Advanced Organic Chemistry

Part A: Structure and Mechanisms

Author: Francis A. Carey,Richard J. Sundberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461397952

Category: Science

Page: 832

View: 7335

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The purpose of this edition, like that of the earlier ones, is to provide the basis for a deeper understanding of the structures of organic compounds and the mechanisms of organic reactions. The level is aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Our goals are to solidify the student's understanding of basic concepts provided by an introduction to organic chemistry and to present more information and detail, including quantitative information, than can be presented in the first course in organic chemistry. The first three chapters consider the fundamental topi~s of bonding theory, stereochemistry, and conformation. Chapter 4 discusses the techniques that are used to study and characterize reaction mechanisms. Chapter 9 focuses on aromaticity and the structural basis of aromatic stabilization. The remaining chapters consider basic reaction types, including substituent effects and stereochemistry. As compared to the earlier editions, there has been a modest degree of reorganization. The emergence of free-radical reactions in synthesis has led to the inclusion of certain aspects of free-radical chemistry in Part B. The revised chapter, Chapter 12, empha sizes the distinctive mechanistic and kinetic aspects of free-radical reactions. The synthetic applications will be considered in Part B. We have also split the topics of aromaticity and the reactions of aromatic compounds into two separate chapters, Chapters 9 and 10. This may facilitate use of Chapter 9, which deals with the nature of aromaticity, at an earlier stage if an instructor so desires.

Advanced Organic Chemistry

Part B: Reaction and Synthesis

Author: Francis A. Carey,Richard J. Sundberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387683546

Category: Science

Page: 1322

View: 8163

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The two-part, fifth edition of Advanced Organic Chemistry has been substantially revised and reorganized for greater clarity. The material has been updated to reflect advances in the field since the previous edition, especially in computational chemistry. Part B describes the most general and useful synthetic reactions, organized on the basis of reaction type. It can stand-alone; together, with Part A: Structure and Mechanisms, the two volumes provide a comprehensive foundation for the study in organic chemistry. Companion websites provide digital models for students and exercise solutions for instructors.

Advanced Organic Chemistry

Reaction Mechanisms

Author: Reinhard Bruckner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121381103

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 3581

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Contents - Radical Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions at the Saturated C Atom. Additions to the Olefinic C=C Double Bond. Eliminations Substitution Reactions on Aromatic Compounds. Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions (Except Through Enolates) on the Carboxyl Carbon. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Heterocumulenes. Additions of Heteroatom Nucleophiles to Carbonyl Compounds and Their Secondary Reactions. Addition of H Nucleophiles and Metal Organyls to Carbonyl Compounds. Reaction of Ylides with Saturated or Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds. Chemistry of the Alkaline Earth Metal Enolates. Rearrangements. Thermal Cycloadditions. Transition Metal-Mediated Alkenylations, Arylations and Alkynylations. Oxidations and Reductions.

Strategic Applications of Named Reactions in Organic Synthesis

Author: Laszlo Kurti,Barbara Czako

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080575412

Category: Science

Page: 864

View: 3829

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Kurti and Czako have produced an indispensable tool for specialists and non-specialists in organic chemistry. This innovative reference work includes 250 organic reactions and their strategic use in the synthesis of complex natural and unnatural products. Reactions are thoroughly discussed in a convenient, two-page layout--using full color. Its comprehensive coverage, superb organization, quality of presentation, and wealth of references, make this a necessity for every organic chemist. * The first reference work on named reactions to present colored schemes for easier understanding * 250 frequently used named reactions are presented in a convenient two-page layout with numerous examples * An opening list of abbreviations includes both structures and chemical names * Contains more than 10,000 references grouped by seminal papers, reviews, modifications, and theoretical works * Appendices list reactions in order of discovery, group by contemporary usage, and provide additional study tools * Extensive index quickly locates information using words found in text and drawings

