A High School First Course in Euclidean Plane Geometry

Author: Charles H. Aboughantous

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1599428229

Category: Mathematics

Page: 166

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A High School First Course in Euclidean Plane Geometry is intended to be a first course in plane geometry at the high school level. Individuals who do not have a formal background in geometry can also benefit from studying the subject using this book. The content of the book is based on Euclid's five postulates of plane geometry and the most common theorems. It promotes the art and the skills of developing logical proofs. Most of the theorems are provided with detailed proofs. A large number of sample problems are presented throughout the book with detailed solutions. Practice problems are included at the end of each chapter and are presented in three groups: geometric construction problems, computational problems, and theorematical problems. The answers to the computational problems are included at the end of the book. Many of those problems are simplified classic engineering problems that can be solved by average students. The detailed solutions to all the problems in the book are contained in the Solutions Manual. A High School First Course in Euclidean Plane Geometry is the distillation of the author's experience in teaching geometry over many years in U.S. high schools and overseas. The book is best described in the introduction. The prologue offers a study guide to get the most benefits from the book.

Euclidean Geometry

A First Course

Author: Mark Solomonovich

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 1440153485

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 6280

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This textbook is a self-contained presentation of Euclidean Geometry, a subject that has been a core part of school curriculum for centuries. The discussion is rigorous, axiom-based, written in a traditional manner, true to the Euclidean spirit. Transformations in the Euclidean plane are included as part of the axiomatics and as a tool for solving construction problems. The textbook can be used for teaching a high school or an introductory level college course. It can be especially recommended for schools with enriched mathematical programs and for homeschoolers looking for a rigorous traditional discussion of geometry. The text is supplied with over 1200 questions and problems, ranging from simple to challenging. The solutions sections of the book contain about 200 answers and hints to solutions and over 100 detailed solutions involving proofs and constructions. More solutions and some supplements for teachers are available in the Instructor?s Manual, which is issued as a separate book. From the Reviews... ?In terms of presentation, this text is more rigorous than any existing high school textbook that I know of. It is based on a system of axioms that describe incidence, postulate a notion of congruence of line segments, and assume the existence of enough rigid motions ("free mobility")? My gut reaction to the book is, wouldn't it be wonderful if American high school students could be exposed to this serious mathematical treatment of elementary geometry, instead of all the junk that is presented to them in existing textbooks. This book makes no concession to the TV-generation of students who want (or is it the publishers who want it for them?) pretty pictures, side bars, puzzles, games, historical references, cartoons, and all those colored images that clutter the pages of a typical modern textbook, while the mathematical content is diluted more and more with each successive edition.? Professor Robin Hartshorne, University of California at Berkeley. ?The textbook ?Euclidean Geometry? by Mark Solomonovich fills a big gap in the plethora of mathematical textbooks ? it provides an exposition of classical geometry with emphasis on logic and rigorous proofs? I would be delighted to see this textbook used in Canadian schools in the framework of an improved geometry curriculum. Until this day comes, I highly recommend ?Euclidean Geometry? by Mark Solomonovich to be used in Mathematics Enrichment Programs across Canada and the USA.? Professor Yuly Billig, Carlton University.

The Foundations of Geometry and the Non-Euclidean Plane

Author: G.E. Martin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461257255

Category: Mathematics

Page: 512

View: 2487

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This book is a text for junior, senior, or first-year graduate courses traditionally titled Foundations of Geometry and/or Non Euclidean Geometry. The first 29 chapters are for a semester or year course on the foundations of geometry. The remaining chap ters may then be used for either a regular course or independent study courses. Another possibility, which is also especially suited for in-service teachers of high school geometry, is to survey the the fundamentals of absolute geometry (Chapters 1 -20) very quickly and begin earnest study with the theory of parallels and isometries (Chapters 21 -30). The text is self-contained, except that the elementary calculus is assumed for some parts of the material on advanced hyperbolic geometry (Chapters 31 -34). There are over 650 exercises, 30 of which are 10-part true-or-false questions. A rigorous ruler-and-protractor axiomatic development of the Euclidean and hyperbolic planes, including the classification of the isometries of these planes, is balanced by the discussion about this development. Models, such as Taxicab Geometry, are used exten sively to illustrate theory. Historical aspects and alternatives to the selected axioms are prominent. The classical axiom systems of Euclid and Hilbert are discussed, as are axiom systems for three and four-dimensional absolute geometry and Pieri's system based on rigid motions. The text is divided into three parts. The Introduction (Chapters 1 -4) is to be read as quickly as possible and then used for ref erence if necessary.

