Understanding Culture

An Introduction to Anthropological Theory

Author: Philip Carl Salzman

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 1478610115

Category: Social Science

Page: 173

View: 3457

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Are cows sacred to Indian Hindus because they stand for nature and life, as symbolic analysts explain, or because they pull plows and fertilize the land, providing people with food, as cultural materialists argue? Are witchcraft accusations a scapegoating of the powerless by the elite to maintain their ascendancy, as materialist class theorists argue, or are they social expressions of psychological tensions arising from conflicts in relationships, as functionalist psychological anthropologists have argued? Understanding culture means understanding and appreciating the diverse theories that offer different perspectives on culture. Salzmans Understanding Culture explores six major streams of anthropological theory: interdependence in human life (functionalism); agency in human action (processualism and transactionalism); determining factors (materialism and political economy); coherence in culture (configurationalism and structuralism); transformation through time (history and evolution); and critical advocacy (feminism and postmodernism). Each theoretical approach is initially presented in its own terms, to show its assumptions, aims, and accomplishments, and each is elucidated and illustrated through arguments and ethnographic examples offered by original theorists and practitioners.

Visions of Culture

An Introduction to Anthropological Theories and Theorists

Author: Jerry D. Moore

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759122199

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 6541

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This classic textbook, now in its fourth edition, offers anthropology students a succinct, clear, and balanced introduction to theoretical developments in the field. The key ideas of 25 major theorists are briefly described and—unique to this textbook—linked to the biographical and fieldwork experiences that helped shape their theories. The impact of each scholar on contemporary anthropology is presented, along with numerous examples, quotations from the theorists' writings, and a description of the broader intellectual setting in which these anthropologists worked. Moore has updated many of the profiles to take into account recent scholarship. The book is also more strongly tied in to the companion work,Visions of Culture: An Annotated Reader, to encourage the fullest intellectual engagement for students. The Visions of Culture Value Pack is available when you order directly from AltaMira Press. Order these two books as part of the Visions of Culture Value Pack using a single isbn for a 20% discount! Click here to order online. Includes: 1. Visions of Culture: An Introduction to Anthropological Theories and Theorists Fourth Edition Jerry D. Moore 2012 2. Visions of Culture An Annotated Reader Jerry D. Moore 2009 Find full information on the contents of the reader here.

An Introduction to Two Theories of Social Anthropology

Descent Groups and Marriage Alliance

Author: Louis Dumont

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845451479

Category: Social Science

Page: 110

View: 1663

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Louis Dumont, who died in 1998, was one of the most important figures in post-war French anthropology. He is well-known for his early work on India, which culminated in Homo Hierarchicus (1966; in English 1972, 1980), an anthropological account of the caste system. He later extended this work into a comparison of the values of Indian and western society in works like Essays on Individualism (1986) and German ideology: From France to Germany and Back (1994). He is also known for pioneering work on kinship in south India and more generally (for example Affinity as a Value, 1983). The current volume represents the fruits of this side of his activities and originated in as a series of lectures providing an account of the British and French schools for students.

Through the Lens of Anthropology

An Introduction to Human Evolution and Culture

Author: Robert J. Muckle,Laura Tubelle de González

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442608668

Category: Social Science

Page: 420

View: 1410

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Through the Lens of Anthropology is a concise but comprehensive introductory textbook that uses the twin themes of food and sustainability to illustrate the connected nature of anthropology's four major subfields: archaeology, and biological, cultural, and linguistic anthropology. By viewing the world through the lens of anthropology, students will learn not only about anthropological methods, theories, and ethics, but also the ways in which anthropology is relevant to their everyday lives and embedded in the culture that surrounds them. Beautifully illustrated throughout, with over 150 full-color images, figures, feature boxes, and maps, this is an anthropology text with a fresh perspective, a lively narrative, and plenty of popular topics that are sure to engage readers. A strong pedagogical framework structures the book: each chapter features learning objectives, glossary terms, and chapter summaries, as well as review and discussion questions which guide students' analysis of the topics, themes, and issues raised in the text. This book is interesting to read, manageable to teach, and succeeds at igniting interest in anthropology as a discipline.

The Rise of Anthropological Theory

A History of Theories of Culture

Author: Marvin Harris

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759101333

Category: Social Science

Page: 806

View: 308

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The best known, most often cited history of anthropological theory is finally available in paperback! First published in 1968, Harris's book has been cited in over 1,000 works and is one of the key documents explaining cultural materialism, the theory associated with Harris's work. This updated edition included the complete 1968 text plus a new introduction by Maxine Margolis, which discusses the impact of the book and highlights some of the major trends in anthropological theory since its original publication. RAT, as it is affectionately known to three decades of graduate students, comprehensively traces the history of anthropology and anthropological theory, culminating in a strong argument for the use of a scientific, behaviorally-based, etic approach to the understanding of human culture known as cultural materialism. Despite its popularity and influence on anthropological thinking, RAT has never been available in paperback_until now. It is an essential volume for the library of all anthropologists, their graduate students, and other theorists in the social sciences.