March's Advanced Organic Chemistry

Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure

Author: Michael B. Smith

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780470462591

Category: Science

Page: 2080

View: 3892

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The new, revised and updated 7th edition of March’s Advanced Organic Chemistry clearly explains the theories and examples of organic chemistry, providing the most comprehensive resource about organic chemistry available. Readers are guided on planning and execution of multi-step synthetic reactions, with detailed descriptions of all the reactions. The first five chapters deal with the structure of organic compounds and discuss important organic chemistry bonds, fundamental principles of conformation, and stereochemistry of organic molecules, and reactive intermediates in organic chemistry. Chapters 6 to 9 are concerned with general principles of mechanism in organic chemistry, including acids and bases, photochemistry, sonochemistry and microwave irradiation, and finally the relationship between structure and reactivity. The last 10 chapters cover the nature and the scope of organic reactions and their mechanisms. The 7th edition proves again it is a must-have desktop reference and textbook for every student and professional working in organic chemistry or related fields. Key features of the 7th edition: Every chapter has been updated with the most recent reaction information with references to both the primary and review literature New to the 7th edition: 5,500 references since the last edition, updates / rewrites of the retained sections, and an updated index in Appendix B Contains more than 1650 reactions and 20,000 valuable references to the primary literature Includes appendices on the literature of organic chemistry and the classification of reactions according to the compounds synthesized Guides the reader on planning and execution of multi-step synthetic reactions, with detailed descriptions of all the reactions. Reviews of the previous edition: "...a favorite general organic chemistry text and an easy-to-use one-volume reference. We are confident that this book will remain a dominant reference and that it will reside on many chemists' personal bookshelves." –Journal of Medicinal Chemistry "Who can hope to be seriously accepted as a member of the organic chemistry community without being in possession of at least one edition of 'March'?" –Chemistry and Industry

Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry

Author: Audrey Miller,Philippa H. Solomon

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124967120

Category: Science

Page: 471

View: 5458

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Writing Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Chemistry, Second Edition, is an invaluable guide to charting the movements of atoms and electrons in the reactions of organic molecules. Miller and Solomon illustrate that understanding organic reactions is based on applying general principles rather than the rote memorization of unrelated processes, and, in turn, emphasize that writing mechanisms is a practical method of applying knowledge of previously encountered reactions and reaction conditions to new reactions. Students and research chemists alike will find this book useful in providing a method of organizing and synthesizing an oftentimes overwhelming quantity of information into a set of general principles and guidelines for determining and describing organic reaction mechanisms. * Essential for those students who need to have mechanisms explained in greater detail than most organic chemistry textbooks provide. * Illustrated with hundreds of chemical structures * Extensively rewritten and reorganized to make the presentation and format even easier for students to use * Contains many problem sets and answers to all problems to help students work through general principles and applications * Appendixes have been added to this edition that contain easily referenced information on Lewis structures, symbols for chemical notation, and the relative acidities of common substances

Advanced organic chemistry

reactions, mechanisms, and structure

Author: Jerry March

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1495

View: 8145

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After four editions, it2s still the reference students and professionals count on. Advanced Organic Chemistry Fourth Edition Only one reference has brought consistently incisive, up-to date, and comprehensive coverage of the most useful reactions in organic chemistry directly to the fingertips of both students and professionals: Advanced Organic Chemistry. Organized by reaction type, a feature that makes clear the basic principles underlying the nearly 580 reactions described, Advanced Organic Chemistry offers instant access to each reaction2s scope, limitations, and mechanisms. Balancing timely detail and informative breadth, this new updated Fourth Edition: Describes the structure of organic compounds, including chemical bonding and stereochemistry Reviews general reaction mechanisms, including ordinary reactions and photochemical reactions Includes a survey of reactions, arranged by reaction type and by which bonds are broken and formed Includes IUPAC2s newest system for designating reaction mechanisms Features an index to the methods used for preparing given types of compounds Contains more than 15,000 references-5,000 new to this edition-to original papers

