Academic Capitalism

Universities in the Global Struggle for Excellence

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135036055

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 8070

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This book investigates the intensifying struggle for excellence between universities in a globalized academic field. The rise of the entrepreneurial university and academic capitalism are superimposing themselves on the competition of scientists for progress of knowledge and recognition by the scientific community. The result is a sharpening institutional stratification of the field. This stratification is produced and continuously reproduced by the intensified struggle for funds with the shrinking of block grants and the growing significance of competitive funding, as well as the increasing impact of international and national rankings on academic research and teaching. The increased allocation of funds on the basis of performance leads to overinvestment of resources at the small top and underinvestment for the broad mass of universities in the middle and lower ranks. There is a curvilinear inverted u-shaped relationship of investments and returns in terms of knowledge production. Paradoxically, the intrusion of the economic logic and measures of managerial controlling into the academic field imply increasing inefficiency in the allocation of resources to universities. The top institutions suffer from overinvestment, the rank-and-file institutions from underinvestment. The economic inefficiency is accompanied by a shrinking potential for renewal and open knowledge evolution.

Seeing Religion

Toward a Visual Sociology of Religion

Author: Roman R. Williams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677811

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 2203

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The potential of visual research methods in the sociology of religion is vast, but largely untapped. This comes as a surprise, however, given the visual, symbolic, and material nature of religion and spirituality. Evidence of religious faith and practice is materially present in everything from clothing and jewelry to artifacts found in people’s homes and workplaces. Not only is religion’s symbolic and material presence palpable throughout society, it also informs attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of countless people worldwide. Words-and-numbers approaches to social research, however, sometimes miss important dimensions of religion and spirituality in the contemporary world. Seeing Religion is an invitation to a visual sociology of religion. Contributors draw from their current research to discuss the application of visual methods to the study of religion and spirituality. Each chapter stimulates the sociological imagination through examples of research techniques, analytical approaches, and methodological concerns.

Reproductive Tourism in the United States

Creating Family in the Mother Country

Author: Lauren Jade Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317610164

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 6968

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This book examines the United States as a destination for international consumers of assisted fertility services, including egg donation, surrogacy, and sex selection. Based on interviews conducted with fertility industry insiders who market their services to an international clientele in three of the largest American hubs of the global fertility marketplace - New York City, Los Angeles, and San Francisco - and focusing on the providers rather than the consumers of assisted fertility services, the book shines a light on how professional ethics and norms, in addition to personal moralities, shape the practice of reproductive tourism.

Ideology and the Fight Against Human Trafficking

Author: Reyhan Atasü-Topcuoğlu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317638190

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 8646

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Human trafficking has become one of the most spoken-of problems of our day, and fighting it has grown into a multi-million-dollar project sector. This book is about how we all come to name various exploitative migratory experiences "human trafficking" and how we build a consensus on how to counter it. This book investigates counter-trafficking as a transnational field and tries to show how connected stances against a "global social problem" are produced internationally in general, and nationally in particular within the example of three countries which are defined with different positions according to the phenomenon: Ukraine as a "source country," Turkey as a "transit and destination country," Germany as a "destination country." The book examines how power relations limit the language to propose and solve social problems in the example of human trafficking. It shows the limits of scientific studies on the issue and the chasm between counter-trafficking and its primary target group, the trafficked people.

Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 2879

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Foundations of Critical Media and Information Studies

Author: Christian Fuchs

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136825312

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3906

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Foundations of Critical Media and Information Studies lays down foundations for the analysis of media, information, and information technology in 21st century information society, as well as introducing the theoretical and empirical tools necessary for the critical study of media and information. Christian Fuchs shows the role classical critical theory can play for analyzing the information society and the information economy, as well as analyzing the role of the media and the information economy in economic development, the new imperialism, and the new economic crisis. The book critically discusses transformations of the Internet (‘web 2.0’), introduces the notion of alternative media as critical media, and shows the critical role media and information technology can play in contemporary society. This book provides an excellent introduction to the study of media, information technology, and information society, making it a valuable reference tool for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of subjects such as Media Studies, Sociology of Media, Social Theory, and New Media.

