An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Noah Lemos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461850

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Epistemology or the theory of knowledge is one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this book provides a clear and accessible introduction to the subject. It discusses some of the main theories of justification, including foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and virtue epistemology. Other topics include the Gettier problem, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the problem of epistemic circularity, the problem of the criterion, a priori knowledge, and naturalized epistemology. Intended primarily for students taking a first class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written text would also provide an excellent introduction for anyone interested in knowing more about this important area of philosophy.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

Author: E. J. Lowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521654289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 8352

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A lucid and wide-ranging 2000 introduction suitable for readers with a basic grounding in philosophy.

An Introduction to Ethics

Author: John Deigh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052177246X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 241

View: 7218

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This book examines the central questions of ethics through a study of the great ethical works of Western philosophy.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics

Author: Mark Colyvan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521826020

Category: Mathematics

Page: 188

View: 2438

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This introduction to the philosophy of mathematics focuses on contemporary debates in an important and central area of philosophy. The reader is taken on a fascinating and entertaining journey through some intriguing mathematical and philosophical territory, including such topics as the realism/anti-realism debate in mathematics, mathematical explanation, the limits of mathematics, the significance of mathematical notation, inconsistent mathematics and the applications of mathematics. Each chapter has a number of discussion questions and recommended further reading from both the contemporary literature and older sources. Very little mathematical background is assumed and all of the mathematics encountered is clearly introduced and explained using a wide variety of examples. The book is suitable for an undergraduate course in philosophy of mathematics and, more widely, for anyone interested in philosophy and mathematics.

Epistemology

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Nicholas Rescher

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791486370

Category: Philosophy

Page: 424

View: 7442

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A comprehensive introduction to the theory of knowledge.

What Can We Know?

An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Louis P. Pojman

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 4268

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This text analyzes the central topics in epistemology such as truth, justification, and belief. The coverage is comprehensive, ranging from scepticism to religious belief.

Common Sense, Science and Scepticism

A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Alan Musgrave

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436250

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 2124

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Can we know anything for certain? There are those who think we can (traditionally labeled the "dogmatists") and those who think we cannot (traditionally labeled the "skeptics"). The theory of knowledge, or epistemology, is the great debate between the two. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate. It sides for the most part with the skeptics. It also develops out of skepticism a third view, fallibilism or critical rationalism, which incorporates an uncompromising realism about perception, science, and the nature of truth.

Epistemology

A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415281096

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 9566

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This comprehensive book introduces the concepts and theories central for understanding knowledge. It aims to reach students who have already done an introductory philosophy course. Topics covered include perception and reflection as grounds of knowledge, and the nature, structure, and varieties of knowledge. The character and scope of knowledge in the crucial realms of ethics, science and religion are also considered. Unique features of Epistemology: * Provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * Gives an up-to-date account of important developments in the field * Contains many lucid examples to support ideas * Cites key literature in an annotated bibliography.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language

Author: Michael Morris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139459805

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully explained whenever it is introduced. The range of topics covered includes sense and reference, definite descriptions, proper names, natural-kind terms, de re and de dicto necessity, propositional attitudes, truth-theoretical approaches to meaning, radical interpretation, indeterminacy of translation, speech acts, intentional theories of meaning, and scepticism about meaning. The book will be invaluable to students and to all readers who are interested in the nature of linguistic meaning.

Genetics and Philosophy

An Introduction

Author: Paul Griffiths,Karola Stotz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107354765

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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In the past century, nearly all of the biological sciences have been directly affected by discoveries and developments in genetics, a fast-evolving subject with important theoretical dimensions. In this rich and accessible book, Paul Griffiths and Karola Stotz show how the concept of the gene has evolved and diversified across the many fields that make up modern biology. By examining the molecular biology of the 'environment', they situate genetics in the developmental biology of whole organisms, and reveal how the molecular biosciences have undermined the nature/nurture distinction. Their discussion gives full weight to the revolutionary impacts of molecular biology, while rejecting 'genocentrism' and 'reductionism', and brings the topic right up to date with the philosophical implications of the most recent developments in genetics. Their book will be invaluable for those studying the philosophy of biology, genetics and other life sciences.

Theory and Reality

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226300610

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5831

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How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Reality covers logical positivism; the problems of induction and confirmation; Karl Popper's theory of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the field from sociology of science, feminism, and science studies. The book then looks in more detail at some specific problems and theories, including scientific realism, the theory-ladeness of observation, scientific explanation, and Bayesianism. Finally, Godfrey-Smith defends a form of philosophical naturalism as the best way to solve the main problems in the field. Throughout the text he points out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in recent decades, such as the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides engage the beginning student; a glossary of terms explains key concepts; and suggestions for further reading are included at the end of each chapter. However, this is a textbook that doesn't feel like a textbook because it captures the historical drama of changes in how science has been conceived over the last one hundred years. Like no other text in this field, Theory and Reality combines a survey of recent history of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or critical reader can follow.

