der physikalische als auch der mathematische Hintergrund der Prozeduren ausführlich und verständlich beschrieben. Das Werk enthält eine Vielzahl von ausgearbeiteten Beispielen, Rechnerübungen und Programmlisten. Als Übersetzung eines erfolgreichen amerikanischen Lehrbuchs hat es sich in zwei Auflagen auch bei den deutschsprachigen Ingenieuren etabliert. Die umfangreichen Änderungen gegenüber der Vorauflage innerhalb aller Kapitel - vor allem aber der fortgeschrittenen - spiegeln die rasche Entwicklung innerhalb des letzten Jahrzehnts auf diesem Gebiet wieder. TOC:Eine Einführung in den Gebrauch von Finite-Elemente-Verfahren.-Vektoren, Matrizen und Tensoren.-Einige Grundbegriffe ingenieurwissenschaftlicher Berechnungen.-Formulierung der Methode der finiten Elemente.-Formulierung und Berechnung von isoparametrischen Finite-Elemente-Matrizen.-Nichtlineare Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen in der Festkörper- und Strukturmechanik.-Finite-Elemente-Berechnungen von Wärmeübertragungs- und Feldproblemen.-Lösung von Gleichgewichtsbeziehungen in statischen Berechnungen.-Lösung von Bewegungsgleichungen in kinetischen Berechnungen.-Vorbemerkungen zur Lösung von Eigenproblemen.-Lösungsverfahren für Eigenprobleme.-Implementierung der Finite-Elemente-Methode.

Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis

Linear Finite Element Analysis

Author: Ioannis Koutromanos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119260086

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 712

View: 2796

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An introductory textbook covering the fundamentals of linear finite element analysis (FEA) This book constitutes the first volume in a two-volume set that introduces readers to the theoretical foundations and the implementation of the finite element method (FEM). The first volume focuses on the use of the method for linear problems. A general procedure is presented for the finite element analysis (FEA) of a physical problem, where the goal is to specify the values of a field function. First, the strong form of the problem (governing differential equations and boundary conditions) is formulated. Subsequently, a weak form of the governing equations is established. Finally, a finite element approximation is introduced, transforming the weak form into a system of equations where the only unknowns are nodal values of the field function. The procedure is applied to one-dimensional elasticity and heat conduction, multi-dimensional steady-state scalar field problems (heat conduction, chemical diffusion, flow in porous media), multi-dimensional elasticity and structural mechanics (beams/shells), as well as time-dependent (dynamic) scalar field problems, elastodynamics and structural dynamics. Important concepts for finite element computations, such as isoparametric elements for multi-dimensional analysis and Gaussian quadrature for numerical evaluation of integrals, are presented and explained. Practical aspects of FEA and advanced topics, such as reduced integration procedures, mixed finite elements and verification and validation of the FEM are also discussed. Provides detailed derivations of finite element equations for a variety of problems. Incorporates quantitative examples on one-dimensional and multi-dimensional FEA. Provides an overview of multi-dimensional linear elasticity (definition of stress and strain tensors, coordinate transformation rules, stress-strain relation and material symmetry) before presenting the pertinent FEA procedures. Discusses practical and advanced aspects of FEA, such as treatment of constraints, locking, reduced integration, hourglass control, and multi-field (mixed) formulations. Includes chapters on transient (step-by-step) solution schemes for time-dependent scalar field problems and elastodynamics/structural dynamics. Contains a chapter dedicated to verification and validation for the FEM and another chapter dedicated to solution of linear systems of equations and to introductory notions of parallel computing. Includes appendices with a review of matrix algebra and overview of matrix analysis of discrete systems. Accompanied by a website hosting an open-source finite element program for linear elasticity and heat conduction, together with a user tutorial. Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis: Linear Finite Element Analysis is an ideal text for undergraduate and graduate students in civil, aerospace and mechanical engineering, finite element software vendors, as well as practicing engineers and anybody with an interest in linear finite element analysis.

