A World View of Bioculturally Modified Teeth

Author: Scott E. Burnett,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Bioarchaeological Interpretati

ISBN: 9780813054834

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 5034

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Body modifications--be they tattoos, piercings, or implants--have been with humankind for most of its existence. This volume shows that one aspect of that modification, dental modification, has been around for eons. This volume, based on a well-attended symposium at the American Association of Physical Anthropology meeting, goes beyond the simple textual descriptions to explore the cultural context and biological implications of these modifications. How can these be used to identify status, class, migration, and even health?

Children and Childhood in Bioarchaeology

Author: Patrick Beauchesne,Sabrina C. Agarwal,Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Bioarchaeological Interpretati

ISBN: 9780813056807

Category: Social Science

Page: 412

View: 4504

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A central theme of this volume is that future work on the lives of children in antiquity should be built on a strong foundation of biocultural research that draws from, and integrates more successfully, multiple sub-disciplines, including skeletal biology and physiology, archaeology, socio-cultural anthropology.

The Bioarchaeology of the Human Head

Decapitation, Decoration, and Deformation

Author: Michelle Bonogofsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813035567

Category: Social Science

Page: 323

View: 2567

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"Explores the symbolic significance of the human head in cultural, political, economic, and religious ritual across the world"--

Breathing New Life Into the Evidence of Death

Contemporary Approaches to Bioarchaeology

Author: Aubrey Baadsgaard,Alexis T. Boutin,Jane E. Buikstra

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781934691489

Category: Social Science

Page: 340

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Taking cues from current theoretical perspectives and capitalizing on the strengths of new and sophisticated methods of analysis, this book showcases the vibrancy of bioarchaeological research and its potential for bringing 'new life' to the field of mortuary archaeology and the study of human remains.

Mission Cemeteries, Mission Peoples

Historical and Evolutionary Dimensions of Intracemetery Bioarchaeology in Spanish Florida

Author: Christopher Michael Stojanowski,Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813044637

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7277

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Using biodistance analysis in the context of Spanish Florida, explores how a variety of inferences can be made about past populations and community patterns.

The Bioarchaeology of Violence

Author: Debra L. Martin,Ryan P. Harrod,Ventura R. Pérez

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813049502

Category: Social Science

Page: 291

View: 2361

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"The tragedies of violence have seldom been told with such a compelling use of the biocultural perspective. Building on a solid methodological foundation, we are served theoretical perspectives that are unusually rich and nuanced in their application to the case studies. This collection of case studies is a valuable contribution to the bioarchaeological literature."--George Armelagos, Emory University Human violence is an inescapable aspect of our society and culture. As the archaeological record clearly shows, this has always been true. What is its origin? What role does it play in shaping our behavior? How do ritual acts and cultural sanctions make violence acceptable? These and other questions are addressed by the contributors to "The Bioarchaeology of Violence." Organized thematically, the volume opens by laying the groundwork for new theoretical approaches that move beyond interpretation; it then examines case studies from small-scale conflict to warfare to ritualized violence. Experts on a wide range of ancient societies highlight the meaning and motivation of past uses of violence, revealing how violence often plays an important role in maintaining and suppressing the challenges to the status quo, and how it is frequently a performance meant to be witnessed by others. The interesting and nuanced insights offered in this volume explore both the costs and the benefits of violence throughout human prehistory. Debra L. Martin, Lincy professor of anthropology at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas, is coeditor of "Troubled Times: Violence and Warfare in the Past." Ryan P. Harrod is assistant professor of anthropology at the University of Alaska, Anchorage. Ventura R. Perez is associate professor of anthropology at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and editor-in-chief of the online journal "Landscapes of Violence."

Archaeological Human Remains

Global Perspectives

Author: Barra O’Donnabhain,María Cecilia Lozada

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319063707

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 402

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This volume addresses the directions that studies of archaeological human remains have taken in a number of different countries, where attitudes range from widespread support to prohibition. Overlooked in many previous publications, this diversity in attitudes is examined through a variety of lenses, including academic origins, national identities, supporting institutions, archaeological context and globalization. The volume situates this diversity of attitudes by examining past and current tendencies in studies of archaeologically-retrieved human remains across a range of geopolitical settings. In a context where methodological approaches have been increasingly standardized in recent decades, the volume poses the question if this standardization has led to a convergence in approaches to archaeological human remains or if significant differences remain between practitioners in different countries. The volume also explores the future trajectories of the study of skeletal remains in the different jurisdictions under scrutiny.

What Teeth Reveal about Human Evolution

Author: Debbie Guatelli-Steinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107082102

Category: Nature

Page: 275

View: 9859

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Explores the insights that fossil hominin teeth provide about human evolution, linking findings with current debates in palaeoanthropology.

