A Terrible Revenge

The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans, 1944-1950

Author: Alfred M. De Zayas

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9780312121594

Category: History

Page: 179

View: 5418

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The closing phase and the aftermath of World War II saw millions of refugees and displaced persons wandering across Easter Europe in one of the most brutal and chaotic migrations in world history. The genocidal barbarism of the Nazi forces has been well documented. What hitherto has been little known is the fate of fifteen million German civillians who found themselves at the mercy of Soviet armies and on the wrong side of new postwar borders. All over Eastern Europe, the inhabitants of communities that had been established for many centuries were either expelled or killed. Over two million Germans did not survive. Many of these people had supported Hitler, and for the Czechs, Poles, Ukrainians, and surviving Jews, their fate must have seemed just. However, the great majority--East Prussian farmers, Silesian industrial workers, their wives and children--were guiltless. Their fate, sentenced purely by race, remains an appalling legacy of the period. Alfred de Zayas's book describes this horrible retribution. On the basis of extensive research in German and American archives, he outlines the long history of these German communities, scattered from the Baltic to the Danude, and, most movingly, reproduces the testimonies of surviors from the catastrophic exodus that marked the final end to Nazi fantasies of Lebensraum.

A Terrible Revenge

The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans

Author: Alfred-Maurice de Zayas

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Trade

ISBN: 9781403973085

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1806

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The genocidal barbarism of the Nazi forces has been well documented. What is little known is the fate of fifteen million German civilians who found themselves on the wrong side of new postwar borders. All over Eastern Europe, the inhabitants of communities that had been established for many centuries were either expelled or killed. Over two million Germans did not survive. Some of these people had supported Hitler, but the great majority were guiltless. In A Terrible Revenge, de Zayas describes this horrible retribution. This new edition includes an updated foreword, epilogue and additional information from recent interviews with the children of the displaced.

Ethnic Cleansing and the European Union

An Interdisciplinary Approach to Security, Memory and Ethnography

Author: L. Tesser

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113730877X

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 8749

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book offers the first multi-case analysis of the politics of ethnic remixing in an expanding EU, including studies on Central Europe, the Balkans and Cyprus. Tesser explains the politics of minority return in a post-national Europe, with particular attention to the long-term aftermath of minority removal as a conflict resolution policy.

The German Myth of the East

1800 to the Present

Author: Vejas Gabriel Liulevicius

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199605165

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 7193

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An examination of the various different expressions of the distinctive German 'myth of the East' that has been such a marked feature of German culture over the last two centuries, influencing German attitudes both to Eastern Europe itself and also to Germans' own sense of identity.

How to Accept German Reparations

Author: Susan Slyomovics

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812209656

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 5259

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In a landmark process that transformed global reparations after the Holocaust, Germany created the largest sustained redress program in history, amounting to more than $60 billion. When human rights violations are presented primarily in material terms, acknowledging an indemnity claim becomes one way for a victim to be recognized. At the same time, indemnifications provoke a number of difficult questions about how suffering and loss can be measured: How much is an individual life worth? How much or what kind of violence merits compensation? What is "financial pain," and what does it mean to monetize "concentration camp survivor syndrome"? Susan Slyomovics explores this and other compensation programs, both those past and those that might exist in the future, through the lens of anthropological and human rights discourse. How to account for variation in German reparations and French restitution directed solely at Algerian Jewry for Vichy-era losses? Do crimes of colonialism merit reparations? How might reparations models apply to the modern-day conflict in Israel and Palestine? The author points to the examples of her grandmother and mother, Czechoslovakian Jews who survived the Auschwitz, Plaszow, and Markkleeberg camps together but disagreed about applying for the post-World War II Wiedergutmachung ("to make good again") reparation programs. Slyomovics maintains that we can use the legacies of German reparations to reconsider approaches to reparations in the future, and the result is an investigation of practical implications, complicated by the difficult legal, ethnographic, and personal questions that reparations inevitably prompt.

