A History of Childhood

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509525386

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6595

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Colin Heywood's classic account of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the First World War combines a long-run historical perspective with a broad geographical spread. This new, comprehensively updated edition incorporates the findings of the most recent research, and in particular revises and expands the sections on theoretical developments in the 'new social studies of childhood', on medieval conceptions of the child, on parenting and on children’s literature. Rather than merely narrating their experiences from the perspectives of adults, Heywood incorporates children’s testimonies, 'looking up' as well as 'down'. Paying careful attention to elements of continuity as well as change, he tells a story of astonishing material improvement for the lives of children in advanced societies, while showing how the business of preparing for adulthood became more and more complicated and fraught with emotional difficulties. Rich with evocative details of everyday life, and providing the most concise and readable synthesis of the literature available, Heywood's book will be indispensable to all those interested in the study of childhood.

A History of Childhood

Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745656811

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 4730

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In this lively and accessible book, Colin Heywood explores the changing experiences and perceptions of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the twentieth century. Heywood examines the different ways in which people have thought about childhood as a stage of life, the relationships of children with their families and peers, and the experiences of young people at work, in school and at the hands of various welfare institutions. The aim is to place the history of children and childhood firmly in its social and cultural context, without losing sight of the many individual experiences that have come down to us in diaries, autobiographies and oral testimonies. Heywood argues that there is a cruel paradox at the heart of childhood in the past. On the one hand, material conditions for children have generally improved in the West, however belatedly and unevenly, and they are now more valued than in the past. On the other hand, the business of preparing for adulthood has become more complicated in urban and industrial societies, as the young face a bewildering array of choices and expectations. A History of Childhood will be an essential introduction to the subject for students of history, the social sciences and cultural studies.

A History of Childhood

Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745617329

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 9409

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In this lively and accessible book, Colin Heywood explores the changing experiences and perceptions of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the twentieth century. Heywood examines the different ways in which people have thought about childhood as a stage of life, the relationships of children with their families and peers, and the experiences of young people at work, in school and at the hands of various welfare institutions. The aim is to place the history of children and childhood firmly in its social and cultural context, without losing sight of the many individual experiences that have come down to us in diaries, autobiographies and oral testimonies. Heywood argues that there is a cruel paradox at the heart of childhood in the past. On the one hand, material conditions for children have generally improved in the West, however belatedly and unevenly, and they are now more valued than in the past. On the other hand, the business of preparing for adulthood has become more complicated in urban and industrial societies, as the young face a bewildering array of choices and expectations. A History of Childhood will be an essential introduction to the subject for students of history, the social sciences and cultural studies.

The History of Childhood

Author: Lloyd deMause

Publisher: Jason Aronson, Incorporated

ISBN: 1461631378

Category: Psychology

Page: 462

View: 2510

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from the Foreword: Possibly the heartless treatment of children, from the practice of infanticide and abandonment through to the neglect, the rigors of swaddling, the purposeful starving, the beatings, the solitary confinement, and so on, was and is only one aspect of the basic aggressiveness and cruelty of human nature, of the inbred disregard of the rights and feelings of others. Children, being physically unable to resist aggression, were the victims of forces over which they had no control, and they were abused in many imaginable and some almost unimaginable ways by way of expressing conscious or more commonly unconscious motives of their elders... The present volume abounds in evidence of all kinds, from all periods and peoples. The story is monotonously painful, but it is high time that it should be told and that it should be taken into account...

A History of Childhood and Disability

Author: Philip L. Safford,Elizabeth J. Safford

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807734858

Category: Education

Page: 342

View: 7977

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In their chronological portrait, the authors synthesize the many voices of exceptional children, providing a historical picture that includes not only the perspective of the professional, but also, to the extent possible, that of the "client." The book begins by placing the origins of special education in historical context from Aristotle through the Enlightenment and beyond. Subsequent chapters consider individual "conditions" traditionally associated with specialized approaches (e.g., blindness, deafness, and retardation), discuss conditions that have given rise to further differentiation of childhood exceptionality, and offer a synthesis of themes and a prospective for a "new history," now emerging, of children considered exceptional.

