A History of Childhood

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509525386

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 2929

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Colin Heywood's classic account of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the First World War combines a long-run historical perspective with a broad geographical spread. This new, comprehensively updated edition incorporates the findings of the most recent research, and in particular revises and expands the sections on theoretical developments in the 'new social studies of childhood', on medieval conceptions of the child, on parenting and on children’s literature. Rather than merely narrating their experiences from the perspectives of adults, Heywood incorporates children’s testimonies, 'looking up' as well as 'down'. Paying careful attention to elements of continuity as well as change, he tells a story of astonishing material improvement for the lives of children in advanced societies, while showing how the business of preparing for adulthood became more and more complicated and fraught with emotional difficulties. Rich with evocative details of everyday life, and providing the most concise and readable synthesis of the literature available, Heywood's book will be indispensable to all those interested in the study of childhood.

A History of Childhood and Disability

Author: Philip L. Safford,Elizabeth J. Safford

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807734858

Category: Education

Page: 342

View: 4284

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In their chronological portrait, the authors synthesize the many voices of exceptional children, providing a historical picture that includes not only the perspective of the professional, but also, to the extent possible, that of the "client." The book begins by placing the origins of special education in historical context from Aristotle through the Enlightenment and beyond. Subsequent chapters consider individual "conditions" traditionally associated with specialized approaches (e.g., blindness, deafness, and retardation), discuss conditions that have given rise to further differentiation of childhood exceptionality, and offer a synthesis of themes and a prospective for a "new history," now emerging, of children considered exceptional.

Children Through the Ages

A History of Childhood

Author: Barbara Kaye Greenleaf

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Children

Page: 165

View: 1077

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A history of childhood from earliest times to today focusing on infancy, the middle years, and adolescence and discussing toys, games, food, diseases, discipline, clothing, health care, and education.

A History of Childhood

Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745617312

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 1436

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In this lively and accessible book, Colin Heywood explores the changing experiences and perceptions of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the twentieth century. Heywood examines the different ways in which people have thought about childhood as a stage of life, the relationships of children with their families and peers, and the experiences of young people at work, in school and at the hands of various welfare institutions. The aim is to place the history of children and childhood firmly in its social and cultural context, without losing sight of the many individual experiences that have come down to us in diaries, autobiographies and oral testimonies. Heywood argues that there is a cruel paradox at the heart of childhood in the past. On the one hand, material conditions for children have generally improved in the West, however belatedly and unevenly, and they are now more valued than in the past. On the other hand, the business of preparing for adulthood has become more complicated in urban and industrial societies, as the young face a bewildering array of choices and expectations. A History of Childhood will be an essential introduction to the subject for students of history, the social sciences and cultural studies.

A History of Childhood

Children and Childhood in the West from Medieval to Modern Times

Author: Colin Heywood

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745617312

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 5456

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In this lively and accessible book, Colin Heywood explores the changing experiences and perceptions of childhood from the early Middle Ages to the beginning of the twentieth century. Heywood examines the different ways in which people have thought about childhood as a stage of life, the relationships of children with their families and peers, and the experiences of young people at work, in school and at the hands of various welfare institutions. The aim is to place the history of children and childhood firmly in its social and cultural context, without losing sight of the many individual experiences that have come down to us in diaries, autobiographies and oral testimonies. Heywood argues that there is a cruel paradox at the heart of childhood in the past. On the one hand, material conditions for children have generally improved in the West, however belatedly and unevenly, and they are now more valued than in the past. On the other hand, the business of preparing for adulthood has become more complicated in urban and industrial societies, as the young face a bewildering array of choices and expectations. A History of Childhood will be an essential introduction to the subject for students of history, the social sciences and cultural studies.

The History of Childhood

Author: Lloyd deMause

Publisher: Jason Aronson, Incorporated

ISBN: 1461631378

Category: Psychology

Page: 462

View: 9023

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from the Foreword: Possibly the heartless treatment of children, from the practice of infanticide and abandonment through to the neglect, the rigors of swaddling, the purposeful starving, the beatings, the solitary confinement, and so on, was and is only one aspect of the basic aggressiveness and cruelty of human nature, of the inbred disregard of the rights and feelings of others. Children, being physically unable to resist aggression, were the victims of forces over which they had no control, and they were abused in many imaginable and some almost unimaginable ways by way of expressing conscious or more commonly unconscious motives of their elders... The present volume abounds in evidence of all kinds, from all periods and peoples. The story is monotonously painful, but it is high time that it should be told and that it should be taken into account...

