A Modern Introduction to Quantum Field Theory

Author: Michele Maggiore

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198520735

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 6954

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The importance and the beauty of modern quantum field theory resides in the power and variety of its methods and ideas, which find application in domains as different as particle physics, cosmology, condensed matter, statistical mechanics and critical phenomena. This book introduces the reader to the modern developments in a manner which assumes no previous knowledge of quantum field theory. Along with standard topics like Feynman diagrams, the book discusses effective lagrangians, renormalization group equations, the path integral formulation, spontaneous symmetry breaking and non-abelian gauge theories. The inclusion of more advanced topics will also make this a most useful book for graduate students and researchers.

Einführung in die Elementarteilchenphysik

Author: David Griffiths

Publisher: VCH

ISBN: 9783055016271

Category:

Page: 433

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The fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and globalization have forced national history to yield place to European and global history. In medieval studies, Michael Borgolte has taken up the new challenge as no other German historian, encouraging the development of transcultural research on the Middle Ages. This volume includes several of his essays, but is intended to serve more as the basis for further research rather than to take stock of his work.

Basics of Quantum Electrodynamics

Author: Ioan Merches,Dorian Tatomir,Roxana E. Lupu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466580380

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 5475

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Quantum electrodynamics (QED) is the branch of relativistic quantum field theory that deals specifically with the interactions between charged particles. It is widely used to solve problems in many areas of physics, such as elementary particles, atomic and molecular systems, and solid state physics. This accessible text, Basics of Quantum Electrodynamics, supplies a solid foundation in this dynamic area of physics, making a direct connection to the concepts of quantum mechanics familiar to the advanced undergraduate student. Chapters cover the general theory of free fields and the quantization of the scalar, electromagnetic, and spinorial fields, which prepares readers for understanding field interactions. The authors describe the general theory of field interactions, introducing the scattering matrix and the Feynman–Dyson graphs. They then discuss divergence-free second-order processes, such as Compton and Møller scattering, followed by divergent second-order processes, which cover vacuum polarization and mass and charge renormalization. Providing a modern, informative textbook, this volume illustrates the intimate connection between quantum mechanics and QED in two basic steps: the quantization of free fields, followed by the theory of their interactions. The text contains solved problems to facilitate the application of the theory, as well as a useful appendix on the theory of distributions. The step-by-step description of the quantization of various fields and the clear presentation of the most important interaction processes in QED make this textbook a useful guide for those studying physics at both the graduate and undergraduate level, as well as a reference for teachers and researchers in the field.

Particle Physics in the LHC Era

Author: Giles Barr,Robin Devenish,Roman Walczak,Tony Weidberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191065455

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 3540

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This text gives an introduction to particle physics at a level accessible to advanced undergraduate students. It is based on lectures given to 4th year physics students over a number of years, and reflects the feedback from the students. The aim is to explain the theoretical and experimental basis of the Standard Model (SM) of Particle Physics with the simplest mathematical treatment possible. All the experimental discoveries that led to the understanding of the SM relied on particle detectors and most of them required advanced particle accelerators. A unique feature of this book is that it gives a serious introduction to the fundamental accelerator and detector physics, which is currently only available in advanced graduate textbooks. The mathematical tools that are required such as group theory are covered in one chapter. A modern treatment of the Dirac equation is given in which the free particle Dirac equation is seen as being equivalent to the Lorentz transformation. The idea of generating the SM interactions from fundamental gauge symmetries is explained. The core of the book covers the SM. The tools developed are used to explain its theoretical basis and a clear discussion is given of the critical experimental evidence which underpins it. A thorough account is given of quark flavour and neutrino oscillations based on published experimental results, including some from running experiments. A simple introduction to the Higgs sector of the SM is given. This explains the key idea of how spontaneous symmetry breaking can generate particle masses without violating the underlying gauge symmetry. A key feature of this book is that it gives an accessible explanation of the discovery of the Higgs boson, including the advanced statistical techniques required. The final chapter gives an introduction to LHC physics beyond the standard model and the techniques used in searches for new physics. There is an outline of the shortcomings of the SM and a discussion of possible solutions and future experiments to resolve these outstanding questions. For updates, new results, useful links as well as corrections to errata in this book, please see the book website maintained by the authors: https://pplhcera.physics.ox.ac.uk/

