A Global Perspective on Young People as Offenders and Victims

First Results from the ISRD3 Study

Author: Dirk Enzmann,Janne Kivivuori,Ineke Haen Marshall,Majone Steketee,Mike Hough,Martin Killias

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319632337

Category: Social Science

Page: 85

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This Brief presents the first major release of findings from the Third International Self-Report Delinquency Study (ISRD3). ISRD is a major international research collaboration that now covers some 35 countries. It surveys young people aged 12 to 16 in their schools, asking about their experience of crime – both as offenders and as victims – and about their attitudes to crime and justice and about their home and school life. ISRD1 was carried out in 1991-1992 and ISRD2 in 2006-2008. ISRD findings presented here cover the 27 ISRD3 countries for which data are already available, with a total sample approaching 63,000 young people. For most of these countries, the samples are drawn from two major cities. This volume provides key findings on self-reported offending and on victimization.Chapter 1 set the scene, and describes the background to ISRD3. Chapter 2describes the methods used in the survey; respondents complete the ISRD questionnaire either in paper format or – increasingly – using a standardized internet program. Chapter 3 covers key findings on self-reported offending, including the important finding that preparedness to disclose offending varies according to cultural context. Chapter 4 presents findings on victimization, including important new findings on hate crime and the use of parental violence, as well as coverage of more conventional forms of crime. A final chapter summarizes the results and draws out their implications. This Brief will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice,as well as related fields such as sociology, public policy, and psychology. Due tothe groundbreaking methodological analyses provided, this Brief is essential reading to all who conduct or use internationally comparative and global survey research.

Comparative Criminal Justice

Making Sense of Difference

Author: David Nelken

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144624833X

Category: Social Science

Page: 136

View: 5177

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David Nelken is the 2013 laureate of the Association for Law and Society International Prize The increasingly important topic of comparative criminal justice is examined from an original and insightful perspective by David Nelken, one of the top scholars in the field. The author looks at why we should study crime and criminal justice in a comparative and international context, and the difficulties we encounter when we do. Drawing on experience of teaching and research in a variety of countries, the author offers multiple illustrations of striking differences in the roles of criminal justice actors and ways of handling crime problems. The book includes in-depth discussions of such key issues as how we can learn from other jurisdictions, compare 'like with like', and balance explanation with understanding – for example, in making sense of national differences in prison rates. Careful attention is given to the question of how far globalisation challenges traditional ways of comparing units. The book also offers a number of helpful tips on methodology, showing why method and substance cannot and should not be separated when it comes to understanding other people's systems of justice. Students and academics in criminology and criminal justice will find this book an invaluable resource. Compact Criminology is an exciting series that invigorates and challenges the international field of criminology. Books in the series are short, authoritative, innovative assessments of emerging issues in criminology and criminal justice – offering critical, accessible introductions to important topics. They take a global rather than a narrowly national approach. Eminently readable and first-rate in quality, each book is written by a leading specialist. Compact Criminology provides a new type of tool for teaching, learning and research, one that is flexible and light on its feet. The series addresses fundamental needs in the growing and increasingly differentiated field of criminology.

The Many Faces of Youth Crime

Contrasting Theoretical Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency across Countries and Cultures

Author: Josine Junger-Tas,Ineke Haen Marshall,Dirk Enzmann,Martin Killias,Majone Steketee,Beata Gruszczynska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441994554

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 8219

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This book presents the first comprehensive analysis of the second International Self-Report Delinquency study (ISRD-2). An earlier volume, Juvenile Delinquency in Europe and Beyond (Springer, 2010) focused mainly on the findings with regard to delinquency, victimization and substance use in each of the individual participating ISRD-2 countries. The Many Faces of Youth Crime is based on analysis of the merged data set and has a number of unique features:  The analyses are based on an unusually large number of respondents (about 67,000 7th, 8th and 9th graders) collected by researchers from 31 countries;  It includes reports on the characteristics, experiences and behaviour of first and second generation migrant youth from a variety of cultures;  It is one of the first large-scale international studies asking 12-16 year olds about their victimization experiences (bullying, assault, robbery, theft);  It describes both intriguing differences between young people from different countries and country clusters in the nature and extent of delinquency, victimization and substance use, as well as remarkable cross-national uniformities in delinquency, victimization, and substance use patterns;  A careful comparative analysis of the social responses to offending and victimization adds to our limited knowledge on this important issue;  Detailed chapters on the family, school, neighbourhood, lifestyle and peers provide a rich comparative description of these institutions and their impact on delinquency;  It tests a number of theoretical perspectives (social control, self-control, social disorganization, routine activities/opportunity theory) on a large international sample from a variety of national contexts;  It combines a theoretical focus with a thoughtful consideration of the policy implications of the findings;  An extensive discussion of the ISRD methodology of ‘flexible standardization’ details the challenges of comparative research. The book consists of 12 chapters, which also may be read individually by those interested in particular special topics (for instance, the last chapter should be of special interest to policy makers). The material is presented in such a way that it is accessible to more advanced students, researchers and scholars in a variety of fields, such as criminology, sociology, deviance, social work, comparative methodology, youth studies, substance use studies, and victimology.