Living Language

An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Laura M. Ahearn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119060664

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 5746

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Revised and updated, the 2nd Edition of Living Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology presents an accessible introduction to the study of language in real-life social contexts around the world through the contemporary theory and practice of linguistic anthropology. Presents a highly accessible introduction to the study of language in real-life social contexts around the world Combines classic studies on language and cutting-edge contemporary scholarship and assumes no prior knowledge in linguistics or anthropology Features a series of updates and revisions for this new edition, including an all-new chapter on forms of nonverbal language Provides a unifying synthesis of current research and considers future directions for the field

Readings for A History of Anthropological Theory

Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam Donat Murphy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442600691

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 6554

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This comprehensive anthology presents 40 readings that are critical to an understanding of anthropological theory and the development of anthropology as an academic discipline. The readings have broad anthropological appeal, emphasizing social and cultural anthropology. The third edition has been completely revised throughout and organized to work more closely alongside the companion overview text, A History of Anthropological Theory. It includes six new readings as well as two original essays written by contemporary anthropologists on "Why Theory Matters." These new essays help ground the more abstract readings in the collection. The glossary has been significantly expanded and the discussion questions have been revised. The result is a volume that offers not only a strong foundation in the history of the discipline but also a good overview of developments in twentieth- and twenty-first-century anthropological theory, including feminist anthropology, postmodernity, medical anthropology, globalization, postcolonialism, and public anthropology.

An Introduction to Sociolinguistics

Author: Ronald Wardhaugh,Janet M. Fuller

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118732405

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 448

View: 9912

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Thoroughly updated and revised, An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition presents a comprehensive and fully updated introduction to the study of the relationship between language and society. Building on Ronald Wardhaugh's classic text, co-author Janet Fuller has updated this seventh edition throughout with new discussions exploring language and communities, language and interaction, and sociolinguistic variation, as well as incorporating numerous new exercises and research ideas for today's students. Taking account of new research from the field, the book explores exciting new perspectives drawn from linguistic anthropology, and includes new chapters on pragmatics, discourse analysis, and sociolinguistics and education. With an emphasis on using examples from languages and cultures around the world, chapters address topics including social and regional dialects, multilingualism, discourse and pragmatics, variation, language in education, and language policy and planning. A new companion website including a wealth of additional online material, as well as a glossary and a variety of new exercises and examples, helps further illuminate the ideas presented in the text. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics, 7th Edition continues to be the most indispensable and accessible introduction to the field of sociolinguistics for students in applied and theoretical linguistics, education, and anthropology.

Key Debates in Anthropology

Author: Tim Ingold

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415150200

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 844

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Every year, leading social anthropologists meet in Manchester to debate a motion at the heart of current theoretical developments in their subject. Key Debates in Anthropology collects together the first six of these debates, spanning the period from 1988 to 1993. For each debate there are four principal speakers: one to propose the motion, another to oppose it, and two seconders. These debates give unprecedented insight into the process of anthropological theory in the making, as the many contributors both engage with each other's positions and respond to wider intellectual currents of the time. With its unique format, Key Debates in Anthropology addresses issues that are currently at the top of the theoretical agenda, and registers the pulse of contemporary thinking in social anthropology. The presentations, by leading anthropologists of both older and younger generations, are clear, original and provocative.

A History of Anthropological Theory

Author: Paul A. Erickson,Liam Donat Murphy

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442601109

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 472

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This overview of the history of anthropological theory provides a comprehensive history from antiquity through to the twenty-first century, with a focus on the twentieth century and beyond. Unlike other volumes, it also offers a four-field introduction to theory. As a stand-alone text, or used in conjunction with the companion volume Readings for a History of Anthropological Theory, Erickson and Murphy offer a comprehensive, affordable, and contemporary introduction to anthropological theory. The third edition has been updated and fully revised throughout to closely parallel the presentation in the companion reader, making it easier to use both books in tandem. New original essays by contemporary theorists bring theories to life, and portraits of important theorists make it a handsome volume. Sources and suggested readings have been updated, and glossary definitions have been updated, streamlined, and standardized.

