An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Noah Lemos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461850

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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Epistemology or the theory of knowledge is one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this book provides a clear and accessible introduction to the subject. It discusses some of the main theories of justification, including foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and virtue epistemology. Other topics include the Gettier problem, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the problem of epistemic circularity, the problem of the criterion, a priori knowledge, and naturalized epistemology. Intended primarily for students taking a first class in epistemology, this lucid and well-written text would also provide an excellent introduction for anyone interested in knowing more about this important area of philosophy.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind

Author: E. J. Lowe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521654289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

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A lucid and wide-ranging 2000 introduction suitable for readers with a basic grounding in philosophy.

Epistemology

A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Robert Audi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134461968

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 8042

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This comprehensive book introduces the concepts and theories central for understanding knowledge. It aims to reach students who have already done an introductory philosophy course. Topics covered include perception and reflection as grounds of knowledge, and the nature, structure, and varieties of knowledge. The character and scope of knowledge in the crucial realms of ethics, science and religion are also considered. Unique features of Epistemology: * Provides a comprehensive survey of basic concepts and major theories * Gives an up-to-date account of important developments in the field * Contains many lucid examples to support ideas * Cites key literature in an annotated bibliography.

Reading the Book of Nature

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science

Author: Peter Kosso

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521426824

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 1602

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This is an introductory survey to the philosophy of science suitable for beginners and nonspecialists. Its point of departure is the question: why should we believe what science tells us about the world? In this attempt to justify the claims of science the book treats such topics as observation data, confirmation of theories, and the explanation of phenomena. The writing is clear and concrete with detailed examples drawn from contemporary science: solar neutrinos, the gravitational bending of light, and the creation/evolution debate, for example. What emerges is a view of science in which observation relies on theory to give it meaning and credibility, while theory relies on observation for its motivation and validation. It is shown that this reciprocal support is not circular since the theory used to support a particular observation is independent of the theory for which the observation serves as evidence.

Common Sense, Science and Scepticism

A Historical Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge

Author: Alan Musgrave

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521436250

Category: Philosophy

Page: 310

View: 4787

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Can we know anything for certain? There are those who think we can (traditionally labeled the "dogmatists") and those who think we cannot (traditionally labeled the "skeptics"). The theory of knowledge, or epistemology, is the great debate between the two. This book is an introductory and historically-based survey of the debate. It sides for the most part with the skeptics. It also develops out of skepticism a third view, fallibilism or critical rationalism, which incorporates an uncompromising realism about perception, science, and the nature of truth.

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion

Author: Michael J. Murray,Michael C. Rea

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139469654

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion provides a broad overview of the topics which are at the forefront of discussion in contemporary philosophy of religion. Prominent views and arguments from both historical and contemporary authors are discussed and analyzed. The book treats all of the central topics in the field, including the coherence of the divine attributes, theistic and atheistic arguments, faith and reason, religion and ethics, miracles, human freedom and divine providence, science and religion, and immortality. In addition it addresses topics of significant importance that similar books often ignore, including the argument for atheism from hiddenness, the coherence of the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation, and the relationship between religion and politics. It will be a valuable accompaniment to undergraduate and introductory graduate-level courses.

The Philosophy of Social Science

An Introduction

Author: Martin Hollis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521447805

Category: Philosophy

Page: 268

View: 7945

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An introduction to the philosophy of social science from a well-known author.

The Handy Philosophy Answer Book

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 1578592852

Category: Philosophy

Page: 504

View: 3318

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Combining a basic history of philosophical thought with the often quirky personal stories of famous philosophers, this comprehensive introduction to the world of philosophy answers more than 1,000 questions, ranging from What was the Enlightenment? to Why did the Pythagorians avoid fava beans? Analyzing the collective effort of philosophers throughout history in the pursuit of truth and wisdom, the guide explores the tangible significance of philosophical thought to modern society and civilization as a whole. With a wide range of information suitable for various knowledge bases—from junior high to junior college—this is an ideal resource for anyone looking to get a better grasp of the history of thought.

The Cambridge Introduction to Jacques Derrida

Author: Leslie Hill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466143

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

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Few thinkers of the latter half of the twentieth century have so profoundly and radically transformed our understanding of writing and literature as Jacques Derrida (1930–2004). Derridian deconstruction remains one of the most powerful intellectual movements of the present century, and Derrida's own innovative writings on literature and philosophy are crucially relevant for any understanding of the future of literature and literary criticism today. Derrida's own manner of writing is complex and challenging and has often been misrepresented or misunderstood. In this book, Leslie Hill provides an accessible introduction to Derrida's writings on literature which presupposes no prior knowledge of Derrida's work. He explores in detail Derrida's relationship to literary theory and criticism, and offers close readings of some of Derrida's best known essays. This introduction will help those coming to Derrida's work for the first time, and suggests further directions to take in studying this hugely influential thinker.