Galician Migrations: A Case Study of Emerging Super-diversity

Author: Renée DePalma,Antía Pérez-Caramés

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319663054

Category: Social Science

Page: 302

View: 6037

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This focused case study analyses the roots of super-diversity in a place where immigration is an emerging phenomenon, Northwestern Spain (Galicia). It is characterized by a mostly rural population, an aging demographic, and a historically depressed economy. Yet the region has recently experienced a significant increase in immigration - a reversal of the region’s historically pronounced trend of emigration. To understand immigration in its early stages, this book takes a historical approach that focuses on diversities that go beyond nationality. It explores local yet international phenomena such as different patterns of return migration, transnational community and familial relationships, and niche labour markets. The book takes a broad interdisciplinary perspective, drawing on sociology, anthropology, history, sociolinguistics, literature, and education, to provide a detailed case study analysis. While the case is specific, many other geographic regions will share some of the factors the book explores. Understanding how these factors interact will provide a useful point of contrast for analysing them in a range of other international contexts.

Discovery of Hidden Crime

Self-Report Delinquency Surveys in Criminal Policy Context

Author: Janne Kivivuori

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199639199

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 5505

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Presents a history of the self-report crime survey as a method of criminological inquiry, describing how, during the 1930s and 1940s, a handful of US and European criminologists discovered the method, thus providing researchers with a powerful analytical tool and changing the way crime itself was seen.

Juvenile Delinquency in Europe and Beyond

Results of the Second International Self-Report Delinquency Study

Author: Josine Junger-Tas,Ineke Haen Marshall,Dirk Enzmann,Martin Killias,Majone Steketee,Beata Gruszczynska

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387959825

Category: Social Science

Page: 434

View: 4776

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Juvenile Delinquency in Europe and Beyond: Results of the Second International Self-Report Delinquency Study presents the status of juvenile crime and delinquency and its backgrounds in many of the European Union member states as well as in the United States, Canada, Venezuela and Surinam. The book includes information on key issues in juvenile delinquency such as victimization of young people, alcohol and drug use and its relation to juvenile crime, involvement in youth gangs, immigration, family and school and neighborhood situations. It provides insight into different views on what can be considered juvenile crime; what acts are subsumed in its definition and when we can speak about structural delinquent behavior. These insights are based on self-reported information systematically and simultaneously collected from about 70,000 12-15 year old youths in 28 countries. Until recently, the self-report methodology has not been applied on such a large scale in an international context. The results of this survey provide new and unexpected data about those young people who structurally commit criminal acts, as well as on the frequency of the behavior and the conditions that have an impact on offending. The wealth of descriptions and insights in delinquency of all these countries will be of great interest to scholars, students and practitioners because of the special character of the publication; it is a book of reference to everyone interested in the backgrounds of juvenile delinquency.

Characteristics of Temporary Migration in European-Asian Transnational Social Spaces

Author: Pirkko Pitkänen,Mari Korpela,Mustafa Aksakal,Kerstin Schmidt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319612581

Category: Social Science

Page: 255

View: 1186

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This book focuses on the experiences of temporary movements between Asia and Europe from the perspective of migrants and mobile people. It raises important questions such as: Why do people migrate on a temporary basis and what does this actually mean? How are these trajectories shaped? What are the implications of temporary moves for migrants and non-migrants? And how are transnational ties and practices characterized in the context of temporary migration? By shedding light on the practices and experiences of individual migrants, the book provides useful insights into understanding the challenges arising in an increasingly interconnected and mobile world. The chapters indicate that temporary migratory movements are on the rise: on the one hand on a voluntary basis such as reflected in labour migration, lifestyle migration and international student mobility, and on the other hand in an involuntary way as expressed in different forms of forced migration. Either way, temporary migration has diverse political. legal, economic, social and cultural implications, including the emergence of novel transnational networks and practices. The book is based on the findings of the international research project Transnational Migration in Transition: Transformative Characteristics of Temporary Mobility of People (EURA-NET), funded by the European Union’s 7th Framework Programme for period 2014-2017.