An Introduction to the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt

Author: Kathryn A. Bard

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118896114

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 5823

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This student-friendly introduction to the archaeology of ancientEgypt guides readers from the Paleolithic to the Greco-Romanperiods, and has now been updated to include recent discoveries andnew illustrations. • Superbly illustrated with photographs, maps, and siteplans, with additional illustrations in this new edition • Organized into 11 chapters, covering: thehistory of Egyptology and Egyptian archaeology; prehistoric andpharaonic chronology and the ancient Egyptian language; geography,resources, and environment; and seven chapters organizedchronologically and devoted to specific archaeological sites andevidence • Includes sections on salient topics such as theconstructing the Great Pyramid at Giza and the process ofmummification

Cengage Advantage Books: Understanding Humans: An Introduction to Physical Anthropology and Archaeology

Author: Barry Lewis,Robert Jurmain,Lynn Kilgore

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495604747

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 4583

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UNDERSTANDING HUMANS: INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY AND ARCHAEOLOGY shows students how anthropologists and archaeologists go about their work as they study human evolution, living nonhuman primates, human adaptation and variation, the origin and dispersal of modern humans, food production, the first civilizations of the Old and New Worlds, and so much more. At a Glance sections and Focus Questions help students better understand the material and study more effectively for exams. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Arguing with Anthropology

An Introduction to Critical Theories of the Gift

Author: Karen Sykes,Karen Margaret Sykes

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415254434

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 8296

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A guide to key elements in anthropology, this work teaches the ability to think, write and argue critically. Its hypothetical approach takes gift-theory - the science of obligation and reciprocity - as the theme of a virtual enquiry, which explores how the discipline has evolved, how it is applied in practice and how it can be argued.

An Introduction to Tourism and Anthropology

Author: Peter Burns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134664346

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 2666

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This introductory text explains how anthropology is integral to the study of tourism dynamics. Starting with an overview of the development of anthropology as a social science, the author uses a wealth of international examples, including the UK, USA and Australia, to bring practical relevance to complex theories. With its lucid writing style, summaries, sample questions and suggestions for further reading, this book will be an invaluable teaching resource in this area.

Stories of Culture and Place

An Introduction to Anthropology

Author: Michael G. Kenny,Kirsten Smillie

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607971

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6141

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This original introduction to cultural anthropology is a textbook like no other. Structured as a narrative rather than a compendium of facts about cultures and concepts, it invites students to think of anthropology as a series of stories that emerge from cultural encounters in particular times and places. These moments of encounter are illustrated with reference to both classic and contemporary ethnographic examples—from Coming of Age in Samoa to Coming of Age in Second Life—allowing readers to grasp anthropology's sometimes problematic past, while still capturing the excitement and potential of the discipline.

The Environment in Anthropology (Second Edition)

A Reader in Ecology, Culture, and Sustainable Living

Author: Nora Haenn,Allison Harnish,Richard Wilk

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479854271

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 4403

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The Environment in Anthropology presents ecology and current environmental studies from an anthropological point of view. From the classics to the most current scholarship, this text connects the theory and practice in environment and anthropology, providing readers with a strong intellectual foundation as well as offering practical tools for solving environmental problems. Haenn, Wilk, and Harnish pose the most urgent questions of environmental protection: How are environmental problems mediated by cultural values? What are the environmental effects of urbanization? When do environmentalists’ goals and actions conflict with those of indigenous peoples? How can we assess the impact of “environmentally correct” businesses? They also cover the fundamental topics of population growth, large scale development, biodiversity conservation, sustainable environmental management, indigenous groups, consumption, and globalization. This revised edition addresses new topics such as water, toxic waste, neoliberalism, environmental history, environmental activism, and REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), and it situates anthropology in the multi-disciplinary field of environmental research. It also offers readers a guide for developing their own plan for environmental action. This volume offers an introduction to the breadth of ecological and environmental anthropology as well as to its historical trends and current developments. Balancing landmark essays with cutting-edge scholarship, bridging theory and practice, and offering suggestions for further reading and new directions for research, The Environment in Anthropology continues to provide the ideal introduction to a burgeoning field.

Culture and Communication

The Logic by which Symbols Are Connected. An Introduction to the Use of Structuralist Analysis in Social Anthropology

Author: Edmund Leach

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521290524

Category: Social Science

Page: 105

View: 4221

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Edmund Leach's book investigates the writings of 'structuralists,' and their different theories: the general incest theory and of animal sacrifice. This book is designed for the use of teaching undergraduates in anthropology, linguistics, literary studies, philosophy and related disciplines faced with structuralist argument. It provides the prolegomena necessary to understand the final chapter of Levi-Strauss's massive four-volume Mythologiques. Some prior knowledge of anthropological literature is useful but not essential. The principal ethnographic source is the Book of Leviticus; this guide should help anyone who is trying to grasp the essentials of 'seminology' - the general theory of how signs and symbols come to convey meaning. The author's core thesis is that: 'the indices in non-verbal communication systems, like the sound elements in spoken language, do not have meaning as isolates, but only as members of set'; the book's special merit is that it makes this kind of jargon comprehensible in terms of our everyday experience.