Ancient Judaism

New Visions and Views

Author: Michael E. Stone

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802866360

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 6100


Ancient Judaism questions a broad range of basic assumptions made by students of Second Temple Judaism and calls for a radical rethinking of approaches to Jewish history studies. Michael Stone challenges theologically conditioned histories of ancient Judaism devised by later orthodoxies, whether Jewish or Christian, and he stresses the importance of understanding religious experience as a major factor in the composition of ancient religious documents. Addressing the Dead Sea Scrolls and apocalyptic literature as well as recent theories, Stone emphasizes the stunning complexity of both the raw data and the resulting picture of Judaism in antiquity.

Ancient Judaism

Author: Max Weber

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439119181

Category: Religion

Page: 528

View: 1735


Weber’s classic study which deals specifically with: Types of Asceticism and the Significance of Ancient Judaism, History and Social Organization of Ancient Palestine, Political Organization and Religious Ideas in the Time of the Confederacy and the Early Kings, Political Decline, Religious Conflict and Biblical Prophecy.

Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

Author: Pieter W. van der Horst

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004271112

Category: Religion

Page: 322

View: 7199


The 24 papers in this volume cover a wide range of topics, all of them concerning the religious world of Judaism and Christianity in the Hellenistic, Roman, and early Byzantine era.

Impurity and Sin in Ancient Judaism

Author: Jonathan Klawans

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195177657

Category: Religion

Page: 242

View: 7509


This book examines the ways in which two distinct biblical conceptions of impurity-"ritual" and "moral"-were interpreted in the Hebrew Bible, the Dead Sea Scrolls, rabbinic literature, and the New Testament. In examining the evolution of ancient Jewish attitudes towards sin and defilement, Klawans sheds light on a fascinating but previously neglected topic.

Music in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

Author: John Arthur Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317091930

Category: Music

Page: 294

View: 3256


In Music in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity, John Arthur Smith presents the first full-length study of music among the ancient Israelites, the ancient Jews and the early Christians in the Mediterranean lands during the period from 1000 BCE to 400 CE. He considers the physical, religious and social setting of the music, and how the music was performed. The extent to which early Christian music may have retained elements of the musical tradition of Judaism is also considered. After reviewing the subject's historical setting, and describing the main sources, the author discusses music at the Jerusalem Temple and in a variety of spheres of Jewish life away from it. His subsequent discussion of early Christian music covers music in private devotion, monasticism, the Eucharist, and gnostic literature. He concludes with an examination of the question of the relationship between Jewish and early Christian music, and a consideration of the musical environments that are likely to have influenced the formation of the earliest Christian chant. The scant remains of notated music from the period are discussed and placed in their respective contexts. The numerous sources that are the foundation of the book are evaluated objectively and critically in the light of modern scholarship. Due attention is given to where their limitations lie, and to what they cannot tell us as well as to what they can. The book serves as a reliable introduction as well as being an invaluable guide through one of the most complex periods of music history.

Ancient Judaism

Religious and Theological Perspectives : First Series

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: University of South Florida


Category: Religion

Page: 172

View: 3536


Studies in Josephus And the Varieties of Ancient Judaism

Louis H. Feldman Jubilee Volume

Author: Louis H. Feldman,Shaye J. D. Cohen,Joshua J. Schwartz

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004153896

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 3070


This collection of articles honoring eminent classicist and historian Louis H. Feldman brings together a host of prominent scholars from all over the world writing on such fields as biblical interpretation, Judaism and Hellenism, Jews and Gentiles, Josephus, Jewish Literatures of the Second Temple, Mishnah and Talmud periods, History of the Mishnah and Talmud periods, Jerusalem and much more.

Levirate Marriage and the Family in Ancient Judaism

Author: Dvora E. Weisberg

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1584657812

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 4557


Provocative exploration of levirate marriage in ancient Judaism that sheds new light on the Jewish family in antiquity and the rabbinic reworking of earlier Israelite law

Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism

Author: Jonathan Klawans

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199928622

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 8217


Though considered one of the most important informants about Judaism in the first century CE, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus's testimony is often overlooked or downplayed. Jonathan Klawans's Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism reexamines Josephus's descriptions of sectarian disagreements concerning determinism and free will, the afterlife, and scriptural authority. In each case, Josephus's testimony is analyzed in light of his works' general concerns as well as relevant biblical, rabbinic, and Dead Sea texts. Many scholars today argue that ancient Jewish sectarian disputes revolved primarily or even exclusively around matters of ritual law, such as calendar, cultic practices, or priestly succession. Josephus, however, indicates that the Pharisees, Sadducees, and Essenes disagreed about matters of theology, such as afterlife and determinism. Similarly, many scholars today argue that ancient Judaism was thrust into a theological crisis in the wake of the destruction of the second temple in 70 CE, yet Josephus's works indicate that Jews were readily able to make sense of the catastrophe in light of biblical precedents and contemporary beliefs. Without denying the importance of Jewish law-and recognizing Josephus's embellishments and exaggerations-Josephus and the Theologies of Ancient Judaism calls for a renewed focus on Josephus's testimony, and models an approach to ancient Judaism that gives theological questions a deserved place alongside matters of legal concern. Ancient Jewish theology was indeed significant, diverse, and sufficiently robust to respond to the crisis of its day.

Marital Relations in Ancient Judaism

Author: Étan Levine

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447058681

Category: History

Page: 349

View: 2915


This volume surveys the legal and literary references to gender, sexuality and marital relations found in biblical sources and Rabbinic texts until the end of the Tamudic era (c. 600 C.E.). Subject areas include Israel's familial historiography, kinship and law in biblical Israel, gender and status, judicial review of law, divine covenant and marriage covenant, conditions mandating divorce, monogamous and polygamous marriage, levirate surrogate marriage, endogamy and exogamy, marital choice, marriage and reproduction as religious imperatives, the home as a ?small temple', the marital writ for ontological security, emotional fidelity, the validation of eroticism, love's body: idealization and aesthetics, denial of sexual responsibility as Judaism's original sin, sexuality and dignity, conjugal rights and responsibilities, fertility and infertility, contraception and abortion, erotic and reproductive techniques, menstruation: The time to refrain from embracing, the suspected adulteress, children and eternity.

Transformations in Ancient Judaism: Textual Evidence for Creative Responses to Crisis

Author: Jacob Neusner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781619707399

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 6828


The Jewish people endured three crises during the formation of what would become the Jewish canon, which significantly shaped their religion. The destruction of Solomon s Temple by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C.E., the destruction of Herod s Temple by the Romans in 70 C.E., and the acceptance of Christianity as the state religion of Rome in 363 C.E. each signaled the apparent end of Jewish religion. Instead of succumbing to defeat and despair, Judaism arose from each crisis as a result of its religious leaders reinterpretation of its sacred texts. In "Transformations," Jacob Neusner reasons that the Jewish canonical writings the Hebrew Bible, Mishnah, Talmuds, and the Midrash illustrate Judaism s response to those three social, cultural, and political crises. Faced with these catastrophic events, the rabbinic sages explored anew the paradigms of piety and practice that they had received from previous generations. The result was that they discovered a truth both continuous with the past and responsive to the unanticipated crisis a truth that carved out a path for the future. This process, represented in the Jewish canon, continues to define modern Judaism."

Between Cooperation and Hostility

Multiple Identities in Ancient Judaism and the Interaction with Foreign Powers

Author: Rainer Albertz,Jakob Wöhrle

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3647550515

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 9133


The question of why the cooperation of Jews with the Persian and Ptolemaic empires achieved some success and why it failed with regard to the Seleucids and the Romans, even turning into military hostility against them, has not been sufficiently answered. The present volume intends to show, from the perspectives of Hebrew Bible, Judaic, and Ancient History Studies, that the contrasting Jewish attitudes towards foreign powers were not only dependent on specific political circumstances. They were also interrelated with the emergence of multiple early Jewish identities, which all found a basis in the Torah, the prophets, or the psalms.

Attitudes to Gentiles in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity

Author: David C. Sim,James S. McLaren

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567035786

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 6664


This volume describes the attitudes towards Gentiles in both ancient Judaism and the early Christian tradition. The Jewish relationship with and views about the Gentiles played an important part in Jewish self-definition, especially in the Diaspora where Jews formed the minority among larger Gentile populations. Jewish attitudes towards the Gentiles can be found in the writings of prominent Jewish authors (Josephus and Philo), sectarian movements and texts (the Qumran community, apocalyptic literature, Jesus) and in Jewish institutions such as the Jerusalem Temple and the synagogue. In the Christian tradition, which began as a Jewish movement but developed quickly into a predominantly Gentile tradition, the role and status of Gentile believers in Jesus was always of crucial significance. Did Gentile believers need to convert to Judaism as an essential component of their affiliation with Jesus, or had the appearance of the messiah rendered such distinctions invalid? This volume assesses the wide variety of viewpoints in terms of attitudes towards Gentiles and the status and expectations of Gentiles in the Christian church.