Forgotten Voices

The Expulsion of the Germans from Eastern Europe after World War II

Author: Ulrich Merten

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412852587

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1330

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The news agency Reuters reported in 2009 that a mass grave containing 1,800 bodies was found in Malbork, Poland. Polish authorities suspected that they were German civilians that were killed by advancing Soviet forces. A Polish archeologist supervising the exhumation, said, "We are dealing with a mass grave of civilians, probably of German origin. The presence of children . . . suggests they were civilians." During World War II, the German Nazi regime committed great crimes against innocent civilian victims: Jews, Poles, Russians, Serbs, and other people of Central and Eastern Europe. At war's end, however, innocent German civilians in turn became victims of crimes against humanity. Forgotten Voices lets these victims of ethnic cleansing tell their story in their own words, so that they and what they endured are not forgotten. This volume is an important supplement to the voices of victims of totalitarianism and has been written in order to keep the historical record clear. The root cause of this tragedy was ultimately the Nazi German regime. As a leading German historian, Hans-Ulrich Wehler has noted, "Germany should avoid creating a cult of victimization, and thus forgetting Auschwitz and the mass killing of Russians." Ulrich Merten argues that applying collective punishment to an entire people is a crime against humanity. He concludes that this should also be recognized as a European catastrophe, not only a German one, because of its magnitude and the broad violation of human rights that occurred on European soil. Supplementary maps and pictures are available online at http://www.forgottenvoices.net

International Humanitarian Law: Origins, Challenges, Prospects (3 Vols)

Author: John Carey,William V. Dunlap,R. John Pritchard

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 1571052674

Category: Law

Page: 3

View: 714

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In three distinct volumes the editors bring together a distinguished group of contributors whose essays chart the history, practice, and future of international humanitarian law. At a time when the war crimes of recent decades are being examined in the International Criminal Tribunals for Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda and a new International Criminal Court is being created as a permanent venue to try such crimes, the role of international humanitarian law is seminal to the functioning of such attempts to establish a just world order.The events of September 2001 and the worldwide threat of terrorist attacks, bring into sharper focus questions about the ramifications of unconventional warfare and how prisoners taken in armed conflict short of declared war should be treated. Here again international humanitarian law can provide the guideposts needed to find a just course through difficult times. The intent of these volumes is to help to inform where humanitarian law had its origins, how it has been shaped by world events, and why it can be employed to serve the future.

German Chicago Revisited

Author: Raymond Lohne

Publisher: Arcadia Publishing

ISBN: 1439613141

Category: Social Science

Page: 128

View: 8311

DOWNLOAD NOW »

German Chicago Revisited follows the photographic study which began in German Chicago: The Danube Swabians and the American Aid Societies. With this latest title in the Images of America series, historian and photographer Raymond Lohne crafts another volume about a group of American citizens who preserve their rich heritage with unwavering effort. This book will give readers a glimpse into the life of a close-knit and highly active community, revealing groups like the Kerneir Pleasure Club, the American Aid Society, and the Society of the Danube Swabians. The German musical life of the city is featured, as is the Karneval season and other year-round festivities and celebrations of the Deutsch-Americans of Chicago and its suburbs.

The Blue Suitcase

Author: Marianne Wheelaghan

Publisher: Pilrig Press

ISBN: 0956614418

Category: Fiction

Page: 292

View: 7587

DOWNLOAD NOW »

It is 1932, Silesia, Germany, and the eve of Antonia's 12th birthday. Hitler's Brownshirts and Red Front Marxists are fighting each other in the streets. Antonia doesn't care about the political unrest but it's all her family argue about. Then Hitler is made Chancellor and order is restored across the country, but not in Antonia's family. The longer the National Socialists stay in power, the more divided the family becomes with devastating consequences. Unpleasant truths are revealed and terrible lies uncovered. Antonia thinks life can't get much worse - and then it does. Partly based on a true-life story, Antonia's gripping diary takes the reader inside the head of an ordinary teenage girl growing up. Her journey into adulthood, however, is anything but ordinary.