A First Course in Geometry

Author: Edward T Walsh

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486780201

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 790

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Suitable for college courses, this introductory text covers the language of mathematics, geometric sets of points, separation and angles, triangles, parallel lines, similarity, polygons and area, circles, and space and coordinate geometry. 1974 edition.

A First Course in Topology

An Introduction to Mathematical Thinking

Author: Robert A Conover

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486780015

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 1344

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Students must prove all of the theorems in this undergraduate-level text, which features extensive outlines to assist in study and comprehension. Thorough and well-written, the treatment provides sufficient material for a one-year undergraduate course. The logical presentation anticipates students' questions, and complete definitions and expositions of topics relate new concepts to previously discussed subjects. Most of the material focuses on point-set topology with the exception of the last chapter. Topics include sets and functions, infinite sets and transfinite numbers, topological spaces and basic concepts, product spaces, connectivity, and compactness. Additional subjects include separation axioms, complete spaces, and homotopy and the fundamental group. Numerous hints and figures illuminate the text. Dover (2014) republication of the edition originally published by The Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore, 1975. See every Dover book in print at www.doverpublications.com

A Course in Modern Geometries

Author: Judith Cederberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387989723

Category: Mathematics

Page: 441

View: 7591

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Designed for a junior-senior level course for mathematics majors, including those who plan to teach in secondary school. The first chapter presents several finite geometries in an axiomatic framework, while Chapter 2 continues the synthetic approach in introducing both Euclids and ideas of non-Euclidean geometry. There follows a new introduction to symmetry and hands-on explorations of isometries that precedes an extensive analytic treatment of similarities and affinities. Chapter 4 presents plane projective geometry both synthetically and analytically, and the new Chapter 5 uses a descriptive and exploratory approach to introduce chaos theory and fractal geometry, stressing the self-similarity of fractals and their generation by transformations from Chapter 3. Throughout, each chapter includes a list of suggested resources for applications or related topics in areas such as art and history, plus this second edition points to Web locations of author-developed guides for dynamic software explorations of the Poincaré model, isometries, projectivities, conics and fractals. Parallel versions are available for "Cabri Geometry" and "Geometers Sketchpad".

Beyond Formulas in Mathematics and Teaching

Dynamics of the High School Algebra Classroom

Author: Daniel Chazan

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807739181

Category: Education

Page: 200

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Based on the author’s experience as a researcher and teacher of lower-track students, Beyond Formulas in Mathematics and Teaching illuminates the complex dynamics of the algebra classroom. From within this setting, Daniel Chazan thoughtfully explores topics that concern all dedicated educators, how to really know one’s students, how to find engaging material, and how to inspire meaningful classroom conversations. Throughout, he addresses the predicaments that are central to the lives of teachers who work in standard educational settings. By highlighting teaching dilemmas, Chazan prompts readers to consider what their own responses would be in similar situations. With an eye to ways of restructuring roles and relationships, Beyond Formulas in Mathematics and Teaching is essential reading for educators seeking to enhance their teaching practices and understanding of students who may be estranged from school.

Imagining Numbers

(particularly the square root of minus fifteen)

Author: Barry Mazur

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 1429931469

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 3443

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How the elusive imaginary number was first imagined, and how to imagine it yourself Imagining Numbers (particularly the square root of minus fifteen) is Barry Mazur's invitation to those who take delight in the imaginative work of reading poetry, but may have no background in math, to make a leap of the imagination in mathematics. Imaginary numbers entered into mathematics in sixteenth-century Italy and were used with immediate success, but nevertheless presented an intriguing challenge to the imagination. It took more than two hundred years for mathematicians to discover a satisfactory way of "imagining" these numbers. With discussions about how we comprehend ideas both in poetry and in mathematics, Mazur reviews some of the writings of the earliest explorers of these elusive figures, such as Rafael Bombelli, an engineer who spent most of his life draining the swamps of Tuscany and who in his spare moments composed his great treatise "L'Algebra". Mazur encourages his readers to share the early bafflement of these Renaissance thinkers. Then he shows us, step by step, how to begin imagining, ourselves, imaginary numbers.

Catalogue

Author: Kentucky. University,University of Kentucky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 4446

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The Geometry of René Descartes

with a Facsimile of the First Edition

Author: René Descartes

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486158179

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 8995

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The great work that founded analytical geometry. Includes the original French text, Descartes' own diagrams, and the definitive Smith-Latham translation. "The greatest single step ever made in the progress of the exact sciences." — John Stuart Mill.