Full of Grace

A Journey Through the History of Childhood

Author: Raymond W. Merritt

Publisher: Power House Books

ISBN: 9781576873298

Category: Photography

Page: 400

View: 5388

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Full of Grace chronicles the evolution of the child in society through the past one hundred fifty years of photography. With illustrative text throughout, societal roles and conceptions of the child worldwide are explored through the works of master photographers--including Lewis Carroll, Julia Margaret Cameron, Alfred Stieglitz, Andre Kertesz, August Sander, Lewis Hine, Jacob Riis, Jacques-Henri Lartigue, Paul Strand, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Margaret Bourke-White, Mike Disfarmer, W. Eugene Smith, Helen Levitt, Gordon Parks, Weegee, Werner Bischof, Cecil Beaton, Robert Doisneau, Anne Frank, Brassai, Elliott Erwitt, Eve Arnold, Garry Winogrand, Robert Frank, Seydou Keita, Henri Cartier-Bresson, William Klein, Mary Ellen Mark, Ralph Gibson, Bruce Davidson, Mario Giacometti, Larry Clark, Duane Michals, Paul Fusco, Gilles Peress, Francesco Scavullo, Robert Mapplethorpe, Helmut Newton, Sebastiā o Salgado, Sally Mann, Bruce Weber, Adam Fuss, Eric Fischi, Anna Gaskell, Lauren Greenfield, Tina Barney, Philip-Lorca diCorcla, David La Chapelle, and Tierney Gearon, to name a few. Divided into five chronological chapters--from "The Child Romantic" to "The Knowing Child"--advances and setbacks, both political and social, are explored in the progress toward gaining the basic rights of freedom of speech, health care, and education for all children. Areas such as child labor and exploitation and the effects of intolerance, poverty, illiteracy, hunger, disease, war, and terrorism are addressed, while also celebrating positive advances in child development and welfare. With more than three hundred photographs and illustrations and more than one hundred pages of text, Full of Grace is anengaging and informative journey through the history of children in society--a journey that is seen through the eyes of photographers and the voices of writers of children's classics. A traveling exhibit will be launched in connection with the publication of Full of Grace. The editor's net proceeds from the book and exhibition will be contributed to UNICEF.

A History of the Sociology of Childhood

Author: Berry Mayall

Publisher: Inst of Education

ISBN: 9781782770213

Category: Social Science

Page: 51

View: 4187

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This concise book gives a history of how the sociology of childhood has developed, contextualized in the history of sociology. It draws on the author's own experiences, considers a wide range of published documents and includes contributions on specific topics by some of the main players in the field: Jens Qvortrup, Priscilla Alderson, Liesbeth de Block and Virginia Morrow. A History of the Sociology of Childhood describes how this relatively new discipline evolved and considers its principal propositions. It looks back to the post-war period, notably in the US, and shows how sociological ideas about childhood arose from developmental psychology; how they began to be formulated to act in complement to psychological ideas and how some US psychologists began to explore variations in ideas about childhood in varying societies. It also explores the history of sociological ideas about childhood in both the UK and, most importantly, mainstream Europe and considers links between sociological and rights agendas. This book concludes with consideration of the latest developments in this field such as globalization and media studies; work in other languages, such as French and Portuguese and gives an account of work emerging in the majority world and its relevance for theoretical developments. It is essential reading for university students on all varieties of childhood courses. It contextualizes this field within theory and provides a clear picture of the constituents of the discipline. It is also relevant to those working within psychological paradigms but with an interest in considering alternative and complementary approaches.

The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World

Author: Paula S. Fass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135121699

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 6968

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The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World provides an important overview of the main themes surrounding the history of childhood in the West from antiquity to the present day. By broadly incorporating the research in the field of Childhood Studies, the book explores the major advances that have taken place in the past few decades in this crucial field.

Children Through the Ages

A History of Childhood

Author: Barbara Kaye Greenleaf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Children

Page: 165

View: 8679

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A history of childhood from earliest times to today focusing on infancy, the middle years, and adolescence and discussing toys, games, food, diseases, discipline, clothing, health care, and education.

The Global History of Childhood Reader

Author: Heidi Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135764875

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 8786

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The Global History of Childhood Reader provides an essential collection of chapters and articles on the global history of childhood. The Reader is structured thematically so as to provide both a representative sampling of the historiography as well as an overview of the key issues of the field, such as childhood as a social construct, commonalities and differences globally, and why the twentieth century was not the "century of the child" for most of the world’s children. The Reader is divided into four parts: Theories and methodologies of the history of childhood Constructions of childhood in different times and places Children’s experiences in different times and places Usage of the past to articulate solutions to problems facing children today. Topics covered include theories and methodologies in the global history of childhood, sources for writing a global history of childhood, education, gender, disability, race, class and religion, the individual in history and emotions, violence, labour and illiteracy. With introductions that contextualize each of the four parts and the articles, further reading sections and questions; this is the perfect guide for all students of the history of childhood.