Statistical Mechanics: Algorithms and Computations

Author: Werner Krauth

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0198515359

Category: Computers

Page: 342

View: 5325

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This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics, adopting simple language and an attractive format of many illustrations, tables and printed algorithms. The discussion of key subjects in classical and quantum statistical physics will appeal to students, teachers and researchers in physics and related sciences. The focus is on orientation with implementation details kept to a minimum. - ;This book discusses the computational approach in modern statistical physics in a clear and accessible way and demonstrates its close relation to other approaches in theoretical physics. Individual chapters focus on subjects as diverse as the hard sphere liquid, classical spin models, single quantum particles and Bose-Einstein condensation. Contained within the chapters are in-depth discussions of algorithms, ranging from basic enumeration methods to modern Monte Carlo techniques. The emphasis is on orientation, with discussion of implementation details kept to a minimum. Illustrations, tables and concise printed algorithms convey key information, making the material very accessible. The book is completely self-contained and graphs and tables can readily be reproduced, requiring minimal computer code. Most sections begin at an elementary level and lead on to the rich and difficult problems of contemporary computational and statistical physics. The book will be of interest to a wide range of students, teachers and researchers in physics and the neighbouring sciences. An accompanying CD allows incorporation of the book's content (illustrations, tables, schematic programs) into the reader's own presentations. - ;'This book is the best one I have reviewed all year.' Alan Hinchliffe, Physical Sciences Educational Reviews -

Statistical Mechanics

Entropy, Order Parameters, and Complexity

Author: James Sethna

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019856676X

Category: Computers

Page: 349

View: 9239

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Sethna distills the core ideas of statistical mechanics to make room for new advances important to information theory, complexity, and modern biology. He explores everything from chaos through to life at the end of the universe.

Relativity, Gravitation and Cosmology

A Basic Introduction

Author: Ta-Pei Cheng

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199573638

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 8792

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This book provides an introduction to Einstein's general theory of relativity. A "physics-first" approach is adopted so that interesting applications come before the more difficult task of solving the Einstein equation. The book includes extensive coverage of cosmology, and is designed to allow readers to study the subject alone.

Antimaterie

Author: Frank Close

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827425317

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 3629

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Genesis Im Anfang w ar Leere: „Finsternis lag über der Ur ut“. Dann kam es zu einem gewaltigen Energieausbruch: „Es werde Licht. Und es wurde Licht.“ Woher diese Energie kam, weiß ich nicht. Bekannt ist jedoc h, was anschließend geschah: Die Energie kondensierte zu Materie und ihrem geheimn- vollen Spiegelbild – der Antimaterie – in vollkommen gl- chen Mengen. Gewöhnliche Materie ist uns vertraut; aus ihr bestehen Luft und Erde und die Lebewesen. Doch ihr getreues, in allen Erscheinungen identisches Spiegelbild, das erst im Inneren der Atome seine „verkehrte“ Natur offenbart, ist uns mehr als fremd. Es ist die Antimaterie, die Antithese zur Materie. Antimaterie gibt es heute nicht in größeren Mengen, zumindest nicht auf der Erde. Der Grund für ihr V- schwinden gehört zu den unerklärten Geheimnissen des Universums. Wir wissen aber, dass Antimaterie existiert, denn sie konnte in physikalischen Experimenten in win- gen Mengen hergestellt werden. Antimaterie zerstört jede gewöhnliche Materie, mit der sie in Berührung kommt, in einem grellen Blitz. Die seit XII Vorwort Milliarden von Jahren gebündelte Energie der Materie wird in einem solchen Augenblick explosionsartig frei- setzt. Antimaterie könnte die ideale Energiequelle werden, die Technologie des 21. Jahrhunderts. Doch ihre Fähigkeit zur absoluten Zerstörung könnte sie auch zu einer ulti- tiven Massenvernichtungswaffe machen.

Supraleitung, Suprafluidität und Kondensate

Author: James F Annett

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 3486705407

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 9618

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Das Buch behandelt drei physikalische Phänomene: die Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Suprafluidität und Supraleitung, wobei es in die wesentlichen Konzepte und notwendigen mathematischen Formalismen schrittweise einführt.

Mathematische Physik: Klassische Mechanik

Author: Andreas Knauf

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662557762

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 6458

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Als Grenztheorie der Quantenmechanik besitzt die klassische Dynamik einen großen Formenreichtum – vom gut berechenbaren bis zum chaotischen Verhalten. Ausgehend von interessanten Beispielen wird in dem Band nicht nur eine gelungene Auswahl grundlegender Themen vermittelt, sondern auch der Einstieg in viele aktuelle Forschungsgebiete im Bereich der klassischen Mechanik. Didaktisch geschickt aufgebaut und mit hilfreichen Anhängen versehen, werden lediglich Kenntnisse der Grundvorlesungen in Mathematik vorausgesetzt. Mit über 100 Aufgaben und Lösungen.

Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier

Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums

Author: Lisa Randall

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030251

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 819

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Die Natur der Dunklen Materie gehört zu den spannendsten Fragen der Kosmologie. Die Bestseller-Autorin und Harvard-Professorin Lisa Randall nimmt uns in ihrem neuen Buch ›Dunkle Materie und Dinosaurier. Die erstaunlichen Zusammenhänge des Universums‹ mit auf eine Reise in die Welt der Physik und hilft uns zu verstehen, welche Rolle die Dunkle Materie bei der Entstehung unserer Galaxie, unseres Sonnensystems und sogar des Lebens selbst gespielt hat. Eindrucksvoll zeigt sie, wie die Wissenschaft neue Konzepte und Erklärungen für dieses weithin unbekannte Phänomen entwickelt und verwebt geschickt die Geschichte des Kosmos mit unserer eigenen. Ein Buch, das ein völlig neues Licht auf die tiefen Verbindungen wirft, die unsere Welt so maßgeblich mitgeprägt haben, und uns die außerordentliche Schönheit zeigt, die selbst den alltäglichsten Dingen innewohnt.

Modern Classical Optics

Author: Geoffrey Brooker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198599654

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 397

View: 3559

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Praised as 'one of the best new optics books seen for some time', this book will provide a unique presentation of classical optics from the modern perspective. Written for advanced undergraduate students, the text stands out by its readability and stimulating discussions, close ties to experimental physics, and excellent choice of worked problem sets.

Materials Modelling Using Density Functional Theory

Properties and Predictions

Author: Feliciano Giustino

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 0199662444

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 2574

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This book is an introduction to the modern quantum theory of materials, and primarily addresses seniorundergraduate and first-year graduate students in the physical and chemical sciences, and in materials science and engineering. As advanced materials are becoming ubiquitous in every aspect of our life, the use of quantum mechanics to understand, predict, and design new materials is experiencing a fast-paced growth in academic and industrial research.Following this trend, atomistic materials modelling is becoming an important component of undergraduate science education, however there is still no book on this subject written primarily for anundergraduate readership. The book explains the fundamental ideas of density functional theory, and how this theory can be used as a powerful method for explaining and even predicting the properties of materials with stunning accuracy. This book can be used either as a complement to the quantum theory of materials, or as a primer in modern techniques of computational materials modelling using quantum mechanics.

Master of Modern Physics

The Scientific Contributions of H.A. Kramers

Author: D. ter Haar,Dirk ter TerHaar

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691021416

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 6009

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The author shows us that Kramers's remarkable and diverse work makes him at least the equal of such celebrated physicists as Fermi and Landau. He takes us through Kramers's groundbreaking research in such subjects as quantum theory, quantum electrodynamics, statistical mechanics, and solid-state physics.

Aus Mangel an Beweisen

Roman

Author: Scott Turow

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 364114857X

Category: Fiction

Page: 528

View: 8329

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Das Buch, das Scott Turow weltberühmt machte. Der Mord an einer Staatsanwältin erschüttert das Gerichtssystem. Ihr Kollege Rusty Sabich ermittelt in diesem undurchsichtigen Fall und wird im Laufe der Untersuchung selbst zum Angeklagten. Eine unheilvolle Verquickung von Politik und Recht – erfolgreich verfilmt mit Harrison Ford in der Hauptrolle.

Physik-Manga

Mechanik

Author: Hideo Nitta

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783834809827

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 2816

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Physik ist trocken und macht keinen Spaß? Falsch! Mit diesem Manga lernt man die Grundlagen der Mechanik kennen, kann sie in zahlreichen Aufgaben anwenden und anhand der Lösungen seinen Lernfortschritt überprüfen – und hat auch noch eine Menge Spaß dabei! Der Inhalt Prolog: Nervt Dich Physik? - Actio und Reactio - Drehmomente - Kraft und Bewegung - Energie Die Zielgruppe Studierende, Schüler und Mangafans, die einen spannenden Einstieg in die Mechanik suchen Die Autoren Hideo Nitta (Autor) Keita Takatsu (Illustrator) TREND-PRO Co,. Ltd. (Produzent)