Al-Farabi and His School

Author: Ian Richard Netton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113495980X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 508

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Examines one of the most exciting and dynamic periods in the development of medieval Islam, from the late 9th to the early 11th century, through the thought of five of its principal thinkers, prime among them al-Farabi. This great Islamic philosopher, called 'the Second Master' after Aristotle, produced a recognizable school of thought in which others pursued and developed some of his own intellectual preoccupations. Their thought is treated with particular reference to the most basic questions which can be asked in the theory of knowledge or epistemology. The book thus fills a lacuna in the literature by using this approach to highlight the intellectual continuity which was maintained in an age of flux. Particular attention is paid to the ethical dimensions of knowledge.

The Cambridge Introduction to Michel Foucault

Author: Lisa Downing

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521864437

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 138

View: 6056

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This book covers Foucault's major works in depth, and offers clear explanations of his key themes of power and discourse.

An Introduction to Africana Philosophy

Author: Lewis R. Gordon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139471961

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

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In this undergraduate textbook Lewis R. Gordon offers the first comprehensive treatment of Africana philosophy, beginning with the emergence of an Africana (i.e. African diasporic) consciousness in the Afro-Arabic world of the Middle Ages. He argues that much of modern thought emerged out of early conflicts between Islam and Christianity that culminated in the expulsion of the Moors from the Iberian Peninsula, and from the subsequent expansion of racism, enslavement, and colonialism which in their turn stimulated reflections on reason, liberation, and the meaning of being human. His book takes the student reader on a journey from Africa through Europe, North and South America, the Caribbean, and back to Africa, as he explores the challenges posed to our understanding of knowledge and freedom today, and the response to them which can be found within Africana philosophy.

Contract Law

Rules, Theory, and Context

Author: Brian H. Bix

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139576631

Category: Law

Page: N.A

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To gain a deep understanding of contract law, one needs to master not only the rules and principles of the field, but also its underlying theory and justification, and its long and intricate history. This book offers an accessible introduction to all aspects of American contract law, useful to both first-year law students and advanced contract scholars. The book is grounded on up-to-date scholarship and contains detailed references to cases, statutes, Restatements and international legal principles. The book takes the reader from contract formation through interpretation and remedies, considering both the practical and theoretical aspects throughout. Each chapter also includes helpful lists of suggested further reading.

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

An Introductory Guide

Author: Guy Gibbon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 075912342X

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 8473

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Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.

An Introduction to Metaphysics

Author: John W. Carroll,Ned Markosian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521826292

Category: Philosophy

Page: 267

View: 5701

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Discusses and invites students to reflect on topics such as causation, freedom and determinism, laws of nature, and material objects.

The Cambridge Companion to Descartes

Author: John Cottingham

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521366960

Category: Philosophy

Page: 441

View: 2770

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Leading scholars present the full range of Descartes' philosophical achievement in the context of his life and the development of his thought.

Nietzsche, Theories of Knowledge, and Critical Theory

Nietzsche and the Sciences I

Author: B.E. Babich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940172430X

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 9641

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Nietzsche, Theories of Knowledge, and Critical Theory, the first volume of a two-volume book collection on Nietzsche and the Sciences, ranges from reviews of Nietzsche and the wide variety of epistemic traditions - not only pre-Socratic, but Cartesian, Leibnizian, Kantian, and post-Kantian -through essays on Nietzsche's critique of knowledge via his critique of grammar and modern culture, and culminates in an extended section on the dynamic of Nietzsche's critical philosophy seen from the perspective of Habermas and critical theory. This volume features a first-time English translation of Habermas's afterword to his own German-language collection of Nietzsche's Epistemological Writings.

An Introduction to Epistemology - Second Edition

Author: Jack S. Crumley II

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 1460401166

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 3872

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The second edition of Jack Crumley’s An Introduction to Epistemology strikes a balance between the many issues that engage contemporary epistemologists and the contributions of the major historical figures. He shows not only how philosophers such as Descartes, Hume, Locke, Berkeley, and Kant foreground the contemporary debates, but also why they deserve consideration on their own terms. A substantial revision of the first edition, the second edition is even more accessible to students. The new edition includes recent work on contextualism, evidentialism, externalism and internalism, and perceptual realism; as well, the chapter on coherence theory is substantially revised, reflecting recent developments in that area. New to this second edition is a chapter on feminist epistemology, which includes discussions of major positions and themes, such as feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint epistemology, postmodern epistemology, and feminist critiques of objectivity. It presents the important contributions of philosophers such as Sandra Harding, Helen Longino, Genevieve Lloyd, and others. Each chapter ends with a list of study questions and readings for further study.