Growing Up

The History of Childhood in a Global Context

Author: Peter N. Stearns

Publisher: Baylor University Press

ISBN: 1932792287

Category: History

Page: 65

View: 6185

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Growing Up combines two flourishing historical fields—the history of childhood and world history—to address the question of how much of childhood is natural and how much is historically determined. The first lecture gauges the impact of the development of agriculture, civilization, and religion upon the premodern experience of childhood. The second lecture contrasts modern perspectives on childhood with more traditional ones before investigating how and why modern perspectives developed and spread. These lectures clearly demonstrate that the transformation of childhood is both recent and sweeping.

A History of the Sociology of Childhood

Author: Berry Mayall

Publisher: Inst of Education

ISBN: 9781782770213

Category: Social Science

Page: 51

View: 2274

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This concise book gives a history of how the sociology of childhood has developed, contextualised in the history of sociology. It draws on the author’s own experiences, considers a wide range of published documents and includes contributions on specific topics by some of the main players in the field: Jens Qvortrup, Priscilla Alderson, Liesbeth de Block and Virginia Morrow.The book describes how this relatively new discipline evolved and considers its principal propositions. It looks back to the post-war period, notably in the USA, and shows how sociological ideas about childhood arose from developmental psychology; how they began to be formulated to act in complement to psychological ideas and how some US psychologists began to explore variations in ideas about childhood in varying societies. It also explores the history of sociological ideas about childhood in both the UK and, most importantly, mainstream Europe and considers links between sociological and rights agendas.This book concludes with consideration of the latest developments in this field such as globalisation and media studies; work in other languages, such as French and Portuguese and gives an account of work emerging in the majority world and its relevance for theoretical developments. It is essential reading for university students on all varieties of childhood courses. It contextualises this field within theory and provides a clear picture of the constituents of the discipline. It is also relevant to those working within psychological paradigms but with an interest in considering alternative and complementary approaches.

The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World

Author: Paula S. Fass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135121699

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 5716

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The Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World provides an important overview of the main themes surrounding the history of childhood in the West from antiquity to the present day. By broadly incorporating the research in the field of Childhood Studies, the book explores the major advances that have taken place in the past few decades in this crucial field.

The Devil's Children

A History of Childhood and Murder

Author: Loretta Loach

Publisher: Totem Books

ISBN: 9781848310193

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 821

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This book offers a true crime history - from medieval society to Jamie Bulger - of children who kill and how adults have tried to make sense of them.The extraordinary and horrifying crime of murder by children of other children commands widespread public interest, but has this always been so? Focusing on the earliest recorded cases, up to and including the tragic killing of James Bulger, this fascinating investigation goes beyond the notoriety of the crimes to explore the real-life stories of the children who committed them and the adult world in which they took place.As well as asking what has changed in the treatment and punishment of these children, and in how they have been viewed by the Church, the courts and the medical profession, it also reveals how these unusual crimes were as pivotal then as they are now in wider deliberations about childhood, morality and the troubling boundaries between innocence and experience.The intriguing story of these crimes is deftly woven together with the keen insights of social history and a groundbreaking depiction of how the legal and medical cultures used such cases to rethink human agency and responsibility.

The Global History of Childhood Reader

Author: Heidi Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135764875

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 2802

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The Global History of Childhood Reader provides an essential collection of chapters and articles on the global history of childhood. The Reader is structured thematically so as to provide both a representative sampling of the historiography as well as an overview of the key issues of the field, such as childhood as a social construct, commonalities and differences globally, and why the twentieth century was not the "century of the child" for most of the world’s children. The Reader is divided into four parts: Theories and methodologies of the history of childhood Constructions of childhood in different times and places Children’s experiences in different times and places Usage of the past to articulate solutions to problems facing children today. Topics covered include theories and methodologies in the global history of childhood, sources for writing a global history of childhood, education, gender, disability, race, class and religion, the individual in history and emotions, violence, labour and illiteracy. With introductions that contextualize each of the four parts and the articles, further reading sections and questions; this is the perfect guide for all students of the history of childhood.