The Devil's Children

A History of Childhood and Murder

Author: Loretta Loach

Publisher: Totem Books

ISBN: 9781848310193

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 851

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This book offers a true crime history - from medieval society to Jamie Bulger - of children who kill and how adults have tried to make sense of them.The extraordinary and horrifying crime of murder by children of other children commands widespread public interest, but has this always been so? Focusing on the earliest recorded cases, up to and including the tragic killing of James Bulger, this fascinating investigation goes beyond the notoriety of the crimes to explore the real-life stories of the children who committed them and the adult world in which they took place.As well as asking what has changed in the treatment and punishment of these children, and in how they have been viewed by the Church, the courts and the medical profession, it also reveals how these unusual crimes were as pivotal then as they are now in wider deliberations about childhood, morality and the troubling boundaries between innocence and experience.The intriguing story of these crimes is deftly woven together with the keen insights of social history and a groundbreaking depiction of how the legal and medical cultures used such cases to rethink human agency and responsibility.

Growing Up

The History of Childhood in a Global Context

Author: Peter N. Stearns

Publisher: Baylor University Press

ISBN: 1932792287

Category: History

Page: 65

View: 963

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Growing Up combines two flourishing historical fields—the history of childhood and world history—to address the question of how much of childhood is natural and how much is historically determined. The first lecture gauges the impact of the development of agriculture, civilization, and religion upon the premodern experience of childhood. The second lecture contrasts modern perspectives on childhood with more traditional ones before investigating how and why modern perspectives developed and spread. These lectures clearly demonstrate that the transformation of childhood is both recent and sweeping.

Huck's Raft

A History of American Childhood

Author: Steven Mintz

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674015081

Category: History

Page: 445

View: 4773

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Explores many aspects of the changing societal role of children throughout American history, and credits the impact that children have had on major historical events.

A History of Childhood

Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745617312

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 8459

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In this lively and accessible book, Colin Heywood explores the changing experiences and perceptions of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the twentieth century. Heywood examines the different ways in which people have thought about childhood as a stage of life, the relationships of children with their families and peers, and the experiences of young people at work, in school and at the hands of various welfare institutions. The aim is to place the history of children and childhood firmly in its social and cultural context, without losing sight of the many individual experiences that have come down to us in diaries, autobiographies and oral testimonies. Heywood argues that there is a cruel paradox at the heart of childhood in the past. On the one hand, material conditions for children have generally improved in the West, however belatedly and unevenly, and they are now more valued than in the past. On the other hand, the business of preparing for adulthood has become more complicated in urban and industrial societies, as the young face a bewildering array of choices and expectations. A History of Childhood will be an essential introduction to the subject for students of history, the social sciences and cultural studies.

A History of Childhood

Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745617312

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 1956

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In this lively and accessible book, Colin Heywood explores the changing experiences and perceptions of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the twentieth century. Heywood examines the different ways in which people have thought about childhood as a stage of life, the relationships of children with their families and peers, and the experiences of young people at work, in school and at the hands of various welfare institutions. The aim is to place the history of children and childhood firmly in its social and cultural context, without losing sight of the many individual experiences that have come down to us in diaries, autobiographies and oral testimonies. Heywood argues that there is a cruel paradox at the heart of childhood in the past. On the one hand, material conditions for children have generally improved in the West, however belatedly and unevenly, and they are now more valued than in the past. On the other hand, the business of preparing for adulthood has become more complicated in urban and industrial societies, as the young face a bewildering array of choices and expectations. A History of Childhood will be an essential introduction to the subject for students of history, the social sciences and cultural studies.

The End of American Childhood

A History of Parenting from Life on the Frontier to the Managed Child

Author: Paula S. Fass

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400880432

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 9231

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The End of American Childhood takes a sweeping look at the history of American childhood and parenting, from the nation's founding to the present day. Renowned historian Paula Fass shows how, since the beginning of the American republic, independence, self-definition, and individual success have informed Americans' attitudes toward children. But as parents today hover over every detail of their children's lives, are the qualities that once made American childhood special still desired or possible? Placing the experiences of children and parents against the backdrop of social, political, and cultural shifts, Fass challenges Americans to reconnect with the beliefs that set the American understanding of childhood apart from the rest of the world. Fass examines how freer relationships between American children and parents transformed the national culture, altered generational relationships among immigrants, helped create a new science of child development, and promoted a revolution in modern schooling. She looks at the childhoods of icons including Margaret Mead and Ulysses S. Grant—who, as an eleven-year-old, was in charge of his father's fields and explored his rural Ohio countryside. Fass also features less well-known children like ten-year-old Rose Cohen, who worked in the drudgery of nineteenth-century factories. Bringing readers into the present, Fass argues that current American conditions and policies have made adolescence socially irrelevant and altered children's road to maturity, while parental oversight threatens children's competence and initiative. Showing how American parenting has been firmly linked to historical changes, The End of American Childhood considers what implications this might hold for the nation's future.