Organic Synthesis

Author: Michael B Smith

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124158846

Category: Science

Page: 1534

View: 5714

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A reactions oriented course is a staple of most graduate organic programs, and synthesis is taught either as a part of that course or as a special topic. Ideally, the incoming student is an organic major, who has a good working knowledge of basic reactions, stereochemistry and conformational principles. In fact, however, many (often most) of the students in a first year graduate level organic course have deficiencies in their undergraduate work, are not organic majors and are not synthetically inclined. To save students much time catching up this text provides a reliable and readily available source for background material that will enable all graduate students to reach the same high level of proficiency in organic chemistry. Produced over many years with extensive feedback from students taking an organic chemistry course this book provides a reaction based approach. The first two chapters provide an introduction to functional groups; these are followed by chapters reviewing basic organic transformations (e.g. oxidation, reduction). The book then looks at carbon-carbon bond formation reactions and ways to ‘disconnect’ a bigger molecule into simpler building blocks. Most chapters include an extensive list of questions to test the reader’s understanding. There is also a new chapter outlining full retrosynthetic analyses of complex molecules which highlights common problems made by scientists. The book is intended for graduate and postgraduate students, scientific researchers in chemistry New publisher, new edition; extensively updated and corrected Over 950 new references with more than 6100 references in total Over 600 new reactions and figures replaced or updated Over 300 new homework problems from the current literature to provide nearly 800 problems to test reader understanding of the key principles

Elements of Synthesis Planning

Author: R. W. Hoffmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540792208

Category: Science

Page: 227

View: 2432

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Synthesis is at the core of organic chemistry. In order for compounds to be studied—be it as drugs, materials, or because of their physical properties— they have to be prepared, often in multistep synthetic sequences. Thus, the target compound is at the outset of synthesis planning. Synthesis involves creating the target compound from smaller, readily available building blocks. Immediately, questions arise: From which bui- ing blocks? In which sequence? By which reactions? Nature creates many highly complex “natural products” via reaction cascades, in which an asso- ment of starting compounds present within the cell is transformed by speci c (for each target structure) combinations of modular enzymes in speci c - quences into the target compounds [1, 2]. To mimic this ef ciency is the dream of an ideal synthesis [2]. However, we are at present so far from - alising such a “one-pot” operation that actual synthesis has to be achieved via a sequence of individual discrete steps. Thus, we are left with the task of planning each synthesis individually in an optimal fashion. Synthesis planning must be conducted with regard for certain speci - tions, some of which are due to the structure of the target molecule, and some of which relate to external parameters such as costs, environmental compatibility, or novelty. We will not consider these external aspects in this context. Planning of a synthesis is based on a pool of information regarding chemical reactions that can be executed reliably and in high chemical yield.

Indoles

Author: Richard J. Sundberg

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080534619

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 9549

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Indoles continue to be of great interest to the pharmaceutical industry and at the current time several thousand specific new derivatives are reported annually. Research has been driven by the wide range of indole derivatives which occur in nature and through the biological activity of many indole derivatives, of both natural and synthetic origin.This book provides a systematic guide to the most useful and important reactions in the field for both synthesis and synthetic modification of the indole ring. While including the most recently developed and promising methods, it also updates informationavailable on classical methods to give the reader an up-to-date and comprehensive view of the subject. The methods are illustrated by procedures drawn from the literature and by tables including examples chosen to indicate both the scope of applicabilityand variations in methodology. The organization of the book is based on the retrosynthetic concept of identifying the bond(s) formed in the reaction, which in turn identifies potential starting materials. Includes systematic summaries of the most important methods for the construction of indoles from aromatic precursors Discusses methods for preparing indoles by annelation of pyrroles Covers methods for adding or modifying substituent groups, including methods for introducing the tryptamine and tryptophan side-chainsExamines reduction/oxidation reactions that are specific for indoles Considers use of cycloaddition reactions for synthetic elaboration of indoles

Organometallic Chemistry of the Transition Elements

Author: Florian P. Pruchnik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489920765