The Routledge Handbook of Political Ecology

Author: Tom Perreault,Gavin Bridge,James McCarthy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317638719

Category: Nature

Page: 646

View: 6389

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The Routledge Handbook of Political Ecology presents a comprehensive and authoritative examination of the rapidly growing field of political ecology. Located at the intersection of geography, anthropology, sociology, and environmental history, political ecology is one of the most vibrant and conceptually diverse fields of inquiry into nature-society relations within the social sciences. The Handbook serves as an essential guide to this rapidly evolving intellectual landscape. With contributions from over 50 leading authors, the Handbook presents a systematic overview of political ecology’s origins, practices and core concerns, and aims to advance both ongoing and emerging debates. While there are numerous edited volumes, textbooks, and monographs under the heading ‘political ecology,’ these have tended to be relatively narrow in scope, either as collections of empirically based (mostly case study) research on a given theme, or broad overviews of the field aimed at undergraduate audiences. The Routledge Handbook of Political Ecology is the first systematic, comprehensive overview of the field. With authors from North and South America, Europe, Australia and elsewhere, the Handbook of Political Ecology provides a state of the art examination of political ecology; addresses ongoing and emerging debates in this rapidly evolving field; and charts new agendas for research, policy, and activism. The Routledge Handbook of Political Ecology introduces political ecology as an interdisciplinary academic field. By presenting a ‘state of the art’ examination of the field, it will serve as an invaluable resource for students and scholars. It not only critically reviews the key debates in the field, but develops them. The Handbook will serve as an excellent resource for graduate and advanced undergraduate teaching, and is a key reference text for geographers, anthropologists, sociologists, environmental historians, and others working in and around political ecology.

Professions and Disciplines

Functional and Conflict Perspectives

Author: Daniel W. Rossides

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 335

View: 1179

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This unique book provides a comprehensive evaluation that asks if our professions perform social functions and solve widespread social problems or merely the problems of upper-level individuals and groups? The book presents the effect of corporate world-market capitalism on professions reflected in the corporate squeeze on doctors, for example. It demonstrates the fallacies of professional claims of objectivity, unique knowledge bases, value-neutrality, altruism, and nonpartisanship. It demonstrates that professions are integral components of the American class system and highlights the stratification within professions and their reliance on subordinate and exploited labor. It shows the widespread and persistent racial, ethnic, and gender stratification in all professions along with recent studies showing that similarly qualified minorities are not rewarded equally. The book also includes full chapters on the policy professions; professional deviance; and the depiction of professions in the mass media. An essential reference book for any reader who wishes a greater understanding of the problems of class in the United States.

Das Regime des liberalen Kapitalismus

Inklusion und Exklusion im neuen Wohlfahrtsstaat

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593388944

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 9950

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Der globale wirtschaftliche Wettbewerb führte in allen Wohlfahrtsstaaten zum Abbau sozialer Sicherheit, zur Zunahme sozialer Ungleichheit und zu politischen Spannungen. Richard Münch beleuchtet die Ursachen dieser Entwicklung, aber auch deren weiteren Weg. Seine Prognose: Der globale Wettbewerb wird durch eine wachsende internationale Arbeitsteilung entschärft. Dadurch wird die transnationale Dimension von Solidarität und Gerechtigkeit an Bedeutung gewinnen. Gleichzeitig werden in Zukunft nicht mehr Gruppenzugehörigkeiten über Inklusion oder Exklusion entscheiden, sondern individuelle Fähigkeiten. Dementsprechend wird das neue Wohlfahrtsregime nicht mehr auf den Schutz des Individuums vor unwägbaren Risiken, sondern auf die Befähigung zu deren Bewältigung setzen.

Das unternehmerische Selbst

Soziologie einer Subjektivierungsform

Author: Ulrich Bröckling

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518732234

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 2503

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Die Maxime »Handle unternehmerisch!« ist der kategorische Imperativ der Gegenwart. Ein unternehmerisches Selbst ist man nicht, man soll es werden. Und man wird es, indem man sich in allen Lebenslagen kreativ, flexibel, eigenverantwortlich, risikobewußt und kundenorientiert verhält. Das Leitbild ist zugleich Schreckbild. Was alle werden sollen, ist auch das, was allen droht. Der Wettbewerb unterwirft das unternehmerische Selbst dem Diktat fortwährender Selbstoptimierung, aber keine Anstrengung vermag seine Angst vor dem Scheitern zu bannen. Ulrich Bröcklings grundlegende soziologische Studie nimmt diese Ambivalenz in den Blick und spitzt sie zu einer Diagnose der gegenwärtigen Gesellschaft zu.

