Ancient Judaism

New Visions and Views

Author: Michael E. Stone

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802866360

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 7966


Ancient Judaism questions a broad range of basic assumptions made by students of Second Temple Judaism and calls for a radical rethinking of approaches to Jewish history studies. Michael Stone challenges theologically conditioned histories of ancient Judaism devised by later orthodoxies, whether Jewish or Christian, and he stresses the importance of understanding religious experience as a major factor in the composition of ancient religious documents. Addressing the Dead Sea Scrolls and apocalyptic literature as well as recent theories, Stone emphasizes the stunning complexity of both the raw data and the resulting picture of Judaism in antiquity.

Ancient Judaism

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439119181

Category: Religion

Page: 528

View: 9458


Weber’s classic study which deals specifically with: Types of Asceticism and the Significance of Ancient Judaism, History and Social Organization of Ancient Palestine, Political Organization and Religious Ideas in the Time of the Confederacy and the Early Kings, Political Decline, Religious Conflict and Biblical Prophecy.

Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

Author: Pieter W. van der Horst

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004271112

Category: Religion

Page: 322

View: 5473


The 24 papers in this volume cover a wide range of topics, all of them concerning the religious world of Judaism and Christianity in the Hellenistic, Roman, and early Byzantine era.

Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism

Author: Jonathan Klawans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199928622

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 7571


Though considered one of the most important informants about Judaism in the first century CE, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus's testimony is often overlooked or downplayed. Jonathan Klawans's Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism reexamines Josephus's descriptions of sectarian disagreements concerning determinism and free will, the afterlife, and scriptural authority. In each case, Josephus's testimony is analyzed in light of his works' general concerns as well as relevant biblical, rabbinic, and Dead Sea texts. Many scholars today argue that ancient Jewish sectarian disputes revolved primarily or even exclusively around matters of ritual law, such as calendar, cultic practices, or priestly succession. Josephus, however, indicates that the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes disagreed about matters of theology, such as afterlife and determinism. Similarly, many scholars today argue that ancient Judaism was thrust into a theological crisis in the wake of the destruction of the second temple in 70 CE, yet Josephus's works indicate that Jews were readily able to make sense of the catastrophe in light of biblical precedents and contemporary beliefs. Without denying the importance of Jewish law-and recognizing Josephus's embellishments and exaggerations-Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism calls for a renewed focus on Josephus's testimony, and models an approach to ancient Judaism that gives theological questions a deserved place alongside matters of legal concern. Ancient Jewish theology was indeed significant, diverse, and sufficiently robust to respond to the crisis of its day.

Music in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

Author: John Arthur Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317091930

Category: Music

Page: 294

View: 3795


In Music in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, John Arthur Smith presents the first full-length study of music among the ancient Israelites, the ancient Jews and the early Christians in the Mediterranean lands during the period from 1000 BCE to 400 CE. He considers the physical, religious and social setting of the music, and how the music was performed. The extent to which early Christian music may have retained elements of the musical tradition of Judaism is also considered. After reviewing the subject's historical setting, and describing the main sources, the author discusses music at the Jerusalem Temple and in a variety of spheres of Jewish life away from it. His subsequent discussion of early Christian music covers music in private devotion, monasticism, the Eucharist, and gnostic literature. He concludes with an examination of the question of the relationship between Jewish and early Christian music, and a consideration of the musical environments that are likely to have influenced the formation of the earliest Christian chant. The scant remains of notated music from the period are discussed and placed in their respective contexts. The numerous sources that are the foundation of the book are evaluated objectively and critically in the light of modern scholarship. Due attention is given to where their limitations lie, and to what they cannot tell us as well as to what they can. The book serves as a reliable introduction as well as being an invaluable guide through one of the most complex periods of music history.

Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Author: Jonathan Klawans

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195177657

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 5906


This book examines the ways in which two distinct biblical conceptions of impurity-"ritual" and "moral"-were interpreted in the Hebrew Bible, the Dead Sea Scrolls, rabbinic literature, and the New Testament. In examining the evolution of ancient Jewish attitudes towards sin and defilement, Klawans sheds light on a fascinating but previously neglected topic.

Ancient Judaism

Debates and Disputes : Second Series

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: University of South Florida

ISBN: 9781555404796

Category: Religion

Page: 230

View: 7163


Studies in Josephus And the Varieties of Ancient Judaism

Louis H. Feldman Jubilee Volume

Author: Louis H. Feldman,Shaye J. D. Cohen,Joshua J. Schwartz

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004153896

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 5127


This collection of articles honoring eminent classicist and historian Louis H. Feldman brings together a host of prominent scholars from all over the world writing on such fields as biblical interpretation, Judaism and Hellenism, Jews and Gentiles, Josephus, Jewish Literatures of the Second Temple, Mishnah and Talmud periods, History of the Mishnah and Talmud periods, Jerusalem and much more.

Levirate Marriage and the Family in Ancient Judaism

Author: Dvora E. Weisberg

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1584657812

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 7786


Provocative exploration of levirate marriage in ancient Judaism that sheds new light on the Jewish family in antiquity and the rabbinic reworking of earlier Israelite law

Ancient Jewish Novels

An Anthology

Author: Lawrence Mitchell Wills

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195151428

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 298

View: 3504


This volume brings together in translation all the ancient Jewish novels and fragments of novels. Included are texts from the Old Testament Apocrypha, several historical novels, and selections from the Testaments of the 12 Patriarchs.

Marital Relations in Ancient Judaism

Author: Étan Levine

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447058681

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 8210


This volume surveys the legal and literary references to gender, sexuality and marital relations found in biblical sources and Rabbinic texts until the end of the Tamudic era (c. 600 C.E.). Subject areas include Israel's familial historiography, kinship and law in biblical Israel, gender and status, judicial review of law, divine covenant and marriage covenant, conditions mandating divorce, monogamous and polygamous marriage, levirate surrogate marriage, endogamy and exogamy, marital choice, marriage and reproduction as religious imperatives, the home as a ?small temple', the marital writ for ontological security, emotional fidelity, the validation of eroticism, love's body: idealization and aesthetics, denial of sexual responsibility as Judaism's original sin, sexuality and dignity, conjugal rights and responsibilities, fertility and infertility, contraception and abortion, erotic and reproductive techniques, menstruation: The time to refrain from embracing, the suspected adulteress, children and eternity.

Heavenly Tablets

Interpretation, Identity and Tradition in Ancient Judaism

Author: Lynn R. LiDonnici,Andrea Lieber

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004158561

Category: Religion

Page: 333

View: 9418


This volume brings together a wide range of international scholars of Ancient Judaism, whose essays explore various issues surrounding Jewish communities and Jewish identity in late antiquity. The essays are organized into three sections: Interpreting Ritual Texts, Mapping Diaspora Identities, and Rewriting Tradition.

Between Cooperation and Hostility

Multiple Identities in Ancient Judaism and the Interaction with Foreign Powers

Author: Rainer Albertz,Jakob Wöhrle

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3525550510

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 7787


The impact of multiple Jewish identities.

Judeans and Jews

Four Faces of Dichotomy in Ancient Jewish History

Author: Daniel R. Schwartz

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442648392

Category: History

Page: 173

View: 4769


Presenting the Second Temple era as an age of transition between a territorial past and an exilic and religious future, Judeans and Jews sharpens our understanding of this important era.