How We Played

A History of Childhood Games

Author: Caroline Goodfellow

Publisher: History PressLtd

ISBN: 9780752443300

Category: Games & Activities

Page: 192

View: 2689

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In this fascinating trip down memory lane, former curator of dolls and games at the V&A Museum Caroline Goodfellow explores the history of childhood games and how they have changed from ancient times to the modern day.

A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in Antiquity

Author: Mary Harlow,Ray Laurence

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781472554734

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 7157

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Childhood and families had a ubiquitous and central presence in the ancient world, but one which is often hidden from us. Underlying our understanding of childhood and the family in Antiquity are the key thinkers and writers of the period. Their ideas on children, growing up, and the stages of life have shaped thinking on these subjects right up to the present day. Focusing on the cultures of the Mediterranean from 800 BCE to 800 CE, A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in Antiquity covers the rise of democratic Athens, the Hellenistic World, and the evolution and transformation of the Roman Empire. As with all the volumes in the illustrated Cultural History of Childhood and Family set, this volume presents essays on family relations, community, economy, geography and environment, education, life cycle, the state, faith and religion, health and science, and world contexts.

Full of Grace

A Journey Through the History of Childhood

Author: Raymond W. Merritt

Publisher: Power House Books

ISBN: 9781576873298

Category: Photography

Page: 400

View: 9419

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Full of Grace chronicles the evolution of the child in society through the past one hundred fifty years of photography. With illustrative text throughout, societal roles and conceptions of the child worldwide are explored through the works of master photographers--including Lewis Carroll, Julia Margaret Cameron, Alfred Stieglitz, Andre Kertesz, August Sander, Lewis Hine, Jacob Riis, Jacques-Henri Lartigue, Paul Strand, Walker Evans, Dorothea Lange, Margaret Bourke-White, Mike Disfarmer, W. Eugene Smith, Helen Levitt, Gordon Parks, Weegee, Werner Bischof, Cecil Beaton, Robert Doisneau, Anne Frank, Brassai, Elliott Erwitt, Eve Arnold, Garry Winogrand, Robert Frank, Seydou Keita, Henri Cartier-Bresson, William Klein, Mary Ellen Mark, Ralph Gibson, Bruce Davidson, Mario Giacometti, Larry Clark, Duane Michals, Paul Fusco, Gilles Peress, Francesco Scavullo, Robert Mapplethorpe, Helmut Newton, Sebastiā o Salgado, Sally Mann, Bruce Weber, Adam Fuss, Eric Fischi, Anna Gaskell, Lauren Greenfield, Tina Barney, Philip-Lorca diCorcla, David La Chapelle, and Tierney Gearon, to name a few. Divided into five chronological chapters--from "The Child Romantic" to "The Knowing Child"--advances and setbacks, both political and social, are explored in the progress toward gaining the basic rights of freedom of speech, health care, and education for all children. Areas such as child labor and exploitation and the effects of intolerance, poverty, illiteracy, hunger, disease, war, and terrorism are addressed, while also celebrating positive advances in child development and welfare. With more than three hundred photographs and illustrations and more than one hundred pages of text, Full of Grace is anengaging and informative journey through the history of children in society--a journey that is seen through the eyes of photographers and the voices of writers of children's classics. A traveling exhibit will be launched in connection with the publication of Full of Grace. The editor's net proceeds from the book and exhibition will be contributed to UNICEF.

Huck's Raft

A History of American Childhood

Author: Steven Mintz

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674015081

Category: History

Page: 445

View: 6902

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Explores many aspects of the changing societal role of children throughout American history, and credits the impact that children have had on major historical events.