Population Aging and International Health-Caregiver Migration to Japan

Author: Gabriele Vogt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319680129

Category: Social Science

Page: 103

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This book introduces Japan’s current policy initiatives directed at eldercare and international labor migration, and, wherever appropriate,it adds a comparative perspective from Germany. The book shows how eldercare is currently being organized and discusses integration policies for foreigners. It studies the policy-making process behind the system, and contextualizes the migration avenue within the strong roots of Japan’s eldercare in local communities and the non-preparedness of the nation to grant local citizenship to international newcomers. Through applying an approach of multi-level policy making, putting a strong focus on the local level and introducing new approaches, this book is of interest to policy makers and scholars in aging, migration, health care, and contemporary Japan.

Borders in Central Europe After the Schengen Agreement

Author: Tomáš Havlíček,Milan Jeřábek,Jaroslav Dokoupil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319630164

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 6755

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This book is the result of research into the considerable impacts the signing of the Schengen Agreement has had on the border regions of the signatory, in particular the Central European internal borders. The analysis provides an in-depth look at European integration, development and perception at the state level as well as in the selected border regions of Central Europe. The book discusses results from population questionnaires in this region, and presents the most important features of development of border regions within Central European internal borders/borderlands after the Schengen Agreement. This book is suitable for students and researchers dealing with the borderlands, but also outlines sufficient information to be of interest to regional planners and policy makers.

The Complete Idiot's Guide to the Perfect Resume

Author: Susan Ireland

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780028644400

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 342

View: 6854

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Includes tips on writing an effective resume, creating an accurate yet impressive job statement, networking, using software programs and other resume technologies, and making the most of your experience.

From Loose to Tight Management

Seeking Evidence of Archetype Change in Dutch and English Higher Education

Author: Elke Weyer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658197498

Category: Social Science

Page: 305

View: 6553

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Elke Weyer sheds light on the question why, after more than three decades of higher education reforms in some countries, it is still not clear whether the reforms have achieved their stated goals, i.e., to create autonomous universities that meet political expectations. By back-casting real-life decision-making processes, the author reconstructs how different types of actors influenced the academic governance of higher education institutions in the context of these reforms. This approach highlights how numerous changes in governance and organisation affect the relationships between actors and how they promote their interests.

Negotiating the Boundaries of Belonging

The Intricacies of Naturalisation in Germany

Author: Nils Witte

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658197870

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 9817

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Nils Witte explores Turkish migrants’ destigmatization strategies and investigates their legal and symbolic motives for naturalisation. Using mixed methods and unique data the author shows that Turkish migrants’ inclination to naturalise would be stronger if they were allowed to retain their former citizenship and if they were recognized as symbolic members of German society. Minority members enjoy expansive rights as permanent residents and many are entitled to hold German citizenship. However, they often experience symbolic exclusion making symbolic membership a rare motive for naturalisation.

Transcultural Encounters in Knowledge Production and Consumption

Author: Xianlin Song,Youzhong Sun

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811049203

Category: Social Science

Page: 163

View: 8871

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This book is a distinctive collection on transcultural encounters in knowledge production and consumption, which are situated at the heart of pursuit for cognitive justice. It uniquely represents transcultural dialogues between academics of Australia, China and Malaysia, located on the borders of different knowledge systems. The uniqueness of this volume lies in the convergence of transcultural perspectives, which bring together diverse disciplines as cultural studies, education, media, translation theory and practice, arts, musicology, political science and literature. Each chapter explores the possibility of decolonising the knowledge production space as well as research methodologies. The chapters engage with ‘Chinese’ and ‘western’ thought on transcultural subjects and collectively articulate a new politics of difference, de-centring the dominant epistemologies and research paradigms in the global academia. Refracted through transcultural theories and practices, adapted to diverse traditions, histories and regional affiliations, and directed toward an international transcultural audience, the volume demonstrates expansive possibilities in knowledge production and contributes to the understanding of and between research scholarship which deals with collective societal and cultural challenges within the globalised world we live in. It would be of interest to researchers engaged with current critical debates in general and global scholars in transcultural and intercultural studies in specific.

Knockout Cv

How To Get Noticed, Get Interviewed & Get Hired

Author: John Lees

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0077152867

Category: Education

Page: 209

View: 9365

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John Lees shows you how to write CVs and cover letters that convey your strengths quickly and get you into the interview process.