The Cambridge Introduction to Jacques Derrida

Author: Leslie Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466143

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 468

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Few thinkers of the latter half of the twentieth century have so profoundly and radically transformed our understanding of writing and literature as Jacques Derrida (1930–2004). Derridian deconstruction remains one of the most powerful intellectual movements of the present century, and Derrida's own innovative writings on literature and philosophy are crucially relevant for any understanding of the future of literature and literary criticism today. Derrida's own manner of writing is complex and challenging and has often been misrepresented or misunderstood. In this book, Leslie Hill provides an accessible introduction to Derrida's writings on literature which presupposes no prior knowledge of Derrida's work. He explores in detail Derrida's relationship to literary theory and criticism, and offers close readings of some of Derrida's best known essays. This introduction will help those coming to Derrida's work for the first time, and suggests further directions to take in studying this hugely influential thinker.

The Cambridge Companion to Foucault

Author: Gary Gutting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107494974

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

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For Michel Foucault, philosophy was a way of questioning the allegedly necessary truths that underpin the practices and institutions of modern society. He carried this out in a series of deeply original and strikingly controversial studies on the origins of modern medical and social scientific disciplines. These studies have raised fundamental questions about the nature of human knowledge and its relation to power structures, and have become major topics of discussion throughout the humanities and social sciences. The essays in this volume provide a comprehensive overview of Foucault's major themes and texts, from his early work on madness through his history of sexuality. Special attention is also paid to thinkers and movements, from Kant through current feminist theory, that are particularly important for understanding his work and its impact. This revised edition contains five new essays and revisions of many others, and the extensive bibliography has been updated.

A Theory of Property

Author: Stephen R. Munzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316583473

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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This book represents a major new statement on the issue of property rights. It argues for the justification of some rights of private property while showing why unequal distributions of private property are indefensible. Three features of the book are especially salient: it offers a challenging new pluralist theory of justification; the argument integrates perceptive analyses of the great classical theorists Aristotle, Locke, Hegel and Marx with a discussion of contemporary philosophers such as Nozick and Rawls; and the author moves with assurance among philosophy, law and economics to present a very broad, interdisciplinary study.

Reading the Book of Nature

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Peter Kosso

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521426824

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 8646

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This is an introductory survey to the philosophy of science suitable for beginners and nonspecialists. Its point of departure is the question: why should we believe what science tells us about the world? In this attempt to justify the claims of science the book treats such topics as observation data, confirmation of theories, and the explanation of phenomena. The writing is clear and concrete with detailed examples drawn from contemporary science: solar neutrinos, the gravitational bending of light, and the creation/evolution debate, for example. What emerges is a view of science in which observation relies on theory to give it meaning and credibility, while theory relies on observation for its motivation and validation. It is shown that this reciprocal support is not circular since the theory used to support a particular observation is independent of the theory for which the observation serves as evidence.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Kent W. Staley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521112494

Category: Science

Page: 300

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This book explores central philosophical concepts, issues, and debates in the philosophy of science, both historical and contemporary.

The Cambridge Introduction to Michel Foucault

Author: Lisa Downing

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521864437

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 138

View: 4601

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This book covers Foucault's major works in depth, and offers clear explanations of his key themes of power and discourse.

The Meaning of Science

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Tim Lewens

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN: 0465097499

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 2165

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Science has produced explanations for everything from the mechanisms of insect navigation to the formation of black holes and the workings of black markets. But how much can we trust science, and can we actually know the world through it? How does science work and how does it fail? And how can the work of scientists helpÑor hurtÑeveryday people? These are not questions that science can answer on its own. This is where philosophy of science comes in. Studying science without philosophy is, to quote Einstein, to be Òlike somebody who has seen thousands of trees but has never seen a forest.Ó Cambridge philosopher Tim Lewens shows us the forest. He walks us through the theories of seminal philosophers of science Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn and considers what science is, how far it can and should reach, and how we can determine the nature of its truths and myths. These philosophical issues have consequences that stretch far beyond the laboratory. For instance: What role should scientists have in policy discussions on environmental issues such as fracking? What are the biases at play in the search for a biological function of the female orgasm? If brain scans can be used to demonstrate that a decision was made several seconds before a person actually makes a conscious choice, what does that tell us about the possibility of free will? By examining science through this philosophical lens, Lewens reveals what physics can teach us about reality, what biology teaches us about human nature, and what cognitive science teaches us about human freedom. A masterful analysis of the biggest scientific and ethical issues of our age, The Meaning of Science forces us to confront the practical, personal, and political purposes of scienceÑand why it matters to all of us.

Epistemology

Author: Richard Feldman

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781973776260

Category:

Page: 406

View: 8536

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EpistemologyBy Richard Feldman