Das Regime des Pluralismus

Zivilgesellschaft im Kontext der Globalisierung

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593392992

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 9414

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Internationale Arbeitsteilung und grenzüberschreitende Mobilität, transnationale Netzwerke und globale Diskurse haben bisherige Unterscheidungen zwischen dem Eigenen und dem Fremden aufgehoben. Das Credo des liberalen Pluralismus lautet: Anerkennung des Anderen und dessen Gleichstellung mit dem Eigenen. Richard Münch beleuchtet diese kosmopolitische Ethik und zeigt, dass sie vor allem von der transnational vernetzten Elite repräsentiert und gelebt wird, nicht aber vom Großteil der Gesellschaft. Der fortschreitende Pluralismus führt daher zu einem wachsenden Konflikt. Richard Münch untersucht diesen Konflikt in seiner historischen Entwicklung, seiner unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen Institutionalisierung und seinen europäischen sowie globalen Dimensionen.

Die Konstruktion der europäischen Gesellschaft

Zur Dialektik von transnationaler Integration und nationaler Desintegration

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593404559

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 5363

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Die Integration Europas ist ein fundamentaler Prozess des gesellschaftlichen Wandels, ein Prozess der Konstruktion einer europäischen Gesellschaft und der Dekonstruktion der nationalen Gesellschaften. Münch beschreibt diesen tief greifenden Wandel in einer gesellschaftstheoretischen Perspektive anhand der Rechtsprechung des Europäischen Gerichtshofes und der damit einhergehenden intellektuellen Legitimationsdiskurse. Über die fachwissenschaftlichen Diskurse hinaus hilft das Buch zu verstehen, wie die Integration Europas die Gesellschaft verändert. Das Buch spricht nicht nur die gesamte Europaforschung über alle disziplinären Grenzen hinweg an, sondern auch alle mit der fortschreitenden Integration Europas beschäftigten Experten in Regierung, Verwaltung, Parteien, Verbänden und Medien sowie alle politisch interessierten Bürger.

Die akademische Elite

zur sozialen Konstruktion wissenschaftlicher Exzellenz

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518125106

Category: Education, Higher

Page: 474

View: 853

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Das Regime des Freihandels

Entwicklung und Ungleichheit in der Weltgesellschaft

Author: Richard Münch

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593395215

Category: Social Science

Page: 330

View: 7795

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Der globale Freihandel spaltet die Welt in Befürworter und Gegner. Für die einen vermehrt er den Wohlstand und hilft Armut zu überwinden, für die anderen macht er die Reichen noch reicher und lässt neue Armut entstehen. Die Entwicklung der vergangenen 30 Jahre lehrt, dass die Wahrheit beide Positionen umfasst. Der freie Welthandel lässt die Wirtschaft wachsen und verteilt den geschaffenen Wohlstand neu auf Gewinner und Verlierer. In den bislang armen Regionen der Welt entstehen neue Zentren des Reichtums, in den bislang reichen Regionen neue Zonen der Armut. Richard Münch erklärt den Zusammenhang dieser zwei Seiten des Freihandels mittels einer Theorie des Solidaritätswandels in der wachsenden internationalen Arbeitsteilung und analysiert ihn gemeinsam mit Christian Dressel empirisch. Zusammen mit den Vorgängerbänden »Das Regime des liberalen Kapitalismus« und »Das Regime des Pluralismus« liefert Münch hier eine umfassende Untersuchung staatlicher, gesellschaftlicher und wirtschaftlicher Veränderungen in Europa und darüber hinaus.

Achsen der Differenz

Gesellschaftstheorie und feministische Kritik 2

Author: Gudrun-Axeli Knapp,Angelika Wetterer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783896912169

Category: Feminism

Page: 319

View: 9781

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