Category: Science

Page: 758

View: 6805

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Organometallic chemistry belongs to the most rapidly developing area of chemistry today. This is due to the fact that research dealing with the structure of compounds and chemical bonding has been greatly intensified in recent years. Additionally, organometallic compounds have been widely utilized in catalysis, organic synthesis, electronics, etc. This book is based on my lectures concerning basic organometallic chemistry for fourth and fifth year chemistry students and on my lectures concerning advanced organometallic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis for Ph.D. graduate students. Many recent developments in the area of organometallic chemistry as weIl as homogeneous catalysis are presented. Essential research results dealing with a given class of organometallic compounds are discussed briefly. Results of physicochemical research methods of various organometallic compounds as weIl as their synthesis, properties, structures, reactivities, and applications are discussed more thoroughly. The selection of tabulated data is arbitrary because, often, it has been impossible to avoid omissions. Nevertheless, these data can be very helpful in understanding properties of organometaIlic compounds and their reactivities. All physical data are given in SI units; the interatomic distances are given in pm units in figures and tables. I am indebted to Professor S. A. Duraj for translating and editing this book. His remarks, discussions, and suggestions are greatly appreciated. I also express gratitude to Virginia E. Duraj for editing and proofreading.

Organic Chemistry

Author: Francis Carey,Robert Giuliano

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780073511214

Category: Science

Page: 1248

View: 2595

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For ten editions, Organic Chemistry has been designed to meet the needs of the "mainstream," two-semester, undergraduate organic chemistry course. This best-selling text gives students a solid understanding of organic chemistry by stressing how fundamental reaction mechanisms function and reactions occur.

Intermediate Organic Chemistry

Author: Ann M. Fabirkiewicz,John C. Stowell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118308816

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 7402

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This book presents key aspects of organic synthesis stereochemistry, functional group transformations, bond formation, synthesis planning, mechanisms, and spectroscopy and a guide to literature searching in a reader–friendly manner. Helps students understand the skills and basics they need to move from introductory to graduate organic chemistry classes Balances synthetic and physical organic chemistry in a way accessible to students Features extensive end–of–chapter problems Updates include new examples and discussion of online resources now common for literature searches Adds sections on protecting groups and green chemistry along with a rewritten chapter surveying organic spectroscopy

Practical Chemoinformatics

Author: Muthukumarasamy Karthikeyan,Renu Vyas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132217802

Category: Science

Page: 533

View: 6246

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Chemoinformatics is equipped to impact our life in a big way mainly in the fields of chemical, medical and material sciences. This book is a product of several years of experience and passion for the subject written in a simple lucid style to attract the interest of the student community who wish to master chemoinformatics as a career. The topics chosen cover the entire spectrum of chemoinformatics activities (methods, data and tools). The algorithms, open source databases, tutorials supporting theory using standard datasets, guidelines, questions and do it yourself exercises will make it valuable to the academic research community. At the same time every chapter devotes a section on development of new software tools relevant for the growing pharmaceutical, fine chemicals and life sciences industry. The book is intended to assist beginners to hone their skills and also constitute an interesting reading for the experts.

Organic Synthesis

The Disconnection Approach

Author: Stuart Warren,Paul Wyatt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119965535

Category: Science

Page: 342

View: 3806

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One approach to organic synthesis is retrosynthetic analysis. With this approach a chemist will start with the structure of their target molecule and progressively cut bonds to create simpler molecules. Reversing this process gives a synthetic route to the target molecule from simpler starting materials. This “disconnection” approach to synthesis is now a fundamental part of every organic synthesis course. Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition introduces this important technique, to help students to design their own organic syntheses. There are forty chapters: those on the synthesis of given types of molecules alternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learnt are placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover many ways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromatic and aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressing to molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapters cover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, and develop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designed for difficult problems. Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, natural products, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds, dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advanced synthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound are given. This second edition has been fully revised and updated with a modern look. Recent examples and techniques are included and illustrated additional material has been added to take the student to the level required by the sequel, “Organic Synthesis: Strategy and Control”. Several chapters contain extensive new material based on courses that the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceutical industry. Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd edition provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis for chemistry and biochemistry students and a refresher for organic chemists working in industry and academia.