Fundamentals of the Finite Element Method for Heat and Mass Transfer

Author: Perumal Nithiarasu,Roland W. Lewis,Kankanhalli N. Seetharamu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111853543X

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 1447

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Fundamentals of the Finite Element Method for Heat and Mass Transfer, Second Edition is a comprehensively updated new edition and is a unique book on the application of the finite element method to heat and mass transfer. • Addresses fundamentals, applications and computer implementation • Educational computer codes are freely available to download, modify and use • Includes a large number of worked examples and exercises • Fills the gap between learning and research

Implementation of Finite Element Methods for Navier-Stokes Equations

Author: F. Thomasset

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642870473

Category: Science

Page: 164

View: 9227

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In structure mechanics analysis, finite element methods are now well estab lished and well documented techniques; their advantage lies in a higher flexibility, in particular for: (i) The representation of arbitrary complicated boundaries; (ii) Systematic rules for the developments of stable numerical schemes ap proximating mathematically wellposed problems, with various types of boundary conditions. On the other hand, compared to finite difference methods, this flexibility is paid by: an increased programming complexity; additional storage require ment. The application of finite element methods to fluid mechanics has been lagging behind and is relatively recent for several types of reasons: (i) Historical reasons: the early methods were invented by engineers for the analysis of torsion, flexion deformation of bearns, plates, shells, etc ... (see the historics in Strang and Fix (1972) or Zienckiewicz (1977». (ii) Technical reasons: fluid flow problems present specific difficulties: strong gradients,l of the velocity or temperature for instance, may occur which a finite mesh is unable to properly represent; a remedy lies in the various upwind finite element schemes which recently turned up, and which are reviewed in chapter 2 (yet their effect is just as controversial as in finite differences). Next, waves can propagate (e.g. in ocean dynamics with shallowwaters equations) which will be falsely distorted by a finite non regular mesh, as Kreiss (1979) pointed out. We are concerned in this course with the approximation of incompressible, viscous, Newtonian fluids, i.e. governed by N avier Stokes equations.

The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method

Introduction to Theory and Implementation

Author: Chongmin Song

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119388457

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 3226

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An informative look at the theory, computer implementation, and application of the scaled boundary finite element method This reliable resource, complete with MATLAB, is an easy-to-understand introduction to the fundamental principles of the scaled boundary finite element method. It establishes the theory of the scaled boundary finite element method systematically as a general numerical procedure, providing the reader with a sound knowledge to expand the applications of this method to a broader scope. The book also presents the applications of the scaled boundary finite element to illustrate its salient features and potentials. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method: Introduction to Theory and Implementation covers the static and dynamic stress analysis of solids in two and three dimensions. The relevant concepts, theory and modelling issues of the scaled boundary finite element method are discussed and the unique features of the method are highlighted. The applications in computational fracture mechanics are detailed with numerical examples. A unified mesh generation procedure based on quadtree/octree algorithm is described. It also presents examples of fully automatic stress analysis of geometric models in NURBS, STL and digital images. Written in lucid and easy to understand language by the co-inventor of the scaled boundary element method Provides MATLAB as an integral part of the book with the code cross-referenced in the text and the use of the code illustrated by examples Presents new developments in the scaled boundary finite element method with illustrative examples so that readers can appreciate the significant features and potentials of this novel method—especially in emerging technologies such as 3D printing, virtual reality, and digital image-based analysis The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method: Introduction to Theory and Implementation is an ideal book for researchers, software developers, numerical analysts, and postgraduate students in many fields of engineering and science.

Introduction to Finite and Spectral Element Methods Using MATLAB, Second Edition

Author: Constantine Pozrikidis

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482209160

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 830

View: 5922

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Incorporating new topics and original material, Introduction to Finite and Spectral Element Methods Using MATLAB®, Second Edition enables readers to quickly understand the theoretical foundation and practical implementation of the finite element method and its companion spectral element method. Readers gain hands-on computational experience by using the free online FSELIB library of MATLAB® functions and codes. With the book as a user guide, readers can immediately run the codes and graphically display solutions to a variety of elementary and advanced problems. New to the Second Edition Two new chapters with updated material Updated detailed proofs and original derivations New schematic illustrations and graphs Additional solved problems Updated MATLAB software, including improved and new computer functions as well as complete finite element codes incorporating domain discretization modules in three dimensions Suitable for self-study or as a textbook in various science and engineering courses, this self-contained book introduces the fundamentals on a need-to-know basis and emphasizes the development of algorithms and the computer implementation of essential procedures. The text first explains basic concepts and develops the algorithms before addressing problems in solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, and structural mechanics.

Finite Element Method Electromagnetics

Antennas, Microwave Circuits, and Scattering Applications

Author: John L. Volakis,Arindam Chatterjee,Leo C. Kempel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780780334250

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 4290

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Employed in a large number of commercial electromagnetic simulation packages, the finite element method is one of the most popular and well-established numerical techniques in engineering. This book covers the theory, development, implementation, and application of the finite element method and its hybrid versions to electromagnetics. FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR ELECTROMAGNETICS begins with a step-by-step textbook presentation of the finite method and its variations then goes on to provide up-to-date coverage of three dimensional formulations and modern applications to open and closed domain problems. Worked out examples are included to aid the reader with the fine features of the method and the implementation of its hybridization with other techniques for a robust simulation of large scale radiation and scattering. The crucial treatment of local boundary conditions is carefully worked out in several stages in the book. Sponsored by: IEEE Antennas and Propagation Society.

