Social Theory of International Politics

Author: Alexander Wendt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268435

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.

East Asia Before the West

Five Centuries of Trade and Tribute

Author: David Chan-oong Kang

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023115318X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 221

View: 5639

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Focusing on the role of the "tribute system" in maintaining stability in East Asia and in fostering diplomatic and commercial exchange, Kang contrasts this history against the example of Europe and the East Asian states' skirmishes with nomadic peoples to the north and west. Although China has been the unquestioned hegemon in the region, with other political units always considered secondary, the tributary order entailed military, cultural, and economic dimensions that afforded its participants immense latitude. Europe's "Westphalian" system, on the other hand, was based on formal equality among states and balance-of-power politics, resulting in incessant interstate conflict.

Kritik der Souveränität

Author: Daniel Loick

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593395142

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 1045

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Die Studie stellt das für die Ideengeschichte und die politische Praxis zentrale Konzept der Souveränität infrage. Denn dieses Konzept wird durch die »Ironie der Geschichte« im Grunde obsolet: Das staatliche Gewaltmonopol, so zeigt Daniel Loick anhand der Entwicklung des modernen Souveränitätsbegriffs, schließt immer auch ein Element nicht zu rechtfertigender Gewalt ein. Das gilt selbst für Formen demokratisch oder deliberativ legitimierter Souveränität. Vor dem Hintergrund der realen Umbrüche innerhalb der internationalen politischen Institutionen fragt er nach Möglichkeiten, das Konzept der Souveränität zu überwinden: Wie lässt sich der gesellschaftliche Zusammenhalt auf andere Art sichern als mit Mitteln der Gewalt?

Polite Anarchy in International Relations Theory

Author: Z. Kazmi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137028130

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 347

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An innovative re-evaluation of the concept of anarchy in theorizing diplomacy between states which draws on a historically sensitive re-evaluation of the ideological uses of politeness in the anarchist thought of William Godwin.

Cultural Theory as Political Science

Author: Gunnar Grendstad,Per Selle,Michael Thompson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134652658

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3612

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This is the first major European political science book to discuss the growing interdisciplinary field of 'cultural theory', proposing a coherent and viable alternative to mainstream political science. The authors argue that three elements - social relations, cultural bias and behavioural strategy - illuminate political questions at a level of analysis on any scale: from the household to the state; the international regime to the political party.

Why Nations Fight

Past and Future Motives for War

Author: Richard Ned Lebow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139490133

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1722

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Four generic motives have historically led states to initiate war: fear, interest, standing, and revenge. Using an original data set, Richard Ned Lebow examines the distribution of wars across three and a half centuries and argues that, contrary to conventional wisdom, only a minority of these were motivated by security or material interest. Instead, the majority are the result of a quest for standing, and for revenge - an attempt to get even with states who had previously made successful territorial grabs. Lebow maintains that today none of these motives are effectively served by war - it is increasingly counterproductive - and that there is growing recognition of this political reality. His analysis allows for more fine-grained and persuasive forecasts about the future of war as well as highlighting areas of uncertainty.

The International Politics of the Persian Gulf

A Cultural Genealogy

Author: Arshin Adib-Moghaddam

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134171897

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 439

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Adib-Moghaddam examines the causes and consequences of conflict in one of the most important regions of the world. Bridging the gap between critical theories of international relations and the empirical study of the Gulf area, this book expands on the many ideologies, cultural inventions and ideational constructs that have affected relations in the past three decades. Key issues explored include: the rise and fall of Arab and Persian nationalism the international repercussions of the Islamic revolution in Iran the events surrounding the three Gulf Wars the 'mindset' of terrorist networks such as al-Qaeda why US neo-conservatism is threatening regional order. Provocatively written, persuasively researched and conclusively argued, The International Politics of the Persian Gulf presents the first comprehensive analysis of international relations in the Gulf from an explicitly multidisciplinary perspective.

The Cultural Construction of International Relations

The Invention of the State of Nature

Author: B. Jahn

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230597254

Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 8104

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The discipline of international relations deals with the problem of culture by defining world politics as a state of nature, yet it ignores the fact that the concept of the state is itself a cultural product. This book uncovers the history of this idea, revealing its origins in the European conquest of America, its crucial role in the emergence of the Enlightenment world view, and its continuing negative consequences for our attempts to understand world politics.