Blue Collar Resumes-Third Edition

Author: Steven Provenzano, CPRW/CEIP

Publisher: ECS: Executive Career Services & DeskTop Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 0963355864

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 257

View: 1679

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Blue Collar Resumes, Third Edition will help you discover, organize, and market your skills and abilities to employers with impact and clarity. Using real-life examples and the latest strategies used by expert resume writers, Steven Provenzano, CPRW/CEIP, clearly explains how to sift through your work history, extract and develop key points about your talents, and sell them to win interviews. You’ll learn to evaluate your work experience, education and skills, and translate them into powerful selling points. You will also learn new, effective methods to format and organize your achievements, design the finished resume, and leverage new techniques for making job contacts and acing the interview. The 100+ resume examples in Blue Collar Resumes, Third Edition, reflect a broad spectrum of industries, careers, and job descriptions. These include skilled trade and factory workers, assemblers and construction workers, supervisors, executive secretaries, sales and customer service representatives, data entry clerks, and clerical positions. There’s even resume samples for pilots, drivers and equipment operators, technical and medical workers, as well as entry-level business and administrative positions, and veterans returning to the workforce. No matter what your or type of work this guide will help you shorten your job search and increase your income!

Top Notch Executive Resumes

Creating Flawless Resumes for Managers, Executives, and CEOs

Author: Katharine Hansen

Publisher: Red Wheel/Weiser

ISBN: 1601637926

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 9727

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Branded resumes that illuminate the candidate's unique value proposition and ROI are a must in today's quest for the executive suite. Top Notch Executive Resumes not only explains how to integrate branding into career-marketing communication, but also how to craft resumes that address your fit with the organization's mission and meet an employer's specific business needs. Hansen instructs high-level professionals in framing past accomplishments so that the employer can visualize the executive's strategic vision and industry insights, as well as what he or she can contribute. Highlights of the book include: A huge collection of resume samples in cutting-edge formats, organized by profession for easy navigability. Examples of a wide variety of complementary documents—including leadership profiles and executive bios—that top-level professionals need to round out their executive portfolios. Special additional features, including the preferences and peeves of hiring decision-makers, guidelines for working with recruiters, frequently asked questions, and case studies detailing complete job-search marketing campaigns. Let Top Notch Executive Resumes get you into that corner office!

Sociopolitics of Migrant Death and Repatriation

Perspectives from Forensic Science

Author: Krista E. Latham,Alyson J. O'Daniel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319618660

Category: Social Science

Page: 177

View: 2091

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As scholars have by now long contended, global neoliberalism and the violence associated with state restructuring provide key frameworks for understanding flows of people across national boundaries and, eventually, into the treacherous terrains of the United States borderlands. The proposed volume builds on this tradition of situating migration and migrant death within broad, systems-level frameworks of analysis, but contends that there is another, perhaps somewhat less tidy, but no less important sociopolitical story to be told here. Through examination of how forensic scientists define, navigate, and enact their work at the frontiers of US policy and economics, this book joins a robust body of literature dedicated to bridging social theory with bioarchaeological applications to modern day problems. This volume is based on deeply and critically reflective analyses, submitted by individual scholars, wherein they navigate and position themselves as social actors embedded within and, perhaps partially constituted by, relations of power, cultural ideologies, and the social structures characterizing this moment in history. Each contribution addresses a different variation on themes of power relations, production of knowledge, and reflexivity in practice. In sum, however, the chapters of this book trace relationships between institutions, entities, and individuals comprising the landscapes of migrant death and repatriation and considers their articulation with sociopolitical dynamics of the neoliberal state.

Leadership: Personal Development and Career Success

Author: Cliff Ricketts,John Ricketts

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305953819

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 7844

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LEADERSHIP: PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT AND CAREER SUCCESS, Fourth Edition, explores the leadership skills that are most valued in agricultural industries, helping students identify and enhance their strongest traits while developing the skills they need for professional success. This reader-friendly text covers the fundamentals of public speaking, Future Farmers of America (FFA) parliamentary procedure, group dynamics, interpersonal skills, and workplace readiness, as well as reinforcing basic English language, communication, and higher-order thinking abilities. Drawing on decades of experience in family farming and agricultural education, the authors offer practical guidance on topics such as budgeting, financial management, and investing, and include clear learning objectives and engaging activities to help students master the material and hone their skills. Now updated with the latest research; current FFA guidelines; and new tables, figures, and vignettes, this trusted text is an ideal resource to prepare students for successful agricultural careers--and roles as tomorrow's leaders in the food, fiber, and natural resources fields. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.