Hybrid and Incompatible Finite Element Methods

Author: Theodore H.H. Pian,Chang-Chun Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203487699

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 3604

DOWNLOAD NOW »

While the theory and application of finite elements methods can be extended to incompatible, hybrid, and mixed element methods, important issues, such as determining the reliability of the solution of incompatible multivariable elements, along with a common perception of impracticality, have hindered the widespread implementation of these methods. Today, however, recent advances--many directly attributable to these authors--have allowed the development of the stability theory and abstract mathematics to useful tools. Hybrid and Incompatible Finite Element Methods introduces these advances in the theory and applications of incompatible and multivariable finite element methods. After an overview of the variation formulation of finite element methods in solid mechanics, the authors discuss the fundamental theory and systematically demonstrate the theoretical foundations of incompatible elements and their application to different problems in the theory of elasticity. They also introduce new ideas in the development of hybrid finite elements, study the numerical stability of the hybrid and mixed element, and establish the theory of zero energy deformation modes. The final chapters, explore applications to fracture problems, present a bound analysis for fracture parameters, and demonstrate an implementation of a finite element analysis program.

Extended Finite Element Method

Theory and Applications

Author: Amir R. Khoei

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118869680

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 8810

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Introduces the theory and applications of the extended finite element method (XFEM) in the linear and nonlinear problems of continua, structures and geomechanics Explores the concept of partition of unity, various enrichment functions, and fundamentals of XFEM formulation. Covers numerous applications of XFEM including fracture mechanics, large deformation, plasticity, multiphase flow, hydraulic fracturing and contact problems Accompanied by a website hosting source code and examples

The mathematics of finite elements and Applications V

Mafelap 1984

Author: J Whiteman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323143717

Category: Mathematics

Page: 668

View: 397

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The Mathematics of Finite Elements and Applications V is the summary of invited papers and the abstracts of the poster papers in the fifth conference on The Mathematics of Finite Elements and Applications, MAFELAP 1984, held at Brunei University in May 1984. Said symposium discussedfield of finite elements, including its techniques, theory, application, and implementation . The coverage of the book includes a wide range of mathematical topics under finite elements, including its method, calculations, analysis, and applications. The book also encompasses topics of computer-generated geometric design interface; modeling in an integrated computer design; and determination of dimensional field lines. Acidized channels in chalk formations, elastodynamics, stress analysis, and infinite elements are also discussed. The book also looks at isoparametric and hierarchical element procedures and Petrov-Galerkin methods. The text is recommended for mathematicians, engineers, and those in the field of information technology who would like to know more about finite elements and its applications in their respective fields.

Automated Solution of Differential Equations by the Finite Element Method

The FEniCS Book

Author: Anders Logg,Kent-Andre Mardal,Garth Wells

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642230997

Category: Computers

Page: 731

View: 5847

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book is a tutorial written by researchers and developers behind the FEniCS Project and explores an advanced, expressive approach to the development of mathematical software. The presentation spans mathematical background, software design and the use of FEniCS in applications. Theoretical aspects are complemented with computer code which is available as free/open source software. The book begins with a special introductory tutorial for beginners. Following are chapters in Part I addressing fundamental aspects of the approach to automating the creation of finite element solvers. Chapters in Part II address the design and implementation of the FEnicS software. Chapters in Part III present the application of FEniCS to a wide range of applications, including fluid flow, solid mechanics, electromagnetics and geophysics.

The Finite Element Method

Fundamentals and Applications in Civil, Hydraulic, Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering

Author: Zhu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119107334

Category: Mathematics

Page: 872

View: 6370

DOWNLOAD NOW »

A comprehensive review of the Finite Element Method (FEM), this book provides the fundamentals together with a wide range of applications in civil, mechanical and aeronautical engineering. It addresses both the theoretical and numerical implementation aspects of the FEM, providing examples in several important topics such as solid mechanics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, appealing to a wide range of engineering disciplines. Written by a renowned author and academician with the Chinese Academy of Engineering, The Finite Element Method would appeal to researchers looking to understand how the fundamentals of the FEM can be applied in other disciplines. Researchers and graduate students studying hydraulic, mechanical and civil engineering will find it a practical reference text.