Routledge International Handbook of Diversity Studies

Author: Steven Vertovec

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131760069X

Category: Social Science

Page: 404

View: 9932

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In recent years the concept of ‘diversity’ has gained a leading place in academic thought, business practice and public policy worldwide. Although variously used, ‘diversity’ tends to refer to patterns of social difference in terms of certain key categories. Today the foremost categories shaping discourses and policies of diversity include race, ethnicity, religion, gender, disability, sexuality and age; further important notions include class, language, locality, lifestyle and legal status. The Routledge Handbook of Diversity Studies will examine a range of such concepts along with historical and contemporary cases concerning social and political dynamics surrounding them. With contributions by experts spanning Sociology, Anthropology, Political Science, History and Geography, the Handbook will be a key resource for students, social scientists and professionals. It will represent a landmark volume within a field that has become, and will continue to be, one of the most significant global topics of concern throughout the twenty-first century.

Memory and Migration

Multidisciplinary Approaches to Memory Studies

Author: Julia Creet,Andreas Kitzmann

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 144262048X

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 6600

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Memory plays an integral part in how individuals and societies construct their identity. While memory is usually considered in the context of a stable, unchanging environment, this collection of essays explores the effects of immigration, forced expulsions, exile, banishment, and war on individual and collective memory. The ways in which memory affects cultural representation and historical understanding across generations is examined through case studies and theoretical approaches that underscore its mutability. Memory and Migration is a truly interdisciplinary book featuring the work of leading scholars from a variety of fields across the globe. The essays are collaborative, successfully responding to the central theme and expanding upon the findings of individual authors. A groundbreaking contribution to an emerging field of study, Memory and Migration provides valuable insight into the connections between memory, place, and displacement.

From Nuremberg to Nineveh

Author: Mark Turley

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 095598100X

Category: History

Page: 187

View: 4920

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The early 21st century is a time of uncertainty. The American led global order, which rose from the ashes of World War Two, is beginning to crumble. With Russia, China and the European Union all threatening American domination, upheaval, in some form, is certain. Conflict is inevitable. In 'From Nuremberg to Nineveh', Mark Turley goes back to the launch-pad of the American era, the Nuremberg Trial, in which the great evil of Nazism was defeated, the ideals of Liberal democracy were championed and political correctness was born. Stripping away the layers of propaganda, this thorough analysis provides a fresh interpretation of what the trial really meant and the purposes it served. Utilising standard sources, as well as those purposely ignored by mainstream history, conclusions are reached that are both controversial and significant. The result is not only a rethink of the Nazi epoch, but an up-to-date expose of the motivations behind current world affairs.

Antisemitism

A History

Author: Albert S. Lindemann,Richard S. Levy

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191501107

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 1345

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Antisemitism: A History offers a readable overview of a daunting topic, describing and analyzing the hatred that Jews have faced from ancient times to the present. The essays contained in this volume provide an ideal introduction to the history and nature of antisemitism, stressing readability, balance, and thematic coherence, while trying to gain some distance from the polemics and apologetics that so often cloud the subject. Chapters have been written by leading scholars in the field and take into account the most important new developments in their areas of expertise. Collectively, the chapters cover the whole history of antisemitism, from the ancient Mediterranean and the pre-Christian era, through the Medieval and Early Modern periods, to the Enlightenment and beyond. The later chapters focus on the history of antisemitism by region, looking at France, the English-speaking world, Russia and the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and Nazi Germany, with contributions too on the phenomenon in the Arab world, both before and after the foundation of Israel. Contributors grapple with the use and abuse of the term 'antisemitism', which was first coined in the mid-nineteenth century but which has since gathered a range of obscure connotations and confusingly different definitions, often applied retrospectively to historically distant periods and vastly dissimilar phenomena. Of course, as this book shows, hostility to Jews dates to biblical periods, but the nature of that hostility and the many purposes to which it has been put have varied over time and often been mixed with admiration - a situation which continues in the twenty-first century.

Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-century Europe

Author: Steven Béla Várdy,T. Hunt Tooley,Agnes Huszar Vardy

Publisher: East European Monographs

ISBN: N.A

Category: Armenian massacres, 1915-1923

Page: 860

View: 6703

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume is the result of the conference on Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe held a Duquesne University in 2000. It encompasses an array of case studies, behaviours, origins and patterns, such topics as ethnic cleansing in World War II and its aftermath.