A Companion to Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish,G. Richard Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111884551X

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 6983

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Companion to Dental Anthropology presents a collection of original readings addressing all aspects and sub-disciplines of the field of dental anthropology—from its origins and evolution through to the latest scientific research. Represents the most comprehensive coverage of all sub-disciplines of dental anthropology available today Features individual chapters written by experts in their specific area of dental research Includes authors who also present results from their research through case studies or voiced opinions about their work Offers extensive coverage of topics relating to dental evolution, morphometric variation, and pathology

Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 6579

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Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world

New Developments in the Bioarchaeology of Care

Further Case Studies and Expanded Theory

Author: Lorna Tilley,Alecia A. Schrenk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319399012

Category: Social Science

Page: 385

View: 2917

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New Developments in the Bioarchaeology of Care evaluates, refines and expands existing concepts and practices in the developing field of bioarchaeological research into health-related care provision in the past. Evidence in human remains that indicates an individual survived with, or following, a serious pathology suggests this person most likely received some form of care from others. This observation was first made half a century ago, but it is only in the last five years that health-related caregiving has been accepted as a topic for bioarchaeology research. In this time, interest has grown exponentially. A focus on care provides a dynamic framework for examining the experiences of disease and disability in the past - at the level of the individual receiving care, and that of the community providing it. When caregiving can be identified in the archaeological record, bioarchaeologists may be able to offer unique insights into aspects of past lifeways. This volume represents the work of an international, diverse, cross-disciplinary group of contributors, each bringing their own particular focus, style and expertise to analyzing past health-related care. Nineteen chapters offer content that ranges from an introduction to the basic 'bioarchaeology of care' approach, through original case studies of care provision, to new theoretical perspectives in this emerging area of scholarship. This book creates a synergy that challenges our thinking about past health-related care behaviors and about the implications of these behaviors for understanding the social environment in which they took place.

The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives

Queering Common Sense About Sex, Gender, and Sexuality

Author: Pamela L. Geller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319409956

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 7501

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This volume uses bioarchaeological remains to examine the complexities and diversity of past socio-sexual lives. This book does not begin with the presumption that certain aspects of sex, gender, and sexuality are universal and longstanding. Rather, the case studies within—extend from Neolithic Europe to pre-Columbian Mesoamerica to the nineteenth-century United States—highlight the importance of culturally and historically contextualizing socio-sexual beliefs and practices. The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives highlights a major shortcoming in many scholarly and popular presentations of past socio-sexual lives. They reveal little about the ancient or historic group under study and much about Western society’s modern state of heteronormative affairs. To interrogate commonsensical thinking about socio-sexual identities and interactions, this volume draws from critical feminist and queer studies. Reciprocally, bioarchaeological studies extend social theorizing about sex, gender, and sexuality that emphasizes the modern, conceptual, and discursive. Ultimately, The Bioarchaeology of Socio-Sexual Lives invites readers to think more deeply about humanity’s diversity, the naturalization of culture, and the past’s presentation in mass-media communications.

The Chinchorro culture

a comparative perspective, the archaeology of the earliest human mummification

Author: Sanz, Nuria,Arriaza, Bernardo T.,Standen, Vivien G.

Publisher: UNESCO Publishing

ISBN: 9231000209

Category:

Page: 202

View: 6401

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Bioarchaeology

The Contextual Analysis of Human Remains

Author: Jane E Buikstra,Lane A Beck

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315432919

Category: Social Science

Page: 628

View: 8015

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The core subject matter of bioarchaeology is the lives of past peoples, interpreted anthropologically. Human remains, contextualized archaeologically and historically, form the unit of study. Integrative and frequently inter-disciplinary, bioarchaeology draws methods and theoretical perspectives from across the sciences and the humanities. Bioarchaeology: The Contextual Study of Human Remains focuses upon the contemporary practice of bioarchaeology in North American contexts, its accomplishments and challenges. Appendixes, a glossary and 150 page bibliography make the volume extremely useful for research and teaching.

New Directions in Biocultural Anthropology

Author: Molly K. Zuckerman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118962966

