An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Noah Lemos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461850

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Epistemology or the theory of knowledge is one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this book provides a clear and accessible introduction to the subject. It discusses some of the main theories of justification, including foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and virtue epistemology. Other topics include the Gettier problem, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the problem of epistemic circularity, the problem of the criterion, a priori knowledge, and naturalized epistemology. Intended primarily for students taking a first class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written text would also provide an excellent introduction for anyone interested in knowing more about this important area of philosophy.

Epistemology

A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415281096

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

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This comprehensive book introduces the concepts and theories central for understanding knowledge. It aims to reach students who have already done an introductory philosophy course. Topics covered include perception and reflection as grounds of knowledge, and the nature, structure, and varieties of knowledge. The character and scope of knowledge in the crucial realms of ethics, science and religion are also considered. Unique features of Epistemology: * Provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * Gives an up-to-date account of important developments in the field * Contains many lucid examples to support ideas * Cites key literature in an annotated bibliography.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

Author: E. J. Lowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521654289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

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A lucid and wide-ranging 2000 introduction suitable for readers with a basic grounding in philosophy.

Reading the Book of Nature

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Peter Kosso

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521426824

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

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This is an introductory survey to the philosophy of science suitable for beginners and nonspecialists. Its point of departure is the question: why should we believe what science tells us about the world? In this attempt to justify the claims of science the book treats such topics as observation data, confirmation of theories, and the explanation of phenomena. The writing is clear and concrete with detailed examples drawn from contemporary science: solar neutrinos, the gravitational bending of light, and the creation/evolution debate, for example. What emerges is a view of science in which observation relies on theory to give it meaning and credibility, while theory relies on observation for its motivation and validation. It is shown that this reciprocal support is not circular since the theory used to support a particular observation is independent of the theory for which the observation serves as evidence.

Common Sense, Science and Scepticism

A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Alan Musgrave

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436250

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 6401

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Can we know anything for certain? There are those who think we can (traditionally labeled the "dogmatists") and those who think we cannot (traditionally labeled the "skeptics"). The theory of knowledge, or epistemology, is the great debate between the two. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate. It sides for the most part with the skeptics. It also develops out of skepticism a third view, fallibilism or critical rationalism, which incorporates an uncompromising realism about perception, science, and the nature of truth.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion

Author: Michael J. Murray,Michael C. Rea

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139469654

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion provides a broad overview of the topics which are at the forefront of discussion in contemporary philosophy of religion. Prominent views and arguments from both historical and contemporary authors are discussed and analyzed. The book treats all of the central topics in the field, including the coherence of the divine attributes, theistic and atheistic arguments, faith and reason, religion and ethics, miracles, human freedom and divine providence, science and religion, and immortality. In addition it addresses topics of significant importance that similar books often ignore, including the argument for atheism from hiddenness, the coherence of the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation, and the relationship between religion and politics. It will be a valuable accompaniment to undergraduate and introductory graduate-level courses.

The Philosophy of Social Science

An Introduction

Author: Martin Hollis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447805

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 2127

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An introduction to the philosophy of social science from a well-known author.

Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason'

An Introduction

Author: Jill Vance Buroker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139458329

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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In this introductory textbook to Kant's Critique of Pure Reason, Jill Vance Buroker explains the role of this first Critique in Kant's Critical project and offers a line-by-line reading of the major arguments in the text. She situates Kant's views in relation both to his predecessors and to contemporary debates, explaining his Critical philosophy as a response to the failure of rationalism and the challenge of skepticism. Paying special attention to Kant's notoriously difficult vocabulary, she explains the strengths and weaknesses of his arguments, while leaving the final assessment up to the reader. Intended to be read alongside the Critique (also published by Cambridge University Press as part of The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant in Translation), this guide is accessible to readers with little background in the history of philosophy, but should also be a valuable resource for more advanced students.

The Cambridge Introduction to Jacques Derrida

Author: Leslie Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466143

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

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Few thinkers of the latter half of the twentieth century have so profoundly and radically transformed our understanding of writing and literature as Jacques Derrida (1930–2004). Derridian deconstruction remains one of the most powerful intellectual movements of the present century, and Derrida's own innovative writings on literature and philosophy are crucially relevant for any understanding of the future of literature and literary criticism today. Derrida's own manner of writing is complex and challenging and has often been misrepresented or misunderstood. In this book, Leslie Hill provides an accessible introduction to Derrida's writings on literature which presupposes no prior knowledge of Derrida's work. He explores in detail Derrida's relationship to literary theory and criticism, and offers close readings of some of Derrida's best known essays. This introduction will help those coming to Derrida's work for the first time, and suggests further directions to take in studying this hugely influential thinker.