A Cultural History of Childhood and Family in the Early Modern Age

Author: Sandra Cavallo,Silvia Evangelisti

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781472554697

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 4313

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The period spanning the 15th to the 17th Centuries saw an unprecedented interest in childrearing and the family. Renaissance humanist thought valued the education of children while promoting the family as a mirror of a well-ordered society, based on class, gender, and age hierarchies. Protestant and Catholic reformers and state-sponsored disciplinary measures further reinforced authority within the family, with marriage seen as a primary instrument for moralizing sexual customs. The proliferation of printed books and artworks representing the family popularized models of domestic life across Europe and its newly acquired colonies. At the same time, high mortality, repeated wars, poverty, increased migration, and geographical mobility severely undermined these idealized notions of family and childhood, giving rise to a wide range of unconventional and highly unstable households. As with all the volumes in the illustrated Cultural History of Childhood and Family set, this volume presents essays on family relationships, community, economy, geography and the environment, education, life cycle, the state, faith and religion, health and science, and world contexts.

The End of American Childhood

A History of Parenting from Life on the Frontier to the Managed Child

Author: Paula S. Fass

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400880432

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 324

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The End of American Childhood takes a sweeping look at the history of American childhood and parenting, from the nation's founding to the present day. Renowned historian Paula Fass shows how, since the beginning of the American republic, independence, self-definition, and individual success have informed Americans' attitudes toward children. But as parents today hover over every detail of their children's lives, are the qualities that once made American childhood special still desired or possible? Placing the experiences of children and parents against the backdrop of social, political, and cultural shifts, Fass challenges Americans to reconnect with the beliefs that set the American understanding of childhood apart from the rest of the world. Fass examines how freer relationships between American children and parents transformed the national culture, altered generational relationships among immigrants, helped create a new science of child development, and promoted a revolution in modern schooling. She looks at the childhoods of icons including Margaret Mead and Ulysses S. Grant—who, as an eleven-year-old, was in charge of his father's fields and explored his rural Ohio countryside. Fass also features less well-known children like ten-year-old Rose Cohen, who worked in the drudgery of nineteenth-century factories. Bringing readers into the present, Fass argues that current American conditions and policies have made adolescence socially irrelevant and altered children's road to maturity, while parental oversight threatens children's competence and initiative. Showing how American parenting has been firmly linked to historical changes, The End of American Childhood considers what implications this might hold for the nation's future.

Shaping Childhood

Themes of Uncertainty in the History of Adult-Child Relationships

Author: Roger Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113483618X

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4152

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What part has religion played in the history of child-rearing? How do we persuade children to behave rationally and how should we exercise adult authority? What use do we make of their innocence and how do we cope with their sexuality? Has history left us with ideas about the child which make no sense in the prevailing conditions of the late twentieth century? In Shaping Childhood these questions are explored through themes from the history of childhood. The myth of the repressive Puritan parent is explored by looking at Puritan ideals of child-rearing. Treating the child as if it were rational seemed to Locke the best way to approach child-rearing, but Rousseau was sceptical of adult manipulation and Romanticism could be subversive of both religion and reason as sources of discipline in child-rearing. The Victorians inherited many of the contradictions these approaches gave rise to, and they added a complication of their own through an aesthetic response to childhood's beauty. Currently, with instability in household formation and with the child exposed to ever more sophisticated means of communication, parents, teachers and others struggle to make sense of this ambiguous historical legacy. Shaping Childhood examines the ways in which broad cultural forces such as religion, literature and mass consumption influence contemporary parenting and locates child professionals, within the context of these forces.

Australian Childhood

A History

Author: Jan Kociumbas

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 9781864480597

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 7091

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The first comprehensive history of childhood in Australia, this traces the experience of growing up from the early days of white settlement to the present.

A History of Early Childhood Education in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand

Author: Larry Prochner

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774858907

Category: Education

Page: 352

View: 7777

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In the early nineteenth century, governments introduced kindergartens and infant schools to give children a head start in life. These programs hinged on new visions of childhood that origin-ated in England and Europe, but what happened when they were exported to the colonies? This book unwinds the tangled threads of this history, from early infant schools in England to three Commonwealth countries Canada, Australia, and New Zealand where systems of educating young children were transplanted but adapted to suit local ideas, politics, and populations. This unique, comparative approach to the history of early childhood education provides fresh insight into how to reconcile educational theory and practice in an increasingly global world.