Ordnung und Regieren in der Weltgesellschaft

Author: Mathias Albert,Nicole Deitelhoff,Gunther Hellmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3658197803

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 2027

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Der Band setzt sich mit den Bedingungen und Möglichkeiten internationalen oder globalen Regierens in einer sozialen Umwelt (Weltgesellschaft) unter drei Perspektiven auseinander: der Perspektive von Theorien globaler Ordnung, der Perspektive spezifischer Formen globaler Ordnungsbildung und der Perspektive die Normativität globaler Ordnung. Die Beiträge des Bandes besetzen Schnittstellen in einer Reihe von Diskussionen, die in den Internationalen Beziehungen zu Ordnung und Ordnungsbildung in der internationalen Politik, zum Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates, sowie zur Stellung internationaler Politik in der Weltgesellschaft geführt werden.

The Rise and Fall of Political Orders

Author: Richard Ned Lebow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108472869

Category: History

Page: 418

View: 6989

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Presents a new theory of the rise, evolution, decline, and collapse of political orders, exploring the impact of late-modernity upon the survival of democratic and authoritarian regimes.

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory

Author: Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152644X

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 3277

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The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.

Constructing Cause in International Relations

Author: Richard Ned Lebow

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139868055

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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Cause is a problematic concept in social science, as in all fields of knowledge. We organise information in terms of cause and effect to impose order on the world, but this can impede a more sophisticated understanding. In his latest book, Richard Ned Lebow reviews understandings of cause in physics and philosophy and concludes that no formulation is logically defensible and universal in its coverage. This is because cause is not a feature of the world but a cognitive shorthand we use to make sense of it. In practice, causal inference is always rhetorical and must accordingly be judged on grounds of practicality. Lebow offers a new approach - 'inefficient causation' - that is constructivist in its emphasis on the reasons people have for acting as they do, but turns to other approaches to understand the aggregation of their behaviour. This novel approach builds on general understandings and idiosyncratic features of context.

Making Sense, Making Worlds

Constructivism in Social Theory and International Relations

Author: Nicholas Onuf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136219463

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 323

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Nicholas Onuf is a leading scholar in international relations and introduced constructivism to international relations, coining the term constructivism in his book World of Our Making (1989). He was featured as one of twelve scholars featured in Iver B. Neumann and Ole Wæver, eds., The Future of International Relations: Masters in the Making? (1996); and featured in Martin Griffiths, Steven C. Roach and M. Scott Solomon, Fifty Key Thinkers in International Relations, 2nd ed. (2009). This powerful collection of essays clarifies Onuf’s approach to international relations and makes a decisive contribution to the debates in IR concerning theory. It embeds the theoretical project in the wider horizon of how we understand ourselves and the world. Onuf updates earlier themes and his general constructivist approach, and develops some newer lines of research, such as the work on metaphors and the re-grounding in much more Aristotle than before. A complement to the author’s groundbreaking book of 1989, World of Our Making, this tightly argued book draws extensively from philosophy and social theory to advance constructivism in International Relations. Making Sense, Making Worlds will be vital reading for students and scholars of international relations, international relations theory, social theory and law.

The Future of Political Community

Author: Gideon Baker,Jens Bartelson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134033354

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7110

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This book explores the alternative futures of political community and moves beyond the critique of what is wrong with existing, state-based forms of political community. It does so not with the defence of a particular normative model of political community in mind, but rather in the quest for new ways of thinking about political community itself. Exploring how the political must be rethought in the twenty-first century and beyond, this book is divided into three parts: Part I focuses on the core problem that, despite the obvious need to rethink political community ‘beyond’ the nation state, our conceptual language is still thoroughly shaped by modernity, its prioritisation of the state and sovereignty, and its assumption of unifying progress in history. Part II focuses on postmodern political community, these chapters take up the calls made above for new thinking about political community that goes ‘beyond’ modern conceptions. Part III turns to the question of the emergence and decline of new forms of political community. The purpose of this section is to consider how the transformation of political community occurs in practice, and what the primary driver of this change is globally, locally and historically. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars of International Relations, Political and Social Theory.

The Politics and Culture of Globalisation

India and Australia

Author: Hans Löfgren,Prakash Sarangi

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9788187358220

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 2908

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The Politics And Culture Of Globalisation: India And Australia Brings Together Indian And Australian Experts In The Fields Of Political Science, International Relations, Philosophy, Cultural Theory And Political Economy. Its Timeliness And Unifying Theme Derive From Comparisons Between Indian And Australian Perspectives, And Analyses By Australian Writers On Developments In India. Indian-Australian Relations Are Explored In Several Chapters.