A Cultural History of Childhood and Family

Author: Elizabeth Foyster,James Marten

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781845208264

Category: Reference

Page: 1600

View: 5477

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A Cultural History of Childhood and Family presents an authoritative survey from ancient times to the present. This set of six volumes covers 2800 years of history, charting the cultural, social, economic, religious, medical and political changes in domestic life. This means readers can either have a broad overview of a period by reading a volume or follow a theme through history by reading the relevant chapter in each volume. Well illustrated, the full six volume set combines to present the most authoritative and comprehensive survey available on family and childhood through history. 1. A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in Antiquity Edited by Mary Harlow and Ray Laurence, both University of Birmingham 2. A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Middle Ages Edited by Louise J. Wilkinson, Canterbury Christ Church University 3. A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Renaissance Edited by Sandra Cavallo, Royal Holloway, University of London, and Silvia Evangelisti, University of East Anglia 4. A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Age of Enlightenment Edited by Elizabeth Foyster, University of Cambridge, and James Marten, Marquette University, Milwaukee 5. A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Age of Empire Edited by Colin Heywood, University of Nottingham 6. A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Modern Age Edited by Joseph M. Hawes, University of Memphis, and N. Ray Hiner, University of Kansas Each volume discusses the same themes in its chapters: 1. Family Relationships; 2; Community; 3. Economy; 4. Geography and the Environment; 5. Education; 6. Life Cycle; 7. The State; 8. Faith and Religion; 9. Health and Science; 10. World Contexts.

Childhood in World History

Author: Peter N Stearns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317201132

Category: History

Page: 188

View: 1423

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Taking a global look at what the category of childhood has meant from agricultural societies to the present day, Childhood in World History offers a vital overview of this topical field. Through comparative analysis, Peter Stearns facilitates a cross-cultural and transnational understanding of attitudes towards the role of children in society, and how "models" of childhood have developed throughout history. Engaging with issues around children’s role in the family and the involvement of communal, national, educational, and global infrastructures, Stearns unpacks the experience of childhood in the West, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. This expanded and updated third edition includes: updated bibliographies and suggested readings expanded discussions of religion and children’s rights a new chapter on families in developing economies in the early twentieth century broadened discussions of childhood in Japan and in communist countries. With expanded further reading lists, Stearns’s accessible text not only provides an overview of its field but also offers a research guide for more specialized study. Concisely presented but broad in scope, Stearns’s accessible text guides readers through the transformations of the concept of childhood.

British Hymn Books for Children, 1800-1900

Re-Tuning the History of Childhood

Author: Alisa Clapp-Itnyre

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113479620X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 308

View: 5656

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Examining nineteenth-century British hymns for children, Alisa Clapp-Itnyre argues that the unique qualities of children's hymnody created a space for children's empowerment. Unlike other literature of the era, hymn books were often compilations of many writers' hymns, presenting the discerning child with a multitude of perspectives on religion and childhood. In addition, the agency afforded children as singers meant that they were actively engaged with the text, music, and pictures of their hymnals. Clapp-Itnyre charts the history of children’s hymn-book publications from early to late nineteenth century, considering major denominational movements, the importance of musical tonality as it affected the popularity of hymns to both adults and children, and children’s reformation of adult society provided by such genres as missionary and temperance hymns. While hymn books appear to distinguish 'the child' from 'the adult', intricate issues of theology and poetry - typically kept within the domain of adulthood - were purposely conveyed to those of younger years and comprehension. Ultimately, Clapp-Itnyre shows how children's hymns complicate our understanding of the child-adult binary traditionally seen to be a hallmark of Victorian society. Intersecting with major aesthetic movements of the period, from the peaking of Victorian hymnody to the Golden Age of Illustration, children’s hymn books require scholarly attention to deepen our understanding of the complex aesthetic network for children and adults. Informed by extensive archival research, British Hymn Books for Children, 1800-1900 brings this understudied genre of Victorian culture to critical light.

Children and Childhood in Western Society Since 1500

Author: Hugh Cunningham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131786803X

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 7320

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This book investigates the relationship between ideas about childhood and the actual experience of being a child, and assesses how it has changed over the span of five hundred years. Hugh Cunningham tells an engaging story of the development of ideas about childhood from the Renaissance to the present, taking in Locke, Rosseau, Wordsworth and Freud, revealing considerable differences in the way western societites have understood and valued childhood over time. His survey of parent/child relationships uncovers evidence of parental love, care and, in the frequent cases of child death, grief throughout the period, concluding that there was as much continuity as change in the actual relations of children and adults across these five centuries. For undergraduate courses in History of the Family, European Social History, History of Children and Gender History.