Metamathematische Methoden in der Geometrie

Author: W. Schwabhäuser,W. Szmielew,A. Tarski

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642694187

Category: Mathematics

Page: 484

View: 3919

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Das vorliegende Buch besteht aus zwei Teilen. Teil I enthält einen axiomatischen Aufbau der euklidischen Geometrie auf Grund eines Axiomensystems von Tarski, das in einem gewissen Sinne (auch für die absolute Geometrie) gleichwertig ist mit dem Hilbertschen Axiomensystem, aber formalisiert ist in einer Sprache, die für die Betrachtungen in Teil II besonders geeignet ist. Mehrere solche Axio mensysteme wurden schon vor langer Zeit von Tarski veröffentlicht. Hier wird nun die Durchführung eines Aufbaus der Geometrie auf Grund eines solchen Axiomensystems - unter Benutzung von Resultaten von H. N. Gupta - allgemein zugänglich gemacht. Die vorliegende Darstel lung wurde vom zuerst genannten Autor allein geschrieben, aber sie beruht zum Teil auf unveröffentlichten Resultaten von Alfred Tarski und Wanda Szmielew; daher gebührt ihnen ein Teil der Autorschaft. Mehr über Entstehung und Inhalt von Teil I sowie über die Geschichte der Tarskischen Axiomensysteme wird in der Einleitung (Abschnitt I.O) gesagt. Teil II enthält metamathematische Untersuchungen und Ergebnisse über verschiedene Geometrien, was vielfac~ auf eine Anwendung von Methoden und Sätzen der mathematischen Logik auf Geometrien hinausläuft (vgl.

The Elements of Non-Euclidean Geometry

Author: D. M.Y. Sommerville

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486154580

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 641

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Renowned for its lucid yet meticulous exposition, this classic allows students to follow the development of non-Euclidean geometry from a fundamental analysis of the concept of parallelism to more advanced topics. 1914 edition. Includes 133 figures.

Topics in Geometry

Author: Robert Bix

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483296466

Category: Mathematics

Page: 538

View: 2182

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This volume presents an accessible, self-contained survey of topics in Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry. It includes plentiful illustrations and exercises in support of the thoroughly worked-out proofs. The author's emphasis on the connections between Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry unifies the range of topics covered. The text opens with a brief review of elementary geometry before proceeding to advanced material. Topics covered include advanced Euclidean and non-Euclidean geometry, division ratios and triangles, transformation geometry, projective geometry, conic sections, and hyperbolic and absolute geometry. Topics in Geometry includes over 800 illustrations and extensive exercises of varying difficulty.

Geometry

A Metric Approach with Models

Author: Richard S. Millman,George D. Parker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387974125

Category: Mathematics

Page: 372

View: 1911

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Geometry: A Metric Approach with Models, imparts a real feeling for Euclidean and non-Euclidean (in particular, hyperbolic) geometry. Intended as a rigorous first course, the book introduces and develops the various axioms slowly, and then, in a departure from other texts, continually illustrates the major definitions and axioms with two or three models, enabling the reader to picture the idea more clearly. The second edition has been expanded to include a selection of expository exercises. Additionally, the authors have designed software with computational problems to accompany the text. This software may be obtained from George Parker.

Aspects of Teaching Secondary Mathematics

Perspectives on Practice

Author: Linda Haggarty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134500963

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 2544

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If learners in the classroom are to be excited by mathematics, teachers need to be both well informed about current initiatives and able to see how what is expected of them can be translated into rich and stimulating classroom strategies. The book examines current initiatives that affect teaching mathematics and identifies pointers for action in the classroom. Divided into three major sections, it looks at: the changing mathematics classroom at primary, secondary and tertiary level major components of the secondary curriculum practical pedagogical issues of particular concern to mathematics teachers. Each issue is explores in terms of major underpinnings and research in that area, and practical ideas can be drawn from the text and implemented in the reader's classroom practice. Each chapter has been written by a well-respected writer, researcher and practitioner in their field and all share a common goal: to look thoughtfully and intelligently at some of the practical issues facing mathematics teachers and offer their perspectives on those issues.

Choice

A Classified Cumulation : Volumes 1-10, March 1964--February 1974

Author: Richard K. Gardner,Phyllis Grumm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 2045

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