Category: Nature

Page: 536

View: 9018

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Biocultural or biosocial anthropology is a research approach that views biology and culture as dialectically and inextricably intertwined, explicitly emphasizing the dynamic interaction between humans and their larger social, cultural, and physical environments. The biocultural approach emerged in anthropology in the 1960s, matured in the 1980s, and is now one of the dominant paradigms in anthropology, particularly within biological anthropology. This volume gathers contributions from the top scholars in biocultural anthropology focusing on six of the most influential, productive, and important areas of research within biocultural anthropology. These are: critical and synthetic approaches within biocultural anthropology; biocultural approaches to identity, including race and racism; health, diet, and nutrition; infectious disease from antiquity to the modern era; epidemiologic transitions and population dynamics; and inequality and violence studies. Focusing on these six major areas of burgeoning research within biocultural anthropology makes the proposed volume timely, widely applicable and useful to scholars engaging in biocultural research and students interested in the biocultural approach, and synthetic in its coverage of contemporary scholarship in biocultural anthropology. Students will be able to grasp the history of the biocultural approach, and how that history continues to impact scholarship, as well as the scope of current research within the approach, and the foci of biocultural research into the future. Importantly, contributions in the text follow a consistent format of a discussion of method and theory relative to a particular aspect of the above six topics, followed by a case study applying the surveyed method and theory. This structure will engage students by providing real world examples of anthropological issues, and demonstrating how biocultural method and theory can be used to elucidate and resolve them. Key features include: Contributions which span the breadth of approaches and topics within biological anthropology from the insights granted through work with ancient human remains to those granted through collaborative research with contemporary peoples. Comprehensive treatment of diverse topics within biocultural anthropology, from human variation and adaptability to recent disease pandemics, the embodied effects of race and racism, industrialization and the rise of allergy and autoimmune diseases, and the sociopolitics of slavery and torture. Contributions and sections united by thematically cohesive threads. Clear, jargon-free language in a text that is designed to be pedagogically flexible: contributions are written to be both understandable and engaging to both undergraduate and graduate students. Provision of synthetic theory, method and data in each contribution. The use of richly contextualized case studies driven by empirical data. Through case-study driven contributions, each chapter demonstrates how biocultural approaches can be used to better understand and resolve real-world problems and anthropological issues.

Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology

The Past and Future of Landscapes and Regions

Author: Carole L. Crumley,Tommy Lennartsson,Anna Westin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108420982

Category: Nature

Page: N.A

View: 2640

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This book presents a practical, holistic research framework to help us both understand our past and build an appealing human future.

Bioarchaeological and Forensic Perspectives on Violence

How Violent Death is Interpreted from Skeletal Remains

Author: American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Annual meeting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107045444

Category: Law

Page: 340

View: 9125

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Case studies on violent deaths from the past and present vividly illustrate how anthropologists construct meaning from the victim's bones.

Bioarchaeology of Southeast Asia

Author: Marc Oxenham,Nancy Tayles

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521825801

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 768

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When it was published in 1996 Bioarchaeology of Southeast Asia was the first book to examine the biology and lives of the prehistoric people of this region. Bringing together the most active researchers in late Pleistocene/Holocene Southeast Asian human osteology, the book deals with major approaches to studying human skeletal remains. Using analysis of the physical appearance of the region's past peoples, the first section explores issues such as the first inhabitants of the region, the evidence for subsequent migratory patterns (particularly between Southeast and Northeast Asia) and counter arguments centering on in situ microevolutionary change. This second section reconstructs the health of these people, in the context of major economic and demographic changes over time, including those caused by the adoption or intensification of agriculture. Written for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and biological anthropologists, it is a fascinating insight into the bioarchaeology of this important region.

Basics in Human Evolution

Author: Michael P Muehlenbein

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128026936

Category: Science

Page: 584

View: 9939

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Basics in Human Evolution offers a broad view of evolutionary biology and medicine. The book is written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field. From evolutionary theory, to cultural evolution, this book fills gaps in the readers’ knowledge from various backgrounds and introduces them to thought leaders in human evolution research. Offers comprehensive coverage of the wide ranging field of human evolution Written for a non-expert audience, providing accessible and convenient content that will appeal to numerous readers across the interdisciplinary field Provides expertise from leading minds in the field Allows the reader the ability to gain exposure to various topics in one publication

Lukurmata

Household Archaeology in Prehispanic Bolivia

Author: Marc Bermann

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400863848

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 8103

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Household archaeology, together with community and regional settlement information, forms the basis for a unique local perspective of Andean prehistory in this study of the evolution of the site of Lukurmata, a pre-Columbian community in highland Bolivia. First established nearly two thousand years ago, Lukurmata grew to be a major ceremonial center in the Tiwanaku state, a polity that dominated the south-central Andes from a.d. 400 to 1200. After the Tiwanaku state collapsed, Lukurmata rapidly declined, becoming once again a small village. In his analysis of a 1300-year-long sequence of house remains at Lukurmata, Marc Bermann traces patterns and changes in the organization of domestic life, household ritual, ties to other communities, and mortuary activities, as well as household adaptations to overarching political and economic trends. Prehistorians have long studied the processes of Andean state formation, expansion, and decline at the regional level, notes Bermann. But only now are we beginning to understand how these changes affected the lives of the residents at individual settlements. Presenting a "view from below" of Andean prehistory based on a remarkably extensive data set, Lukurmata is a rare case study of how prehispanic polities can be understood in new ways if prehistorians integrate the different lines of evidence available to them. Originally published in 1994. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.