An Introduction to Africana Philosophy

Author: Lewis R. Gordon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471961

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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In this undergraduate textbook Lewis R. Gordon offers the first comprehensive treatment of Africana philosophy, beginning with the emergence of an Africana (i.e. African diasporic) consciousness in the Afro-Arabic world of the Middle Ages. He argues that much of modern thought emerged out of early conflicts between Islam and Christianity that culminated in the expulsion of the Moors from the Iberian Peninsula, and from the subsequent expansion of racism, enslavement, and colonialism which in their turn stimulated reflections on reason, liberation, and the meaning of being human. His book takes the student reader on a journey from Africa through Europe, North and South America, the Caribbean, and back to Africa, as he explores the challenges posed to our understanding of knowledge and freedom today, and the response to them which can be found within Africana philosophy.

An Introduction to Metaphysics

Author: John W. Carroll,Ned Markosian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521826292

Category: Philosophy

Page: 267

View: 9719

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Discusses and invites students to reflect on topics such as causation, freedom and determinism, laws of nature, and material objects.

An Introduction to Classical Islamic Philosophy

Author: Oliver Leaman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521797573

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 3910

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Islamic philosophy is a unique and fascinating form of thought, and particular interest lies in its classical (Greek-influenced) period, when many of the ideas of Greek philosophy were used to explore the issues and theoretical problems which arise in trying to understand the Qur'an and Islamic practice. In this revised and expanded 2001 edition of his classic introductory work, Oliver Leaman examines the distinctive features of Classical Islamic philosophy and offers detailed accounts of major individual thinkers. In contrast to many previous studies that have treated this subject as only of historical interest, he offers analysis of the key arguments within Islamic philosophy so that the reader can engage with them and assess their strengths and weaknesses. His book will interest a wide range of readers in philosophy, religious studies and Islamic studies.

Grundprobleme der Philosophie

Author: George Edward Moore

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110323729

Category: Philosophy

Page: 419

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Der vorliegende Band ist die schriftliche Fassung einer Vorlesung, die Moore im Wintersemester 1910/11 an der Cambridge University als Einführung in die Philosophie gehalten hat und erst 1956, zwei Jahre vor seinem Tod, veröffentlicht wurde. Nach einer ausführlichen Erklärung dessen, was Philosophie überhaupt ist, was der Gegenstand und die Aufgabe der Philosophie ist, führt Moore im Ausgang von unseren sinnlichen Erfahrungen in das Gesamtgebiet der Philosophie ein. Behandelt werden Themen wie Existenz, materielle Dinge, Dinge in Raum und Zeit, Propositionen, Wissen und Erkennen, die Philosophie David Humes und weitere Themen. Der vorliegende Band ist sowohl für Philosophiestudenten und interessierte Laien zur Einführung in die Philosophie gut geeignet, als auch für den philosophischen Experten, der sich eingehender mit Moores Philosophie beschäftigen möchte.

The Handy Philosophy Answer Book

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 1578592852

Category: Philosophy

Page: 504

View: 1008

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Combining a basic history of philosophical thought with the often quirky personal stories of famous philosophers, this comprehensive introduction to the world of philosophy answers more than 1,000 questions, ranging from What was the Enlightenment? to Why did the Pythagorians avoid fava beans? Analyzing the collective effort of philosophers throughout history in the pursuit of truth and wisdom, the guide explores the tangible significance of philosophical thought to modern society and civilization as a whole. With a wide range of information suitable for various knowledge bases—from junior high to junior college—this is an ideal resource for anyone looking to get a better grasp of the history of thought.

The Cambridge Introduction to Michel Foucault

Author: Lisa Downing

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521864437

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 138

View: 6834

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This book covers Foucault's major works in depth, and offers clear explanations of his key themes of power and discourse.

Descartes's Meditations

An Introduction

Author: Catherine Wilson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521007665

Category: Philosophy

Page: 271

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This is a new introduction to a philosophical classic. Drawing on the reinterpretations of Descartes' thought of the past twenty-five years, Catherine Wilson examines the arguments of Descartes' famous Meditations, showing how Descartes constructs a theory of the mind, the body, nature, and God from a premise of radical uncertainty. She discusses in detail the historical context of Descartes' writings and their relationship to early modern science, and at the same time she introduces concepts and problems that define the philosophical enterprise as it is understood today.

Al-Farabi and His School

Author: Ian Richard Netton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113495980X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 6603

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Examines one of the most exciting and dynamic periods in the development of medieval Islam, from the late 9th to the early 11th century, through the thought of five of its principal thinkers, prime among them al-Farabi. This great Islamic philosopher, called 'the Second Master' after Aristotle, produced a recognizable school of thought in which others pursued and developed some of his own intellectual preoccupations. Their thought is treated with particular reference to the most basic questions which can be asked in the theory of knowledge or epistemology. The book thus fills a lacuna in the literature by using this approach to highlight the intellectual continuity which was maintained in an age of flux. Particular attention is paid to the ethical dimensions of knowledge.

Representing and Intervening

Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science

Author: Ian Hacking

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110726815X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about realism. Hacking illustrates how experimentation often has a life independent of theory. He argues that although the philosophical problems of scientific realism can not be resolved when put in terms of theory alone, a sound philosophy of experiment provides compelling grounds for a realistic attitude. A great many scientific examples are described in both parts of the book, which also includes lucid expositions of recent high energy physics and a remarkable chapter on the microscope in cell biology.